Australia does not have the death penalty as a punishment used against criminals, but many countries still do. When two Australians were sentenced to death in Indonesia, the debate sprang up again as to whether or not this is an effective and ethical form of punishment. Hear both sides of the debate of this polarizing issue.
The Galapagos can change from a cool and rainy place to scorching hot very quickly. In response, lichen and giant dandelions have developed a symbiotic relationship. The dandelion provides moisture for the lichen, while the lichen provides sun protection for the dandelion.
Junior scientists Archie and Alex demonstrate how to make clouds, using a plastic bottle, pump, poster putty, methylated spirits and a funnel (with the help of an adult), and explain how clouds are formed naturally.
Researchers are using technology to determine the best shape of running shoes for individuals. They can increase shoe longevity by looking at a runner's height, weight, recovery rate, training regime and distance covered during exercise.
BionicANTs are tiny robots, also known as autonomous networking technologies. The bots are designed on a computer before the bot is created. ANTS have been designed to work together but there isn't a boss!
Veterinarian Josh Llinas and radiation oncologist Elias Gumpel explains how a cancerous tumour was diagnosed in Lucas, a diamond python, and how the last traces of the tumour were irradiated in an Australian-first treatment for a snake.
Talia from the Double Helix Science club explains how to make relaxing bath bombs with household ingredients and some exciting science. Bath bombs are comprised of acids and bases that neutralise each other in water, turning bath time into a fizzy exploration in chemistry. To make your own, you will need food colouring, flower petals or glitter, sweet almond oil, scented oils, citric acid, bicarbonate of soda, mixing bowls, a muffin tray, glass jars, rubber gloves and a spoon.
Edward helps Peg Boggs prepare for the neighbourhood barbeque. Peg tries to reassure Edward that the neighbours are very kind people, telling him to be himself. Edward is confused by who he is and where he fits in the world. While Peg opens a can with an electric can opener, Edward is reminded of his creation story. Edwards creation story is reminiscent of Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, where an unorthodox inventor desires to create a sentient creature.
Junior scientist Will demonstrates how to create a homely habitat for your decapod friends. You will need crushed shells, a clean branch, salt crystals, two dishes, a heat pad, a thermometer, an aquarium with a lid and extra shells for the future. Hermit crabs have soft, asymmetrical abdomens that they conceal in scavenged shells, upgrading as they grow. Hermit crabs are also known to use plastic lids or other debris in lieu of mollusc shells, due to increased coastal litter.
Junior scientists Lucy and Brittany use some cool science to make a delicious snack in no time. To follow along, you'll need milk, vanilla extract, sugar, small and large zip lock bags, rock salt and four cups of ice. Mixing salt and ice creates a frigorific mixture that causes the ice to melt and cool again because of saltwater's lower freezing point. This process of repeated cooling continues until the mixture finds temperature equilibrium, or until the ice-cream is ready!
Tarnishing occurs the outermost layer of a metal comes into contact with oxygen and sulphur dioxide, undergoing a chemical reaction and lightly corroding. Usually found on old silverware, trinkets and statues, junior scientist Elizabeth tests whether you can speed up the tarnishing process using high-sulphide household ingredients. To follow along, you will need four silver items, eggs, garlic, onions, zip lock bags and a pen.
"Kissin' Kate" tell Charles "Trout" Walker neither he nor his family will ever find the treasure. At camp, Hector and Stanley find the buried treasure. Warden Walker attempts to take it from them, but Hector reads Stanley's name written across the case. Back at camp, Stanley refuses to leave without Hector and the Camp Green Lake staff are arrested. The palindrome of family histories interlock and the curse on the town is finally broken.
Returning to the water, Milika, Botj and Lorrpu find a campsite. Inside the camp they notice evidence of disrespectful occupants. Stealing the camp's boat, the boys work together to catch their first turtle. After eating it, Lorrpu places pieces of shell and bones into the fire. Lorrpu explains it is in respect of the old people. As they walk across country Botj begins singing their song line. Together they embrace their journey and rediscover Yolngu knowledge.
Alison suggests Erica has an original idea for a play. Erica gets to work writing a script inspired by the world around her. After realising she has stage fright, Erica is forced to cast Alison as her stand-in character. Barry defends Erica to the others. That night, Erica sits outside wearing Alison's kimono and is shocked by a kiss from Barry, unclear whether he knew who it was.
Charlie becomes over-stimulated at the supermarket when Simon has to put a few items back. Exhausted, Thomas and Simon escalate the situation. On the way home, Thomas asks his father about some of his insecurities and feelings of inequity regarding Charlie. The three boys, Simon, Thomas and Charlie, visit Maddie in the hospital and, again, Thomas sees people staring at his brother. During swim class the next day, Thomas and Jackie share a secret kiss.
Jessie goes to the museum with his music teacher and discovers paintings and artistic contraptions he's never seen. When he gets home, his family is in a panic about his whereabouts and inform him that Leslie drowned in the river earlier that day. Jessie is in disbelief and his family attempt to support him. In class, Jessie stands up to a bully and finds Leslie meant a lot to others around her too.
Hector "Zero" gets sick during their climb up God's Thumb's mountain. Stanley carries him to the peak, unwittingly breaking his family curse. Hector and Stanley find an oasis full of sweet onions and fresh water. Hector tells Stanley about the shoes that fell from the sky, Stanley thinks it's fate. Back at camp, Stanley's attorney ruffles some feathers. Stanley and Hector decide to dig one last hole.
Bob returns the money Joe gave him to lose a race, asking for chocolate instead. Shop owner, Raj, almost exposes Joe. Joe is happy for his new friend but burdened by his lie. Bob and Joe try to evade the Grubb bullies, but Joe is caught, deciding to cut a deal. In class, Joe realises he's left his homework at home, and Mrs Sharp threatens litter duty. Len decides to deliver the homework personally. Joe realises he doesn't want special treatment.
Former Australia cricket captain Ian Chappell speaks about the controversial decision of brother Greg to instruct younger brother Trevor to bowl the last ball of a match underarm, in an effort to prevent New Zealand winning a 1981 one-day international. Ian Chappell notes that Trevor was unfairly blamed for Greg's decision.
Balthasar beckons Romeo away before the police arrive. Captain Prince hears of Tybalt's death at Romeo's hands from Benvolio. Both families seek to excuse their child's action, but Captain Prince will not hear any of their prayers and banishes Romeo from Verona city. Father Lawrence treats Romeo's injuries, as they discuss the situation. Nurse arrives to tell Romeo of Juliet's mood. Romeo bemoans his predicament, but Father Lawrence reminds Romeo of his blessings and implores him to reconcile.
Romeo and Juliet are wed in secret, as Mercutio and the Montagues pass idle time on Verona Beach. When vengeful Tybalt appears in search of Romeo, Mercutio taunts his request for occasion. Romeo arrives, and Tybalt challenges him to a duel, but Romeo refuses. Unwilling to hear reason Tybalt assaults Romeo. Mercutio springs to Romeo's defence but shows mercy at his request. Tybalt mercilessly cuts Mercutio with a shard of glass. Romeo is enraged, chasing Tybalt to avenge Mercutio's death.
Learning of Juliet's apparent death, Balthasar rushes to Romeo, who has failed to open the letter nor learn of Juliet's true fate. Balthasar relays to Romeo the ill news. Heart-broken and impetuous, Romeo decides to return to Verona city and lay with Juliet, seeking a poison to dispatch him also.
After narrowly completing the 90-metre jump, Bronson and Eddie share a victorious hug. Back in the change room, Warren Sharpe makes a surprise visit. Congratulating them both on their personal victory, he also admits he was wrong in his comment about Bronson's Olympic spirit. Archival footage of the closing ceremony shows the president of the Organising Committee reference Eddie Edwards' contribution to the 1988 Calgary Winter Olympics. "You have broken world records, and you have established
Bronson surprises Eddie as he contemplates the 90-metre slope. Eddie is surprised and Bronson tells him an old friend helped him see things differently. Eddie asks what happen Bronson's "other jacket", alluding to Bronson's alcoholism. Bronson tells Eddie that without the alcohol he was never brave enough to jump the 90-metre, but that Eddie has more heart, bravery and spirit than any of the other Olympians.
Li, determined to prove himself, practises split jumps after dark. When teacher Chan interrupts, Li explains his concerns about ballet, his future and his family. The next day, the Beijing dance troupe must perform before Madame Mao, who criticises the lack of revolutionary imagery. Chan argues for subtlety but is accused of challenging the revolutionary path. Chan seeks out Li, telling him a parable that inspires Li's resilience. Li proves himself to teacher Gao. Chan is arrested.
Before Li's performance in The Rites of Spring, Li talks to a television journalist about his freedom, his separation from his family and dancing for his parents. Backstage Li and Mary hear unexpected applause in the audience. Outside the theatre, Cynthia welcomes Li's parents, and Ben invites them to their seats. After the performance, Li sees his mother and father in the crowd and they are invited onstage for an emotional reunion.
Junior scientist Bella demonstrates how to upgrade your regular toy car by turning it into a mobile electric vehicle. To build along, find a toy car with plenty of space underneath, an AA battery pack with wire connections, a small piece of rubber or an eraser, scissors, double-sided and regular tape, a paper clip and a small electric motor.
Boohoo Boone asks Omri what will happen when they return home, hoping they will have moved forward in time. Little Bear tells Omri and Patrick about the traditional rite of passage in Iroquois culture and of the concept of harmony with the world. Before leaving, Little Bear asks Omri of the plight of the Onondaga people, and Omri tells him the truth. The Onondaga are great, but it is not always great for their people.
Totally Wild catches up with CEO Andrew Ellis, from Hockey South Australia, talking all things hockey, competition and high-performance programs. While on the field, junior champs Lachlan and Maddi give the TW crew a couple of tips for aspiring hockey stars and anyone wanting to get involved.
Imagine being resettled in a new country after being forced to leave your own, not knowing anyone and having trouble finding a job. That's the situation many refugees find themselves in which is why Free 2 Feed exists. Through this company, refugees can host dinner parties and cooking classes where they share their food and culture with others while also being given the chance to learn more about their new home.
In 1965, Charlie Perkins, the first Aboriginal Australian to graduate from university, led a group of college students on a bus tour that came to be known as The Freedom Ride. It was the beginning of a movement in the fight for equal rights for the Indigenous people of Australia. Find out how it all came to be and how some are honouring the movement by continuing the effort today.
Take a tour through the past several decades, reliving some of the biggest moments in space travel. From the moon landing to the construction of the International Space Station, space exploration has led to many astounding achievements. But what's it like to live in space And what does the future of space travel hold Consider all those things and more in this look back ... and ahead.