Slavery Routes

Slavery Routes

From Sugar to Rebellion
Episode 3  |  The History Channel  |  July 20, 2018
Classification: Mature Classification: Mature
This video has closed captioning

This is the story of a world where territories and own frontiers were built by the slave trade. A world where violence, subjugation and profit imposed their routes. The history of slavery did not begin in the cotton fields. It is a much older tragedy that has been going on since the dawn of humanity. From the seventh century on, and for over 1200 years, Africa was the epicentre of a gigantic traffic of human beings traversing the entire globe: Nubian, Fulani, Mandinka, Songhai, Susu, Akan, Yoruba, Igbo, Kongo, Yao and Somali. Over 20 million Africans were deported, sold and enslaved. This criminal system thrived, laying the foundations of empires around the world. Its scale was such that for a long time, it has been impossible to relate it comprehensively. And yet, it raises a fundamental question: How did Africa end up at the heart of the slavery routes?

This is the story of a world where territories and own frontiers were built by the slave trade. A world where violence, subjugation and profit imposed their routes. The history of slavery did not begin in the cotton fields. It is a much older tragedy that has been going on since the dawn of humanity. From the seventh century on, and for over 1200 years, Africa was the epicentre of a gigantic traffic of human beings traversing the entire globe: Nubian, Fulani, Mandinka, Songhai, Susu, Akan, Yoruba, Igbo, Kongo, Yao and Somali. Over 20 million Africans were deported, sold and enslaved. This criminal system thrived, laying the foundations of empires around the world. Its scale was such that for a long time, it has been impossible to relate it comprehensively. And yet, it raises a fundamental question: How did Africa end up at the heart of the slavery routes?

She may have been the greatest monarch that ever ruled England but from her very first breath to the day she died, Elizabeth was surrounded by enemies who threatened her crown and her life. In this episode, we see Elizabeth I crowned and battling to keep her crown and country together through 25 turbulent years. Although Elizabeth I would become one of Britain's most remarkable monarchs, her reign was never secure. From the moment she was anointed queen her enemies at home and abroad began to move against her. To foreign rivals she was a heretic and a bastard. At home her government was desperate to marry her off, to a man who could rule and provide the nation with an heir. Up in Scotland, her Catholic cousin Mary Queen of Scots had married and given birth to a boy - and rumour swirled that she was set to steal Elizabeth's crown. Soon, shocking scandals of adultery and murder swamped Mary, her marriage crumbled, and she fled to England desperate for her cousin's protection. But her claim to the English throne made her a threat to Elizabeth who had no choice but to imprison her. For 18 years Mary languished in jail while Elizabeth's enemies wanted her dead. It wasn't until Elizabeth's spymaster Sir Francis Walsingham had concrete proof that her life and her throne were at risk, that Elizabeth reluctantly put her cousin to death. But, just as she feared, Mary's execution inflamed her enemies and triggered the greatest threat of all: invasion.

Elizabeth I and Her Enemies

History

Years 9-10, 11-12 History
44:58
She may have been the greatest monarch that ever ruled England but from her very first breath to the day she died, Elizabeth was surrounded by enemies who threatened her crown and her life. In this episode, we see Elizabeth I crowned and battling to keep her crown and country together through 25 turbulent years. Although Elizabeth I would become one of Britain's most remarkable monarchs, her reign was never secure. From the moment she was anointed queen her enemies at home and abroad began to move against her. To foreign rivals she was a heretic and a bastard. At home her government was desperate to marry her off, to a man who could rule and provide the nation with an heir. Up in Scotland, her Catholic cousin Mary Queen of Scots had married and given birth to a boy - and rumour swirled that she was set to steal Elizabeth's crown. Soon, shocking scandals of adultery and murder swamped Mary, her marriage crumbled, and she fled to England desperate for her cousin's protection. But her claim to the English throne made her a threat to Elizabeth who had no choice but to imprison her. For 18 years Mary languished in jail while Elizabeth's enemies wanted her dead. It wasn't until Elizabeth's spymaster Sir Francis Walsingham had concrete proof that her life and her throne were at risk, that Elizabeth reluctantly put her cousin to death. But, just as she feared, Mary's execution inflamed her enemies and triggered the greatest threat of all: invasion.
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