Behind The News

Behind The News

3/08/2010
ABC  |  August 3, 2010
Classification: General Classification: General
This video has closed captioning

LOOSE LIPS
When is it acceptable for governments to keep secrets? This week there's been a lot of talk about the website, Wikileaks after it revealed some top secret information about the war in Afghanistan. It's made some people very angry, but others think the public have a right to know what's going on.

POLLIE SPEAK
BtN examines some of the key words and phrases that you'll hear time and time again during the election campaign. From Work Choices and the Education revolution to Back to Surplus - what do they actually mean and why are the politicians so keen to keep repeating them?

PRECIOUS METAL
We look at an increasingly important metal, Lithium. It's a significant ingredient in enabling batteries to store and expel power. Some experts think that Lithium could one day become as valuable as oil and gold. It's big news for the South American country Bolivia which has the world's biggest lithium reserves.

RISK TAKERS
Have you ever done something that's given you a real adrenaline rush? Scientists have been on a mission to find out why young people, and particularly young boys, are big risk-takers. And why would such behaviour evolve, when it's potentially harmful - even lethal?

BACKYARD BEES
We report on the growing movement to bring beekeeping into our backyards. Keeping bees in the city can be an environmentally friendly way of making honey. And it's not as hard as you might think. But there are rules, so watch BtN to make sure you don't get stung.

LOOSE LIPS
When is it acceptable for governments to keep secrets? This week there's been a lot of talk about the website, Wikileaks after it revealed some top secret information about the war in Afghanistan. It's made some people very angry, but others think the public have a right to know what's going on.

POLLIE SPEAK
BtN examines some of the key words and phrases that you'll hear time and time again during the election campaign. From Work Choices and the Education revolution to Back to Surplus - what do they actually mean and why are the politicians so keen to keep repeating them?

PRECIOUS METAL
We look at an increasingly important metal, Lithium. It's a significant ingredient in enabling batteries to store and expel power. Some experts think that Lithium could one day become as valuable as oil and gold. It's big news for the South American country Bolivia which has the world's biggest lithium reserves.

RISK TAKERS
Have you ever done something that's given you a real adrenaline rush? Scientists have been on a mission to find out why young people, and particularly young boys, are big risk-takers. And why would such behaviour evolve, when it's potentially harmful - even lethal?

BACKYARD BEES
We report on the growing movement to bring beekeeping into our backyards. Keeping bees in the city can be an environmentally friendly way of making honey. And it's not as hard as you might think. But there are rules, so watch BtN to make sure you don't get stung.

Iran Deal
One of the biggest news stories of the week was US President Donald Trump's decision to pull out of an international agreement with Iran. It was made back in 2015 because lots of countries were worried that Iran was trying to make nuclear weapons. While many world leaders said the deal was the best way to bring about peace, others said it didn't do enough to stop Iran making weapons. We find out why ditching the deal is a really big deal for the US and the world.

Hawaii Volcano
One of the world's most active volcanos has been causing havoc in Hawaii. Mt Kilauea has been spewing out ash and rivers of lava which has destroyed homes and property. We find out more about the volcano and meet some local kids who live in the shadow of the volcano.

Aussie Space Agency
This week's federal budget contained an exciting announcement for space enthusiasts. The government is planning to put $41 million into the space industry and, for the first time, the country will get its very own space agency! We find out what Australia's future role in space might look like and why so many countries put money into exploring the cosmos.

Young Archies
We meet nine-year-old James, who is one of the finalists of this year's Young Archie competition. It's the junior version of Australia's most famous portrait prize, the Archibald, and it asks kids to draw or paint someone who's important to them. We find out more about the Archibald and meet the art teacher who inspired James to paint his masterpiece.

BTN Investigates: Toilet water
BTN viewer Pollyanna asked us to find out where toilet water goes, so we decided to investigate! Amelia goes on a fascinating, but slightly smelly tour of a waste water treatment plant to find out what happens when we flush the loo.

Behind the News: Iran Deal/Hawaii Volcano/Aussie Space Agency/Young Archies/Toilet water

News and current affairs

Years 3-4, 5-6 News and current affairs
24:26
Iran Deal One of the biggest news stories of the week was US President Donald Trump's decision to pull out of an international agreement with Iran. It was made back in 2015 because lots of countries were worried that Iran was trying to make nuclear weapons. While many world leaders said the deal was the best way to bring about peace, others said it didn't do enough to stop Iran making weapons. We find out why ditching the deal is a really big deal for the US and the world. Hawaii Volcano One of the world's most active volcanos has been causing havoc in Hawaii. Mt Kilauea has been spewing out ash and rivers of lava which has destroyed homes and property. We find out more about the volcano and meet some local kids who live in the shadow of the volcano. Aussie Space Agency This week's federal budget contained an exciting announcement for space enthusiasts. The government is planning to put $41 million into the space industry and, for the first time, the country will get its very own space agency! We find out what Australia's future role in space might look like and why so many countries put money into exploring the cosmos. Young Archies We meet nine-year-old James, who is one of the finalists of this year's Young Archie competition. It's the junior version of Australia's most famous portrait prize, the Archibald, and it asks kids to draw or paint someone who's important to them. We find out more about the Archibald and meet the art teacher who inspired James to paint his masterpiece. BTN Investigates: Toilet water BTN viewer Pollyanna asked us to find out where toilet water goes, so we decided to investigate! Amelia goes on a fascinating, but slightly smelly tour of a waste water treatment plant to find out what happens when we flush the loo.
Budget 2018
Next Tuesday is budget day - when the federal government outlines how it's planning to spend Australia's money. It's one of the biggest days of the year for Aussie politicians but it's also an important day for ordinary Aussies, because the budget affects us all. We find out what the budget is and why keeping everyone happy can be a difficult job.

Korea Talks
Over the past few weeks there's been some good news about North and South Korea. For the first time in a decade the leaders of the two countries have met and they say they're working towards a peace treaty. We find out why that's a big deal by having a look at the history of North Korea and South Korea.

Free Range Eggs
For a long time there's been debate in Australia about chickens and eggs - that is - how chickens are farmed and how eggs are labelled. Many customers are willing to pay more for eggs that are "free range", but there's been some confusion about exactly what free range means. Now some new laws have come in which aim to clear that up. We visit an egg farm to find out more about the news laws and how they could affect Aussie farmers and Aussie breakfasts!

Bionic Builder
We find out about a year 8 student from Melbourne who challenged herself with a Christmas holiday school assignment. She looked into bionic technology and 3D printing and managed to build a bionic arm from scratch!

Ask a Reporter: Why Do We Listen to Music?
BTN viewer Isabelle asks is the intriguing question; "Why do people like music so much?" Jack goes on a musical journey to find out more about the story of song and why the tunes that we love get our toes tapping.

Behind the News: Budget 2018/Korea Talks/Free Range Eggs/Bionic Builder/Why Do We Listen to Music?

News and current affairs

Years 3-4, 5-6 News and current affairs
24:27
Budget 2018 Next Tuesday is budget day - when the federal government outlines how it's planning to spend Australia's money. It's one of the biggest days of the year for Aussie politicians but it's also an important day for ordinary Aussies, because the budget affects us all. We find out what the budget is and why keeping everyone happy can be a difficult job. Korea Talks Over the past few weeks there's been some good news about North and South Korea. For the first time in a decade the leaders of the two countries have met and they say they're working towards a peace treaty. We find out why that's a big deal by having a look at the history of North Korea and South Korea. Free Range Eggs For a long time there's been debate in Australia about chickens and eggs - that is - how chickens are farmed and how eggs are labelled. Many customers are willing to pay more for eggs that are "free range", but there's been some confusion about exactly what free range means. Now some new laws have come in which aim to clear that up. We visit an egg farm to find out more about the news laws and how they could affect Aussie farmers and Aussie breakfasts! Bionic Builder We find out about a year 8 student from Melbourne who challenged herself with a Christmas holiday school assignment. She looked into bionic technology and 3D printing and managed to build a bionic arm from scratch! Ask a Reporter: Why Do We Listen to Music? BTN viewer Isabelle asks is the intriguing question; "Why do people like music so much?" Jack goes on a musical journey to find out more about the story of song and why the tunes that we love get our toes tapping.
Banks Behaving Badly
A royal commission into Aussie banks has put some of our most powerful financial institutions under the spotlight and some seriously dodgy dealings are being uncovered. We'll look at the important role that banks play in the lives of Australians, why the royal commission came about and why its findings have made a lot of people angry.

Villers-Bretonneux Centenary
This Anzac Day marked 100 years since thousands of Australian soldiers fought to free a tiny French town from German occupation during World War I. Its name is Villers-Bretonneux and the battle that took place there is recognised as an important turning point in the war. We find out more about what happened in Villers-Bretonneux and why the town still has a special connection to Australia.

BTN Kids Contribute Survey Results
Recently we asked kids around Australia to tell us how they contribute at home, at school at in their communities. More than 11,000 took part in the survey and now the results are in. This week we'll tell you more about how kids are contributing and how it makes them feel.

Composting Kids
Did you know that next week is International Compost Awareness Week? It might not be on everyone's calendar but experts say composting is a process we should all know more about. We meet some school kids who explain how compost can scrap pollution and build healthier soils.  

Corny Business
We meet Sam, a young entrepreneur, whose popcorn business has taken off since it launched late last year. Sam tells us what it's like to run a business and whether there's any such thing as too much popcorn!

Behind the News: Banks Behaving Badly/Villers-Bretonneux Centenary/BTN Kids Contribute/Composting Kids/Corny Business

News and current affairs

Years 3-4, 5-6 News and current affairs
24:25
Banks Behaving Badly A royal commission into Aussie banks has put some of our most powerful financial institutions under the spotlight and some seriously dodgy dealings are being uncovered. We'll look at the important role that banks play in the lives of Australians, why the royal commission came about and why its findings have made a lot of people angry. Villers-Bretonneux Centenary This Anzac Day marked 100 years since thousands of Australian soldiers fought to free a tiny French town from German occupation during World War I. Its name is Villers-Bretonneux and the battle that took place there is recognised as an important turning point in the war. We find out more about what happened in Villers-Bretonneux and why the town still has a special connection to Australia. BTN Kids Contribute Survey Results Recently we asked kids around Australia to tell us how they contribute at home, at school at in their communities. More than 11,000 took part in the survey and now the results are in. This week we'll tell you more about how kids are contributing and how it makes them feel. Composting Kids Did you know that next week is International Compost Awareness Week? It might not be on everyone's calendar but experts say composting is a process we should all know more about. We meet some school kids who explain how compost can scrap pollution and build healthier soils. Corny Business We meet Sam, a young entrepreneur, whose popcorn business has taken off since it launched late last year. Sam tells us what it's like to run a business and whether there's any such thing as too much popcorn!
Tariffs
US President Donald Trump got the whole world talking about tariffs last week, after announcing a new one on steel and aluminium imports. It got many countries around the world fired up, so we're going to take a closer look at what tariffs are and why the US introduced this one.

Hawking's Life
World-famous scientist Stephen Hawking has died at the age of 76. He was a pioneer in cosmology and theoretical physics. We'll find out how he made such a big impact on scientific thinking around the world.
 
Australia's Population: A BTN two-part special
Our next 'Ask a Reporter' topic
In part 2 of BTN's special look at Australia's population, we'll investigate where our population is headed and take a look at both sides of the growth debate. Then on Friday following the show, join us live for Ask a Reporter, where Jack and Amelia will answer all of your population questions.
 
Amelia Earhart
New research has concluded that that bones discovered on an island in the Pacific in 1940 are likely those of Amelia Earhart. She was a legendary aviator that disappeared on an around-the-world flight attempt. We'll take a look back at her life to find out why she's still an inspiration today.
 
BTN Investigates: How do planes fly?
Following on from Amelia Earhart's story, one of our viewers wants to know "How do planes fly?" We sent Matt out on a wing and a hunt for the answer.

Behind the News: Tariffs/Hawking's Life/Australia's Population/Amelia Earhart/How do planes fly?

News and current affairs

Years 3-4, 5-6 News and current affairs
24:27
Tariffs US President Donald Trump got the whole world talking about tariffs last week, after announcing a new one on steel and aluminium imports. It got many countries around the world fired up, so we're going to take a closer look at what tariffs are and why the US introduced this one. Hawking's Life World-famous scientist Stephen Hawking has died at the age of 76. He was a pioneer in cosmology and theoretical physics. We'll find out how he made such a big impact on scientific thinking around the world. Australia's Population: A BTN two-part special Our next 'Ask a Reporter' topic In part 2 of BTN's special look at Australia's population, we'll investigate where our population is headed and take a look at both sides of the growth debate. Then on Friday following the show, join us live for Ask a Reporter, where Jack and Amelia will answer all of your population questions. Amelia Earhart New research has concluded that that bones discovered on an island in the Pacific in 1940 are likely those of Amelia Earhart. She was a legendary aviator that disappeared on an around-the-world flight attempt. We'll take a look back at her life to find out why she's still an inspiration today. BTN Investigates: How do planes fly? Following on from Amelia Earhart's story, one of our viewers wants to know "How do planes fly?" We sent Matt out on a wing and a hunt for the answer.
Voting Age Experiment
Our next 'Ask a Reporter' topic
In Australia, no one can vote in an election until they turn 18. But what would happen if that age was lowered? That's something that South Australia's Commissioner for Children and Young People is aiming to test during the upcoming state election there. The group are asking school students aged 16 and 17 to vote, before adding those unofficial results to real ones to see what effect it would have had.
 
Australia's Population - a BTN two part special
Over the next two weeks, BTN will join the rest of the ABC in taking a special look at Australia's population. In the first of our two part special, we're going to take a look back at our long journey to 24 million people. We'll follow that with an investigation into where our population is headed and the debate around whether that growth is good.

BTN's Kids Contribute Survey
How much good do Australian kids do in their homes, schools and communities? That's exactly what we want to find out with the first ever BTN Kids Contribute Survey. Watch our story all about a young volunteer - and then jump online to fill in our short survey about all the things you do for others.

Plastic Campaign
Meet a 12-year old on a mission to reduce the amount of plastic in our oceans. Arlian has been dubbed the 'plastic-free boy' and he hopes to inspire kids around the country with his own documentary, 'Plastic Alarm'.
 
Record Message
The world's oldest message in a bottle has been discovered in Western Australia, 132 years after it was dropped in the ocean. It's an incredible find - and it's telling historians a more than you might expect.

Behind the News: Voting Age Experiment/Australia's Population/Kids Contribute Survey/Plastic Campaign/Record Message

News and current affairs

Years 3-4, 5-6 News and current affairs
24:36
Voting Age Experiment Our next 'Ask a Reporter' topic In Australia, no one can vote in an election until they turn 18. But what would happen if that age was lowered? That's something that South Australia's Commissioner for Children and Young People is aiming to test during the upcoming state election there. The group are asking school students aged 16 and 17 to vote, before adding those unofficial results to real ones to see what effect it would have had. Australia's Population - a BTN two part special Over the next two weeks, BTN will join the rest of the ABC in taking a special look at Australia's population. In the first of our two part special, we're going to take a look back at our long journey to 24 million people. We'll follow that with an investigation into where our population is headed and the debate around whether that growth is good. BTN's Kids Contribute Survey How much good do Australian kids do in their homes, schools and communities? That's exactly what we want to find out with the first ever BTN Kids Contribute Survey. Watch our story all about a young volunteer - and then jump online to fill in our short survey about all the things you do for others. Plastic Campaign Meet a 12-year old on a mission to reduce the amount of plastic in our oceans. Arlian has been dubbed the 'plastic-free boy' and he hopes to inspire kids around the country with his own documentary, 'Plastic Alarm'. Record Message The world's oldest message in a bottle has been discovered in Western Australia, 132 years after it was dropped in the ocean. It's an incredible find - and it's telling historians a more than you might expect.
The Coalition
Our next 'Ask a Reporter" topic
Recently the federal National party elected a new leader, named Michael McCormack. Soon after, the Australian Government swore in a new Deputy Prime Minister, also named Michael McCormack. That important role is always given to the leader of the Nationals as part of its agreement with the Liberal party. But when did this agreement start? And what's in it for both sides?

International Women's Day
The 8th of March is International Women's Day, when we're encouraged to learn more about the inequality faced by women and girls everywhere. But it's also a time to celebrate some of the amazing contributions women have made. To get you started, we'll run through some of the major milestones in the fight for women's rights and find out about a new ABC kids podcast that highlights the inspiring stories behind some of Australia's most inspiring women.

Mardi Gras History
It's a celebration attended by hundreds of thousands of people every year and this year it turns 40. But how did Sydney's Mardi Gras festival actually begin? We'll take you back in history to find out.

Dingo Heroes
A new study has found that sometimes dingoes can become unlikely heroes to small native animals. The wild dogs hunt feral predators like foxes and cats and, in the process, protect smaller native mammals that would usually be their dinner.
 
Racing Class
This weekend Australia's best V8 Supercar drivers will take part in the Adelaide 500. But before they hit the track, they'll be grilled by a group of school kids as part of a junior press conference. We tagged along to find out how these rookie reporters go - and discover what other lessons these kids can be taught in pit lane.

Behind the News: The Coalition/International Women's Day/Mardi Gras History/Dingo Heroes/Racing Class

News and current affairs

Years 3-4, 5-6 News and current affairs
24:27
The Coalition Our next 'Ask a Reporter" topic Recently the federal National party elected a new leader, named Michael McCormack. Soon after, the Australian Government swore in a new Deputy Prime Minister, also named Michael McCormack. That important role is always given to the leader of the Nationals as part of its agreement with the Liberal party. But when did this agreement start? And what's in it for both sides? International Women's Day The 8th of March is International Women's Day, when we're encouraged to learn more about the inequality faced by women and girls everywhere. But it's also a time to celebrate some of the amazing contributions women have made. To get you started, we'll run through some of the major milestones in the fight for women's rights and find out about a new ABC kids podcast that highlights the inspiring stories behind some of Australia's most inspiring women. Mardi Gras History It's a celebration attended by hundreds of thousands of people every year and this year it turns 40. But how did Sydney's Mardi Gras festival actually begin? We'll take you back in history to find out. Dingo Heroes A new study has found that sometimes dingoes can become unlikely heroes to small native animals. The wild dogs hunt feral predators like foxes and cats and, in the process, protect smaller native mammals that would usually be their dinner. Racing Class This weekend Australia's best V8 Supercar drivers will take part in the Adelaide 500. But before they hit the track, they'll be grilled by a group of school kids as part of a junior press conference. We tagged along to find out how these rookie reporters go - and discover what other lessons these kids can be taught in pit lane.
Winter Olympics - Our next 'Ask a Reporter' topic
Next week the Winter Olympic Games will begin. But while athletes around the world are gearing up for the competition, a lot of the focus has actually been on host country South Korea and its relationship with its neighbour, North Korea. Both countries have agreed to march under one flag at the opening ceremony and compete together in some sports. We'll find out why this small act of unity is actually a big deal.

Safer Internet Day
Have you ever wondered why many internet sites and services are banned for kids under 13-years old? To mark Safer Internet Day on the 6th of February, we're going to investigate. We'll also learn about other rules designed to keep you safe online.

Greenland Warming
Most of us have heard about the threat of global warming. But its effects can already be seen in the cold northern country of Greenland, where more and more ice is melting into the ocean each year. Though as Ruby found out, the warmer temperatures are also providing some positive opportunities for the people here, too.

Super Blue Blood Moon
This week, kids and adults all over Australia stayed up late to check out a very special moon. It was called a super blue blood moon and it looked pretty spectacular. But why did it look so different? We'll find out.
 
T-Shirt Business
Opening a business sounds like a pretty adult thing to do. But two 12-year old kids are proving that not only can you do it before hitting your teens - you can also be really successful! We'll hear from them to find out how they managed to do it.

Behind the News: Winter Olympics/Safer Internet Day/Greenland Warming/Super Blue Blood Moon/T-Shirt Business

News and current affairs

Years 3-4, 5-6 News and current affairs
24:28
Winter Olympics - Our next 'Ask a Reporter' topic Next week the Winter Olympic Games will begin. But while athletes around the world are gearing up for the competition, a lot of the focus has actually been on host country South Korea and its relationship with its neighbour, North Korea. Both countries have agreed to march under one flag at the opening ceremony and compete together in some sports. We'll find out why this small act of unity is actually a big deal. Safer Internet Day Have you ever wondered why many internet sites and services are banned for kids under 13-years old? To mark Safer Internet Day on the 6th of February, we're going to investigate. We'll also learn about other rules designed to keep you safe online. Greenland Warming Most of us have heard about the threat of global warming. But its effects can already be seen in the cold northern country of Greenland, where more and more ice is melting into the ocean each year. Though as Ruby found out, the warmer temperatures are also providing some positive opportunities for the people here, too. Super Blue Blood Moon This week, kids and adults all over Australia stayed up late to check out a very special moon. It was called a super blue blood moon and it looked pretty spectacular. But why did it look so different? We'll find out. T-Shirt Business Opening a business sounds like a pretty adult thing to do. But two 12-year old kids are proving that not only can you do it before hitting your teens - you can also be really successful! We'll hear from them to find out how they managed to do it.
Zimbabwe
The controversial President of Zimbabwe Robert Mugabe has resigned. Mugabe was under pressure from the country's military to step aside to make way for a new leader. The news triggered mass celebrations on the streets. We'll find out why. 
 
UN Kids Study
A recent United Nations study has shown almost half of children feel their views go unheard by adults. It's just one of the statistics contained in the report, which surveyed children from 14 countries around the world. We'll dive into the data to find out what else has kids concerned overseas.
 
Beach Safety App
A nine-year old girl in Sydney has created an app to help save lives this summer. Sarah's app contains three mini games that teach people about sun protection, water safety and CPR.

Teaching Resources Included
Learning Areas - 
 
Health and PE / Personal, Social and Community Health:
Plan and practise strategies to promote health, safety and wellbeing (Years 5 and 6)
Investigate community resources and ways to seek help about health, safety and wellbeing (Years 5 and 6)

Health and PE / Personal, Social and Community Health / Contributing to healthy and active communities:
Investigate the role of preventive health in promoting and maintaining health, safety and wellbeing for individuals and their communities (Years 5 and 6)
  
The Sailing Kangaroo
You might've met a kangaroo or two in your time, but you've probably never met one like Edward. He's a red kangaroo who's been blind since birth and currently, he lives on a boat floating along the Murray River. But Eddie's getting too big for life on the water so his owner Lee is trying to find him a new home.

BTN Investigates - Christmas Traditions
Christmas decorations are up and school is only a few weeks away from wrapping up.
So one member of our audience asked us to find out where all of our beloved Christmas traditions came from. We'll deck the halls with loads of answers next week.

Teaching Resources Included
Learning Areas - 
 
HASS / History / Knowledge and Understanding:
Celebrations and commemorations in places around the world (for example, Chinese New Year in countries of the Asia region, Bastille Day in France, Independence Day in the USA), including those that are observed in Australia (for example, Christmas Day, Diwali, Easter, Hanukkah, the Moon Festival and Ramadan) (Year 3)

HASS / Inquiry and skills / Questioning:
Pose questions to investigate people, events, places and issues (Years 3 and 4)

HASS / Inquiry and skills / Researching:
Locate and collect information and data from different sources, including observations (Years 3 and 4)

Behind the News: Zimbabwe/UN Kids Study/Beach Safety App/The Sailing Kangaroo/Christmas Traditions

News and current affairs

Years 3-4, 5-6 News and current affairs
24:28
Zimbabwe The controversial President of Zimbabwe Robert Mugabe has resigned. Mugabe was under pressure from the country's military to step aside to make way for a new leader. The news triggered mass celebrations on the streets. We'll find out why. UN Kids Study A recent United Nations study has shown almost half of children feel their views go unheard by adults. It's just one of the statistics contained in the report, which surveyed children from 14 countries around the world. We'll dive into the data to find out what else has kids concerned overseas. Beach Safety App A nine-year old girl in Sydney has created an app to help save lives this summer. Sarah's app contains three mini games that teach people about sun protection, water safety and CPR. Teaching Resources Included Learning Areas - Health and PE / Personal, Social and Community Health: Plan and practise strategies to promote health, safety and wellbeing (Years 5 and 6) Investigate community resources and ways to seek help about health, safety and wellbeing (Years 5 and 6) Health and PE / Personal, Social and Community Health / Contributing to healthy and active communities: Investigate the role of preventive health in promoting and maintaining health, safety and wellbeing for individuals and their communities (Years 5 and 6) The Sailing Kangaroo You might've met a kangaroo or two in your time, but you've probably never met one like Edward. He's a red kangaroo who's been blind since birth and currently, he lives on a boat floating along the Murray River. But Eddie's getting too big for life on the water so his owner Lee is trying to find him a new home. BTN Investigates - Christmas Traditions Christmas decorations are up and school is only a few weeks away from wrapping up. So one member of our audience asked us to find out where all of our beloved Christmas traditions came from. We'll deck the halls with loads of answers next week. Teaching Resources Included Learning Areas - HASS / History / Knowledge and Understanding: Celebrations and commemorations in places around the world (for example, Chinese New Year in countries of the Asia region, Bastille Day in France, Independence Day in the USA), including those that are observed in Australia (for example, Christmas Day, Diwali, Easter, Hanukkah, the Moon Festival and Ramadan) (Year 3) HASS / Inquiry and skills / Questioning: Pose questions to investigate people, events, places and issues (Years 3 and 4) HASS / Inquiry and skills / Researching: Locate and collect information and data from different sources, including observations (Years 3 and 4)
Marriage Survey Results
61.6 percent of Australians have voted to allow same-sex marriage to be legalised. We'll take a closer look at the result and find out what's now required to make it official.

Driverless Cars
This week, Australia is hosting the International Driverless Car Summit. Experts from around the world will gather to talk about the benefits and challenges facing this new technology. Tune in for a full wrap of the pros and cons.

Coral Spawning 
A special annual event has just got underway off the coast of Queensland. It's the time each year when coral right across the Great Barrier Reef reproduce. But experts are paying particularly close attention this year so they can measure how much the reef has suffered because of things like cyclones and bleaching.
 
Teaching resources included
Learning Areas - 
 
Science / Science Understanding / Biological sciences:
Living things have life cycles (Year 4)
 
Living things depend on each other and the environment to survive (Year 4)
 
Living things have structural features and adaptations that help them to survive in their environment (Year 5)
 
The growth and survival of living things are affected by physical conditions of their environment (Year 6)
 
Interactions between organisms, including the effects of human activities can be represented by food chains and food webs (Year 7)
 
Pet Bushfire Safety 
As bushfire season begins for many Australians, fire services and the RSPCA are teaming up to remind people not to leave their pets out of their family action plan. We'll run you through the best ways to make sure your four-legged friend stays safe this summer.
 
Big Idea Winner
We'll introduce you to a kid who's come up with a great way to make life easier for carers around Australia. Eight-year old Amelia has designed a special hoist to help lift her brother out of his wheelchair. And now the invention has won her a trip to NASA!
 
Teaching resources included
Learning Areas - 
 
Science / Science as a Human Endeavour / Use and influence of science:
Scientific knowledge is used to solve problems and inform personal and community decisions (Years 5 and 6)
 
Solutions to contemporary issues that are found using science and technology, may impact on other areas of society and may involve ethical considerations (Year 7)
 
People use science understanding and skills in their occupations and these have influenced the development of practices in areas of human activity (Year 7)
 
Science / Science Inquiry Skills / Questioning and predicting:
With guidance, pose clarifying questions and make predictions about scientific investigations (Years 5 and 6)
 
Science / Science Inquiry Skills / Evaluating:
Reflect on and suggest improvements to scientific investigations (Years 5 and 6)

Behind the News: Marriage Survey Results/Driverless Cars/Coral Spawning/Pet Bushfire Safety/Big Idea Winner

News and current affairs

Years 3-4, 5-6 News and current affairs
24:28
Marriage Survey Results 61.6 percent of Australians have voted to allow same-sex marriage to be legalised. We'll take a closer look at the result and find out what's now required to make it official. Driverless Cars This week, Australia is hosting the International Driverless Car Summit. Experts from around the world will gather to talk about the benefits and challenges facing this new technology. Tune in for a full wrap of the pros and cons. Coral Spawning A special annual event has just got underway off the coast of Queensland. It's the time each year when coral right across the Great Barrier Reef reproduce. But experts are paying particularly close attention this year so they can measure how much the reef has suffered because of things like cyclones and bleaching. Teaching resources included Learning Areas - Science / Science Understanding / Biological sciences: Living things have life cycles (Year 4) Living things depend on each other and the environment to survive (Year 4) Living things have structural features and adaptations that help them to survive in their environment (Year 5) The growth and survival of living things are affected by physical conditions of their environment (Year 6) Interactions between organisms, including the effects of human activities can be represented by food chains and food webs (Year 7) Pet Bushfire Safety As bushfire season begins for many Australians, fire services and the RSPCA are teaming up to remind people not to leave their pets out of their family action plan. We'll run you through the best ways to make sure your four-legged friend stays safe this summer. Big Idea Winner We'll introduce you to a kid who's come up with a great way to make life easier for carers around Australia. Eight-year old Amelia has designed a special hoist to help lift her brother out of his wheelchair. And now the invention has won her a trip to NASA! Teaching resources included Learning Areas - Science / Science as a Human Endeavour / Use and influence of science: Scientific knowledge is used to solve problems and inform personal and community decisions (Years 5 and 6) Solutions to contemporary issues that are found using science and technology, may impact on other areas of society and may involve ethical considerations (Year 7) People use science understanding and skills in their occupations and these have influenced the development of practices in areas of human activity (Year 7) Science / Science Inquiry Skills / Questioning and predicting: With guidance, pose clarifying questions and make predictions about scientific investigations (Years 5 and 6) Science / Science Inquiry Skills / Evaluating: Reflect on and suggest improvements to scientific investigations (Years 5 and 6)
Paradise Papers
Last week, millions of leaked documents, dubbed 'the Paradise Papers', were released by news outlets around the world. Among other things, they detail the processes that some people and companies use to move their money in an effort to pay much less tax. Nike was one of the companies contained in the release. So next week, we'll reveal exactly how much money from each pair of their shoes you buy in Australia stays here as tax.

Ozone Improvement 
NASA has revealed some good environment news! It says the ozone hole over Antarctica is the smallest it's been for three decades. That's a pretty big deal, because in the 90s, things were looking really bad. So to celebrate, we'll find out exactly what the ozone layer actually is and why things are improving.
 
Teaching resources included
Learning Areas - 
 
Science / Science as a Human Endeavour / Use and influence of science:
Science knowledge helps people to understand the effect of their actions  (Year 4)
 
Scientific knowledge is used to solve problems and inform personal and community decisions (Years 5 and 6)
 
History of Toilets
On November 19, we all mark World Toilet Day. The aim is to spread word that toilets save lives by doing a messy, but vital job. Plus, it's an excellent opportunity to tell your toilet how much you appreciate it! Awkwardly, we'll do just that next week.

Indigenous Seasons
We all know the traditional European seasons; summer, autumn, winter and spring.
But did you know Australia's Indigenous cultures had different seasons that better fit local weather conditions, plants and animals? Next week, we'll join a class as they learn more about these seasons and how they vary across the continent.
 
Teaching resources included
Learning Areas - 
 
Geography / Knowledge and Understanding:
The custodial responsibility Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples have for Country/Place, and how this influences views about sustainability (Year 4)
 
Science / Science Understanding / Earth and space sciences:
Predictable phenomena on Earth, including seasons and eclipses, are caused by the relative positions of the sun, Earth and the moon (Year 7)

Gaelic Covers
Finally we'll travel to Ireland, where some kids are using famous songs to keep their culture alive. They've made music videos covering famous songs in their traditional language, Irish Gaelic. Not many people are speaking it anymore, so they hope these covers will help revive this ancient language.

Behind the News: Paradise Papers/Ozone Improvement/History of Toilets/Indigenous Seasons/Gaelic Covers

News and current affairs

Years 3-4, 5-6 News and current affairs
24:29
Paradise Papers Last week, millions of leaked documents, dubbed 'the Paradise Papers', were released by news outlets around the world. Among other things, they detail the processes that some people and companies use to move their money in an effort to pay much less tax. Nike was one of the companies contained in the release. So next week, we'll reveal exactly how much money from each pair of their shoes you buy in Australia stays here as tax. Ozone Improvement NASA has revealed some good environment news! It says the ozone hole over Antarctica is the smallest it's been for three decades. That's a pretty big deal, because in the 90s, things were looking really bad. So to celebrate, we'll find out exactly what the ozone layer actually is and why things are improving. Teaching resources included Learning Areas - Science / Science as a Human Endeavour / Use and influence of science: Science knowledge helps people to understand the effect of their actions (Year 4) Scientific knowledge is used to solve problems and inform personal and community decisions (Years 5 and 6) History of Toilets On November 19, we all mark World Toilet Day. The aim is to spread word that toilets save lives by doing a messy, but vital job. Plus, it's an excellent opportunity to tell your toilet how much you appreciate it! Awkwardly, we'll do just that next week. Indigenous Seasons We all know the traditional European seasons; summer, autumn, winter and spring. But did you know Australia's Indigenous cultures had different seasons that better fit local weather conditions, plants and animals? Next week, we'll join a class as they learn more about these seasons and how they vary across the continent. Teaching resources included Learning Areas - Geography / Knowledge and Understanding: The custodial responsibility Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples have for Country/Place, and how this influences views about sustainability (Year 4) Science / Science Understanding / Earth and space sciences: Predictable phenomena on Earth, including seasons and eclipses, are caused by the relative positions of the sun, Earth and the moon (Year 7) Gaelic Covers Finally we'll travel to Ireland, where some kids are using famous songs to keep their culture alive. They've made music videos covering famous songs in their traditional language, Irish Gaelic. Not many people are speaking it anymore, so they hope these covers will help revive this ancient language.
Adani Mine
You might have heard about a big project that's been proposed for Queensland's Galilee Basin. An Indian company called Adani wants to create one of the biggest coal mines in the world there but it's really controversial. In fact it's one of the biggest issues being talked about in the lead-up to the Queensland State election. We find out more about the mine and why it's been causing so much debate.
 
Flu Season
If you came down with the flu this year, you're not alone! This season has been the worst in years, with around 220,000 people coming down with the Influenza Virus. It's got some calling for a stronger flu vaccine and even suggesting it should be available for free to everyone. We look at what the flu is, how a vaccine can help and why this year was such a bad one.
 
Extended teaching resources
Learning Areas -
 
Science / Science as a Human Endeavour / Use and influence of science:
Scientific knowledge is used to solve problems and inform personal and community decisions (Years 5 and 6)
 
Solutions to contemporary issues that are found using science and technology, may impact on other areas of society and may involve ethical considerations (Year 7)

Science / Science Inquiry Skills / Communicating:
Communicate ideas, explanations and processes using scientific representations in a variety of ways, including multi-modal texts (Years 5 and 6)
 
Uluru Climbing Ban
Uluru is one of Australia's biggest tourist attractions but, from 2019, visitors will no longer be able to climb the famous rock. It's something traditional owners have been fighting for for many years because, to them, Uluru is a sacred site. We look at the debate that led up to this historic decision.

Recycling Week
Next week is National Recycling Week, when Australians are encouraged to think a bit more about what they throw away. We take a closer look at the recycling process, find out what we can put in our recycling bins, and what we can do to reduce waste.

Extended teaching resources
Learning areas -
 
Geography / Knowledge and Understanding:
The use and management of natural resources and waste, and the different views on how to do this sustainably (Year 4)
 
Science / Science Understanding / Chemical sciences:
Natural and processed materials have a range of physical properties that can influence their use (Year 4)

Science / Science as a Human Endeavour / Use and influence of science:
Science knowledge helps people to understand the effect of their actions (Year 4)
 
Scientific knowledge is used to solve problems and inform personal and community decisions  (Years 5 and 6)
 
HASS / Inquiry and skills / Evaluating and reflecting:
Reflect on learning to propose actions in response to an issue or challenge and consider possible effects of proposed actions (Year 4)
  
BTN Investigates - History of Electricity
Friday the 10th of November is World Science Day, so we thought this week would be a good time to answer a question one of our viewers has about an important scientific discovery - electricity. Ethan asks when electricity was first discovered, and we've done our best to find out!

Behind the News: Adani Mine/Flu Season/Uluru Climbing Ban/Recycling Week/History of Electricity

News and current affairs

Years 3-4, 5-6 News and current affairs
24:36
Adani Mine You might have heard about a big project that's been proposed for Queensland's Galilee Basin. An Indian company called Adani wants to create one of the biggest coal mines in the world there but it's really controversial. In fact it's one of the biggest issues being talked about in the lead-up to the Queensland State election. We find out more about the mine and why it's been causing so much debate. Flu Season If you came down with the flu this year, you're not alone! This season has been the worst in years, with around 220,000 people coming down with the Influenza Virus. It's got some calling for a stronger flu vaccine and even suggesting it should be available for free to everyone. We look at what the flu is, how a vaccine can help and why this year was such a bad one. Extended teaching resources Learning Areas - Science / Science as a Human Endeavour / Use and influence of science: Scientific knowledge is used to solve problems and inform personal and community decisions (Years 5 and 6) Solutions to contemporary issues that are found using science and technology, may impact on other areas of society and may involve ethical considerations (Year 7) Science / Science Inquiry Skills / Communicating: Communicate ideas, explanations and processes using scientific representations in a variety of ways, including multi-modal texts (Years 5 and 6) Uluru Climbing Ban Uluru is one of Australia's biggest tourist attractions but, from 2019, visitors will no longer be able to climb the famous rock. It's something traditional owners have been fighting for for many years because, to them, Uluru is a sacred site. We look at the debate that led up to this historic decision. Recycling Week Next week is National Recycling Week, when Australians are encouraged to think a bit more about what they throw away. We take a closer look at the recycling process, find out what we can put in our recycling bins, and what we can do to reduce waste. Extended teaching resources Learning areas - Geography / Knowledge and Understanding: The use and management of natural resources and waste, and the different views on how to do this sustainably (Year 4) Science / Science Understanding / Chemical sciences: Natural and processed materials have a range of physical properties that can influence their use (Year 4) Science / Science as a Human Endeavour / Use and influence of science: Science knowledge helps people to understand the effect of their actions (Year 4) Scientific knowledge is used to solve problems and inform personal and community decisions (Years 5 and 6) HASS / Inquiry and skills / Evaluating and reflecting: Reflect on learning to propose actions in response to an issue or challenge and consider possible effects of proposed actions (Year 4) BTN Investigates - History of Electricity Friday the 10th of November is World Science Day, so we thought this week would be a good time to answer a question one of our viewers has about an important scientific discovery - electricity. Ethan asks when electricity was first discovered, and we've done our best to find out!
NBN Problems
This week there's been a lot of talk about Australia's National Broadband Network. It's the biggest infrastructure project in Australia's history , which aims to upgrade internet speeds right around the country. But it's copped a lot of criticism lately for being too expensive, too slow, and not as good as many had hoped. We take a look at exactly what the NBN is and why it's controversial.
 
Kokoda Anniversary 
Next Thursday marks the 75 anniversary of a big moment in Australia's military history. On the 2nd of November Australian soldiers recaptured Kokoda after long and difficult campaign to stop Japanese invasion of Papua. We look at the history and significance of the Kokoda campaign.
 
Kokoda Virtual Reality Experience 
To mark the anniversary of the Kokoda Campaign BTN has been working to produce an educational experience of the Kokoda track. It's called Kokoda VR and it transports you to real life locations where you'll hear and take part in the story. Before the release of Kokoda VR on Thursday we'll give you a look at how it all came together.

Extended teaching resources
Learning Areas -
 
Heath and Physical Education / Personal, Social and Community Health / Being healthy, safe and active:
Identify and practise strategies to promote health, safety and wellbeing (Years 3 and 4)
 
Plan and practise strategies to promote health, safety and wellbeing (Years 5 and 6)
 
Heath and Physical Education / Personal, Social and Community Health / Communicating and interacting for health and wellbeing:
Discuss and interpret health information and messages in the media and internet (Years 3 and 4)

Heath and Physical Education / Personal, Social and Community Health / Contributing to healthy and active communities:
Investigate the role of preventive health in promoting and maintaining health, safety and wellbeing for individuals and their communities (Years 5 and 6)

Mountain School
Imagine having to trek for days through some of the world's most dangerous terrain just to get to school. That's what some kids in a remote part of the Himalayas face at the moment. An Australian charity is trying to help by building a boarding house where the children can safely get an education.

BTN Investigates - Halloween
BTN viewer Shelby has sent us a question just in time for October 31. She wants to know why people celebrate Halloween. We take a look at the origins of this spooky tradition.

Behind the News: NBN Problems/Kokoda Anniversary /Kokoda Virtual Reality Experience/Mountain School/Halloween

News and current affairs

Years 3-4, 5-6 News and current affairs
24:27
NBN Problems This week there's been a lot of talk about Australia's National Broadband Network. It's the biggest infrastructure project in Australia's history , which aims to upgrade internet speeds right around the country. But it's copped a lot of criticism lately for being too expensive, too slow, and not as good as many had hoped. We take a look at exactly what the NBN is and why it's controversial. Kokoda Anniversary Next Thursday marks the 75 anniversary of a big moment in Australia's military history. On the 2nd of November Australian soldiers recaptured Kokoda after long and difficult campaign to stop Japanese invasion of Papua. We look at the history and significance of the Kokoda campaign. Kokoda Virtual Reality Experience To mark the anniversary of the Kokoda Campaign BTN has been working to produce an educational experience of the Kokoda track. It's called Kokoda VR and it transports you to real life locations where you'll hear and take part in the story. Before the release of Kokoda VR on Thursday we'll give you a look at how it all came together. Extended teaching resources Learning Areas - Heath and Physical Education / Personal, Social and Community Health / Being healthy, safe and active: Identify and practise strategies to promote health, safety and wellbeing (Years 3 and 4) Plan and practise strategies to promote health, safety and wellbeing (Years 5 and 6) Heath and Physical Education / Personal, Social and Community Health / Communicating and interacting for health and wellbeing: Discuss and interpret health information and messages in the media and internet (Years 3 and 4) Heath and Physical Education / Personal, Social and Community Health / Contributing to healthy and active communities: Investigate the role of preventive health in promoting and maintaining health, safety and wellbeing for individuals and their communities (Years 5 and 6) Mountain School Imagine having to trek for days through some of the world's most dangerous terrain just to get to school. That's what some kids in a remote part of the Himalayas face at the moment. An Australian charity is trying to help by building a boarding house where the children can safely get an education. BTN Investigates - Halloween BTN viewer Shelby has sent us a question just in time for October 31. She wants to know why people celebrate Halloween. We take a look at the origins of this spooky tradition.
The inaugural BTN Teacher Awards!
Is your teacher something special? Do they go above and beyond to make your learning fun?
Well BTN would like to hear from you! This week we're launching a new national competition to find Australia's most special teacher. All it takes to nominate them is a short video telling (and showing) us why you think they are the best.
Tune in next week for all the details!

Holden Closure
This week marks the end of an era, as Holden's car manufacturing plant in South Australia closes its doors for good. It's a huge moment for workers and for the whole country, as we see the end of car manufacturing in Australia. We'll take a look at the history of this industry and find out what the future might hold for those affected.

Space Discovery
For the first time ever, scientists have traced gravitational waves through outer space to their source. That sounds exciting - but what does it mean? We'll find out how the discovery was made and why astronomers say it will change the way we look at the universe.
 
Quoll Return
It's been more than 50 years since Eastern Quolls became extinct on mainland Australia. But now the little marsupials are set for a comeback. Conservationists are taking quolls from a sanctuary in Tasmania and releasing them into a national park in New South Wales. We find out a bit more about the project and why it's good news for both quolls and the environment.
 
Teaching resources included
Learning Areas - 

Science / Science Understanding / Biological sciences:
Living things have life cycles Year 4
Living things, including plants and animals, depend on each other and the environment to survive. (Year 4)
 
Living things have structural features and adaptations that help them to survive in their environment.  (Year 5) 
 
The growth and survival of living things are affected by the physical conditions of their environment (Year 6)

Teaching Australia
Teaching is one of the most important jobs out there. So to celebrate all of the amazing work that teachers do each and every year, we're is launching a new competition - the BTN Teacher Awards! But first, we're going to find out a little more about what this job actually involves and how it's changed over the past hundred years.
 
BTN Investigates - the History of Video Games
BTN viewer Mini has asked us to find out what the first ever game was, who made it and why? Well Mini, you've come to the right place. We've put avid gamer Ruby on the case - tune in next week for her answer.

Teaching resources included
Learning Areas - 
 
Digital Technologies / Knowledge and Understanding:
Examine how whole numbers are used to represent all data in digital systems (Years 5 and 6)
 
Digital Technologies / Processes and Production Skills:
Implement digital solutions as simple visual programs involving branching, iteration (repetition), and user input (Years 5 and 6)
 
Implement and modify programs with user interfaces involving branching, iteration and functions in a general-purpose programming language (Years 7 and 8)
 
Design and Technologies / Processes and Production Skills:
Generate, develop and communicate design ideas and processes for audiences using appropriate technical terms and graphical representation techniques (Years 5 and 6)

Behind the News: Inaugural BTN Teacher Awards/Holden Closure/Space Discovery/Quoll Return/Teaching Australia/History of Video Games

News and current affairs

Years 3-4, 5-6 News and current affairs
24:27
The inaugural BTN Teacher Awards! Is your teacher something special? Do they go above and beyond to make your learning fun? Well BTN would like to hear from you! This week we're launching a new national competition to find Australia's most special teacher. All it takes to nominate them is a short video telling (and showing) us why you think they are the best. Tune in next week for all the details! Holden Closure This week marks the end of an era, as Holden's car manufacturing plant in South Australia closes its doors for good. It's a huge moment for workers and for the whole country, as we see the end of car manufacturing in Australia. We'll take a look at the history of this industry and find out what the future might hold for those affected. Space Discovery For the first time ever, scientists have traced gravitational waves through outer space to their source. That sounds exciting - but what does it mean? We'll find out how the discovery was made and why astronomers say it will change the way we look at the universe. Quoll Return It's been more than 50 years since Eastern Quolls became extinct on mainland Australia. But now the little marsupials are set for a comeback. Conservationists are taking quolls from a sanctuary in Tasmania and releasing them into a national park in New South Wales. We find out a bit more about the project and why it's good news for both quolls and the environment. Teaching resources included Learning Areas - Science / Science Understanding / Biological sciences: Living things have life cycles Year 4 Living things, including plants and animals, depend on each other and the environment to survive. (Year 4) Living things have structural features and adaptations that help them to survive in their environment. (Year 5) The growth and survival of living things are affected by the physical conditions of their environment (Year 6) Teaching Australia Teaching is one of the most important jobs out there. So to celebrate all of the amazing work that teachers do each and every year, we're is launching a new competition - the BTN Teacher Awards! But first, we're going to find out a little more about what this job actually involves and how it's changed over the past hundred years. BTN Investigates - the History of Video Games BTN viewer Mini has asked us to find out what the first ever game was, who made it and why? Well Mini, you've come to the right place. We've put avid gamer Ruby on the case - tune in next week for her answer. Teaching resources included Learning Areas - Digital Technologies / Knowledge and Understanding: Examine how whole numbers are used to represent all data in digital systems (Years 5 and 6) Digital Technologies / Processes and Production Skills: Implement digital solutions as simple visual programs involving branching, iteration (repetition), and user input (Years 5 and 6) Implement and modify programs with user interfaces involving branching, iteration and functions in a general-purpose programming language (Years 7 and 8) Design and Technologies / Processes and Production Skills: Generate, develop and communicate design ideas and processes for audiences using appropriate technical terms and graphical representation techniques (Years 5 and 6)
Spain Protests
Recently, big protests and even violence hit the European country of Spain. It's all because one region, Catalonia, is seriously considering breaking away from the rest of the country. Next week we'll find out why some Catalonians want to stay and others want to leave.

BTN's Happiness Survey - What makes you happy and sad?
Last term, we asked you to tell us when you're at your happiest and when you're not in the 2nd ever BTN Happiness Survey. And we were blown away with how many of you did just that! 46,974 of you responded, easily making it the biggest survey of youth health and wellbeing in Australian history. But what did you tell us? In part one of our two part special feature, we'll take a look at what areas of life that worry you most, along with the parts that put a smile on your dial.

BTN's Happiness Survey - What's keeping you up?
Sleep was also revealed as one of the factors affecting kids' happiness in the BTN Happiness Survey. But as you told us in the data, there are a lot of different factors stopping you from getting enough. We'll take a look at some of them in the second part of our special survey feature.

Teaching resources included:
Learning Areas -

Heath and Physical Education / Personal, Social and Community Health / Being healthy, safe and active:
Identify and practise strategies to promote health, safety and wellbeing (Years 3 and 4)

Plan and practise strategies to promote health, safety and wellbeing (Years 5 and 6)

Heath and Physical Education / Personal, Social and Community Health / Communicating and interacting for health and wellbeing:
Discuss and interpret health information and messages in the media and internet (Years 3 and 4)

Heath and Physical Education / Personal, Social and Community Health / Contributing to healthy and active communities:
Investigate the role of preventive health in promoting and maintaining health, safety and wellbeing for individuals and their communities (Years 5 and 6)

Space Conference
Over the holidays, Adelaide hosted the International Astronautical Congress, a meeting of the world's top minds in the field of space. And during the week, some big announcements were made, like the creation of a new Australian space agency and details on how a private space company intends to send people to Mars within the next 7 years. We sent Rookie Reporter Ness along to the conference to give you a taste of the action.

Bush Detectives
Australia has a lot of awesome native wildlife that we want to protect. But to do that effectively, researchers need to keep track of how many there actually are in the wild. Recently, some distance education students tried to hold their own population count. But as they found out, it can be trickier than it looks.


Teaching resources included:
Learning Areas -

Science / Science Understanding / Biological sciences:
Living things have life cycles  (Year 4)

Living things depend on each other and the environment to survive (Year 4)

Living things have structural features and adaptations that help them to survive in their environment (Year 5)

The growth and survival of living things are affected by the physical conditions of their environment (Year 6)

Interactions between organisms, including the effects of human activities can be represented by food chains and food webs (Year 7)

Behind the News: Spain Protests/BTN's Happiness Survey/Space Conference/Bush Detectives

News and current affairs

Years 3-4, 5-6 News and current affairs
24:28
Spain Protests Recently, big protests and even violence hit the European country of Spain. It's all because one region, Catalonia, is seriously considering breaking away from the rest of the country. Next week we'll find out why some Catalonians want to stay and others want to leave. BTN's Happiness Survey - What makes you happy and sad? Last term, we asked you to tell us when you're at your happiest and when you're not in the 2nd ever BTN Happiness Survey. And we were blown away with how many of you did just that! 46,974 of you responded, easily making it the biggest survey of youth health and wellbeing in Australian history. But what did you tell us? In part one of our two part special feature, we'll take a look at what areas of life that worry you most, along with the parts that put a smile on your dial. BTN's Happiness Survey - What's keeping you up? Sleep was also revealed as one of the factors affecting kids' happiness in the BTN Happiness Survey. But as you told us in the data, there are a lot of different factors stopping you from getting enough. We'll take a look at some of them in the second part of our special survey feature. Teaching resources included: Learning Areas - Heath and Physical Education / Personal, Social and Community Health / Being healthy, safe and active: Identify and practise strategies to promote health, safety and wellbeing (Years 3 and 4) Plan and practise strategies to promote health, safety and wellbeing (Years 5 and 6) Heath and Physical Education / Personal, Social and Community Health / Communicating and interacting for health and wellbeing: Discuss and interpret health information and messages in the media and internet (Years 3 and 4) Heath and Physical Education / Personal, Social and Community Health / Contributing to healthy and active communities: Investigate the role of preventive health in promoting and maintaining health, safety and wellbeing for individuals and their communities (Years 5 and 6) Space Conference Over the holidays, Adelaide hosted the International Astronautical Congress, a meeting of the world's top minds in the field of space. And during the week, some big announcements were made, like the creation of a new Australian space agency and details on how a private space company intends to send people to Mars within the next 7 years. We sent Rookie Reporter Ness along to the conference to give you a taste of the action. Bush Detectives Australia has a lot of awesome native wildlife that we want to protect. But to do that effectively, researchers need to keep track of how many there actually are in the wild. Recently, some distance education students tried to hold their own population count. But as they found out, it can be trickier than it looks. Teaching resources included: Learning Areas - Science / Science Understanding / Biological sciences: Living things have life cycles (Year 4) Living things depend on each other and the environment to survive (Year 4) Living things have structural features and adaptations that help them to survive in their environment (Year 5) The growth and survival of living things are affected by the physical conditions of their environment (Year 6) Interactions between organisms, including the effects of human activities can be represented by food chains and food webs (Year 7)
Irma recovery
The clean-up has started in parts of Florida and the Caribbean that were devastated by Hurricane Irma. We find out what's being done to help people affected and speak to two sisters from Florida who had to evacuate from their home because of the hurricane.

Uniform Debate
There's been a lot of talk recently about school uniforms, and whether girls and boys should be forced to dress differently. Recently the Western Australian government made it compulsory for schools to give girls a choice of pants or dresses and last week Victoria decided to bring in similar rules. Some reckon forcing girls to wear skirts makes them less likely to get active at school, but others reckon it should be up to schools to decide what their uniforms look like. We take a look at the uniform debate.

Kangaroo Control
Kangaroos might be one of Australia's national emblems, but some reckon these much-loved native critters are becoming a problem for the environment. They say in some areas the kangaroo population is just too big, and they're eating too much. One expert says the solution is to cull kangaroos encourage people to eat more roo meat.

Teaching resources included
Learning Areas -

Science / Science as a Human Endeavour / Use and influence of science:
Scientific knowledge is used to solve problems and inform personal and community decisions (Years 5 and 6)

Solutions to contemporary issues that are found using science and technology, may impact on other areas of society and may involve ethical considerations (Year 7)

Science / Science Understanding / Biological Sciences:
Interactions between organisms, including the effects of human activities can be represented by food chains and food webs 

English / Literacy / Interacting with others:
Plan, draft and publish imaginative, informative and persuasive print and multimodal texts, choosing text structures, language features, images and sound appropriate to purpose and audience (Year 5)

Plan, draft and publish imaginative, informative and persuasive texts, choosing and experimenting with text structures, language features, images and digital resources appropriate to purpose and audience (Year 6)

Ten Dollar Stars
Next week the Reserve Bank of Australia will release the brand-new ten dollar note! It features a whole bunch of new security features, as well as some familiar faces. We take a look at the new note and learn more about the famous Aussies who feature on it.

Teaching resources included
Learning Areas -

HASS / Inquiry and skills / Questioning:
Develop appropriate questions to guide an inquiry about people, events, developments, places, systems and challenges (Years 5 and 6)

HASS / Inquiry and skills / Researching:
Sequence information about people's lives, events, developments and phenomena using a variety of methods including timelines (Years 5 and 6)

HASS / History:
The role that a significant individual or group played in shaping a colony (Year 5)

The contribution of individuals and groups to the development of Australian society since Federation  (Year 6)

Minecraft Park
Back in 2015 we met some school students who were taking part in a competition run by the South Australian Government asking kids to design a real-life park using Minecraft. Now they've been able to see their design come to life! We catch up with the designers and find out how they feel about the finished product.

Behind the News: Irma recovery/Uniform Debate/Kangaroo Control/Ten Dollar Stars/Minecraft Park

News and current affairs

Years 3-4, 5-6 News and current affairs
24:29
Irma recovery The clean-up has started in parts of Florida and the Caribbean that were devastated by Hurricane Irma. We find out what's being done to help people affected and speak to two sisters from Florida who had to evacuate from their home because of the hurricane. Uniform Debate There's been a lot of talk recently about school uniforms, and whether girls and boys should be forced to dress differently. Recently the Western Australian government made it compulsory for schools to give girls a choice of pants or dresses and last week Victoria decided to bring in similar rules. Some reckon forcing girls to wear skirts makes them less likely to get active at school, but others reckon it should be up to schools to decide what their uniforms look like. We take a look at the uniform debate. Kangaroo Control Kangaroos might be one of Australia's national emblems, but some reckon these much-loved native critters are becoming a problem for the environment. They say in some areas the kangaroo population is just too big, and they're eating too much. One expert says the solution is to cull kangaroos encourage people to eat more roo meat. Teaching resources included Learning Areas - Science / Science as a Human Endeavour / Use and influence of science: Scientific knowledge is used to solve problems and inform personal and community decisions (Years 5 and 6) Solutions to contemporary issues that are found using science and technology, may impact on other areas of society and may involve ethical considerations (Year 7) Science / Science Understanding / Biological Sciences: Interactions between organisms, including the effects of human activities can be represented by food chains and food webs English / Literacy / Interacting with others: Plan, draft and publish imaginative, informative and persuasive print and multimodal texts, choosing text structures, language features, images and sound appropriate to purpose and audience (Year 5) Plan, draft and publish imaginative, informative and persuasive texts, choosing and experimenting with text structures, language features, images and digital resources appropriate to purpose and audience (Year 6) Ten Dollar Stars Next week the Reserve Bank of Australia will release the brand-new ten dollar note! It features a whole bunch of new security features, as well as some familiar faces. We take a look at the new note and learn more about the famous Aussies who feature on it. Teaching resources included Learning Areas - HASS / Inquiry and skills / Questioning: Develop appropriate questions to guide an inquiry about people, events, developments, places, systems and challenges (Years 5 and 6) HASS / Inquiry and skills / Researching: Sequence information about people's lives, events, developments and phenomena using a variety of methods including timelines (Years 5 and 6) HASS / History: The role that a significant individual or group played in shaping a colony (Year 5) The contribution of individuals and groups to the development of Australian society since Federation (Year 6) Minecraft Park Back in 2015 we met some school students who were taking part in a competition run by the South Australian Government asking kids to design a real-life park using Minecraft. Now they've been able to see their design come to life! We catch up with the designers and find out how they feel about the finished product.
North Korea Sanctions
After last week's nuclear weapons test by North Korea, you might have heard a lot of leaders and commentators talk about sanctions. But what is a sanction? How do countries use trade and the economy to try to get leaders to do what they want? And would it help to stop North Korea from developing and testing nuclear weapons?

Cassini Spacecraft
On September 15th, NASA's Cassini spacecraft will nose-dive into Saturn and burn up in the planet's atmosphere, ending it's 13-year mission of discovery. Cassini has revolutionised our understanding of Saturn and it's many moons, providing enough information to fill thousands of scientific papers. It's final dance though the planet's rings will give us an unprecedented view of the sixth planet from the sun.  

Syrian Refugee Family
Two years ago the government promised to resettle 12000 Syrian Refugees in Australia. Among those are 4350 children who are now getting used to their new life in Australia. We meet a family and find out more about their experience.

Teaching resources included
Learning Areas -

Civics and Citizenship Knowledge and Understanding / Citizenship, diversity and identity:
The obligations citizens may consider they have beyond their own national borders as active and informed global citizens (Year 6)
 
Civics and Citizenship Skills / Analysis, synthesis and interpretation:
Identify over-generalised statements in relation to civics and citizenship topics and issues (Years 5 and 6)

HASS / Inquiry and skills:
Develop appropriate questions to guide an inquiry about people, events, developments, places, systems and challenges (Years 5 and 6)

Sleek Geeks 2017
The winner of this year's Sleek Geeks Science Eureka Prize have been announced. The competition asks primary and high school students to make a short film that communicates a scientific concept. We take a look at this year's winning entries.

BTN Investigates - History of the alphabet.
BTN viewer Lara wants to know the A to Z of the Alphabet! She's asked us why there are 26 letters in it and why it starts with A and ends with Z. Jack's on the case! 

Teaching resources included
Learning Areas -

History / Historical Knowledge and Understanding / The Mediterranean world Egypt:
Roles of key groups in ancient Egyptian society (such as the nobility, bureaucracy, women, slaves), including the influence of law and religion (Year 7)

History / Historical Knowledge and Understanding / Overview of the ancient world:
The evidence for the emergence and establishment of ancient societies (including art, iconography, writing tools and pottery) (Year 7)

History / Historical Skills / Chronology, terms and concepts:
Sequence historical events, developments and periods (Year 7)

Behind the News: North Korea Sanctions/Cassini Spacecraft/Syrian Refugee Family/Sleek Geeks 2017/History of the alphabet

News and current affairs

Years 3-4, 5-6 News and current affairs
24:29
North Korea Sanctions After last week's nuclear weapons test by North Korea, you might have heard a lot of leaders and commentators talk about sanctions. But what is a sanction? How do countries use trade and the economy to try to get leaders to do what they want? And would it help to stop North Korea from developing and testing nuclear weapons? Cassini Spacecraft On September 15th, NASA's Cassini spacecraft will nose-dive into Saturn and burn up in the planet's atmosphere, ending it's 13-year mission of discovery. Cassini has revolutionised our understanding of Saturn and it's many moons, providing enough information to fill thousands of scientific papers. It's final dance though the planet's rings will give us an unprecedented view of the sixth planet from the sun. Syrian Refugee Family Two years ago the government promised to resettle 12000 Syrian Refugees in Australia. Among those are 4350 children who are now getting used to their new life in Australia. We meet a family and find out more about their experience. Teaching resources included Learning Areas - Civics and Citizenship Knowledge and Understanding / Citizenship, diversity and identity: The obligations citizens may consider they have beyond their own national borders as active and informed global citizens (Year 6) Civics and Citizenship Skills / Analysis, synthesis and interpretation: Identify over-generalised statements in relation to civics and citizenship topics and issues (Years 5 and 6) HASS / Inquiry and skills: Develop appropriate questions to guide an inquiry about people, events, developments, places, systems and challenges (Years 5 and 6) Sleek Geeks 2017 The winner of this year's Sleek Geeks Science Eureka Prize have been announced. The competition asks primary and high school students to make a short film that communicates a scientific concept. We take a look at this year's winning entries. BTN Investigates - History of the alphabet. BTN viewer Lara wants to know the A to Z of the Alphabet! She's asked us why there are 26 letters in it and why it starts with A and ends with Z. Jack's on the case! Teaching resources included Learning Areas - History / Historical Knowledge and Understanding / The Mediterranean world Egypt: Roles of key groups in ancient Egyptian society (such as the nobility, bureaucracy, women, slaves), including the influence of law and religion (Year 7) History / Historical Knowledge and Understanding / Overview of the ancient world: The evidence for the emergence and establishment of ancient societies (including art, iconography, writing tools and pottery) (Year 7) History / Historical Skills / Chronology, terms and concepts: Sequence historical events, developments and periods (Year 7)
Sizing up Steroids
Casey, 29, started using steroids a couple of years ago when he found out he had low testosterone. He bought testosterone on the black market and then started taking other anabolic steroids. He found a YouTube channel that he says showed him how to use safely. He also got information through online forums where users talk about what to take and for how long. He says he’s had no side effects because he takes low doses.
Anthony started using anabolic steroids when he was 16. He says the results he was getting naturally weren’t enough. He first started using testosterone and quickly moved onto stronger substances because he says progression was a drug in itself. Despite some side effects, he says he would look forward to injecting steroids because he knew each time he used, it would mean a better work out and bigger body.
‘Brian’ spent two years researching anabolic steroids before he started taking them. He got information from online forums where he says medically minded users discuss dosages and substances. He does what’s called ‘cruising’ and ‘blasting’ where he takes substances for 12 weeks and then comes off them. He says his side effects have included testicle shrinkage and delays in ejaculation when having sex. He disagrees with the laws in NSW and Queensland which classify steroids the same as heroin and amphetamines. He thinks they don’t match the reality of the situation.
‘Stan’ has seven convictions for importing, manufacturing and using steroids. At one point he was making anabolic steroids which he says are very easy to manufacture. He would make up to $4000 profit a week. He was also diagnosed with muscle dysmorphia when he was 18 and used it as a defence in court. He stopped using after his last arrest.
Prof. Ann Conway is an Endocrinologist who specialises in male diseases and conditions. She says there is no safe level of using steroids when not prescribed by a doctor. She says using can cause suppression of reproductive system, effect fertility, damage the liver and cause cardiac issues. She doesn't think GPs should be helping people use steroids safely but instead telling them to stop using.
Insight talks to users, former users, doctors and lawyers about who is using steroids, why they use and how that use is managed in Australia.

Insight: Sizing Up Steroids

News and current affairs, Intercultural understanding

Years 9-10, 11-12 News and current affairs, Intercultural understanding
54:31
Sizing up Steroids Casey, 29, started using steroids a couple of years ago when he found out he had low testosterone. He bought testosterone on the black market and then started taking other anabolic steroids. He found a YouTube channel that he says showed him how to use safely. He also got information through online forums where users talk about what to take and for how long. He says he’s had no side effects because he takes low doses. Anthony started using anabolic steroids when he was 16. He says the results he was getting naturally weren’t enough. He first started using testosterone and quickly moved onto stronger substances because he says progression was a drug in itself. Despite some side effects, he says he would look forward to injecting steroids because he knew each time he used, it would mean a better work out and bigger body. ‘Brian’ spent two years researching anabolic steroids before he started taking them. He got information from online forums where he says medically minded users discuss dosages and substances. He does what’s called ‘cruising’ and ‘blasting’ where he takes substances for 12 weeks and then comes off them. He says his side effects have included testicle shrinkage and delays in ejaculation when having sex. He disagrees with the laws in NSW and Queensland which classify steroids the same as heroin and amphetamines. He thinks they don’t match the reality of the situation. ‘Stan’ has seven convictions for importing, manufacturing and using steroids. At one point he was making anabolic steroids which he says are very easy to manufacture. He would make up to $4000 profit a week. He was also diagnosed with muscle dysmorphia when he was 18 and used it as a defence in court. He stopped using after his last arrest. Prof. Ann Conway is an Endocrinologist who specialises in male diseases and conditions. She says there is no safe level of using steroids when not prescribed by a doctor. She says using can cause suppression of reproductive system, effect fertility, damage the liver and cause cardiac issues. She doesn't think GPs should be helping people use steroids safely but instead telling them to stop using. Insight talks to users, former users, doctors and lawyers about who is using steroids, why they use and how that use is managed in Australia.
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