Xand is spending some quality time at home with his dad and Chris. He goes to the fridge to enjoy some strawberry milk, only to find the bottle empty! Accusing his brother and dad, he then take saliva samples from himself included and trots them down to the DNA testing lab. DNA specialist Emma, tests all three, then reviews the data on each. Without being a spoiler, it should be told here that because Xand and Chris are identical twins, the DNA proof gets complicated ... There's a fun surprise
Fourteenyearold Luke talks to Chris about the heart problems he's had from birth. One of these was a hole in his heart, and through an animation, we see how the lack of oxygen flow is a tiring and draining thing indeed. Studying heart conditions in children. Dr Guido Pieles runs the research at Bristol University. Luke helps out by participating in these studies to find out how much exercise is safe for children with heart conditions. We get to look at a heart scanner which shows realtime heart
Sleddog tour guide Brett Haddon instructs Natalie on the proper way of dog sledding! Visitors trying this winter thrill learn quickly how to be a musher. The huskies have enjoyed this work for thousands of years and are built for running up and down those snowcovered mountains!
Fifteenyearold Ollie has had an accident in the school library. He was stapling his history papers together, when the stapler broke. Apparently distracted while trying to fix it, the lad stapled his own finger! Now in Emergency, he is seen to by Dr Bimal Mehta. After making sure Ollie can feel sensation in the finger, he orders up an Xray. Now radiologist Jan takes a clear picture, and when we see it on the screen, that staple is clearly, impressively in there! Will Ollie need an operation to re
In this Mindbender, Chris and Xand basically gaslight the group of students before them. Directing them to count the bones in a photo of a skeleton, they meanwhile play musical chairs even swapping with standins for themselves. All the while the students are studying the picture of the skeleton, nothing else in the room even before their eyes registers with them. This Mindbender is great fun and will leave jaws dropped when you present this to your class!
Siblings 11yearold Harry and eightyearold Maya visit Xand in the Ouch Mobile. Each has a squint in one of their eyes and wants to know about it. Our doctor explains it's all about muscle control around the eye area. The brain automatically focuses on the stronger eye, and chooses to use those stronger muscles. The weaker eye, bereft of full control, can't quite stay on track and wanders off!
Parks are so much fun, but you still have to be aware of possible danger while playing there. Today Xand and Chris demonstrate how you could receive a bump on the head. More specifically, Xand wings a frisbee at his brother's forehead! Of course it's an accident, which requires first aid. A multiple choice question is provided for your class to guess. Hint: Xand just happens to have a bag of frozen peas with him, and this is what he applies to his brothers bump.
In the OuchMobile, nineyearold Kayla shows the interesting white line on her stomach. It's indeed special, as Xand explains it's from when Kayla was still inside her mum, and it's a line that cells marched along as she was growing. Also as Kayla has darkcoloured skin, there weren't as many melanocytes filling in this line so it stayed uniquely white.
The unluckiest kid spills hot cocoa on himself and gets a nasty burn! We find out, through this clever animation, how skin repairs itself. White blood cells, plasma, the blistering process ... these all come to your aid as soon as a nasty mishap like this occurs. We are roundly advised to leave the natural healing process alone!
Alex interviews Timothy Lachlan, WCMX ambassador, and his young training partner Josh. We learn it's all about getting that adrenaline rush riding your wheelchair in the skate park like you would on a bike, skateboard or scooter. In this extreme sport, as practised by Tim and other crazy riders, it's backflips optional and often accomplished!
Jono meets Bailey, a happy 10yearold golden retriever. Doctors Straw and Gumpel are the superheroes who healed Bailey of a cancerous tumour. Talking with Dr Straw, small animal surgery oncology specialist, we hear that dog cancers are in many cases the same as in humans, and vice versa. He has pioneered treatments that do awesome double duty!
We're on a snowcovered mountain in New Zealand. Down the white hill we go sliding and tumbling with dog in tow! Also, rolling and flipping anything to reach the bottom fastest and first. The starter sends all participants off in the ensuing freeforall race to the bottom!
Most kids probably don't put a lot of thought into what their rights are as a child, but it's important to understand them. Josh is UNICEF youth ambassador and he explains those rights to us as well as the efforts of UNICEF to make sure children around the globe have those rights.
Dusting for fingerprints is an essential part to any crime scene investigation. But those fingerprints can sometimes be hard to find. Not to fear; Dr Kang Liang and Dr JJ Richardson have developed a new technique that makes fingerprints glow!
Elevenyearold Oscar lands at emergency with his mum because he has a 'weird feeling' nose. This, after colliding with another player's elbow in school football training. Ear, nose and throat specialist, Baskaran Ranganathan, takes a look at the lad and can tell his nasal bone is broken. In an animated sequence, we see the inner structure of the nose and what could go wrong if banged! So, it's an operation to straighten the bones out again and make sure Oscar has no lingering breathing problems.
Elevenyearold Lucas visits the Ouch Mobile today to ask about his flat feet. It a barefoot comparison, Xand demonstrates that there is space under his arch when is foot is flat on the floor, whereas nearly the entire sole of Lucas' foot is in contact with the same floor. The condition is not usually a problem, just reflective of weakened muscles in the area. Xand notes that if your feet are causing you pain, your doctor can fit your shoes with insoles.
Kellyn gets information from PhD student Essie Rodgers all about crocodiles and climate change. The study involves young crocs and heated water tanks varying in temperature to see how that affects their diving and foraging. Behavioural changes in an apex predator reflect on those of every Critter in the ecosystem!
Alex talks to a mosquito expert who defends and dignifies these bloodsuckers! He shows us a homemade trap we can catch them in and Dr Joanne MacDonald tests the dead ones with her students to make sure they're negative for disease.
Experiment with watermelon and rubber bands around the middle of the watermelon shows force. The more you stretch a rubber band, the more a small force is exerted. Rubber bands bundled together can make a bigger force. The force is applied to watermelon.
In emergency, nineyearold Tamsin is waiting for doctors to look at her swollen ankle. Helping her is Dr Helen Stewart, and after finding the girl's leg is very painful, sends her along for Xrays. No break is seen, but to ease Tasmin's pain, Dr Helen says they'll put a pot on her leg meaning a plaster cast. Part of that is applying a backslab, which supports the back of the leg and allows for swelling. See part 2 to learn how this type of injury is resolved!
At the Sea Life Sydney Aquarium, Duane has helped thread lettuce into trays, and sinks them to the bottom so the dugongs can eat naturally. These captive dugongs are being studied to help their wild brethren, who face extinction.
Nineyearold Niella visits Chris in the Ouch Mobile, concerned about the spot on her eyeball. We learn it's called 'scleral melanocytosis' basically a freckle an extra bit of wayward skin pigment that got in there. Niella will have it for life, and as Chris says to her it's faint, unique, and definitely cool!
If you love the snow and winter sports, wouldn't it be great to be able to ski and snowboard all morning before you hit the classroom for some afternoon education! That's ski school in a nutshell, allowing athletes to train every morning on the slopes and attend to their maths, English studies and onsnow tracking task for the other half a day. Natalie's in the Victorian High Country talking to teacher Sam Magree about the curriculum geared towards the alpine environment, and called Altitude.
Natalie takes us on tour of Australia's oldest and biggest underground cave network the Jenolan Caves which are still under exploration. Two most enriching experiences are the explanation of how caves are formed, plus the fossil sightings, showing what kind of sea creatures once inhabited the space.
Today, trainer Francisca McDonald teaches Kellyn about dog agility. Francisca participates in this event as shown by her very fit body. She also loves to train others, and we meet a young girl and her dog who are totally enthusiastic about the bonding and exercise they get out of it. Border collies are featured, and they move like lightning. At the end, Kellyn gives the course of tunnels and hurdles a go. The energy whipped up with her canine companion leaves us laughing and in awe!
Fiveyearold Peter sits in emergency with his dad. He's got a painful and swollen ear which started when he was eating lunch at school. Dr Ashvin Luximon wants to rule out mastoiditis as a serious possibility. In an animated sequence, we learn about the mastoid bone. Next, Peter has a blood test done, and a couple of hours later, things aren't conclusive. So the little lad stays over the weekend with an IV giving him antibiotics. Terrific news after two days the antibiotics have taken hold! Pete
Alex joins Erin Riding at the McIntyre Centre for the Disabled. Equinebased therapy helps disabled people learn skills for life. Independence and selfesteem are gained while caring for horses tacking up, leading, and safety training lend a sense of ownership.
Chris goes to town to play an optical illusion on the passersby. It's more enticing than usual because he has two groupings of freshly baked cupcakes. The cupcakes at the centre of each arrangement are, unbeknownst to the public at large, the same size. But the left grouping on the tray is surrounded by small cupcakes, whereas the right grouping is surrounded by large ones. Everyone who guesses, thinks they should pay more for the cupcake surrounded by the other large ones! Xand later reveals th
We meet the amazing Tommy Mattinson, 13time world gurning champion. Over the years, he's pushed the 40 facial muscles we all have, into fartherreaching contortions than any of us could! By stretching and contracting them, we can make over 4000 expressions. Passersby fall about the street when Tommy pulls his faces, and his greatest move is when he turns himself into a werewolf! Even Elizabeth II has been taken aback by this display.
Kellyn tells us about the function of the police service dog squad. These canines are trained to detect firearms and explosives, as well as currency, illegal substances and even people. Their suitability for this job lies in the fact that dogs are keen hunters and powerful sniffers.
Leela queries keeper Rebecca Bain as to whether the platypus is more adorable or dangerous! Rebecca reveals, through a routine visual health inspection, that the male of the species has a venomous spur on both hind legs. We find out their bills have a secret power too electroreceptors. Conclusion: cute and dangerous!
Stacey gives us all another think about what art is, and how to create it! She talks with Christine Holden, an environmental artist who uses only recycled materials in her work and especially targets marine debris. Items such as fishing nets, fishing line, lures, sinkers, pieces of thong, tennis balls ... as long as it's safe and nontoxic. We feel part of a classroom experience in which Christine has the young students construct a big sea turtle all to promote environmental awareness and fun!
Today Scott is running about having a ball, playing Robin Hood with his band of merry men while enjoying the game of archery tag! Scouts SA leader Derek Boath watches from the sidelines and tells Scott about the fun and builtin safety measures of the sport. It's a team thing, open to both boys and girls, and while you're trying to take the opposite team out the emphasis is on having lots of fun!
Duane leads us on a search for the mythical Queensland tiger! He interviews cryptozoologist Steve Rushton, who not only believes this savage predator is out there he's hot on the trail. There's a family who can look off their back deck and see strange animal movements from creatures not seen before, prowling the back of their property. According to Steve, people don't want to know the Queensland tiger exists and is living unseen not far away!
Scott is here to talk to keeper Kerry Bebbington about a member of the Totally Wild family Bo, the capuchin monkey. Following up, and finding the cute fella fightingfit these days, we find out he's also got himself a girlfriend! We learn about bonding two animals completely strange to each other. Through a very slow introduction process, Coco is now sharing food and a sleeping box with Bo. Can a little one be far behind
The University of Queensland's Joel Gilmore explains the chemistry of how jelly is made, and introduces two quick ways to produce the wobbly treat: agar agar jelly, and spherification with calcium chloride and sodium alginate.
Reporter Ruby Cornish explains the difference between absolute monarchies and parliamentary democracies, describes the time limits placed on governments between elections, and discusses the process by which these terms could be lengthened by referendum.
Reporter Hayley Wilson meets a synchronised swimming team and learns some of the rules of the sport, sees how their eggbeater swimming technique helps them lift their teammates, and learns why they wear make-up under water.
Junior scientists Jasmine and Holly explain how having two eyes helps with depth perception, and demonstrate an experiment a test to see if covering one eye makes any difference to a person's ability to direct a friend to drop a marble into a cup.