The 101 Who Made The Twentieth Century

The 101 Who Made The Twentieth Century

Season 1  |  Episode 5  |  The History Channel  |  August 2, 2017

The history of mankind is a never-ending story of change, revolution, evolution - but surely no span of a hundred years can claim to have changed the world so dramatically, so rapidly and so irreversibly as the 20th century. A century where the empires of the past crumbled to make way for new superpowers and a new age. Built on science, exploration, and a desire to express new creative possibilities. A century where the world was drawn into one war after another. But where radio, film, television, cars, planes and finally computers drew us closer together than at any other point in history. It was a century of unprecedented change. Change that was born out of the actions of individuals - what they created, what they discovered, what they destroyed. Who were the 101 people who drove the changes in every aspect of life that made the 20th century and set-up the 21st? A decade and a half since the close of the century we can take a considered look at the people most responsible for the events that changed their world and made ours. In this series we count down - from 101 to No.1 - the names of those who, in the judgement of experts, including those who contribute to the series, most influentially shaped the century and our world. If this episode teaches us anything it's that revolutionaries come in many different forms. All 13 of our subjects have been pioneers and leaders in their fields and have changed everything, from the way we watch films to how we connect and work. For some the word revolutionary might only be a title but for others, such as Castro and Ghandi, it is far more real. This episode of heroes and villains features some of the most famous and infamous faces of the twentieth century.

The history of mankind is a never-ending story of change, revolution, evolution - but surely no span of a hundred years can claim to have changed the world so dramatically, so rapidly and so irreversibly as the 20th century. A century where the empires of the past crumbled to make way for new superpowers and a new age. Built on science, exploration, and a desire to express new creative possibilities. A century where the world was drawn into one war after another. But where radio, film, television, cars, planes and finally computers drew us closer together than at any other point in history. It was a century of unprecedented change. Change that was born out of the actions of individuals - what they created, what they discovered, what they destroyed. Who were the 101 people who drove the changes in every aspect of life that made the 20th century and set-up the 21st? A decade and a half since the close of the century we can take a considered look at the people most responsible for the events that changed their world and made ours. In this series we count down - from 101 to No.1 - the names of those who, in the judgement of experts, including those who contribute to the series, most influentially shaped the century and our world. If this episode teaches us anything it's that revolutionaries come in many different forms. All 13 of our subjects have been pioneers and leaders in their fields and have changed everything, from the way we watch films to how we connect and work. For some the word revolutionary might only be a title but for others, such as Castro and Ghandi, it is far more real. This episode of heroes and villains features some of the most famous and infamous faces of the twentieth century.

The history of mankind is a never-ending story of change, revolution, evolution - but surely no span of a hundred years can claim to have changed the world so dramatically, so rapidly and so irreversibly as the 20th century. A century where the empires of the past crumbled to make way for new superpowers and a new age. Built on science, exploration, and a desire to express new creative possibilities. A century where the world was drawn into one war after another. But where radio, film, television, cars, planes and finally computers drew us closer together than at any other point in history. It was a century of unprecedented change. Change that was born out of the actions of individuals - what they created, what they discovered, what they destroyed. Who were the 101 people who drove the changes in every aspect of life that made the 20th century and set-up the 21st? A decade and a half since the close of the century we can take a considered look at the people most responsible for the events that changed their world and made ours. In this series we count down - from 101 to No.1 - the names of those who, in the judgement of experts, including those who contribute to the series, most influentially shaped the century and our world. What would the world we live in look like without our Top Ten? It is hard to imagine but one things for sure, in making the twentieth century they have indelibly influenced the world we know today. In our final episode we reveal our picks for the most significant people "Who Made the Twentieth Century". The results will surprise many. Some will disagree with the choices, everyone will remain gripped up to the final reveal.

The 101 Who Made The Twentieth Century

Civics and citizenship, Science

Years 7-8, 9-10 Civics and citizenship, Science
49:25
The history of mankind is a never-ending story of change, revolution, evolution - but surely no span of a hundred years can claim to have changed the world so dramatically, so rapidly and so irreversibly as the 20th century. A century where the empires of the past crumbled to make way for new superpowers and a new age. Built on science, exploration, and a desire to express new creative possibilities. A century where the world was drawn into one war after another. But where radio, film, television, cars, planes and finally computers drew us closer together than at any other point in history. It was a century of unprecedented change. Change that was born out of the actions of individuals - what they created, what they discovered, what they destroyed. Who were the 101 people who drove the changes in every aspect of life that made the 20th century and set-up the 21st? A decade and a half since the close of the century we can take a considered look at the people most responsible for the events that changed their world and made ours. In this series we count down - from 101 to No.1 - the names of those who, in the judgement of experts, including those who contribute to the series, most influentially shaped the century and our world. What would the world we live in look like without our Top Ten? It is hard to imagine but one things for sure, in making the twentieth century they have indelibly influenced the world we know today. In our final episode we reveal our picks for the most significant people "Who Made the Twentieth Century". The results will surprise many. Some will disagree with the choices, everyone will remain gripped up to the final reveal.
The history of mankind is a never-ending story of change, revolution, evolution - but surely no span of a hundred years can claim to have changed the world so dramatically, so rapidly and so irreversibly as the 20th century. A century where the empires of the past crumbled to make way for new superpowers and a new age. Built on science, exploration, and a desire to express new creative possibilities. A century where the world was drawn into one war after another. But where radio, film, television, cars, planes and finally computers drew us closer together than at any other point in history. It was a century of unprecedented change. Change that was born out of the actions of individuals - what they created, what they discovered, what they destroyed. Who were the 101 people who drove the changes in every aspect of life that made the 20th century and set-up the 21st? A decade and a half since the close of the century we can take a considered look at the people most responsible for the events that changed their world and made ours. In this series we count down - from 101 to No.1 - the names of those who, in the judgement of experts, including those who contribute to the series, most influentially shaped the century and our world. The sixth episode features some major players from war and peace, from east and west. From inventors who have changed the way we live and fight to artists who have given us reasons to do both, we count through 35 to 24 and cover some of the most influential and infamous people who made the twentieth century - a long reigning monarch, a murderous dictator and the "father of the Atom Bomb". Quite a mixture!

The 101 Who Made The Twentieth Century

Civics and citizenship, Science

Years 7-8, 9-10 Civics and citizenship, Science
49:51
The history of mankind is a never-ending story of change, revolution, evolution - but surely no span of a hundred years can claim to have changed the world so dramatically, so rapidly and so irreversibly as the 20th century. A century where the empires of the past crumbled to make way for new superpowers and a new age. Built on science, exploration, and a desire to express new creative possibilities. A century where the world was drawn into one war after another. But where radio, film, television, cars, planes and finally computers drew us closer together than at any other point in history. It was a century of unprecedented change. Change that was born out of the actions of individuals - what they created, what they discovered, what they destroyed. Who were the 101 people who drove the changes in every aspect of life that made the 20th century and set-up the 21st? A decade and a half since the close of the century we can take a considered look at the people most responsible for the events that changed their world and made ours. In this series we count down - from 101 to No.1 - the names of those who, in the judgement of experts, including those who contribute to the series, most influentially shaped the century and our world. The sixth episode features some major players from war and peace, from east and west. From inventors who have changed the way we live and fight to artists who have given us reasons to do both, we count through 35 to 24 and cover some of the most influential and infamous people who made the twentieth century - a long reigning monarch, a murderous dictator and the "father of the Atom Bomb". Quite a mixture!
Complict
Complicit: the workers paying the price for our mobile phone obsession.
"There were iPhone screens and Nokia screens...I held the phone screen in my left hand, and a piece of cloth in my right hand... Wiping was the only thing I did besides eating and sleeping." Teenage worker
Mobile phones, smartphones and tablets have revolutionised the way we communicate but the technology we are addicted to has had toxic consequences.
"I knew we worked with chemicals, but I had no idea that it's poison." Young worker
China produces approximately 90% of the world's consumer electronics. The factories making the components for these electronic goods are filled with young workers. Some have been exposed to poisonous chemicals, with devastating results.
"Many co-workers developed the exact same symptoms. When I walked, it looked like I had uneven legs. It would take 10 minutes to take a two-minute walk. My legs felt too heavy to move." Worker
This investigation, filmed secretly over four years, exposed the use of harmful chemicals in the factories producing the products many of us use. Hidden cameras captured the working conditions inside the factories churning out these products.
"It was the cleaning solution he used, which contained benzene, when he was working at the electronics factory that caused his disease." Father of sick worker
The film charts the growing realisation amongst the workers that their illnesses stem from their work and follows their fight for compensation.
"After we discovered so many workers with leukemia...more media reports followed up and showed that these workers were chemically poisoned." Worker activist
The landmark investigation led Apple to ban the use of benzene, a known carcinogen, and n-hexane, a chemical that damages the nervous system.
But the ban does not apply to subcontractors who make up two-thirds of Apple's supply chain. And around 500 other chemicals are still used to produce electronics, mostly in the developing world, where there are few or no regulations to protect the workers who make them.
"Many of the workers that I've helped got occupational diseases due to exposure to toxic chemicals. Many are from the electronics industry. They made cell phones, computers, semiconductors etc." Worker activist.

Four Corners: May 21, 2018

News and current affairs, Civics and citizenship

Years 11-12 News and current affairs, Civics and citizenship
43:45
Complict Complicit: the workers paying the price for our mobile phone obsession. "There were iPhone screens and Nokia screens...I held the phone screen in my left hand, and a piece of cloth in my right hand... Wiping was the only thing I did besides eating and sleeping." Teenage worker Mobile phones, smartphones and tablets have revolutionised the way we communicate but the technology we are addicted to has had toxic consequences. "I knew we worked with chemicals, but I had no idea that it's poison." Young worker China produces approximately 90% of the world's consumer electronics. The factories making the components for these electronic goods are filled with young workers. Some have been exposed to poisonous chemicals, with devastating results. "Many co-workers developed the exact same symptoms. When I walked, it looked like I had uneven legs. It would take 10 minutes to take a two-minute walk. My legs felt too heavy to move." Worker This investigation, filmed secretly over four years, exposed the use of harmful chemicals in the factories producing the products many of us use. Hidden cameras captured the working conditions inside the factories churning out these products. "It was the cleaning solution he used, which contained benzene, when he was working at the electronics factory that caused his disease." Father of sick worker The film charts the growing realisation amongst the workers that their illnesses stem from their work and follows their fight for compensation. "After we discovered so many workers with leukemia...more media reports followed up and showed that these workers were chemically poisoned." Worker activist The landmark investigation led Apple to ban the use of benzene, a known carcinogen, and n-hexane, a chemical that damages the nervous system. But the ban does not apply to subcontractors who make up two-thirds of Apple's supply chain. And around 500 other chemicals are still used to produce electronics, mostly in the developing world, where there are few or no regulations to protect the workers who make them. "Many of the workers that I've helped got occupational diseases due to exposure to toxic chemicals. Many are from the electronics industry. They made cell phones, computers, semiconductors etc." Worker activist.
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