The Other Pompeii

The Other Pompeii

The History Channel  |  February 16, 2017

Pompeii is a magical site that's captivated the world for two and a half centuries, but just 10 miles down the road is a place that adds even more close-up detail to what life was really like before Mount Vesuvius finally exploded in 79AD this is the city of Hercules: Herculaneum. Buried by the same eruption but in ash five times as deep, wooden furniture, window shutters and even wooden roofs have been perfectly preserved, with brightly coloured paint intact. As if this wasn't enough the town boasts the largest sample of skeletons cut off in the midst of life from anywhere in the ancient world. Amongst them are the first new skeletal remains to be found in the area for 30 years, revealing an incredible story about life before the eruption and the values these people held dear.

Pompeii is a magical site that's captivated the world for two and a half centuries, but just 10 miles down the road is a place that adds even more close-up detail to what life was really like before Mount Vesuvius finally exploded in 79AD this is the city of Hercules: Herculaneum. Buried by the same eruption but in ash five times as deep, wooden furniture, window shutters and even wooden roofs have been perfectly preserved, with brightly coloured paint intact. As if this wasn't enough the town boasts the largest sample of skeletons cut off in the midst of life from anywhere in the ancient world. Amongst them are the first new skeletal remains to be found in the area for 30 years, revealing an incredible story about life before the eruption and the values these people held dear.

For years gladiators have been legendary figures of the Ancient World; the stuff of Hollywood blockbusters like Spartacus, or Gladiator. But our knowledge has been based largely on speculation - until now. Timewatch have secured exclusive access to the biggest archaeological gladiator research project of all time. As it approaches its conclusion, Gladiator CSI reveals the secrets of how gladiators lived, fought and died, not from speculation but from forensic science. In the 1990s a survey for the ancient course of the Holy Procession Path between the temple of Artemis (one of the seven Wonders of the World) and the city of Ephesus in Turkey came upon an unexpected find: a mass burial site. But most of the cadavers did not bear the signs of death from natural causes. Instead, they seem to have met a violent end. In 2002 two forensic anthropologists went to investigate: this was a gladiator graveyard. Although the corpses of gladiators had been found before, they tended to be isolated examples. In this graveyard, no less than 67 were buried. The amount of data was unprecedented. Employing two of the world's leading forensics anthropologists as our two crime scene investigators, this is the story of their investigation. Their research makes ground-breaking conclusions probing popular myths about gladiators: Is the currently fashionable thesis that although gladiators fought vicious contests, they rarely battled to the death, really true? Were the losers of gladiatorial contests really dispatched in the arena by the turning of the emperor's thumb? Were gladiators treated as no more than animals, with no provision for their health or well-being? Spanning two centuries, our 67 corpses reveal great technological changes in fighting equipment and wounds from weapons that were hitherto thought only to be the stuff of myth (like the cubic fore dent).

Gladiator Graveyard

Ancient history, History

Years 11-12 Ancient history, History
48:01
For years gladiators have been legendary figures of the Ancient World; the stuff of Hollywood blockbusters like Spartacus, or Gladiator. But our knowledge has been based largely on speculation - until now. Timewatch have secured exclusive access to the biggest archaeological gladiator research project of all time. As it approaches its conclusion, Gladiator CSI reveals the secrets of how gladiators lived, fought and died, not from speculation but from forensic science. In the 1990s a survey for the ancient course of the Holy Procession Path between the temple of Artemis (one of the seven Wonders of the World) and the city of Ephesus in Turkey came upon an unexpected find: a mass burial site. But most of the cadavers did not bear the signs of death from natural causes. Instead, they seem to have met a violent end. In 2002 two forensic anthropologists went to investigate: this was a gladiator graveyard. Although the corpses of gladiators had been found before, they tended to be isolated examples. In this graveyard, no less than 67 were buried. The amount of data was unprecedented. Employing two of the world's leading forensics anthropologists as our two crime scene investigators, this is the story of their investigation. Their research makes ground-breaking conclusions probing popular myths about gladiators: Is the currently fashionable thesis that although gladiators fought vicious contests, they rarely battled to the death, really true? Were the losers of gladiatorial contests really dispatched in the arena by the turning of the emperor's thumb? Were gladiators treated as no more than animals, with no provision for their health or well-being? Spanning two centuries, our 67 corpses reveal great technological changes in fighting equipment and wounds from weapons that were hitherto thought only to be the stuff of myth (like the cubic fore dent).
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