Auschwitz

Auschwitz

Final Solution - The Search For Redemption
Season 1  |  Episode 6  |  BBC Knowledge  |  March 10, 2010

On 27 January 1945, Red Army soldiers liberate the camp at Auschwitz-Birkenau. In this series final, see how the soldiers are not informed of the camps' existence, so when they enter it, they are utterly shocked by the walking skeletons, the remains of the gas chambers and the piles of human hair. But it is not only Auschwitz-Birkenau that horrifies the world. A few months later other concentration camps are liberated among them Bergen-Belsen, where thousands of unburied bodies are strewn over the ground. The British are horrified and unprepared for how to deal with the situation 14,000 prisoners die in the first five days following their liberation; another 14,000 succumb in the following weeks.

On 27 January 1945, Red Army soldiers liberate the camp at Auschwitz-Birkenau. In this series final, see how the soldiers are not informed of the camps' existence, so when they enter it, they are utterly shocked by the walking skeletons, the remains of the gas chambers and the piles of human hair. But it is not only Auschwitz-Birkenau that horrifies the world. A few months later other concentration camps are liberated among them Bergen-Belsen, where thousands of unburied bodies are strewn over the ground. The British are horrified and unprepared for how to deal with the situation 14,000 prisoners die in the first five days following their liberation; another 14,000 succumb in the following weeks.

She may have been the greatest monarch that ever ruled England but from her very first breath to the day she died, Elizabeth was surrounded by enemies who threatened her crown and her life. In this episode, we see Elizabeth I crowned and battling to keep her crown and country together through 25 turbulent years. Although Elizabeth I would become one of Britain's most remarkable monarchs, her reign was never secure. From the moment she was anointed queen her enemies at home and abroad began to move against her. To foreign rivals she was a heretic and a bastard. At home her government was desperate to marry her off, to a man who could rule and provide the nation with an heir. Up in Scotland, her Catholic cousin Mary Queen of Scots had married and given birth to a boy - and rumour swirled that she was set to steal Elizabeth's crown. Soon, shocking scandals of adultery and murder swamped Mary, her marriage crumbled, and she fled to England desperate for her cousin's protection. But her claim to the English throne made her a threat to Elizabeth who had no choice but to imprison her. For 18 years Mary languished in jail while Elizabeth's enemies wanted her dead. It wasn't until Elizabeth's spymaster Sir Francis Walsingham had concrete proof that her life and her throne were at risk, that Elizabeth reluctantly put her cousin to death. But, just as she feared, Mary's execution inflamed her enemies and triggered the greatest threat of all: invasion.

Elizabeth I and Her Enemies

History

Years 9-10, 11-12 History
44:58
She may have been the greatest monarch that ever ruled England but from her very first breath to the day she died, Elizabeth was surrounded by enemies who threatened her crown and her life. In this episode, we see Elizabeth I crowned and battling to keep her crown and country together through 25 turbulent years. Although Elizabeth I would become one of Britain's most remarkable monarchs, her reign was never secure. From the moment she was anointed queen her enemies at home and abroad began to move against her. To foreign rivals she was a heretic and a bastard. At home her government was desperate to marry her off, to a man who could rule and provide the nation with an heir. Up in Scotland, her Catholic cousin Mary Queen of Scots had married and given birth to a boy - and rumour swirled that she was set to steal Elizabeth's crown. Soon, shocking scandals of adultery and murder swamped Mary, her marriage crumbled, and she fled to England desperate for her cousin's protection. But her claim to the English throne made her a threat to Elizabeth who had no choice but to imprison her. For 18 years Mary languished in jail while Elizabeth's enemies wanted her dead. It wasn't until Elizabeth's spymaster Sir Francis Walsingham had concrete proof that her life and her throne were at risk, that Elizabeth reluctantly put her cousin to death. But, just as she feared, Mary's execution inflamed her enemies and triggered the greatest threat of all: invasion.
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