Fungi is also used to create antibiotics. An antibiotic is a type of antimicrobial substance active against bacteria and is the most important type of antibacterial agent for fighting bacterial infections.
Yeasts consist of one cell, and belong to the taxonomic group called fungi, which also contains moulds. There are many species of yeasts. The most common yeast known is Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which is used in the baking- and brewing industry.
The boundary between land and sea is an exciting place, with animals constantly coming and going. From the open oceans, millions of seabirds are forced to come onto land to breed. Sea eagles steal kittiwake chicks from their nesting ledges. Turtles lay their eggs in the sand and marine mammals haul themselves out to fight on the beaches. Sea lions emerge from the kelp to give birth, while killer whales come crashing into n the surf to snatch the sea lions' young.
Tides govern marine life. Tidal marshes are some of the most productive parts of the world. Numerous plants support numerous animals, yet life is not easy; predators are attracted to these enormous quantities of food, forcing animals to seek constant protection from attack. Relief comes with the crashing waves, as the tides flow once more. Between the tides, when the sands become depleted of food and air, the worms, clams and shrimps just endure the expected pause.
Shafts of sunlight radiate through a green sea. This blazing light is the vital source of energy used by the countless billions of plankton which grow every spring and summer in the world's temperate sea, the richest of all habitats. Forests of giant kelp, the fastest growing plant in the world, harbour thousands of animals. Sharks move in to pick off the vulnerable. Sea otters, brilliantly coloured anemones, squid and exquisite leafy dragons are just a few of the other creatures that live in this cool, rich water.