Xand hits the street to question passersby about how long ago they've washed their hands. Cheeky. Then in an experiment, he has some volunteers wash their hands in water and other volunteers wash in soap and water. Still other volunteers don't wash at all. All volunteers then place their hands in a jelly mould in a dish, making handprints. Xand brings it all back to the lab and gives them to virologist Rhiannon Lowe places the jelly moulds in an incubator set at exactly 37 degrees, the same temp
Doctors Chris and Xand take us on a journey down our body's information superhighway! Better known as our nerves, we start with those in the spinal column and note how well the actual spinal cord is protected by all those bones. That's because it's so important as it conveys our brain's messages to all our muscles and does so at 100mps! We get an entertaining demonstration from Xand involving a lunch queue of students being ion channels relaying messages to Chris who is the brain at the end
Eightyearold Mason is in emergency today with a badly swollen ankle he got in a trampolining accident. Christopher Beaves examines the boy and orders an Xray to make sure there's no bone damage underneath what appears to be a sprained ankle. The results show a tiny fragment of bone chipped, so the doctor is treating it like a break. Mason is overjoyed thinking that if he gets crutches, he'll be popular with the girls! But at only eight years old, he'll have to pass a test to see whether he can w
Today, Kellyn speaks with musicians and animal activists Lizzie and Linsey. She weaves the high notes into the music the calls of animals facing extinction while he uses a digital wind recorder connected to his iPad. With this setup he is able to modify Lizzie's notes to sound like the animal calls. Everyone who hears their exquisitely beautiful sounds, fall under their spell, and are receptive to increased awareness about the endangered animals' plight.
FouryearoldLacey sits with her mum in Emergency, explaining she has shoved a Tic Tac up her nose! Chris Lamare is ready to have a squiz at her cute little conk, then peering up there, can't see anything. He cajoles Lacey's mom into giving her the 'mother's kiss', a sweet but messy method to blow the candy out. Another look up the nostril, and at least some tiny Tic Tac particles are on view now. The main body of the mint remains around the bend somewhere and we'll look further in part 2!
Tenyearold Iman is in hospital with a strange rash, taking pain medication for his sore and swollen joints. The fear is that the lad may have contracted meningitis. Consultant Judith Gilchrist has been called in and explains the agenda for the next few days involving blood tests, intravenous antibiotics and definite Hospital stay. In a couple of days, Iman's condition improves a lot but he must still wait for the blood test to come back. Shortly, it's announced that they're negative and he can g
Elevenyearold Chloe is in accident and emergency, waiting to have her split ear looked at. She'd been cheering for her favourite ice hockey team at a match, when the sleeve of her jersey caught her earring, and came it out of her ear the hard way. Dr Hannah Hardisty is ready, and studies Chloe's earlobe. Unsure whether surgical glue will hold or if our lass will need a stitch, Chloe is hoping for the first choice. Nurse SammyJo Grayston gives it her special touch squeezes it together and sticks
Eightyearold Mason is in hospital being fitted with a plaster cast because he broke his ankle in a trampolining accident. The possibility of using crutches has Mason overjoyed thinking that if he gets crutches he'll be popular with the girls! But at only eight years old, he'll have to pass a test first to see whether he can work them. The lanky, confident lad is up and about on his new crutches immediately. All the girls at school beware!
Kellyn's here today talking with two students about the wonderful Kids Teaching Kids program. They explain it's basically about to things: older students helping younger ones in the community, and doing so in a natural outdoor setting to help the environment. Kellyn then talks to High School Advisor, Kolindi Brennan the one adult teacher present about what the program accomplishes. On this day the older students take younger students from a different school, by the hand.The young ones are from
Today, Seamus tackles learning a wee bit of his Scottish heritage and helps introduce us all to the bagpipes. We observe the hilarious result of a fiveminute bagpipe tutorial, when in fact the music students on hand tell Seamus this will take five months!never fear, lads and lasses another option in this traditional bagpipe band setup would be to learn part of the drum kit. Or you might want to try Highland dancing, as the accompanying group here show beautifully.
Kellyn interviews state rowing champ Thomas Davidson, who speaks of the full body workout the rowers get and the many manoeuvres of the oar that belie the look of it simply hitting the water. Kellyn also sell chats with crew member Ash who is the Cox and uniquely, female. One of the boys in the crew plainly states that during the interviews for the position, Ash had the best chemistry to guide the eight rowers. Kell just teases that she loves bossing the boys!
Today Alex helps immerse us all in Bollywood! He's quite a sport as he tries to fit in and crashlearn the intricacies of semiclassical Bollywood dance. Graceful and intense instructors advise him of the multiple moves of various parts of the body required for this joyful and sensual dance. Head movement and even eye and finger movements are integral for the lively expressions to be projected. What a workout!
Research fellow Dr Emma Jackson lets Stacey know all about the importance of conserving sea grass. It's crucial to the diets of dugongs, sea turtles, fish and smaller marine life like shrimps and prawns. Further, Dr Emma's group has created a board game based on a popular zombie TV show. The cartoon character sea grass playing pieces kill the zombie ones! It's a Wonderful way to educate kids with this vital Marine message.
Today, an extremely reluctant Kellyn is aided by skydiving instructor Wade Edwards to set up for her first jump! After a year of persuasion, good friend Alex (veteran of over 200 skydives himself), finally managed to give her the push she needs to confront her fear. A super experience to share with your class you feel like you're jumping too, and the feeling of exhilaration is breathtaking!
Today Emma and her guide take us adventure caving. It's not for the faint of heart, nor for the claustrophobic. We watch as she squeezes her frame through the 'Eye of the Needle' and the 'Slot' just two of the rigorous nooks and crannies along the way.it's pitchdark in there, and quiet too. All you can hear is the scuttles and screeches of the resident wildlife!
Alex visits Dr Clinton Brewster who is holding a freeflight show at the zoo. First we get close to the world's largest feathered predator the wedgetailed eagle. Next we meet the barn owl, who, with extra vertebrae in its neck, can almost totally turn its head around. Finally it's a tall, native crane called the brolga widely known for its wild and funky mating dance!
Elevenyearold Landon lives for motocross, and has been revving it up since he was four!Scott chats with this driven little dude and also talks to his mum, who acts as his manager. She feels her son just loves to get down and dirty, while Landon loves that jumps! We get to watch a motocross race which this little ripper takes easily with plans to become world champ!
Today Chris and the rest of us learn all we need to know about allergies from specialist consultant Dr Vibha Sharma. We meet young folk Harun and Hollie, who react badly to milk and nuts, respectively. They're both in the clinic today for the allergy challenge test! Monitored closely by the medical team for their safety, both are given small bites of the foods Dr Sharma suspects they're allergic to. As we grow older it's possible for the body to build up a tolerance to some allergies, and in Luc
Why is diarrhoea heavier and runnier than normal poo Chris makes a 'poo factory' in the lab to show us how the nutrients of food are absorbed into the body, and the indigestible part squeezed out as perfect poo! Then Xand turns it into a 'diarrhoea machine', demonstrating what it's like when you have a tummy bug and all the water in your food comes out the other end. This is actually a brilliant lesson, with solid education of fibre!
Chris is off to meet Dr Ioannis Ieropoulus, the mastermind of pee power! Once in the lab, the good doctor directs Chris to a big, complicated battery which is made up of microbial fuel cells. At the moment it can fuel a remote control model car and we watch it zip around the laboratory floor. It's powered purely by pee, and with progress, the batteries will get smaller and power things that are bigger. The most wonderful direction for all of this is that one day people in developing countries wi
Young Ahmed is a sight for sore eyes, as he visits the hospital with a right shiner! It' s actually his left eye, looking all purple and nearly swollen shut. Luckily, Dr Rachel Jenner is on hand to run some eye tests. Having been knocked off the sofa at home by his sister, Ahmed now sports a periorbital haematoma, or black eye. It's the bleeding behind the swollen skin around the eye that makes it look black. After checking the lad's vision, then the muscles and nerves behind his eye, Dr Rachel
Nutan Shah, a podiatrist, is attending to Xand's feet today. On the bottoms of his feet he has verrucas, a common problem which is part of the human papillomavirus. We also meet young Rocco who has been undergoing treatment for same. It's a threepart treatment, starting with scraping away the hard skin. That's followed by a shot of liquid nitrogen to the area, and finished up with silver nitrate, which stops blistering and helps kill the virus.
Skin is the largest organ in our body and acts as our protective barrier to the universe! In an animated bit, we learn how our skin cells replace themselves. Then Chris and Xand stage a very cool experiment, using dangerous liquid nitrogen, one of the coldest substances on Earth. First, Chris dips Xand's flowers into the nitrogen, whereupon they can be crackled and crumbled into shards. Then our twin doctors each dip their hand in the liquid! We find out why they could get away with that, and mo
Today Chris turns his back on his brother to slip him a penny! While he is not looking, he instructs Xand to lift the hand with the penny in it straight up above his head. Now Chris directs him to bring his arm down again, turning around to study Xand's hands, which both look like they're clenched around that penny. Chris quickly and easily picks the correct hand! Xand doesn't win this penny because as smartypants Nathan pipes up, 'raising your arm in the air will cause it to look paler than th
Young Joe has been back and forth to the hospital during the month after a BB gun almost put his eye out. There's been good news, as his eye has healed all by itself. Eye specialist Mr William Newman wants to check the eye for possible longerterm damage. The blood in the front of the eye has all cleared out but they need to check the shape of the eyeball, because if there's any damage they can't see, Joe could develop glaucoma in the future. The main thing for Joe is he's got the all clear to pl
The Great Barrier Reef is known for its great beauty and is depicted in films like Finding Nemo full of colourful, vibrant ocean life. As we look towards the future, coral bleaching and other effects of climate change are a real concern and this video addresses them as well as possible solutions for the future.
Scott Bidmead joins a group of ultimate frisbee players to learn what the characteristics of the sport are, how it combines elements of netball and American football with frisbee, and hears what participants enjoy about it.
Stacey Thomson visits Queens Beach State School in Bowen, Queensland, to see how students are helping to replace trees damages in Cyclone Debbie, and teachers explain how they ensured school returned to normal after the natural disaster.
Flinders University's Karen Burke De Silva reveals that clownfish might all be born male but some later become female, introduces the citizen scientist app IC-Anemone, and explains that shop-bought clownfish make better aquarium pets.
Imagine picking a house at random using Google Maps and writing a letter to the family who lives there, just to say something nice and get to know them. It's a unique project known as Dear Hope Street that connects people from all over the world. The project can help forge some pretty special connections, while also teaching kids how easy it is for people to find your information on the internet.
The Hubble Telescope has been around for over 25 years and, in that time, has been responsible for delivering some pretty incredible pictures to us. Find out all about its history and the ways that it's different (and similar) to other telescopes that we use here on Earth.
To prove our nose, mouth and stomach are all connected, Chris feeds a gastric tube into Xand's nostril. He deftly guides it down through the back of Xand's throat, then way down into his stomach. We learn that this is the way to feed patients who are too ill to eat normally.
Did you know the bones inside our body are alive Xand saws through an animal thigh bone to show us the web of spongy fibres inside, lending the bone strength and resilience. We meet engineering expert, Dr Michelle Oyen, who is actually growing them in a lab!
In this clip, find out about what satellites do and how they impact your life almost every day without you probably even realizing it. Then, join a group of kids that find a creative way to make satellites of their own and are able to gather information such as weather conditions.
It's been hundreds of years since William Shakespeare was alive and yet, we're still reading his work and performing his plays. You ever wonder why Find out about how influential Shakespeare was including a number of words and famous phrases he invented and why his work still resonates in modern times.
Chihiro's parents discover a delicious banquet after entering the new world. Finding no-one around, they sit and eat without pause, gluttonously "self-polluting", however Chihiro refuses. The conflict between selflessness and greed becomes a reoccurring motif throughout Spirited Away.
Christmas Island is best known for the detention centre that's found there, but there are lots of other people that choose to call it home. It's a diverse mix of families that have integrated some different aspects of their culture into daily life. Find out what life is like on a part of Australia you may not be all that familiar with.
Chromatography is a technique that separates a mixture into its different components. In this case, junior scientist Phoebe is using chromatography to find out what make some plants green (chlorophyll), some red (anthocyanins) and some both (carotenoids). You'll need an oven, a variety of leaves, three small containers with lids, a mortar and pestle, white coffee filters and a solvent, such as nail polish remover.
Junior scientist Brittany teaches us how to make a hologram. Making holograms, or 3D images, is easy and all you'll need is a smartphone, a pen, a sheet of clear plastic, scissors, clear tape, graph paper and a ruler. Once you have made your reflective prism, visit the Scope website to make a video for your hologram or find one online.
Join junior scientist Charlotte as she explains how yeast works and how you can set up your own controlled experiments. Yeast is a microorganism that feeds on starches and sugars, converting them into energy, and causing the release of carbon dioxide gas, which is known as the fermentation process. To set up your own living experiment, you will need three plastic bottles, some balloons, white sugar, baking soda, dry yeast and a funnel.
Junior scientist India show us how to build a rotocopter, a simple device that relies on the Coanda and Bernoulli effects to keep it 'stuck' in a pocket of fast-flowing air and helping it stay airborne. To create your own rotocopter, you'll need a balloon, a hairdryer, a plastic cup, string, electrical tape, scissors and a pen.
Students at the Australian Science and Mathematics School work across three groups to plan, design and develop the tallest tower. Each team is given a finite selection of materials, and they must work together to identify and capitalise on their inherent strengths or weaknesses.
Bella from Walkerville Primary School demonstrates how to make your own lava lamp, recreating the colourful display using oil as a separator for the two states of liquid: ice and water. Unlike most liquids, water becomes less dense as it freezes allowing it to float in the oil while the water sinks. To make the lava lamp, you will need water, food dye, ice trays, oil, tongs and a tall transparent container.
Junior scientist Kris guides us through making a single-string guitar and explains why experimenting with different weights and distances will produce new sounds. To create your own sonic experiments, you will need a plank of wood, a nail, 1.5m of fishing line, a bucket of sand and two small sheets of wood.
Junior scientist Will invites us to explore the florescent properties of quinine in the dark. To join in, you will need two bottles of tonic water, one bottle of tap water, a saucepan, a large bowl, two packets of jelly crystals, a black light globe, a helpful adult and a light sealed room or space. Did you know that the chemical structure of tonic water will cause it to glow under an ultraviolet light?
Junior scientist Phoebe demonstrates the way water can contract, expand, gain energy and even mix itself under different conditions. To conduct these experiments yourself, you'll need two identical clear jars, blue and red food colouring, hot, cold and room temperature water, blue ice cubes, a small plastic bottle and a larger clear plastic tank.
Junior scientists Emily and Robert mix their fake snot and explain the important role nasal mucus plays in keeping our lungs free of dust and irritants. To mix your own, you will need water-based glue, borax, food colouring, pepper, plastic cups and paddle pop sticks for mixing.
Junior scientist Elizabeth uses chemistry to create sherbet and get those tastebuds tingling. The fizzy reaction occurs when the acid-carbonate in the sherbet comes into contact with our saliva, causing a chemical reaction, while the sweet-sour explosion is created by the presence of citric acid and sugar on our taste receptors. To make your own, you'll need baking soda, citric acid, icing sugar, jelly crystals a zip lock bag, two cups, four small bowls and a teaspoon.
Junior scientist Elizabeth reveals how to use low and high air pressure, air drag and backspin to create simple flying machines. Using two identical cups, tape and a handful of large rubber bands, you can build your own cylindrical flying objects and explore the how the Magnus effect works in action.
Nick, of the Double Helix Science Club, explains how to create a DIY steamboat from a plastic bottle, a length of thin copper tubing and a tealight candle. To construct the steam-powered vehicle, you'll need some electrical tape, scissors, a marker, a large nail, a hammer, a body of water and a box of matches to get the steam engine started.