Three groups of kids, three catapults they've built and the competition's on! While Kellen's team and Alex's team practise their strategic shots, Duane gets advice from 'catapult queen' Shelly Massie, on behalf of his. Says Shel shoot 'em from the low position so they fly up for great catches. Bonus points for making cool catches. The competition's going good til the one team realises they're losing and barrages the other teams with balls! A freeforall ensues until Shelley steps in and issues
Emma feels so lucky today to be surrounded by basset hound puppies as she talks to breeder Chris Lawrence, to find out why they're designed like they are! We all of course take note of those impossibly long ears (longest in the dog world), not to mention all those endearing wrinkles. This unique and cuddly features make the basset hound an incredible tracking and hunting machine watch to find out why!
Duane visits farrier Shane Nash, to learn all about horseshoe making. first, removing cakedin mud and dirt from each hoof and filing the hoof down to horseshoe level again (because they grow like our fingernails) is paramount. Next, removing the horseshoes is a bit of a trial, but once they're pried off, the new ones go on. These replacement horseshoes have to be shaped exactly to the individual horse's hoof. It's a process, but as Shane seen says, 'Your horse can't get around if he doesn't have
Scott is shown the ropes by female contemporary dancers. Acclaimed choreographer and dancer Phoebe Fisher puts him through a 'medium' routine, which he then performs with the entire group. Later, backstage on opening night, Scott interviews dance members and we get a feel for the emotions and pride involved!
When most people think of Scrabble, they think of a fun, simple board game that they play with friends. But did you know that there are actually international competitions where students from around the world play against each other Meet some of these competitors who take the game very seriously and put a lot of thought into strategy so they can be the best players around.
Emily, who is seven years old, waits in emergency with a painful big toe. She blames her little brother for knocking a heavyframed photo onto her foot while they were playing in her bedroom. Dr Reddy Ilavala scrutinises her big toe and drastic looking toenail. Mum helps to give her daughter a painkiller to inhale, as Dr Reddy has decided to drill a tiny hole in the nail to drain the blood, and relieve the pressure. Called trephining, this technique is definitely the one to start the toe healing
Thirteenyearold Rhys got banged up badly at the local bike park. He was doing crowdpleasing stunts on the half pipe, so decided to try the big one! Descending the long slope at top speed, Rhys felt out of control, and jammed on his break. This caused him to fly headlong over the handlebars, landing on his face. Good job he was wearing his bike helmet! Taken to hospital, he is attended by Professor Kevin Mackway Jones, who details the immediate course of action for Rhys. Then Nurse Michael gently
While submarines seem a little cramped and operate under the ocean (not the most appealing getaway spot), they can actually be really helpful for the country's Navy. Find out about the plan to add more submarines to the fleet and why some feel they are such an important asset.
In Manchester, Chris meets eye specialist Dr Jane Ashworth. She is about to perform corrective surgery to actually weaken some eye muscles of young Josh, because they are so strong that they force the lad's eyes to go crossed when he looks down. Just as we have skin all over our body, the eye also has skin that must be peeled back and sewn up again. So the instruments, needles and threads in the hands of Dr Jane need to be very, very fine to carry out this delicate work. Chris get assessed and w
Doctors Chris and Xand head into the lab today to inflict pain on each other! In between pinching his brother on the arm, Chris wonders aloud why we feel pain differently in different situations. Betwixt howls of 'Stop it!', Xand tells us that 'pain is in your brain'. Using a heat stimulation thermode, the brothers take turns showing how much pain they can endure, while the other brother dials up the heat rod (specially designed not to burn!). When it's Chris's turn, he visualises relaxing on a
Our body has 600 muscles, and the young man we meet today uses them all a lot more than the average punter! Tim 'Livewire' Shieff is a professional free runner, and one of the few in the world who can control a onehanded handstand! His showplace is the deserted urban landscape of South London. Before he goes on one of these acrobatic, SpiderManlike runs, he checks the route for grippy walls, loose bricks, railings, etc with an eye also to respecting the environment and keeping it intact. We lea
When we've cut our skin, our body has a way of repairing itself, involving new skin cells and amazing support to promote their growth! Through this cartoon featuring 'The Unluckiest Kid', we learn all the healing steps the skin takes. From clotting to bacteria and infection fighting, the whole process is fascinating. And wouldn't it be a shame to undo it all by picking that scab rather then letting it heal by itself!
Doctors and Xand, through the use of a clever animation, describe the process of how your bones repair themselves when you've sustained a break or fracture. Of course on your arm for example, you'd wear a plaster cast. But the rest of the repair comes from inside yourself!
Tim has to use a wheelchair to get around a lot of time because of a condition he was born with but he didn't want that to hold him back from getting to compete in extreme sports. Join Tim as he tells us more about wheelchair motocross and explains what he's doing to help bring the sport to Australia.
In 2011, Japan was hit by a massive earthquake that prompted a tsunami and eventually even a meltdown at a nuclear power plant. Many lives were affected by these disastrous events and this report from 2016 shows how kids and their families have been able to rebuild since then, but the impact of that earthquake still remains.
Did you know that many of the first settlers in Australia were criminals In the 1700s, London had very strict laws so when parents and children from poor families had to steal just to survive, they had harsh punishments waiting for them if caught. Eventually, jails got overcrowded and many of them were sent to New South Wales as part of the First Fleet and the first generation of settlers that helped shape the country into what it is today.
Queen Elizabeth II recently set a record as the longest serving queen and quite a lot has happened through many years of service. Find out how her power and position has changed through the years and the ongoing debate about whether or not she should still be Australia's queen.
What do you want to be when you grow up That question might be harder than it sounds because the truth is, we don't know what the job market will look like by then. Find out more about the ways technology and robotics are influencing the jobs of the future and hear from kids who share what their dream future job would be.
Bionic technology is focused on making peoples' lives better, and finding new ways to let people disabled people experience the world just like everyone else. Find out how much of the human body can now be replaced with bionic parts.
Learn about the relationship between art and identity from Larrakia (Darwin) elder June Mills. From screen-printing to traditional techniques and materials, June Mills explains how every nation has its own stories, designs, and ways of sharing knowledge.
Chihiro's father makes reference to the "abandoned theme parks" built in the 1990s after they stumble into the new world. Hayao Miyazaki's films make continued reference to the destruction of the environment through human interference and industry.
The students at Westminster Independent School investigate different sail designs to determine the most reliable shapes and materials. Breaking up into three groups, the students begin by testing what shape provides the most propulsive force and then experiment with different materials to find the combination that is the most effective tensile structure. To carry out your own tests, you'll need a 1L milk carton cut in half, scissors, plasticine, straws, and a variety of materials for the sails.
Junior scientist Lilli demonstrates how engineers investigate the structural integrity of buildings by using a shake table to test stability (seismic performance) during development. To build your own shake table and start testing, you will need a binder, scissors, rubber bands, a pen, bouncing balls and Lego blocks, or similar building materials.
Junior scientists Josephine and Philippa demonstrate how to test your friends' fungiform papillae concentration and determine who amongst them is a super taster. Fungiform papillae are mushroom-like bumps capped with tastebuds on the tip and sides of our tongues and help distinguish the five tastes: sweet, sour, salty, bitter and umami (savoury). To start testing, you'll need blue food dye, a cotton tip, a bowl, a card with a 7mm hole punched out and a pad for recording results.
Junior scientist, Carrick, demonstrates how to make green eggs using red cabbage. Sound impossible? Carrick also explains the chemical reaction behind these colourful eggs and how to make other colours with the anthocyanin in red cabbage. To make your own egg creations, you will need eggs, a half red cabbage, a sieve, a bowl, a frying pan, butter, a knife and a chopping board.
Junior scientist Braeden shows us how to build an anemometer and begin collecting data about the speed and behaviour of wind moving around your house or school. Did you know anemometer design has stayed relatively the same since its development in the 15th century? To build this weather instrument yourself, you will need four small paper cups, cardboard, scissors, a ruler, a stapler, a thump tack, some modelling clay, a permanent marker and a pencil with an eraser.
Junior scientist Lilli demonstrates how to grow your gummy lollies using osmosis. To do this experiment at home, you'll need some gummy lollies, three bowls, water, sugar, a pen, a rule and some paper for recording your results. Did you know that osmosis is the movement of solvent molecules through a semi-permeable membrane? In this case, osmosis is occurring when the water moves into the body of our gummy lollies.
Scope's resident scientist, Julia, teaches us about the periscope, how it works and how to make one from readily available materials. To build this stealth observation device, you'll need two milk cartons, two small mirrors, a marker, a rule, sticky tape and scissors.
Junior scientist Hayley demonstrates how to make a lava lamp using a clear drinking glass, vegetable oil, salt, water and some food colouring. Because salt is denser than both the oil and water, dropping it into the cup makes the floating oil wrapped around the particles as they make their way to the bottom of the glass. Once at the bottom the salt begins to dissolve, allowing the oil to move back to the top of the water, creating a fun lava-like reaction.
Junior scientist India teaches us about different Australian animal noises. From territorial koalas and chatty dingo packs to the lyrebird's perfect echoes, India demonstrates how to identify each sound and what they're likely to mean.
Join junior scientist Elizabeth as she demonstrates how to make a colour-mixing wheel. To make your own spinning colour illusion, collect some cardboard, scissors, glue, string, red, blue and yellow markers and a pen or a computer.
Watch as junior scientist Joel teaches us how to explore the stars using a constellation geoboard. To begin your stargazing adventure, you'll need a constellation template, a round cork trivet, glue, ball-head pins and a few rubber bands. Only Orion, located on the celestial equator, is visible throughout the world, so when making your own geoboard remember to choose a constellation template that matches your hemisphere.
Junior scientist Caleb shows us how to make a simple device to measure rainfall. You'll need a 2L plastic bottle, modelling clay, a ruler and a maker. Measuring rain helps us understand seasonal changes, provide better forecasts and study patterns in our weather. The Bureau of Meteorology (BoM) is Australia's national weather, climate and water agency. By measuring rain, the BoM can tell us about rainfall across the country and assist Australians dealing with drought, floods and storms.
Join junior scientist Ana as she guides us through building a small-scale hydroponic system for growing herbs and salad greens. All you need to follow along is a 2L soda bottle, string, perlite (amorphous volcanic rock), hydroponic fertiliser, the seedling you'd like to grow, and sunlight. Using a hydroponic system substitutes soil for a nutrient-rich water-based solution that allows the plants to photosynthesise efficiently in a compact environment.
Creative junior scientist Kate shows us how to make outdoor foam paint using a simple starch and household polymers. To make your own set of paints, you will need washable school glue, white flour, white shaving foam, food colouring, a large plastic zip bag, sandwich-sized zip bags, and scissors.
Junior scientist and physics buff Kristopher demonstrates why two conical funnels roll up hill when placed on fanned rails. To get started, you will need two medium funnels, two rails, duct tape, a box and a few books.
Maleny Dairies' Kay Hollyoak describes the process of turning milk into yoghurt, including homogenisation, pasteurisation, adding acidophilus and bifidus bacterium, and reveals why such bacteria is good for people.