In Manchester, Chris meets eye specialist Dr Jane Ashworth. She is about to perform corrective surgery to actually weaken some eye muscles of young Josh, because they are so strong that they force the lad's eyes to go crossed when he looks down. Just as we have skin all over our body, the eye also has skin that must be peeled back and sewn up again. So the instruments, needles and threads in the hands of Dr Jane need to be very, very fine to carry out this delicate work. Chris get assessed and w
Chris goes to Cardiff University's School of Biosciences to speak with snot expert Dr Kelly Berube, who has gobs of fake goo strings on hand for exhibition purposes! Chris is curious about what the real stuff's made of, and the answer is it's a natural polymer our body makes. It's cells trapped in the mucus membrane all around our body inside, waiting to be cast out. Dr Kelly likens it to fly paper, as it traps 'invaders' proteins, bacteria so we can rid our body of them. So when we inhale the
Chris goes for a terrifying rollercoaster ride at Alton Towers, to find out how his body copes with fear! Attached to him is a mini monitor allowing us to check out his escalating heart rate throughout this wild ride. It does go up, up, up as Chris is constantly scared out of his wits. We get an explanation about how adrenaline comes into play the hormone that is released to get you into fighting form to face your fear. Then when the ride ends, we see another spike in Chris' heart rate, reflect
Thirteenyearold Rhys got banged up badly at the local bike park. He was doing crowdpleasing stunts on the half pipe, so decided to try the big one! Descending the long slope at top speed, Rhys felt out of control, and jammed on his break. This caused him to fly headlong over the handlebars, landing on his face. Good job he was wearing his bike helmet! Taken to hospital, he is attended by Professor Kevin Mackway Jones, who details the immediate course of action for Rhys. Then Nurse Michael gently
Doctors Chris and Xand head into the lab today to inflict pain on each other! In between pinching his brother on the arm, Chris wonders aloud why we feel pain differently in different situations. Betwixt howls of 'Stop it!', Xand tells us that 'pain is in your brain'. Using a heat stimulation thermode, the brothers take turns showing how much pain they can endure, while the other brother dials up the heat rod (specially designed not to burn!). When it's Chris's turn, he visualises relaxing on a
Our body has 600 muscles, and the young man we meet today uses them all a lot more than the average punter! Tim 'Livewire' Shieff is a professional free runner, and one of the few in the world who can control a onehanded handstand! His showplace is the deserted urban landscape of South London. Before he goes on one of these acrobatic, SpiderManlike runs, he checks the route for grippy walls, loose bricks, railings, etc with an eye also to respecting the environment and keeping it intact. We lea
In 2011, Japan was hit by a massive earthquake that prompted a tsunami and eventually even a meltdown at a nuclear power plant. Many lives were affected by these disastrous events and this report from 2016 shows how kids and their families have been able to rebuild since then, but the impact of that earthquake still remains.
Tim has to use a wheelchair to get around a lot of time because of a condition he was born with but he didn't want that to hold him back from getting to compete in extreme sports. Join Tim as he tells us more about wheelchair motocross and explains what he's doing to help bring the sport to Australia.
Queen Elizabeth II recently set a record as the longest serving queen and quite a lot has happened through many years of service. Find out how her power and position has changed through the years and the ongoing debate about whether or not she should still be Australia's queen.
When most people think of Scrabble, they think of a fun, simple board game that they play with friends. But did you know that there are actually international competitions where students from around the world play against each other Meet some of these competitors who take the game very seriously and put a lot of thought into strategy so they can be the best players around.
The Melbourne Cup is an annual tradition that captures the attention of the entire country and many other viewers around the world. Find out all about how it got started and some of the things that make it unique.
What do you want to be when you grow up That question might be harder than it sounds because the truth is, we don't know what the job market will look like by then. Find out more about the ways technology and robotics are influencing the jobs of the future and hear from kids who share what their dream future job would be.
Did you know that many of the first settlers in Australia were criminals In the 1700s, London had very strict laws so when parents and children from poor families had to steal just to survive, they had harsh punishments waiting for them if caught. Eventually, jails got overcrowded and many of them were sent to New South Wales as part of the First Fleet and the first generation of settlers that helped shape the country into what it is today.
Lucinda wrote an essay about a World War I soldier named Leslie Varley Duxbury and that essay won her a trip to France to visit some of the historical sites of World War I. She takes us along for the trip as she visits monuments, graveyards, historical battle sites as well as the grave of the soldier she's come to know so much about.
Students learn about Olive, a nurse during World War I, by examining old letters and other material to get a better picture of what life was like back then. Whether serving as a nurse like Olive or taking over jobs men vacated back home, women played a crucial role in World War I and many of them put their lives on the line.
When people talk about climate change, it can be a bit confusing as far as what that means and what causes it. The main culprit is greenhouse gases, which occur naturally but due to human involvement, a lot more have been released. What are the consequences and how can we reverse them
Kellyn interviews Aviation State High School teacher Jack Clarke. Starting out as a regular state high school, they added speciality courses to the curriculum making it the place to train for budding pilots, engineers, and even flight attendants.
Fiveyearold Erin and her hurting pinky finger wait in Emergency. Nurse practitioner Julia Maxted is on hand to examine it. After Xrays, we can plainly see the little digit sticking out and needing realignment. No need for an operating table this will be done right in the chair. See part 2 to find out what effect laughing gas has on alreadychipper Erin!
Fourteenyearold Chloe has come into accident and emergency with an irritated eye. Professor Simon Carley is on hand to take a look. Prof Simon puts a special drop into her eye, turns out the lights, and checks it out using ultraviolet light to search for any scratches. sure enough he finds one and thankfully things aren't serious. The good prof offers encouraging words and some eye cream which will shortly heal Chloe's cornea!
First we learn how many times per day the average a person swallows, and why it's still crucial. Next we have a scene where Xand is choking on his snack and Chris will of course come immediately to his aid but how We are presented with a multiple choice medical quiz for your students to guess what to do! Finally we continue the scenario where Xand is choking. In front of a group of students, Xand bends over, and Chris strikes him with the heel of his hand five times between the shoulder blades.
Xand is spending some quality time at home with his dad and Chris. He goes to the fridge to enjoy some strawberry milk, only to find the bottle empty! Accusing his brother and dad, he then take saliva samples from himself included and trots them down to the DNA testing lab. DNA specialist Emma, tests all three, then reviews the data on each. Without being a spoiler, it should be told here that because Xand and Chris are identical twins, the DNA proof gets complicated ... There's a fun surprise
Fourteenyearold Luke talks to Chris about the heart problems he's had from birth. One of these was a hole in his heart, and through an animation, we see how the lack of oxygen flow is a tiring and draining thing indeed. Studying heart conditions in children. Dr Guido Pieles runs the research at Bristol University. Luke helps out by participating in these studies to find out how much exercise is safe for children with heart conditions. We get to look at a heart scanner which shows realtime heart
Sleddog tour guide Brett Haddon instructs Natalie on the proper way of dog sledding! Visitors trying this winter thrill learn quickly how to be a musher. The huskies have enjoyed this work for thousands of years and are built for running up and down those snowcovered mountains!
Fifteenyearold Ollie has had an accident in the school library. He was stapling his history papers together, when the stapler broke. Apparently distracted while trying to fix it, the lad stapled his own finger! Now in Emergency, he is seen to by Dr Bimal Mehta. After making sure Ollie can feel sensation in the finger, he orders up an Xray. Now radiologist Jan takes a clear picture, and when we see it on the screen, that staple is clearly, impressively in there! Will Ollie need an operation to re
In this Mindbender, Chris and Xand basically gaslight the group of students before them. Directing them to count the bones in a photo of a skeleton, they meanwhile play musical chairs even swapping with standins for themselves. All the while the students are studying the picture of the skeleton, nothing else in the room even before their eyes registers with them. This Mindbender is great fun and will leave jaws dropped when you present this to your class!
Siblings 11yearold Harry and eightyearold Maya visit Xand in the Ouch Mobile. Each has a squint in one of their eyes and wants to know about it. Our doctor explains it's all about muscle control around the eye area. The brain automatically focuses on the stronger eye, and chooses to use those stronger muscles. The weaker eye, bereft of full control, can't quite stay on track and wanders off!
Parks are so much fun, but you still have to be aware of possible danger while playing there. Today Xand and Chris demonstrate how you could receive a bump on the head. More specifically, Xand wings a frisbee at his brother's forehead! Of course it's an accident, which requires first aid. A multiple choice question is provided for your class to guess. Hint: Xand just happens to have a bag of frozen peas with him, and this is what he applies to his brothers bump.
In the OuchMobile, nineyearold Kayla shows the interesting white line on her stomach. It's indeed special, as Xand explains it's from when Kayla was still inside her mum, and it's a line that cells marched along as she was growing. Also as Kayla has darkcoloured skin, there weren't as many melanocytes filling in this line so it stayed uniquely white.
The unluckiest kid spills hot cocoa on himself and gets a nasty burn! We find out, through this clever animation, how skin repairs itself. White blood cells, plasma, the blistering process ... these all come to your aid as soon as a nasty mishap like this occurs. We are roundly advised to leave the natural healing process alone!
Alex interviews Timothy Lachlan, WCMX ambassador, and his young training partner Josh. We learn it's all about getting that adrenaline rush riding your wheelchair in the skate park like you would on a bike, skateboard or scooter. In this extreme sport, as practised by Tim and other crazy riders, it's backflips optional and often accomplished!
Jono meets Bailey, a happy 10yearold golden retriever. Doctors Straw and Gumpel are the superheroes who healed Bailey of a cancerous tumour. Talking with Dr Straw, small animal surgery oncology specialist, we hear that dog cancers are in many cases the same as in humans, and vice versa. He has pioneered treatments that do awesome double duty!
We're on a snowcovered mountain in New Zealand. Down the white hill we go sliding and tumbling with dog in tow! Also, rolling and flipping anything to reach the bottom fastest and first. The starter sends all participants off in the ensuing freeforall race to the bottom!
Most kids probably don't put a lot of thought into what their rights are as a child, but it's important to understand them. Josh is UNICEF youth ambassador and he explains those rights to us as well as the efforts of UNICEF to make sure children around the globe have those rights.
Dusting for fingerprints is an essential part to any crime scene investigation. But those fingerprints can sometimes be hard to find. Not to fear; Dr Kang Liang and Dr JJ Richardson have developed a new technique that makes fingerprints glow!
Elevenyearold Oscar lands at emergency with his mum because he has a 'weird feeling' nose. This, after colliding with another player's elbow in school football training. Ear, nose and throat specialist, Baskaran Ranganathan, takes a look at the lad and can tell his nasal bone is broken. In an animated sequence, we see the inner structure of the nose and what could go wrong if banged! So, it's an operation to straighten the bones out again and make sure Oscar has no lingering breathing problems.
Elevenyearold Lucas visits the Ouch Mobile today to ask about his flat feet. It a barefoot comparison, Xand demonstrates that there is space under his arch when is foot is flat on the floor, whereas nearly the entire sole of Lucas' foot is in contact with the same floor. The condition is not usually a problem, just reflective of weakened muscles in the area. Xand notes that if your feet are causing you pain, your doctor can fit your shoes with insoles.
Kellyn gets information from PhD student Essie Rodgers all about crocodiles and climate change. The study involves young crocs and heated water tanks varying in temperature to see how that affects their diving and foraging. Behavioural changes in an apex predator reflect on those of every Critter in the ecosystem!
Alex talks to a mosquito expert who defends and dignifies these bloodsuckers! He shows us a homemade trap we can catch them in and Dr Joanne MacDonald tests the dead ones with her students to make sure they're negative for disease.
In emergency, nineyearold Tamsin is waiting for doctors to look at her swollen ankle. Helping her is Dr Helen Stewart, and after finding the girl's leg is very painful, sends her along for Xrays. No break is seen, but to ease Tasmin's pain, Dr Helen says they'll put a pot on her leg meaning a plaster cast. Part of that is applying a backslab, which supports the back of the leg and allows for swelling. See part 2 to learn how this type of injury is resolved!
At the Sea Life Sydney Aquarium, Duane has helped thread lettuce into trays, and sinks them to the bottom so the dugongs can eat naturally. These captive dugongs are being studied to help their wild brethren, who face extinction.
Nineyearold Niella visits Chris in the Ouch Mobile, concerned about the spot on her eyeball. We learn it's called 'scleral melanocytosis' basically a freckle an extra bit of wayward skin pigment that got in there. Niella will have it for life, and as Chris says to her it's faint, unique, and definitely cool!
If you love the snow and winter sports, wouldn't it be great to be able to ski and snowboard all morning before you hit the classroom for some afternoon education! That's ski school in a nutshell, allowing athletes to train every morning on the slopes and attend to their maths, English studies and onsnow tracking task for the other half a day. Natalie's in the Victorian High Country talking to teacher Sam Magree about the curriculum geared towards the alpine environment, and called Altitude.
Natalie takes us on tour of Australia's oldest and biggest underground cave network the Jenolan Caves which are still under exploration. Two most enriching experiences are the explanation of how caves are formed, plus the fossil sightings, showing what kind of sea creatures once inhabited the space.
Today, trainer Francisca McDonald teaches Kellyn about dog agility. Francisca participates in this event as shown by her very fit body. She also loves to train others, and we meet a young girl and her dog who are totally enthusiastic about the bonding and exercise they get out of it. Border collies are featured, and they move like lightning. At the end, Kellyn gives the course of tunnels and hurdles a go. The energy whipped up with her canine companion leaves us laughing and in awe!
Fiveyearold Peter sits in emergency with his dad. He's got a painful and swollen ear which started when he was eating lunch at school. Dr Ashvin Luximon wants to rule out mastoiditis as a serious possibility. In an animated sequence, we learn about the mastoid bone. Next, Peter has a blood test done, and a couple of hours later, things aren't conclusive. So the little lad stays over the weekend with an IV giving him antibiotics. Terrific news after two days the antibiotics have taken hold! Pete
Alex joins Erin Riding at the McIntyre Centre for the Disabled. Equinebased therapy helps disabled people learn skills for life. Independence and selfesteem are gained while caring for horses tacking up, leading, and safety training lend a sense of ownership.
Chris goes to town to play an optical illusion on the passersby. It's more enticing than usual because he has two groupings of freshly baked cupcakes. The cupcakes at the centre of each arrangement are, unbeknownst to the public at large, the same size. But the left grouping on the tray is surrounded by small cupcakes, whereas the right grouping is surrounded by large ones. Everyone who guesses, thinks they should pay more for the cupcake surrounded by the other large ones! Xand later reveals th
We meet the amazing Tommy Mattinson, 13time world gurning champion. Over the years, he's pushed the 40 facial muscles we all have, into fartherreaching contortions than any of us could! By stretching and contracting them, we can make over 4000 expressions. Passersby fall about the street when Tommy pulls his faces, and his greatest move is when he turns himself into a werewolf! Even Elizabeth II has been taken aback by this display.
Kellyn tells us about the function of the police service dog squad. These canines are trained to detect firearms and explosives, as well as currency, illegal substances and even people. Their suitability for this job lies in the fact that dogs are keen hunters and powerful sniffers.
Leela queries keeper Rebecca Bain as to whether the platypus is more adorable or dangerous! Rebecca reveals, through a routine visual health inspection, that the male of the species has a venomous spur on both hind legs. We find out their bills have a secret power too electroreceptors. Conclusion: cute and dangerous!
Stacey gives us all another think about what art is, and how to create it! She talks with Christine Holden, an environmental artist who uses only recycled materials in her work and especially targets marine debris. Items such as fishing nets, fishing line, lures, sinkers, pieces of thong, tennis balls ... as long as it's safe and nontoxic. We feel part of a classroom experience in which Christine has the young students construct a big sea turtle all to promote environmental awareness and fun!
Today Scott is running about having a ball, playing Robin Hood with his band of merry men while enjoying the game of archery tag! Scouts SA leader Derek Boath watches from the sidelines and tells Scott about the fun and builtin safety measures of the sport. It's a team thing, open to both boys and girls, and while you're trying to take the opposite team out the emphasis is on having lots of fun!
Duane leads us on a search for the mythical Queensland tiger! He interviews cryptozoologist Steve Rushton, who not only believes this savage predator is out there he's hot on the trail. There's a family who can look off their back deck and see strange animal movements from creatures not seen before, prowling the back of their property. According to Steve, people don't want to know the Queensland tiger exists and is living unseen not far away!
Scott is here to talk to keeper Kerry Bebbington about a member of the Totally Wild family Bo, the capuchin monkey. Following up, and finding the cute fella fightingfit these days, we find out he's also got himself a girlfriend! We learn about bonding two animals completely strange to each other. Through a very slow introduction process, Coco is now sharing food and a sleeping box with Bo. Can a little one be far behind
The University of Queensland's Joel Gilmore explains the chemistry of how jelly is made, and introduces two quick ways to produce the wobbly treat: agar agar jelly, and spherification with calcium chloride and sodium alginate.