Dr Thomas Asbridge reveals that the outcome of these epic holy wars was decided not on the hallowed ground of Jerusalem, but in Egypt. As trade blossomed between Christians and Muslims and the Mongol hordes arrived from Asia, a saintly French king and the most remarkable Muslim leader of the Middle Ages fought for ultimate victory in the East.
This week Dr Thomas Asbridge examines the Third Crusade and the two renowned figures who have come to embody Crusader war: Richard the Lionheart, king of England, and the mighty Muslim sultan Saladin, unifier of Islam.
The Crusades have long been romanticised in culture but crucially misunderstood in history. Now, new theories and evidence are challenging long-held views to rewrite the history books on these epic wars. Bloody and brutal, the Crusades were meant to be the religious wars to end all others. Except they didn't, and in modern times, their history has been hijacked by politics and religious fervour, with both Muslim and Western worlds misunderstanding the truth.
Tutankhamun: Secrets Of The Boy King shows how new research is revealing previously unknown details about the real pharaoh behind the iconic gold mask. This film follows the Earl of Carnarvon - whose great-grandfather helped discover Tutankhamun's tomb in 1922 - as he travels across Egypt, examining recent finds that will change our image of the boy king forever.
Cleopatra is one of the greatest icons in history. The last Queen of Egypt, she was mythologised for her beauty, her love affairs, and her suicide. Now a remarkable discovery reveals the darker side of history's great queen. This story reveals a tale of sibling rivalry, lust, incest, murder and power that destroyed an empire.