Professor Melissa Fitzgerald explains how the string of amino acids present in protein undergoes different physical transformations when presented with stressors like heat or acid. The chemical change of a protein occurs when it's folded three-dimensional structure unfolds during a curing or cooking, a process known as denaturation.
Ben Milbourne flambés some caramel pineapple, and Dr Joel Gilmore explains what flambéing is and what's happening to the alcohol. When alcohol is heated, the ethanol moves to the surface of the liquid and the vapour pressure increases, allowing it to catch fire and evaporate.
Peg welcomes Edward Scissorhands into the Boggs home, showing him pictures of her family and his new room. Edward is in awe of the new environment as he follows Peg around. Peg leaves Edward to change when the phone rings. By offering Edward new clothes, Peg naively tries to assist with Edward's assimilation into the suburban culture by normalising his appearance.
While driving through the small cookie-cutter suburb, Peg's neighbours can be seen running back into their houses or gossiping on the phone about the details of her new passenger. Edward's timid curiosity is juxtaposed with the meddling behaviour of the suburban community.
Jim bullies his friend into drink driving to the Boggs' house. Edward and Kim notice a van swerving drunkenly down the street as they hug by the window. Worried for Kevin's safety, Edward rushes outside and pushes Kevin off the road, inadvertently nicking him in the process. A crowd gathers to witness the confusion of events. Jim attacks Edward and Edward defends himself. Realising how dangerous prejudice and hysteria in a small community can be, Kim tells Edward to run.
Triumphant music plays to a crowded audience as they watch a film heralding Oceania's authoritarian society. During the presentation and man appears on the screen and the audience breaks into a hysteria of shouting. Winston is eyed by a man in the front row and begins shouting as well. The leader appears on the screen, and the crowd is sated. Later, workers sit in cubicles preparing documents, and a screen showing an image of the Big Brother directs them to think in newspeak.
Robyn learns her camel is pregnant, which could be helpful. Hearing Kurt's farm has a new owner; Robyn seeks the camels she is owed. The new owner refuses, but when she helps him wrangle Dookie, he gives her Dookie and Bub. Securing her camels, Robyn decides to write to the National Geographic. The next day Sallay tells her about wild bulls and delivers her packages and letters. Enclosed is a response from the National Geographic, they have agreed to sponsor her, but Rick Smolan must photograph
Winston asks Julia is the resistance is real. The Ministry of Truth descends into chaos after an attack. Winston works tirelessly under the party's rule to re-write historical facts. At home, Winston contemplates his actions and the doublethink logic of the Ministry of Truth.
Robyn thinks of her mother, processing her trauma as she walks in solitude through the Western Desert. The dry, harsh climate begins to take a toll on her psychological state, and she is thankful to find the water tanks Rick promised to deposit for her. That evening, Robyn turns up a remote farm and takes solace in the elderly couple's kindness and company.
Robyn Davidson head to Alice Springs with her dog Diggity, attempting to escape the monotony of the city, her gender and class. After a brief stint at a local bar, she quits when she sees the owner strike an Indigenous woman. She then requests the help of a camel trainer named Kurt Posel, working on the property in exchange for two of her own camels. However Kurt doesn't respect their deal, or her as a woman.
Robyn decides to finish what she has started, and herself and the four camels: Dookie, Bub, Zeleika and Goliath set out towards the West coast. Ricks is waiting, when Robyn and her camels arrive at the water's edge, the two change a welcoming hug before Robyn and her camels enjoy the ocean.
Dehydration makes Stanley hallucinate, piecing together the history of the town. Zero opens up about his past and Stanley is confronted by the disparity between their lives. On the digging field, Stanley and Zero are bullied about their mutual agreement. Zero comes to Stanley's rescue during a fight. Warden Walker bans Stanley and Zero's reading lessons. Zero escapes and Warden Walker puts guards on all water sources. It becomes apparent digging holes for character is not the only reason.
The Daily Telegraph is known for having its provocative front pages and, in this clip, we get to go behind the scenes and meet everyone in the newsroom who makes it happen. What are they looking to achieve with the front page and what sort of thought goes into those memorable headlines
With incidents of Islamophobia all too common in Australia, what are some of the factors that seem to play a role And what can be done to address this problem from all angles Join this discussion that takes into consideration the frequency of these events and why victims of Islamophobia so often tend to be women.
A reality show challenges a group of wealthy individuals to live as though they were homeless for ten days. In this discussion, the motivations behind the project and some of the revelations of the cast are discussed.
Peta Granger of Lush Cosmetics discusses Australia's recent decision to cut penalty rates, why her company is defying the ruling so that their workers continue to get paid the same, as well as the business model Lush uses and why she believes it's the best.
Kim's spoilt and insensitive boyfriend, Jim, convinces Kim and Edward to help him steal belongings from his parent's house. Under false pretences, Edward goes along with Jim's plan. During the robbery, Edward gets locked inside, and Jim makes the others flee without him. Edward is arrested and takes the blame. Although the police psychologist gives Edward the all clear, remarking on his creativity and intellect, the community begins to ostracise him again.
Beyond Infinity author Eugenia Cheng explains why testing makes people so anxious about mathematics, how teaching could be transformed, and argues that maths is a way of thinking clearly, not just numbers.
Winston is taken to Room 101 and tortured again, finally submitting to Big Brother. Julia meets Winston and the two exchange emotionless words. Winston appears on the telescreen confessing to crimes he did and didn't commit. The announcement of Eurasia's defeat plays on the telescreens as Winston watches. With eyes welling up, a final "I love you" is delivered to an empty chair.
Robyn organises new shoes for Mr Eddy, so he will help her walk to Warburton. Along the way, Robyn and Eddy develop a friendship, despite lacking a common language. Mr Eddy spots white fellas on the horizon and the two a are soon flanked by nosey tourists looking for photographs. Mr Eddy plays a prank on the tourists, who back off. Later, Mr Eddy kills a kangaroo for their dinner, and Robyn learns more about Warakurna custom.
Miranda sings into the mirror while brushing her hair. Miranda turns to Sara and invites her to visit her wonderful family in Queensland; Sarah shyly nods her desire to do so. Concerned, Miranda reminds Sara to focuses her attention elsewhere. Sara looks hurt and confused. All the students excitedly celebrate St. Valentine's over breakfast. Sara is told that she won't be attending the school excursion. The scene shows the strong gender roles and propriety that marked the early 1900s.
Winston and Julia discuss the human spirit. Later, Winston is called to the dwellings of Inner Party member O'Brien, where he learns of Inner Party privileges, is given wine and told of thought crimes, the resistance against Oceania and their ambitions. After, he receives the new edition of the Ingsoc dictionary and is asked to leave. Back home, Winston learns that secret pages are hidden within the dictionary.
Musician Archie Roach meets Jean Carter, who recounts the story about how she and her siblings were stolen from La Perouse, separated from her brothers and taken to Cootamundra Aboriginal Girls' Training Home.
A family is challenged to drop meat for a week and give up use of one of their cars. Why do you think food and transport were chosen as the focus of this challenge. What impact would this challenge have on you, if you did it?
Critique the "sense and nonsense" of the global $100 billion vitamin and supplement industry with Derek Muller in Vitamania. Then test your knowledge of importance of vitamins in our diets and the history of the business.