You're never too young to start having a positive impact on the world around you. Rookie reporter Justice takes us along for her trip to Canberra where she and other Heywire competition winners share their ideas with politicians and other leaders about how to improve things. Justice has a passion for helping youth afflicted with mental health issues after having overcome a time of loneliness and isolation; she's taking her story and using it to inspire others!
It might sound bizarre, but one of the Galapagos islands is so remote that it has allowed a species of dandelion to evolve independent of other competing species. These dandelions grow so tall that they resemble huge rainforest trees.
It's estimated that most kids growing up now will hold 13 different jobs in their lifetime, a much higher number than in the past. Find out about the role technology is playing in changing the face of the job market and the approach young people are taking to their careers.
While the sun is fun to play in and a great source of vitamin D, it's important to take precautions when spending a lot of time out in it. Find out about the risks of things like sunburns and skin cancer and what you can do to protect yourself from the sun's rays.
Today, Alex reports on controlled burns in the bushland. We learn it's a twopronged rejuvenation process to protect our native flora. Disproportionate growth of some tall trees blocks the sunlight needed, while fallen leaves smother new native growth. Burnt down to ash, the forest floor turns to fertile soil!
Kellyn tells us why we should be hugging trees! They're air conditioning for our planet, while giving off tonnes of oxygen for us to breathe in. Further, we get culinary gifts like maple syrup from sap, cinnamon from bark, bay leaves for our stew and lots of fruits and nuts!
Duane talks toads with Botanic Gardens curator Dale Arvidsson. We hear just how epidemic our toxic toad problem is, and if introduced into a particular area, 95 percent of our native species will disappear almost overnight! One brilliant idea for combating them involves the combination of pheromones and pool noodles ...
Sunlight hitting rain can give off different colours due to a splitting of wavelengths during refraction. Experiments can be done to explain the visible spectrum using a simple prism to display refraction.
The size of the caterpillars that hatch from the tiny silk worm eggs will grow 70 times bigger! Silkworms are voracious eaters and their favourite, tasty target is the Mulberry bush leaf. Watch what flaps out of the legendary silk cocoon it spins!
Duane and his bike benefit greatly from getting to know selfprofessed biker chick from way back, Emma Best. During a ride, our man is stopped by a flat tyre and his chain comes off. Emma fixes the tyre and demonstrates how to align the chain again and oil it properly. She advises we all show our bikes a little love.
Scott converses with zookeeper Kerry Bebbington, as well as the resident reptile expert. The topic is alligators, and Kerry coaxes our man into cuddling one! Spoiler alert: Baby alligators are featured.
Emma talks with wildlife demonstrator Tamara Gordon and meets Flipper, a longnosed potoroo. This little marsupial is the ambassador for Aussie native wildlife, in particular the severely endangered wild potoroos. Also known as the rat kangaroo, we see this little baby hopping around everywhere just three weeks out of Mum's pouch. Tamara takes her into schools to spread awareness and educate children about the plight of these cute wee ones. You'll enjoy watching her bottle feed on milk.
Keegan may only be 12yearsold, but he's already gained the attention of the professional skateboarding world, taking part in competitions all over the world. Hear him tell about his adventures and find out what it's like to be a sports star at the age of 12.
Studies have found that kids that don't start off their day with dairy often don't make it up later, meaning they are not getting the nutrients from dairy that their bodies need. Find out about the benefits of dairy and some of the different ways you can include it in your diet.
What was it like to be in the trenches during World War I Well, there were a lot of pretty tough conditions soldiers and others serving had to endure. Join a group of army cadets as they visit a museum to find out about the clothes, shelter and food of those who served in the trenches.
Anna shares the story of her greatgreatgreatgrandfather, John Egge, who immigrated to Australia during the gold rush. After that time, many Chinese workers decided to go back to China, but many stayed and have made Australia their home. Find out more about their story and how their culture has impacted the country.
At Warwick University, Dr Philip McTernan operates the Bodpod, a cool bit of kit which will measure the amount of fat on Chris' body. Chris goes in, pops back out, and his measurement data awaits. At only about 13 percent body fat, he's extremely fit and ready to run 30 marathons! That's because of the energy stored in fat, ready to be burned off. Next we see Chris in a hospital bed, ready for his fat biopsy. After a local anaesthetic, Dr Milland and the longest needle you've ever seen is about
To show us the power of the diaphragm in holding a note, we have Lucy from The Voice present and can she ever sustain a long operatic one! Chris and Xand share the screen with a pig's diaphragm with other parts attached to it. After this important show and tell, Xand whips out a vacuum jar with two balloons inside it simulating the way our lungs fill with air, deflate, and fill up again. Lastly, we get to watch a real scan of Chris' lungs and diaphragm in action!
Tenyearold Iman has hobbled, assisted by family, into emergency with a strange rash. Dr Morag Turnbull gives the lad a thorough examination, and after complaints of pain in various places, she diagnosis HSP HenochSchonlein purpura. But doctors start wondering whether Iman's condition could be something worse possibly meningitis. In part 2, we will continue the investigation of Iman's painful rash.
David Lama is a quiet superhero, scaling any rock face he sets his mind to. Today he talks about the sinkhole in Samoa being a magical place, with its waterfall and three natural arches. We watch him rise to this steep challenge and marvel at this humble, natureembracing soul.
Nineyearold Brodie has arrived at emergency with her mum. As is her happy habit, she's been biting away at her nails, and one of her fingers is infected with yellow pus. Dr Shammi Ramlakhan is bemused by his silly young patient and lets her know she'll need a needle to let the pus and germs out. Once up on the bed, Brodie looks away while a cold spray is applied to the area. The procedure is finished in the blink of an eye. Brodie's out of danger for now and waves 'bye', with a halfhearted plan
Chris and Xand play a trick on groups of students, involving concentration. They watch a video of kids in two teams one black, and one white passing a basketball around. They are to count the number of passes made by the white team. Most of them get it, but what they don't notice, because of their 'inattentive blindness', is Xand lurking about in a gorilla suit right among the players!
Eightyearold Joshua has fallen off the zip line at the playground and banged his head. This is what emergency services find when they arrived headed by the evercapable Jan Vann. First she checks for possible spinal injury and trauma, asking the lad if he can move and wiggle. Good news that checks out, and now they have to deal with the gash near Josh's eye. So into the ambulance and off to hospital for some stitches. Josh got off lucky because he remembered hitting his head, and that's crucial.
Scott takes advice from a sheep expert, who's about to shear the entire herd! To round them up, he calls on the skills of a working kelpie. Once in the barn, it's time to get proper hold of the sheep and shear that wool, using just the right touch.
Today it's all about those awesome and scary dinosaurs! Alex feels like a little boy again as he talks to head of exhibitions Cherie McNair, as well as visitor service officer Paul Tierney. Sherry gives us the lowdown on how they break down and ship these massive moving models to be sewn back together for the next exhibit. Paul takes us on a tour to meet some fantastic and unique dinosaurs we haven't heard of before including Australovenator discovered right here in Oz!
Kellyn, in need of some serious badminton training, is about to get it! Level 2 qualified coach and player David Ngiam gets her involved in some drills. We rapidly get the idea that this hectic sport requires a top fitness level, as well as terrific speed and skill. We're shown warm up exercises as well as the correct stance and racquet positioning for consistent forward thrust and power!
Scott is at the RSPCA talking to veterinarian Dr Andy Goring. Dr Andy checks over one large doggy sweetheart and demonstrates how thorough the physical is. Nose, eyes, ears, skin, heart rate ... all to make sure there are no mites, fleas or transferable diseases that could infect the other animals there, waiting for adoption. Next, RSPCA media officer Kate Holmes chats with Scott about the commitment needed to bring an animal into your life. How many years it might live, introducing it to other
Emma chats with Dogue de Bordeaux breeder Chris Girling. Originating as a war dog, guard dog, cattle herder and wild boar hunter it's no wonder they've got a massive head. This wrinkly breed might look intimidating, but actually they're great family dogs who love to be with their owners and need lots of petting! We learn they don't do well with heat, so really can use air conditioning. These gentle giants with their undershot jaws make panting, shedding and drooling practically endearing!
Duane interviews expert trials biker Janine Jungfels. Selfprofessed 'tomboy', she's achieved many, many wins and accolades for her biking, and is in fact tops in the world. Janine claims it's the blokes that push her! Next up is a chat with another expert trials biker, Jack Mullaly. He cheerily explains some of the finer points of this extreme sport to Duane and then attempts to show him the essential tricks. Moves like rolling over a log, and making your bike hop. Our lad has the desire, but af
Today, Emma meets Ben, a normal 16yearold but packing a powerful voice! Beginning to sing at four years old, Ben worked his way to being the youngest performer in Carmen at just 11. We get an insight into what it takes to train the voice and keep it healthy. We watch Ben practise with his pianist, warming up in the proper way. And as he himself says, 'lots of tea'! Further, we're inspired by the fact that this teenager loves to give back to the community, doing fundraisers for breast cancer res
Today, Duane is investigating how to be a diva because he is subbing for Kellyn, who has the flu. We learn the male of the genre is a 'divo'. From his conversations with opera students, we learn that posture, breath control, and resonance so your voice can carry over the orchestra are all vital components of the operatic voice. Duane is put through a series of breathing exercises involving certain noises which aid them. You and your students are going to be wildly entertained by the hilarious
Today we meet young Indigo and her eightyearold show pony, Buttons! She puts her beloved pet through his paces, and notes that you have to practise a lot to be able to teach your pony to follow a judge's command. Between practice sessions, keeping Buttons in tiptop shape is paramount, and we watch Indigo go through her grooming and brushing sequence with him. Feeding facts are shared, along with the secret to pony happiness a carrot treat now and then!
Today, Alex gets into a women's rugby game and has the stuffing knocked out of him! He interviews a few players, including a trio of women who have made the Southeast Queensland state team. Besides the training hard and playing hard to a person, we find there's a thirst to learn technique in the game, plus a pervading spirit of camaraderie.
There are a staggering number of elephants killed every year by poaches who want to take and sell the ivory from their tusks. Find out some of the extreme measures being taken as a stand against poaching and some of the ways governments have tried to curb this sort of hunting in past decades.
After a full year in space, scientists are studying Scott Kelly's body to find out how it's affected by so much time in zero gravity. With this research, they hope to be better informed for future longterm trips into space. Kelly looks like he had a lot of fun up there, he actually grew a bit taller and he worked hard to offset some of the impact being in zero gravity has on muscles.
Ardie may only be 13yearsold but he's already very impressive behind the wheel, driving a car that he and his grandfather built themselves using spare parts. Find out how he got started in racing and about his biggest competition yet, the Australian Junior Speedway Championship.
Double dissolution sounds pretty serious and kind of confusing and that's because it kind of is. It's basically a measure in place that replaces all the representatives in parliament when they're not able to get a bill passed. Find out more about how it's been used and why some think it's a custom that should no longer exist.
Having cancer as a kid can be an incredibly scary and difficult experience which is why Madeline decided to start a new project to help connect kids with a little bit of joy. By collecting toys and other items to bring to local hospitals, Madeline is helping kids find some joy even in the midst of a really hard time.
David is colour blind and sees the world just a little bit differently than most of us and he wants to tell us what that's like. Gain a better understanding of how your vision works and how we (and some pretty cool animals) see colours.
Imagine if the deadliest venoms in the world could be used to cure some of the most fatal diseases! Well, thanks to Dr Maria Ikonomopoulou from QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute that could soon become a reality!
Mosquitos aren't just annoying; in some parts of the world they can also spread an infectious disease called Malaria. And that's something that Dr Michelle Wykes and her team from QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute are trying to put a stop to!
Chris goes on call with top paramedic Jan Vann, rushing to see a 75yearold man who's fallen and injured his shoulder. On arrival, Jan heads to the couch to assess the seated Gerard. A few basic moves later, and Jan's happy that Gerard's shoulder is OK now it's time to do Gerard's observations, to find out what caused his fall. A sudden drop in blood pressure can make you faint if you've got postural hypotension, which is suspected in this case. When observations are complete, Jan gets to do a r
Tenyearold Anna visits the Ouch Mobile to tell Xand about her funny finger. It's her pinky and it sticks out at an awkward angle. When she was little, it got slammed in a door. Xand explains that when it was set up in a splint, it didn't work. Anna wonders whether she'll need an operation in the future, to which Xand replies it would depend on two things: how achy it gets, and if she were to get a job requiring the precise control and dexterity of her left hand.
Nineyearold Byron steps into the OuchMobile to ask Xand about his warts. Our good doctor responds that they're no major problem, and suggests two ways to get rid of them if desired. Also important is not to spread them is not to spread them to others. Slap on those plasters if you're going swimming at the public pool for instance!
Scott goes to the zoo to chat with keeper Lucy Catt, caring for the only breeding pandas in the southern hemisphere! Some hand feeding of carrots and panda cakes is followed by scentbased enrichment in the form of strawberry bubbles(!). When lunch time rolls around Skype helps they making kind of an 'Easter egg hunt' with the pandas' food. Making a trail and hiding bits of it through the stimulates the pandas' brain activity. We learn how special it is that this couple are housed at the zoo. The
Alex learns about the modified rugby program (MRP), which gives youngsters the chance to enjoy the fun and spirit of team sports. This is achieved by modifying the rules! Head referee and coach Chyna Howlett explains the program is designed for children with learning disabilities, to be inclusive for them and their families. Using mentors, oneonone, it's also a great way to get older kids involved and we see the East Tigers rugby club doing just that. So the younger kids play a tag version of t
Josh chats with chicken rescuer Green Dean. He's part of Kindness For Chickens, an organisation that rescues factory hens and adopts them out to good homes. He lets us know about the personalities of not only different breeds like the Plymouth Rock and the ISA Brown but also that each chicken has its own personality! Discussed also are housing, feeding and safety needs, plus the fact they're a nice family pet.
Kellyn visits the Big Apple, the apple capital of Australia. Touring the Sutton Family's facilities, she first helps press some apples into fresh juice, inspects the bottling process where the juice is pasteurised, and helps bake a yummy apple pie.
Emma takes a tour of the underground tunnels constructed under the Treasury Building in Adelaide, 150 years ago. Tour guide Grant Morgan describes boiler heating and coal storage back then, and we see an archaic printing press. Stories of miners storing away much gold down here excite the imagination!
Chris goes on call with paramedic Jan Vann. Good job they're in their rapid response vehicle, as they visit a young man going through anaphylactic shock. Alan is being brave and may not even realise this is a life threatening emergency. Jan injects adrenaline into Alan's arm to constrict the blood vessels throughout his body and reverse the swelling. Now away in the ambulance to watch in hospital for another swollentongue occurrence.
Leela chats with keeper Katharine Sullivan about kangaroo care specifically, one orphaned joey named Camel. He has his own pen in the farm's barn complete with a large, cosy, homemade pouch! While outside of it in his pen Camel feeds on hay and very nutritious kangaroo pellets. When the young roo is healthy and mature enough, he will be slowly integrated with the farm's other three roo rescues.
Duane takes us underground today. We get a good look at the layers of our planet Earth, and then descend to view some human activities. Everything from mining to engineering and even living down there! If there is desert above, the underground home is still cooler and comfy, we hear.
What is daily life as a human being It's all about our brain receiving data and deciphering it to help us function in our busy world. We meet psychologist, Dr Oliver Mason, who monitors Xand in an anechoic chamber. Xand is voluntarily going through sensory deprivation in this chamber. As he reports on the way he is feeling from the changes his brain is going through, we go through some of it too. This makes things highly disturbing, even just on our own computer screens. Because when the brain i