Although there had been two previous attempts to kill Hitler, including poisoning a bottle of Cointreau on his aircraft, the assassination attempt which nearly worked at his Prussian forest hideaway in Rastenburg resulted in the perpetrators being tortured.
On 6 October 1981, the Egyptian President was shot down by four uniformed men who machine-gunned him as he was watching an Egyptian Air Force fly-past. The conspirators killed five people, including foreign envoys attending the parade, and the entire assassination was recorded on film.
On 17 July 1918, Tsar Nicholas II and his entire family were murdered and buried in a nearby wood. For more than seventy years their whereabouts was unknown, but new material released from Russia now conclusively reveals their fate.
A group of Serbian nationalists were determined to kill the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne. Two of the assassins had bombs and one had a pistol. The Archduke and his wife were mortally wounded. The events of that day on Sunday 28 June led to the outbreak of World War I.