Australia does not have the death penalty as a punishment used against criminals, but many countries still do. When two Australians were sentenced to death in Indonesia, the debate sprang up again as to whether or not this is an effective and ethical form of punishment. Hear both sides of the debate of this polarizing issue.
The Galapagos can change from a cool and rainy place to scorching hot very quickly. In response, lichen and giant dandelions have developed a symbiotic relationship. The dandelion provides moisture for the lichen, while the lichen provides sun protection for the dandelion.
Junior scientists Archie and Alex demonstrate how to make clouds, using a plastic bottle, pump, poster putty, methylated spirits and a funnel (with the help of an adult), and explain how clouds are formed naturally.
Researchers are using technology to determine the best shape of running shoes for individuals. They can increase shoe longevity by looking at a runner's height, weight, recovery rate, training regime and distance covered during exercise.
BionicANTs are tiny robots, also known as autonomous networking technologies. The bots are designed on a computer before the bot is created. ANTS have been designed to work together but there isn't a boss!
Veterinarian Josh Llinas and radiation oncologist Elias Gumpel explains how a cancerous tumour was diagnosed in Lucas, a diamond python, and how the last traces of the tumour were irradiated in an Australian-first treatment for a snake.
Talia from the Double Helix Science club explains how to make relaxing bath bombs with household ingredients and some exciting science. Bath bombs are comprised of acids and bases that neutralise each other in water, turning bath time into a fizzy exploration in chemistry. To make your own, you will need food colouring, flower petals or glitter, sweet almond oil, scented oils, citric acid, bicarbonate of soda, mixing bowls, a muffin tray, glass jars, rubber gloves and a spoon.
Edward helps Peg Boggs prepare for the neighbourhood barbeque. Peg tries to reassure Edward that the neighbours are very kind people, telling him to be himself. Edward is confused by who he is and where he fits in the world. While Peg opens a can with an electric can opener, Edward is reminded of his creation story. Edwards creation story is reminiscent of Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, where an unorthodox inventor desires to create a sentient creature.
Coriander can be a very controversial herb, some people love it, and others can't stand it. Join Dr Heather Smyth as she explains how genetic predispositions and sensory sensitivities can make coriander taste lemony to some and soapy to others.
In Court the defence cross-examines Eddie 'Koiki' and his paternal line as a Mabo man, citing evidence from the Aboriginal identity card prepared by the Ministry for Aboriginal Affairs. Outside the courtroom, Eddie sees Paddy Killoran who tries to diminish Eddie's fight by suggesting his father would be ashamed. Back in court, Eddie faces intense questioning designed to invalidate his heritage and discredit his cause.
Returning to court Eddie learns that David Passi has re-joined the case. During proceedings, David Passi creates a link between the Mer Islands, himself and Eddie Mabo. The victory is short-lived when Paddy Killoran takes the stand and claims the Islander communities have assimilated with Queensland land laws. The judge rules against Mabo's land claims. Eddie discusses the case with Bryan Keon-Cohen. Dropping the appeal, they decide to take the test case to the High Court for all First Nation pe
Miss Appleyard asks if Sarah has memorised the assigned poetry, Sarah remarks she has not because the poem makes no sense, suggesting she recite a poem she wrote to St Valentine. Realising the poem is about love, Miss Appleyard reprimands Sarah and insists she recites the assigned literature. Sarah declares she cannot learn it, refusing to answer why. Miss Appleyard leaves her to study, and Sarah thinks of Bertie and Miranda. The scene suggests the repression of nuanced sexual identity in Victor
Lines from Edgar Allen Poe's 1849 poem A Dream Within a Dream, “what we see and what we seem are but a dream; a dream within a dream” is whispered by the narrator. The introduction of Allen Poe, famous for his mysterious and often macabre stories, situates the enigmatic, dream-like qualities that punctuate the film and suggests the incompatibility of Victorian ideals and the Australian landscape.
Ben Milbourne and Dr Joel Gilmore make up a hot pickle preserve using vinegar and vegetables, demonstrating a delicious way to extend the longevity of perishable food items and cut down on food waste. Hot pickle preserves, rather than cold pickle preserves, are a handy way of breaking down cell walls and lightly softening the vegetables.
Junior scientist Will demonstrates how to create a homely habitat for your decapod friends. You will need crushed shells, a clean branch, salt crystals, two dishes, a heat pad, a thermometer, an aquarium with a lid and extra shells for the future. Hermit crabs have soft, asymmetrical abdomens that they conceal in scavenged shells, upgrading as they grow. Hermit crabs are also known to use plastic lids or other debris in lieu of mollusc shells, due to increased coastal litter.
Junior scientists Lucy and Brittany use some cool science to make a delicious snack in no time. To follow along, you'll need milk, vanilla extract, sugar, small and large zip lock bags, rock salt and four cups of ice. Mixing salt and ice creates a frigorific mixture that causes the ice to melt and cool again because of saltwater's lower freezing point. This process of repeated cooling continues until the mixture finds temperature equilibrium, or until the ice-cream is ready!
Totally Wild catches up with CEO Andrew Ellis, from Hockey South Australia, talking all things hockey, competition and high-performance programs. While on the field, junior champs Lachlan and Maddi give the TW crew a couple of tips for aspiring hockey stars and anyone wanting to get involved.
Addison DeWitt, the narrator, and New York theatre critic is the gatekeeper of stardom. Initially, DeWitt characterises each actor in the film, talking about class, education and access, as well as the reality of star status. A woman called Eve, whose youth is constantly referenced, is presented with the award, and DeWitt offers another foreboding insight, "You all know all about Eve, what can there be to know that you don't know?"
Bryan Keon-Cohen walks alone to the High Court to hear the ruling. The judges find 6:1 in favour of Mabo and Mer Islanders, effectively overturning terra nullius. Meanwhile, Bonita and her son drive towards Canberra, but their car breaks down before they make it. They join an older couple camping on the side of the road and listen to the ruling on the radio. Keon-Cohen informs the Mer Islanders, and we hear Eddie 'Koiki' Mabo reads his final letter. Archival footage shows Bonita, Eddie and Murra
Ben Milbourne uses conduction and convection to whip up an amatriciana pizza, and Dr Andrew Stephenson explains how these two processes work. Conduction is the transferral of heat through a medium, such as a pan, while convection describes the way fluids, such as oil or steam, create different temperature pockets and cause heat to rise and fall along convection currents.
Tarnishing occurs the outermost layer of a metal comes into contact with oxygen and sulphur dioxide, undergoing a chemical reaction and lightly corroding. Usually found on old silverware, trinkets and statues, junior scientist Elizabeth tests whether you can speed up the tarnishing process using high-sulphide household ingredients. To follow along, you will need four silver items, eggs, garlic, onions, zip lock bags and a pen.
Bronson surprises Eddie as he contemplates the 90-metre slope. Eddie is surprised and Bronson tells him an old friend helped him see things differently. Eddie asks what happen Bronson's "other jacket", alluding to Bronson's alcoholism. Bronson tells Eddie that without the alcohol he was never brave enough to jump the 90-metre, but that Eddie has more heart, bravery and spirit than any of the other Olympians.
"Kissin' Kate" tell Charles "Trout" Walker neither he nor his family will ever find the treasure. At camp, Hector and Stanley find the buried treasure. Warden Walker attempts to take it from them, but Hector reads Stanley's name written across the case. Back at camp, Stanley refuses to leave without Hector and the Camp Green Lake staff are arrested. The palindrome of family histories interlock and the curse on the town is finally broken.
Alison suggests Erica has an original idea for a play. Erica gets to work writing a script inspired by the world around her. After realising she has stage fright, Erica is forced to cast Alison as her stand-in character. Barry defends Erica to the others. That night, Erica sits outside wearing Alison's kimono and is shocked by a kiss from Barry, unclear whether he knew who it was.
Charlie becomes over-stimulated at the supermarket when Simon has to put a few items back. Exhausted, Thomas and Simon escalate the situation. On the way home, Thomas asks his father about some of his insecurities and feelings of inequity regarding Charlie. The three boys, Simon, Thomas and Charlie, visit Maddie in the hospital and, again, Thomas sees people staring at his brother. During swim class the next day, Thomas and Jackie share a secret kiss.
Jessie goes to the museum with his music teacher and discovers paintings and artistic contraptions he's never seen. When he gets home, his family is in a panic about his whereabouts and inform him that Leslie drowned in the river earlier that day. Jessie is in disbelief and his family attempt to support him. In class, Jessie stands up to a bully and finds Leslie meant a lot to others around her too.
Hector "Zero" gets sick during their climb up God's Thumb's mountain. Stanley carries him to the peak, unwittingly breaking his family curse. Hector and Stanley find an oasis full of sweet onions and fresh water. Hector tells Stanley about the shoes that fell from the sky, Stanley thinks it's fate. Back at camp, Stanley's attorney ruffles some feathers. Stanley and Hector decide to dig one last hole.