Junior scientists Archie and Alex demonstrate how to make clouds, using a plastic bottle, pump, poster putty, methylated spirits and a funnel (with the help of an adult), and explain how clouds are formed naturally.
Researchers are using technology to determine the best shape of running shoes for individuals. They can increase shoe longevity by looking at a runner's height, weight, recovery rate, training regime and distance covered during exercise.
BionicANTs are tiny robots, also known as autonomous networking technologies. The bots are designed on a computer before the bot is created. ANTS have been designed to work together but there isn't a boss!
Veterinarian Josh Llinas and radiation oncologist Elias Gumpel explains how a cancerous tumour was diagnosed in Lucas, a diamond python, and how the last traces of the tumour were irradiated in an Australian-first treatment for a snake.
Talia from the Double Helix Science club explains how to make relaxing bath bombs with some exciting science and some household ingredients. Bath bombs are comprised of acids and bases that neutralise each other in water, turning bath time into a fizzy exploration in chemistry. To make your own, you will need food colouring, flower petals or glitter, sweet almond oil, scented oils, citric acid, bicarbonate of soda, mixing bowls, a muffin tray, glass jars, rubber gloves and a spoon.
"Kissin' Kate" tell Charles "Trout" Walker neither he nor his family will ever find the treasure. At camp, Hector and Stanley find the buried treasure. Warden Walker attempts to take it from them, but Hector reads Stanley's name written across the case. Back at camp, Stanley refuses to leave without Hector and the Camp Green Lake staff are arrested. The palindrome of family histories interlock and the curse on the town is finally broken.
Returning to the water, Milika, Botj and Lorrpu find a campsite. Inside the camp they notice evidence of disrespectful occupants. Stealing the camp's boat, the boys work together to catch their first turtle. After eating it, Lorrpu places pieces of shell and bones into the fire. Lorrpu explains it is in respect of the old people. As they walk across country Botj begins singing their song line. Together they embrace their journey and rediscover Yolngu knowledge.
Alison suggests Erica has an original idea for a play. Erica gets to work writing a script inspired by the world around her. After realising she has stage fright, Erica is forced to cast Alison as her stand-in character. Barry defends Erica to the others. That night, Erica sits outside wearing Alison's kimono and is shocked by a kiss from Barry, unclear whether he knew who it was.
Charlie becomes over-stimulated at the supermarket when Simon has to put a few items back. Exhausted, Thomas and Simon escalate the situation. On the way home, Thomas asks his father about some of his insecurities and feelings of inequity regarding Charlie. The three boys, Simon, Thomas and Charlie, visit Maddie in the hospital and, again, Thomas sees people staring at his brother. During swim class the next day, Thomas and Jackie share a secret kiss.
Jessie goes to the museum with his music teacher and discovers paintings and artistic contraptions he's never seen. When he gets home, his family is in a panic about his whereabouts and inform him that Leslie drowned in the river earlier that day. Jessie is in disbelief and his family attempt to support him. In class, Jessie stands up to a bully and finds Leslie meant a lot to others around her too.
Hector "Zero" gets sick during their climb up God's Thumb's mountain. Stanley carries him to the peak, unwittingly breaking his family curse. Hector and Stanley find an oasis full of sweet onions and fresh water. Hector tells Stanley about the shoes that fell from the sky, Stanley thinks it's fate. Back at camp, Stanley's attorney ruffles some feathers. Stanley and Hector decide to dig one last hole.
Bob returns the money Joe gave him to lose a race, asking for chocolate instead. Shop owner, Raj, almost exposes Joe. Joe is happy for his new friend but burdened by his lie. Bob and Joe try to evade the Grubb bullies, but Joe is caught, deciding to cut a deal. In class, Joe realises he's left his homework at home, and Mrs Sharp threatens litter duty. Len decides to deliver the homework personally. Joe realises he doesn't want special treatment.
Li, determined to prove himself, practises split jumps after dark. When teacher Chan interrupts, Li explains his concerns about ballet, his future and his family. The next day, the Beijing dance troupe must perform before Madame Mao, who criticises the lack of revolutionary imagery. Chan argues for subtlety but is accused of challenging the revolutionary path. Chan seeks out Li, telling him a parable that inspires Li's resilience. Li proves himself to teacher Gao. Chan is arrested.
Before Li's performance in The Rites of Spring, Li talks to a television journalist about his freedom, his separation from his family and dancing for his parents. Backstage Li and Mary hear unexpected applause in the audience. Outside the theatre, Cynthia welcomes Li's parents, and Ben invites them to their seats. After the performance, Li sees his mother and father in the crowd and they are invited onstage for an emotional reunion.
Junior scientist Bella demonstrates how to upgrade your regular toy car by turning it into a mobile electric vehicle. To build along, find a toy car with plenty of space underneath, an AA battery pack with wire connections, a small piece of rubber or an eraser, scissors, double-sided and regular tape, a paper clip and a small electric motor.
Boohoo Boone asks Omri what will happen when they return home, hoping they will have moved forward in time. Little Bear tells Omri and Patrick about the traditional rite of passage in Iroquois culture and of the concept of harmony with the world. Before leaving, Little Bear asks Omri of the plight of the Onondaga people, and Omri tells him the truth. The Onondaga are great, but it is not always great for their people.
Junior scientist Will demonstrates how to create a homely habitat for your decapod friends. You will need crushed shells, a clean branch, salt crystals, 2 dishes, a heat pad, a thermometer, an aquarium with a lid and extra shells for the future. Hermit crabs have soft, asymmetrical abdomens that they conceal in scavenged shells, upgrading as they grow. Hermit crabs are also known to use plastic lids or other debris in lieu of mollusc shells, due to increased coastal litter.
Junior scientists Lucy and Brittany use some cool science to make a delicious snack in no time. To follow along, you'll need milk, vanilla extract, sugar, small and large zip lock bags, rock salt and 4 cups of ice. Mixing salt and ice creates a frigorific mixture that causes the ice to melt and cool again because of saltwater's lower freezing point. This process of repeated cooling continues until the mixture finds temperature equilibrium, or until the ice cream is ready!
Tarnishing occurs the outermost layer of a metal comes into contact with oxygen and sulfur dioxide, undergoing a chemical reaction and lightly corroding. Usually found on old silverware, trinkets and statues, junior scientist Elizabeth tests whether you can speed up the tarnishing process using high-sulfide household ingredients. To follow along, you will need 4 silver items, eggs, garlic, onions, zip lock bags and a pen.
Imagine being resettled in a new country after being forced to leave your own, not knowing anyone and having trouble finding a job. That's the situation many refugees find themselves in which is why Free 2 Feed exists. Through this company, refugees can host dinner parties and cooking classes where they share their food and culture with others while also being given the chance to learn more about their new home.
In 1965, Charlie Perkins, the first Aboriginal Australian to graduate from university, led a group of college students on a bus tour that came to be known as The Freedom Ride. It was the beginning of a movement in the fight for equal rights for the Indigenous people of Australia. Find out how it all came to be and how some are honouring the movement by continuing the effort today.
Take a tour through the past several decades, reliving some of the biggest moments in space travel. From the moon landing to the construction of the International Space Station, space exploration has led to many astounding achievements. But what's it like to live in space And what does the future of space travel hold Consider all those things and more in this look back ... and ahead.
Mr Sir tells the boys about a place that never rains. Stanley takes the blame for stealing Mr Sir's sunflower seeds and is brought to Warden Walker. At Warden Walker's house, Mr Sir's plan for punishment goes awry. Stanley returns to the digging fields to find that Zero has finished digging his hole for him. Zero claims he did so because he was being wrongfully punished. Stanley decides to finally make good on Zero request to learn to read.
Warwick Davis "Willis" helps Joe transfer to the local Ruffington High. On their way to school Willis advises Joe to hide his wealth from the other students, Joe agrees. When Joe arrives, he has a frank chat with the school bullies and gets tossed in the bin. In class, he manages to make a new friend, Bob, who gives him a tour. At home, his father, blinded by money, continues to shower gifts on his greedy and forgetful girlfriend, Sapphire.
Rex bullies Stanley into handing over a mysterious object he found in the dirt, which he shows to camp councillor Dr Pendanski. Warden Walker is called to inspect the find. Rex receives the day off and the boys are told to dig double-time in search of more artefacts. Flashbacks to the populous Camp Green Lake show a burgeoning romance between Sam the onion man and Katherine Barlow, and her rejection of wealthy heir to the town, Charles "Trout" Walker.
Ms Belmont ridicules the students for their poorly researched essays on Greenland. Alison is the only student to receive praise. Alison Ashley, the new girl, arrives. In contrast to the class' darker and mooted fashion, Alison is cast in a glowing soft light similar to the style use to distinguished private education in the opening sequence. Erica gives Alison the tour, discovering they aren't so similar in the end. Erica becomes anxious that Alison will overshadow her.
Stanley digs up a fossil and shows the camp councillor. He learns Camp Green Lake was once a populous lakeside town with ties to Mr Sir's family. The group accepts Stanley at the expense of Zero, once his only friend. The camp councillor tries to discuss why the boys are here, but the lines between good and bad are blurry. Zero asks Stanley for help, but Stanley refuses him.
The Mollison family get a visit from the Department of Youth and Community Services, due to anonymous complaints about fighting. Thomas' father, Simon, blames their neighbour for the invasive visit. Later, Thomas, Jackie and Charlie go for a wander into an abandoned park, and Jackie teaches Thomas to swim in the river. When the rain hits, Charlie becomes over-stimulated, so Jackie and Thomas seek shelter for them all. The cold, standoffish behaviour of the community is offset by Jackie's sensiti
Walking to school, Thomas is forced to pass a group of local boys behaving abusively to a girl on Charlie's bus. Moments later, Charlie runs up to give Jackie a hug and the same group begin to taunt Charlie and Thomas. The situation escalates as Charlie becomes over stimulated and afraid. The behaviour of the students and teachers highlight a disastrous lack of education around disability in the wider community. Jackie gives Thomas a birthday present and tries to support his conflicted feelings.
Jackie joins the Mollison family for Thomas' birthday. Thomas, stressed and angry for Charlie's lot in life, suggests the family stop signing to Charlie. Maddie believes Charlie will be non-verbal all his life. The family bring out Thomas' cake after dinner and Jackie discovers Charlie masturbating next to her, making her very uncomfortable. Thomas loses his temper, taking it on Charlie. Afterwards, Thomas is distraught and seeks out Jackie to acknowledge his behaviour.
Alison upsets Erica by insulting the low academic and social standards of her high school. Later, Alison visits Erica at home and meets her family. Erica, embarrassed by her family and social position, invents stories about their "real" lives. Alison plays along. Erica walks Alison home but on the way is ditched by Alison for her other friends.
Banding together, Darryl, Farouk, Jack and Yvonne move ahead with the David and Goliath case. At court, Dennis struggles to articulate his argument, calling on a broader, ethical understanding of justice, the Constitution and the historical Mabo v Queensland (1992) native title case. Outside, Darryl meets retired barrister Lawrence Hammill and they chat having pride in their children, and the case. Back in court, Darryl discovers they lost. With a heavy heart, Darryl must inform his friends.
Con and Tracey, returning from their honeymoon in Thailand, are collected at the airport. Back home, Con and Tracey recount all the fascinating aspects of the flight and the airline, and give out gifts from Thailand. The Kerrigans leave for Bonnie Doon the next day. While the boys go fishing, Tracey does Sal's hair and they chat about children, careers and changing times. That afternoon, Darryl admires his family, the Bonnie Doon's "serenity", and the smell of a two-stroke engine.
The Kerrigans receive a notice of "compulsory acquisition" of their family home. They soon discover that their elderly neighbours Farouk, a recent migrant from Lebanon, and Jack are being evicted too. Seeking explanation at the local council, Darryl argues that "compensation" isn't the question and decides to fight the eviction head on. Darryl turns to Dennis Denuto, an incompetent but friendly lawyer who has worked with the family previously. At home, Darryl continues to celebrate family achiev
Ben takes Li shopping. Afterwards, Li visits the Chinese consulate where he is warned of the dangers of American capitalism and reminded to fulfil his Communist principles. During a flashback, Li's father tells him a parable about a frog and the knowledge of a different world. Back in Houston, Li struggles to reconcile life in American, the excess and wealth, with his memories of home and labour in Qingdao, Shandong province, China.
The perception of depth allows us to grab objects, play sports and navigate the world. Join the students at Westminster School as they demonstrate how our eyes work together using binocular cues to give us this handy ability, and how the same tasks can quickly become difficult when using only one eye (monocular). To follow along, you will need your fingers, some marbles, cups, a pen and paper.
Introduced in 1935, Queensland, the cane toad was release to target a beetle that was damaging lucrative sugar cane crops. Only 102 toads were initially released, but the toads quickly multiplied and spread across Australia, eating everything except the cane beetles and damaging native animal populations. Environmental ecology is a complex system, difficult to imitate and control.
Professor Emma Johnstone explains the biology and life cycle of coral, from the calcium carbonate exoskeletons and venomous polyps to the photosynthesising symbionts that live in their tissue. But as ocean temperatures rise, the symbiotic relationship between the algae and the coral breaks down, causing the reef to bleach and decay. Ruth Gates, Director of the Hawai'i Institute of Marine Biology, is researching answers to this very real crisis in coral symbiosis.
Junior scientist Audrey describes the desalination process, earth's hydrological cycle and how to emulate this refreshing process. Making up 97% of water resources, saltwater is desalinated by continuous movement. This movement, or hydrological cycle, describes the evaporation, condensation, precipitation, infiltration and state changes (liquid, ice and vapour) that extract the salts and other minerals, making it clean and drinkable. To follow along, you will need a plastic container, a plastic
Junior scientist Phoebe shows us how to use household ingredients to extract the DNA from fruits and vegetables. DNA is a string-like chain of nucleotides that stores genetic instructions on the development, functioning and reproduction of all living things, and some viruses. To follow this experiment at home or school, you will need a few fruits and vegetables, plastic cups, salt, detergent, coffee filters, toothpicks, a blender, methylated spirits, a sieve, a knife and a chopping board.