Nicholas II abdicates after food shortage protests and ahead of impending October Revolution.
Lucy Worsley concludes her history of the Romanov dynasty by investigating how the family's grip on Russia unravelled in their final century. The years between 1825 and 1918 were bloody and traumatic, a period when four tsars tried and failed to deal with the growing pressure for constitutional reform and revolution.
Lucy Worsley examines the extraordinary reign of Catherine the Great, and the traumatic conflict with Napoleonic France that provdes the setting for the novel War and Peace. She begins in the 18th century, when the great palaces of the Romanovs were built. Built in Romanov Russia, blood was always intermingled with gold - these splendid interiors were the backdrop to affairs, coups and murder.
The Romanovs were the most powerful monarchs since the Middle Ages, wielding absolute power into the 20th century. Their demise was shocking and brutal, yet for most they are distant, barely understood figures. Lucy Worsley applies her characteristic insight and wit to the Romanov dynasty to create a fresh and compelling account of this most extraordinary royal family.
Hermann Goering's story is that of Germany's military-aristocratic elite, who turned to the Nazis for salvation. The status and fortunes of Germany's aristocracy were based on land, but by the early decades of the 20th century, a new Germany emerged - an industrial and commercial Germany, in which the old nobility struggled to find a role and saw their incomes decline. Goering's family is part of Germany's old imperial elite.
The capture of Adolf Eichmann by Mossad in Argentina is one of the most dramatic of all Nazi hunting stories. His trial in Israel revealed to the world the workings behind the holocaust. Eichmann himself described how and why so many German public officials were so complicit with the crimes of the Nazis. The most terrible crimes in history were committed not by a few crazed serial killers, but by legions of government officials.
Francisco Franco is regarded by many as one of the most brutal dictators in European history. Spain is marked by traces of his tyranny even today and the Spanish Civil War and nearly forty years of Francoist dictatorship are overshadowed by many open questions. What really happened back then? Who was the man who still divides Spain today? On the basis of the latest research findings, examine Spain's Forgotten Dictatorship.