Alex talks to young speed walkers, serious about this ultrahealthy and physical sport. There's a different technique to this movement, strongly involving the hips. because you have to keep your legs straight. So this fantastic form of exercise may look ungainly, but wait till you see Alex compete against little girls in the hurdling event instructive but hilarious!
Duane thinks he's only taking the tour but he's actually getting his hands dirty today, as he gets set to help remove a clog in the sewerage plant! The head of operations, Chris, explains what sewage is made of (it's not only poo) and why people should stop flushing objects like baby wipes down the toilet. A fascinating look that's certainly clears up a lot!
Scott is shown the ropes by female contemporary dancers. Acclaimed choreographer and dancer Phoebe Fisher puts him through a 'medium' routine, which he then performs with the entire group. Later, backstage on opening night, Scott interviews dance members and we get a feel for the emotions and pride involved!
While submarines seem a little cramped and operate under the ocean (not the most appealing getaway spot), they can actually be really helpful for the country's Navy. Find out about the plan to add more submarines to the fleet and why some feel they are such an important asset.
Today we meet brothers Ben, Zack and Jake, who all suffer from haemophilia. They are in for their threemonth checkup with Dr Grainger. Upon inspecting their legs, he finds 'healthy active boy bruises', because their medicine is working well. Without medicine to stop the bleeding inside, you'd see tennis ballsized bruises containing small, hard lumps. Next we meet Mohammed, who has been taught by the clinic to do his own injections, as they start teaching this practice to 10 and 11 yearold patien
Emily, who is seven years old, waits in emergency with a painful big toe. She blames her little brother for knocking a heavyframed photo onto her foot while they were playing in her bedroom. Dr Reddy Ilavala scrutinises her big toe and drastic looking toenail. Mum helps to give her daughter a painkiller to inhale, as Dr Reddy has decided to drill a tiny hole in the nail to drain the blood, and relieve the pressure. Called trephining, this technique is definitely the one to start the toe healing
When we've cut our skin, our body has a way of repairing itself, involving new skin cells and amazing support to promote their growth! Through this cartoon featuring 'The Unluckiest Kid', we learn all the healing steps the skin takes. From clotting to bacteria and infection fighting, the whole process is fascinating. And wouldn't it be a shame to undo it all by picking that scab rather then letting it heal by itself!
The playground can be a dangerous place with various accidents that could happen to you. Today, unlucky Chris gets a splinter in his hand, simply sitting on a park bench! Fortunately, Xand has his firstaid kit ready and takes care of his brother's minor injury right there. To back up what we watch Xand doing, we get a multiple choice question to see if kids can guess the correct answer in treating this nasty but common occurrence.
Doctors and Xand, through the use of a clever animation, describe the process of how your bones repair themselves when you've sustained a break or fracture. Of course on your arm for example, you'd wear a plaster cast. But the rest of the repair comes from inside yourself!
Horticulturist Matt Coulter informs Emma of some of the finer points of a very foul flower! Called 'The Corpse flower', because of it reeks of rotting flesh, it's inner purple colour reflects it's name as well. It's the colour of nature's rot, so entices insects to lay eggs in it and at the same time pollinate this putrid plant. A rare experience for tourists who line up to get a snap and a sniff, this awesome beauty is found mainly in an Indonesian rainforest.
This is a cautionary tale about leaving your skin alone! Sixyearold Rio checks into the hospital with an infected finger, and comes under the care of Professor Simon Carley. The young lad had gotten into the habit of peeling at the skin around his fingernail. The good professor quickly realises, upon examining Rio's yellow fingertip, that he will have to let the pus out and disinfect the digit. So, some laughing gas (nitrous oxide) is administered, the procedure painlessly performed and Rio is
In Manchester, Chris meets eye specialist Dr Jane Ashworth. She is about to perform corrective surgery to actually weaken some eye muscles of young Josh, because they are so strong that they force the lad's eyes to go crossed when he looks down. Just as we have skin all over our body, the eye also has skin that must be peeled back and sewn up again. So the instruments, needles and threads in the hands of Dr Jane need to be very, very fine to carry out this delicate work. Chris get assessed and w
Chris goes to Cardiff University's School of Biosciences to speak with snot expert Dr Kelly Berube, who has gobs of fake goo strings on hand for exhibition purposes! Chris is curious about what the real stuff's made of, and the answer is it's a natural polymer our body makes. It's cells trapped in the mucus membrane all around our body inside, waiting to be cast out. Dr Kelly likens it to fly paper, as it traps 'invaders' proteins, bacteria so we can rid our body of them. So when we inhale the
Chris goes for a terrifying rollercoaster ride at Alton Towers, to find out how his body copes with fear! Attached to him is a mini monitor allowing us to check out his escalating heart rate throughout this wild ride. It does go up, up, up as Chris is constantly scared out of his wits. We get an explanation about how adrenaline comes into play the hormone that is released to get you into fighting form to face your fear. Then when the ride ends, we see another spike in Chris' heart rate, reflect
Thirteenyearold Rhys got banged up badly at the local bike park. He was doing crowdpleasing stunts on the half pipe, so decided to try the big one! Descending the long slope at top speed, Rhys felt out of control, and jammed on his break. This caused him to fly headlong over the handlebars, landing on his face. Good job he was wearing his bike helmet! Taken to hospital, he is attended by Professor Kevin Mackway Jones, who details the immediate course of action for Rhys. Then Nurse Michael gently
Doctors Chris and Xand head into the lab today to inflict pain on each other! In between pinching his brother on the arm, Chris wonders aloud why we feel pain differently in different situations. Betwixt howls of 'Stop it!', Xand tells us that 'pain is in your brain'. Using a heat stimulation thermode, the brothers take turns showing how much pain they can endure, while the other brother dials up the heat rod (specially designed not to burn!). When it's Chris's turn, he visualises relaxing on a
Our body has 600 muscles, and the young man we meet today uses them all a lot more than the average punter! Tim 'Livewire' Shieff is a professional free runner, and one of the few in the world who can control a onehanded handstand! His showplace is the deserted urban landscape of South London. Before he goes on one of these acrobatic, SpiderManlike runs, he checks the route for grippy walls, loose bricks, railings, etc with an eye also to respecting the environment and keeping it intact. We lea
In 2011, Japan was hit by a massive earthquake that prompted a tsunami and eventually even a meltdown at a nuclear power plant. Many lives were affected by these disastrous events and this report from 2016 shows how kids and their families have been able to rebuild since then, but the impact of that earthquake still remains.
Tim has to use a wheelchair to get around a lot of time because of a condition he was born with but he didn't want that to hold him back from getting to compete in extreme sports. Join Tim as he tells us more about wheelchair motocross and explains what he's doing to help bring the sport to Australia.
Queen Elizabeth II recently set a record as the longest serving queen and quite a lot has happened through many years of service. Find out how her power and position has changed through the years and the ongoing debate about whether or not she should still be Australia's queen.
When most people think of Scrabble, they think of a fun, simple board game that they play with friends. But did you know that there are actually international competitions where students from around the world play against each other Meet some of these competitors who take the game very seriously and put a lot of thought into strategy so they can be the best players around.
The Melbourne Cup is an annual tradition that captures the attention of the entire country and many other viewers around the world. Find out all about how it got started and some of the things that make it unique.
What do you want to be when you grow up That question might be harder than it sounds because the truth is, we don't know what the job market will look like by then. Find out more about the ways technology and robotics are influencing the jobs of the future and hear from kids who share what their dream future job would be.
Did you know that many of the first settlers in Australia were criminals In the 1700s, London had very strict laws so when parents and children from poor families had to steal just to survive, they had harsh punishments waiting for them if caught. Eventually, jails got overcrowded and many of them were sent to New South Wales as part of the First Fleet and the first generation of settlers that helped shape the country into what it is today.
Lucinda wrote an essay about a World War I soldier named Leslie Varley Duxbury and that essay won her a trip to France to visit some of the historical sites of World War I. She takes us along for the trip as she visits monuments, graveyards, historical battle sites as well as the grave of the soldier she's come to know so much about.
Students learn about Olive, a nurse during World War I, by examining old letters and other material to get a better picture of what life was like back then. Whether serving as a nurse like Olive or taking over jobs men vacated back home, women played a crucial role in World War I and many of them put their lives on the line.
When people talk about climate change, it can be a bit confusing as far as what that means and what causes it. The main culprit is greenhouse gases, which occur naturally but due to human involvement, a lot more have been released. What are the consequences and how can we reverse them
Kellyn interviews Aviation State High School teacher Jack Clarke. Starting out as a regular state high school, they added speciality courses to the curriculum making it the place to train for budding pilots, engineers, and even flight attendants.
Fiveyearold Erin and her hurting pinky finger wait in Emergency. Nurse practitioner Julia Maxted is on hand to examine it. After Xrays, we can plainly see the little digit sticking out and needing realignment. No need for an operating table this will be done right in the chair. See part 2 to find out what effect laughing gas has on alreadychipper Erin!
Fourteenyearold Chloe has come into accident and emergency with an irritated eye. Professor Simon Carley is on hand to take a look. Prof Simon puts a special drop into her eye, turns out the lights, and checks it out using ultraviolet light to search for any scratches. sure enough he finds one and thankfully things aren't serious. The good prof offers encouraging words and some eye cream which will shortly heal Chloe's cornea!
First we learn how many times per day the average a person swallows, and why it's still crucial. Next we have a scene where Xand is choking on his snack and Chris will of course come immediately to his aid but how We are presented with a multiple choice medical quiz for your students to guess what to do! Finally we continue the scenario where Xand is choking. In front of a group of students, Xand bends over, and Chris strikes him with the heel of his hand five times between the shoulder blades.
Xand is spending some quality time at home with his dad and Chris. He goes to the fridge to enjoy some strawberry milk, only to find the bottle empty! Accusing his brother and dad, he then take saliva samples from himself included and trots them down to the DNA testing lab. DNA specialist Emma, tests all three, then reviews the data on each. Without being a spoiler, it should be told here that because Xand and Chris are identical twins, the DNA proof gets complicated ... There's a fun surprise
Fourteenyearold Luke talks to Chris about the heart problems he's had from birth. One of these was a hole in his heart, and through an animation, we see how the lack of oxygen flow is a tiring and draining thing indeed. Studying heart conditions in children. Dr Guido Pieles runs the research at Bristol University. Luke helps out by participating in these studies to find out how much exercise is safe for children with heart conditions. We get to look at a heart scanner which shows realtime heart
Sleddog tour guide Brett Haddon instructs Natalie on the proper way of dog sledding! Visitors trying this winter thrill learn quickly how to be a musher. The huskies have enjoyed this work for thousands of years and are built for running up and down those snowcovered mountains!
Fifteenyearold Ollie has had an accident in the school library. He was stapling his history papers together, when the stapler broke. Apparently distracted while trying to fix it, the lad stapled his own finger! Now in Emergency, he is seen to by Dr Bimal Mehta. After making sure Ollie can feel sensation in the finger, he orders up an Xray. Now radiologist Jan takes a clear picture, and when we see it on the screen, that staple is clearly, impressively in there! Will Ollie need an operation to re
In this Mindbender, Chris and Xand basically gaslight the group of students before them. Directing them to count the bones in a photo of a skeleton, they meanwhile play musical chairs even swapping with standins for themselves. All the while the students are studying the picture of the skeleton, nothing else in the room even before their eyes registers with them. This Mindbender is great fun and will leave jaws dropped when you present this to your class!
Siblings 11yearold Harry and eightyearold Maya visit Xand in the Ouch Mobile. Each has a squint in one of their eyes and wants to know about it. Our doctor explains it's all about muscle control around the eye area. The brain automatically focuses on the stronger eye, and chooses to use those stronger muscles. The weaker eye, bereft of full control, can't quite stay on track and wanders off!
Parks are so much fun, but you still have to be aware of possible danger while playing there. Today Xand and Chris demonstrate how you could receive a bump on the head. More specifically, Xand wings a frisbee at his brother's forehead! Of course it's an accident, which requires first aid. A multiple choice question is provided for your class to guess. Hint: Xand just happens to have a bag of frozen peas with him, and this is what he applies to his brothers bump.
In the OuchMobile, nineyearold Kayla shows the interesting white line on her stomach. It's indeed special, as Xand explains it's from when Kayla was still inside her mum, and it's a line that cells marched along as she was growing. Also as Kayla has darkcoloured skin, there weren't as many melanocytes filling in this line so it stayed uniquely white.
The unluckiest kid spills hot cocoa on himself and gets a nasty burn! We find out, through this clever animation, how skin repairs itself. White blood cells, plasma, the blistering process ... these all come to your aid as soon as a nasty mishap like this occurs. We are roundly advised to leave the natural healing process alone!