Cleopatra

Cleopatra

The History Channel  |  September 17, 2016

Cleopatra's story is a great romantic tale we think we all know. A beautiful Egyptian Queen who bewitches the two most powerful Romans of her day, Julius Caesar and Marc Antony. It has tragedy, glamour and passion, all played out on a world stage. But the myth conceals a much more intriguing tale that is as much about power, politics and spin as it is about romance. Cleopatra harboured ambitions to rule a great empire. In partnership with her lover Antony, she fought a cataclysmic battle against Octavian - later Augustus - for the future of the Roman world. Ultimately Cleopatra and Antony lost, and thus her story has always been told through the prism of vicious Roman propaganda. But behind Rome's spin lies a more complex person, rather than being the dangerous femme fatale of legend, she was a highly educated and cultured woman of great charm and fairly plain looking. And rather than being an exotic oriental, she was in fact Greek, a descendent of one of Alexander the Great's generals. Through expert interviews, dramatic reconstruction and location shooting, this film tells her remarkable story.

Cleopatra's story is a great romantic tale we think we all know. A beautiful Egyptian Queen who bewitches the two most powerful Romans of her day, Julius Caesar and Marc Antony. It has tragedy, glamour and passion, all played out on a world stage. But the myth conceals a much more intriguing tale that is as much about power, politics and spin as it is about romance. Cleopatra harboured ambitions to rule a great empire. In partnership with her lover Antony, she fought a cataclysmic battle against Octavian - later Augustus - for the future of the Roman world. Ultimately Cleopatra and Antony lost, and thus her story has always been told through the prism of vicious Roman propaganda. But behind Rome's spin lies a more complex person, rather than being the dangerous femme fatale of legend, she was a highly educated and cultured woman of great charm and fairly plain looking. And rather than being an exotic oriental, she was in fact Greek, a descendent of one of Alexander the Great's generals. Through expert interviews, dramatic reconstruction and location shooting, this film tells her remarkable story.

For years gladiators have been legendary figures of the Ancient World; the stuff of Hollywood blockbusters like Spartacus, or Gladiator. But our knowledge has been based largely on speculation - until now. Timewatch have secured exclusive access to the biggest archaeological gladiator research project of all time. As it approaches its conclusion, Gladiator CSI reveals the secrets of how gladiators lived, fought and died, not from speculation but from forensic science. In the 1990s a survey for the ancient course of the Holy Procession Path between the temple of Artemis (one of the seven Wonders of the World) and the city of Ephesus in Turkey came upon an unexpected find: a mass burial site. But most of the cadavers did not bear the signs of death from natural causes. Instead, they seem to have met a violent end. In 2002 two forensic anthropologists went to investigate: this was a gladiator graveyard. Although the corpses of gladiators had been found before, they tended to be isolated examples. In this graveyard, no less than 67 were buried. The amount of data was unprecedented. Employing two of the world's leading forensics anthropologists as our two crime scene investigators, this is the story of their investigation. Their research makes ground-breaking conclusions probing popular myths about gladiators: Is the currently fashionable thesis that although gladiators fought vicious contests, they rarely battled to the death, really true? Were the losers of gladiatorial contests really dispatched in the arena by the turning of the emperor's thumb? Were gladiators treated as no more than animals, with no provision for their health or well-being? Spanning two centuries, our 67 corpses reveal great technological changes in fighting equipment and wounds from weapons that were hitherto thought only to be the stuff of myth (like the cubic fore dent).

Gladiator Graveyard

Ancient history, History

Years 11-12 Ancient history, History
48:01
For years gladiators have been legendary figures of the Ancient World; the stuff of Hollywood blockbusters like Spartacus, or Gladiator. But our knowledge has been based largely on speculation - until now. Timewatch have secured exclusive access to the biggest archaeological gladiator research project of all time. As it approaches its conclusion, Gladiator CSI reveals the secrets of how gladiators lived, fought and died, not from speculation but from forensic science. In the 1990s a survey for the ancient course of the Holy Procession Path between the temple of Artemis (one of the seven Wonders of the World) and the city of Ephesus in Turkey came upon an unexpected find: a mass burial site. But most of the cadavers did not bear the signs of death from natural causes. Instead, they seem to have met a violent end. In 2002 two forensic anthropologists went to investigate: this was a gladiator graveyard. Although the corpses of gladiators had been found before, they tended to be isolated examples. In this graveyard, no less than 67 were buried. The amount of data was unprecedented. Employing two of the world's leading forensics anthropologists as our two crime scene investigators, this is the story of their investigation. Their research makes ground-breaking conclusions probing popular myths about gladiators: Is the currently fashionable thesis that although gladiators fought vicious contests, they rarely battled to the death, really true? Were the losers of gladiatorial contests really dispatched in the arena by the turning of the emperor's thumb? Were gladiators treated as no more than animals, with no provision for their health or well-being? Spanning two centuries, our 67 corpses reveal great technological changes in fighting equipment and wounds from weapons that were hitherto thought only to be the stuff of myth (like the cubic fore dent).
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