The final chapter in Churchill's career begins with the end of World War II. A financially depleted Britain was left struggling to keep up with two new superpowers, America and Russia. Opinion polls conducted through and after the war showed a gap between the esteem in which Churchill as a war leader was held and the way Churchill as a potential peacetime Prime Minister was viewed. An election was called and Churchill lost; now he had to get on with the humdrum task of leading a shadow cabinet. This did not interest Churchill and much of the ordinary business was left to his Deputy Anthony Eden.