Nelson Mandela led the fight against apartheid in South Africa and ended up serving several years in prison because of it. Find out what apartheid was all about and how Mandela was able to claim victory and be recognised for his efforts in the end.
Talia is passionate about orangutans and wants to protect them but the massive palm oil industry is quickly taking over their home in the rainforest. Find out what she's doing to help ensure the orangutans continue to thrive despite losing so much of their home.
Tristan is one of the candidates for the upcoming Mars One project that plans to send four people on a oneway trip to Mars by 2024. How does he plan to stay busy stuck on Mars for the rest of his life and what sort of living conditions can he expect In this video, we learn about those things as well as the intent behind this mission.
Kids at a space camp learn from a retired astronaut what it's like to travel in space. A lot of these kids want to be involved with space travel in some way and they have great questions about his experience, from what he ate to what it was like to live without gravity.
January 26th is Australia Day, a beloved tradition and fun celebration that people look forward to every year. However, as we examine the history of that date, we see why some people feel that the national holiday should be moved to another day and consider some of the suggested alternatives.
Research says that standing is better than sitting when trying to learn. Schools have begun using desk that allow students to stand or sit. Research has begun to see if the desk positively affects the students.
Students employ the help of cats and dogs as pet therapy helps them to relax and prepare for upcoming exams. This video shows how pet therapy can help with everything from anxiety to heart health or even assisting someone with autism.
Nat talks to zookeeper Nicole Newell who is overseeing the transfer of a baby pygmy hippo, the first to be bred there in 31 years. From Melbourne to Adelaide, the ninehour trip will take place in a special crate, which the young one has already been getting familiar with right down to daily food rewards within. Scott welcomes the young pygmy hippo to his new home and learns about the hippo's diet.
Doctors Chris and Xand show us around a playground and warn of the danger of various accidents that can happen there. Xand trips over some playground equipment, breaking his leg. What follows is Chris attending his brother in the proper way, and then a trip to an elementary school, where both doctors reenact the spill to involve and educate the students.
Millie and Sharna pose a 'funny' question to Dr Chris. They wonder why the funny bone is named as such and why it tingles when you bang it. Dr Chris' answer is bangon as he notes that it's actually a nerve.
Why do some business qualify for a government bailout when they begin to lose money That's the question we examine here as we talk about the rationale behind government bailouts and some of the reasons others oppose them.
Some in government have suggested that people should be banned from wearing burkas in public. Burkas are one of many types of head coverings that women who practise Islam may choose to wear. Learn more about the religion and practices and hear from some young Muslim girls who disagree with the notion of a ban.
Sarah ended up homeless as a teenager after some bad situations at home and she says that most teenagers that end up homeless or living in poverty do so at no fault of their own. Having come through her difficulties, Sarah is now committed to doing charity work to assist homeless teens who now find themselves in a situation like the one she was once in.
Declan shares what it's like to live with Asperger's syndrome and how his brain operates differently than someone's without the condition. Because of how his brain functions, Declan has unique challenges that he has to face in his life but he's also chosen to embrace the positives.
Usually when you break a bone, your body can repair it in a couple of months. But when it comes to the spine, breaking a bone can rob someone of their ability to walk! That's why Dr Nick Opie and Gil Rind from the University of Melbourne are working on a device which could one day help paraplegics get back on their feet.
Nat speaks with stopmotion animator Pierce Davison, who shows how to make plasticine characters come to life. From the initial scripts and illustrations to 3D computer modelling, the results are turned over to a sculptor. Nat is amazed to find out it takes 25 frames (still photos) to create one second of animated film!
Scott gets glider pilot Brendan Swart to coach and help pilot him today. The coach jokes and reassures Scott at the moment he straps on his parachute. The name of the game is getting into a rising air current. You can always get off the ground with the aid of a winch, or powered Pawnee aircraft.
The purpose of the camouflage uniforms for soldiers is for protection. The uniform colours are based on the environment of the soldiers and there are special test to see how visible soldiers' camouflage really is.
Leela investigates some pretty crazy contraptions that use good oldfashioned pedal power. These 'bikes' can go 60 to 100kmh, depending on the driver. High school groups of up to 12 riders enter competitions to do as many laps round the track as possible relay style. Inside the cockpit we see the air vent for cooling the rider, speed tracker. Danielle Fattori, the team's manager, tells Leela about the beep test training sessions twice a week, at recess and lunch.
Kids leave technology, electricity and all of their devices behind for a week to cut down on the amount of energy that their classroom uses. They head outside for class and begin to see just how much they rely on electricity in daily life and think about how they may cut down on their use in the future.
Snot is gross, but it plays an important role in the body's immune system! Join junior scientist Phoebe, as she whips up a batch of fake snot that has the same consistency and viscosity as the real thing.
When it comes to professional running, the right shoe can make all the difference. Meet Christopher Bishop from the University of South Australia who is using 3D modelling to help design the sneakers of the future.
Imagine how cool it would be to design your own video game starring you! A group of kids got to do just that, designing their characters and storylines, taking pictures in front of a green screen and using stopmotion animation to bring their ideas to life.
Dr Xand explains how a spot forms on your skin. Visiting a special clinic at Oxford University's Department of Dermatology, he discusses the cause, treatment, and myths about acne with consultant Tess McPherson. A chat and checkup with 15yearold patient, Josh, demonstrates the successful healing and confidence boost taking place.
Most of the cars you see on the road today are powered by fossil fuels. But that's slowly changing. Meet Brendan Condon from The Cape, his electric car is one of the first to make its way out of the niche and into the mainstream, but it won't be the last.
Mangroves are the home to many different animals and sea creatures and play the crucial role of protecting coastlines against erosion during big storms. Unfortunately, due to the impact of climate change, mangroves are under threat and as we're taught all of the important roles mangroves play in nature, we also reflect on how important it is to preserve them for the future.
A lot of things require charging these days; from phones, to laptops and now cars. Join Andrew Wilson from the University of Queensland as he walks you through some of the fastest car chargers in Australia.
The University of Melbourne's Sigfredo Fuentes and Damir Torrico demonstrate technology that monitors how our faces react when tasting food, comparing taste testers' unconscious microreactions to new food products to what we tell market researchers.
Festival of Tibet organiser Tenzin Choegyal reveals some of the traditional art and music from the "Roof of the World", including sand mandala, and composer Michael Askill demonstrates the use of singing bowls.
Learn about the history of the Australian flag, from how it came to be to what the different symbols represent. Some people think the flag is due for a revamp; hear some of the arguments people are making for the updates they feel the flag needs.