It was the ultimate display of mankind's destructive power - an earth-shattering explosion 2500 times more powerful than the bomb that annihilated Hiroshima. Using a combination of first-hand testimony and rare footage of the 1954 US Bikini Atoll explosion, the program reveals how Cold War rivalry inspired an unprecedented acceleration in ammunitions technology, as US and Soviet bomb makers competed with each other to build the ultimate weapon.
This episode investigates Hitler's rise from election defeat in 1928 to Germany's Messiah in 1933. Experts analyse his speeches, dissect his PR gift and interrogate the mind of a man who ruthlessly executes his closest comrade. They explore how Hitler survives the scandalous death of his niece, shot with his own pistol, zero in on Hitler's first meeting with Eva Braun, and attempt to square the private Hitler who is paranoid about his own security with the celluloid god of the ultimate propaganda movie, Triumph of the Will. History's greatest performer has conquered Germany. Now he's ready to take on the world.
In an age before information moved instantaneously, Walter Cronkite knew he had to get the call right when he made the announcement, "President Kennedy died at 1pm, central standard time." This documentary presents the chaos in Cronkite's newsroom leading up to this moment.
This is the story of the Great War as never before told, through the personal photographs of the men and women from both sides, on the front line and on the home front combined with the best testimony from a unique collection of the producer's, of over a hundred Great War interviews done between 1995 and 2010.
This program examines events leading up to the fatal trip on board the ferry Scandinavian Star, for the night crossing from Norway to Denmark, during Easter 1990. Very few will reach their destinations as one in three of them will be dead within six hours. Investigators trawl the burnt out ferry to discover how 158 people lost their lives. Piecing together the events of that fatal trip.
After conducting their early experiments in Cambridge, the group travels to Mackenzie in British Columbia where the huge dam is under construction. Canada is the perfect place for this challenge - acres of uninhabited forests and an enormous lake for test drops.
The incredible true story of an Australian World War I submarine, lost in the Dardanelles for nearly 100 years, is told with dramatic re-enactment accompanied by modern day footage of a daring rescue expedition to save it from the murky depths.
Join Tony as he discovers a world of daring flying missions, survival in the face of hardship and loneliness, and a love story struggling to survive the tyrany of time; as he follows in his Grandfather, Flight Lieutenant Bill Healey's footsteps.
Major Albert Moore was a Salvation Army officer who tirelessly brought coffee and comfort to men on the frontline, tended to the wounded and, in desperate times, did everything he could to make life more bearable for the diggers. It was a role he fulfilled from the searing deserts of the Middle East to the unrelenting jungles of Kokoda.
After D-Day in Europe, and with Australia safe at last from Japanese invasion, the worst of World War II appears to be over by late 1944. But the conflict in the Pacific is about to hot up and it will be a long, costly road to Tokyo for the Allies.
This remarkable documentary of the assassination of President John F Kennedy brings to light original news footage that has been hidden away for over 45 years. The world was rocked by the shooting of the iconic US president as his cavalcade drove through Dallas on November 22, 1963, and the incident has been covered extensively in the decades since. However, The Lost JFK Tapes offers a fresh approach to this historical event, thanks to nearly 100 hours of amazing material that has previously been languishing in a vault.
One of the most complex instruments ever built, the Hubble Space Telescope is expected to transform our understanding of the Universe. But once it is in orbit, NASA discovers a serious problem, a defective main mirror that leaves Hubble short-sighted.
Winter 1944-1945: In Europe, the allies are totally unprepared for Hitler's massive counterattack in the Ardennes Forest of Belgium and Luxemburg. It is the biggest battle of the War on the Western Front, fought during the coldest winter in memory. But by the time the Battle of the Bulge is over, Hitler's enormous gamble has ended in disaster - and the Russians are getting closer to Berlin every day. Meanwhile, in the Santo Tomas Camp in the Philippines, thousands of internees are now starving, desperately trying to hold on to life long enough to be liberated. This series, directed and produced by Ken Burns and Lynn Novick, tells the story of the Second World War through the personal accounts of a handful of men and women from four quintessentially American towns. The series explores the most intimate human dimensions of the greatest cataclysm in history, a worldwide catastrophe that touched the lives of every family on every street in every town in America and demonstrates that, in extraordinary times, there are no ordinary lives. Throughout the series, the indelible experience of combat is brought vividly to life as veterans describe what it was like to fight and kill and see men die at places like Monte Cassino and Anzio and Omaha Beach; the Hurtgen Forest and the Vosges Mountains and the Ardennes; and on the other side of the world at Guadalcanal and Tarawa and Saipan; Peleliu and the Philippine Sea and Okinawa. In all of the battle scenes, dramatic historical footage and photographs are combined with extraordinarily realistic sound effects to give the film a terrifying, visceral immediacy. The film honours the bravery, endurance, and sacrifice of the generation of Americans who lived through what will always be known simply as The War.
From 1933 to 1934, America was thrilled and terrorised by John Dillinger, a desperado bank robber that no jail could hold. His reputation grew until he was named the country's first Public Enemy No. 1.
This episode focuses on the railways on the front line - moving troops to the front, rescuing them when they retreated, evacuating civilians, suffering nightly bombardment during the Blitz and playing a vital role in the build-up to D-Day. Dan explores the work and heroism of the railway men and women and the vital technology and engineering that kept the railways running during this turbulent historical period.
It was an oasis in the heart of hell. In the mid-1930s, as the wheels of Hitler's Final Solution began rolling towards mass genocide, a Jewish school blossomed in the heart of Nazi Berlin. Functioning in plain sight of Nazi officials, the Goldschmidt Schule became a refuge and a place of safety for hundreds of Jewish children.
The Holy Grail, the most prized relic of Christianity has been shrouded in mystery for centuries. It is said to be the cup used by Christ at the last supper and it is believed by many to hold miraculous powers. For centuries Kings, knights and treasure hunters have pursued it but it has always remained elusive and out of reach from human hands.
How did a rehearsal for D-Day on a sleepy stretch of British coast turn into a bloodbath resulting in the death of hundreds of Allied soldiers? Exercise Tiger was the Allies' worst training disaster of the 20th century - a combination of allied incompetence and enemy infiltration that was hushed up until 1984.
Between 1958 and 1962, China lived through tragedy on an epic scale. The 'Great Leap Forward' - conceived by Mao Tse-Tung to achieve autonomy from the USSR - led to a catastrophic famine resulting in the death of between 36 and 55 million people. While the Communist Party justified the terrible outcome as 'three years of natural disasters', the tragedy was masked by an official lie, because while China was starving to death, the grain stores were full.
After 20 years of reunification, is Germany still divided? After reunification, life went on in the West virtually unchanged. But for those in the East, life as they knew it ceased to exist. People read their Stasi files and learned that best friends and spouses had betrayed them. Friendships were destroyed. Many lost their jobs and with their jobs, their identity. Despite all of the negatives associated with the cruel regime of the former East Germany, many are experiencing a strange nostalgia for the old times.
The 1996-2007 Howard government made the most determined attempt to change Australian society since the brief and revolutionary Whitlam era of the early 1970s. Was it successful? For three consecutive weeks SBS presents a provocative consideration of how this country changed as a result of one man's determination to make his particular mark.
Telling stories from the frontline and the homefront of World War I, this moving film collects together 12 stories: from the surprising revelation of the first civilian killed in the war, to the extraordinary transformation of Britain into a military industrial complex and the devastating effect on the women enlisted to work in its factories; and the poignant and moving story of the bundle of letters from a frontline soldier to a little girl back home. Presented by Dan Snow.
The story of the final four years in the lives of Tsar Nicholas II's four daughters - Olga, Tatiana, Maria and Anastasia - concluding with their brutal murders in the bloody climax to the Russian revolution.
During World War II, a hand-picked group of American GIs undertook a bizarre mission: create a travelling road show of deception on the battlefields of Europe, with the Nazi German Army as their audience.
Having bathed in adulation and success for a decade, this episode discovers how Hitler reacts when the tide of war turns against him. As he struggles to stay in control, expert analysis reveals the darkest arts of his personality. Driven by his belief in a worldwide Jewish conspiracy, he accelerates the Holocaust and, gripped by obsession and denial, sacrifices millions of lives on the eastern front. Then, while others suffer, he retreats to the comforts of his palatial country home and drug addiction. There is no flicker of empathy in Hitler's mind, even as the country he says he loves starts to burn.
The four Romanov daughters of Tzar Nicholas II and Alexandra: Olga, Tatiana, Maria and Anastasia will forever be viewed through the circumstances of their tragic deaths in a brutal and botched murder in a basement in Ekaterinburg in 1918. This story would go on to fuel countless conspiracy theories about the possible survival of Anastasia, prompt huge amounts of sentimental fiction to be sold in USA and a create a growing cult in the Russian Orthodox Church.
The worst is yet to come. January -June 1943: American troops land in North Africa and test themselves for the first time against the German and Italian armies, learning to set aside the notion that killing is a sin and adopting the more professional outlook that killing is a craft. Back home, cities become booming "war towns" overnight as nearly all manufacturing is converted to the war effort, and thousands of women become industrial workers. This series, directed and produced by Ken Burns and Lynn Novick, tells the story of the Second World War through the personal accounts of a handful of men and women from four quintessentially American towns. The series explores the most intimate human dimensions of the greatest cataclysm in history, a worldwide catastrophe that touched the lives of every family on every street in every town in America and demonstrates that in extraordinary times, there are no ordinary lives. Throughout the series, the indelible experience of combat is brought vividly to life as veterans describe what it was like to fight and kill and see men die at places like Monte Cassino and Anzio and Omaha Beach; the Hurtgen Forest and the Vosges Mountains and the Ardennes; and on the other side of the world at Guadalcanal and Tarawa and Saipan; Peleliu and the Philippine Sea and Okinawa. In all of the battle scenes, dramatic historical footage and photographs are combined with extraordinarily realistic sound effects to give the film a terrifying, visceral immediacy. The film honours the bravery, endurance and sacrifice of the generation of Americans who lived through what will always be known simply as The War.
In this series, world-renowned experts investigate the man behind the monster, taking us into the depths of Hitler's mind. Using the latest research across the course of Hitler's life, they pinpoint the key moments in his meteoric rise and ultimate downfall. The series features some rarely seen archive material and state-of-the-art colourisation which helps bring Hitler powerfully to life. Expert analysts reveal fresh insights into Hitler's body language and the power of his speech. Ultimately, this series provides a fresh perspective on Hitler and explains how he was able to go from jobless loner to a ruthless dictator loved and feared by millions.
According to this documentary, Robert Francis Kennedy would almost certainly have been president if his violent death hadn't intervened. The film is a probing and perceptive biography that reassesses the remarkable and tragic life of the third Kennedy son.
November 1943 - February 1944: The Marines take the tiny Pacific atoll of Tarawa, but at a terrible cost. Back home, Japanese-Americans are permitted to form a special segregated infantry unit, and begin to train for combat. As the war economy booms, ugly racial violence erupts in cities across the country. Overseas, in the mountains south of Rome, the allies try to fight their way around the edges of Monte Cassino, but are stopped cold. The War, a series directed and produced by Ken Burns and Lynn Novick, tells the story of the Second World War through the personal accounts of a handful of men and women from four quintessentially American towns. The series explores the most intimate human dimensions of the greatest cataclysm in history, a worldwide catastrophe that touched the lives of every family on every street in every town in America and demonstrates that in extraordinary times, there are no ordinary lives. Throughout the series, the indelible experience of combat is brought vividly to life as veterans describe what it was like to fight and kill and see men die at places like Monte Cassino and Anzio and Omaha Beach; the Hurtgen Forest and the Vosges Mountains and the Ardennes; and on the other side of the world at Guadalcanal and Tarawa and Saipan; Peleliu and the Philippine Sea and Okinawa. In all of the battle scenes, dramatic historical footage and photographs are combined with extraordinarily realistic sound effects to give the film a terrifying, visceral immediacy. The film honours the bravery, endurance, and sacrifice of the generation of Americans who lived through what will always be known simply as the War.
Lucy Worsley examines the extraordinary reign of Catherine the Great, and the traumatic conflict with Napoleonic France that provdes the setting for the novel War and Peace. She begins in the 18th century, when the great palaces of the Romanovs were built. Built in Romanov Russia, blood was always intermingled with gold - these splendid interiors were the backdrop to affairs, coups and murder.
Between 1939 and 1945, a remarkable band of 166 female pilots helped keep Britain in the war. They were pioneers in aviation and equality. Without them the war may never have been won and Britain's dominance in the air, that paved the way for ultimate victory, would never have been achieved.
The Party of a Lifetime. Barry Humphries, with the help of alter egos Dame Edna Everidge, Sir Les Patterson and Sandy Stone, traipses through four decades of Australian history from the '50s to the '80s in this four-part series.
On August 7, 1942, an American navy pilot and a Japanese top ace clashed in the skies above the tiny island of Guadalcanal. This is a three-pronged investigation to uncover the true story behind this great dogfight.
The Romanovs were the most powerful monarchs since the Middle Ages, wielding absolute power into the 20th century. Their demise was shocking and brutal, yet for most they are distant, barely understood figures. Lucy Worsley applies her characteristic insight and wit to the Romanov dynasty to create a fresh and compelling account of this most extraordinary royal family.
The use of the atomic bombs in World War II still excites controversy. Was it the only way to bring a swift end to the war? Or is that a myth, and was there more to the agreements between Stalin and Truman?
Putin, Russia and the West is a four-part documentary series which delves into the West's fraught relationship with Russia since the turn of the millennium. After eight years as President and four as Prime Minister, Vladimir Putin looks likely to be re-elected President of Russia in March 2012. Putin began as a top Russian spy. But as President he made himself a valued ally of the West. This program asks how he did it and why Washington and London eventually turned against him.
In this episode, nine new astronauts arrive at NASA. Their mission? Test the procedures required to land men on the moon and bring them safely back to earth. Each Gemini mission launches two men into space, leading to some of NASA's greatest moments: Ed White's spacewalk, the first orbital rendezvous of Gemini 6 and 7, and Neil Armstrong's first space docking.
For 25 years, Frontline producer Ken Dornstein has been haunted by the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland: a terrorist attack that killed 270 people, including his older brother, David. Now, Ken sets out to find the men responsible for one of the worst attacks on Americans before 9/11. From the ruins and chaos of post-Qaddafi Libya, Ken hunts for clues to the identities and the whereabouts of the suspects, who he tracks for almost five years across the Middle East and Europe.
Australia joined the Vietnam War in 1962 to support the United States and the South Vietnamese in their fight against communism. During the next ten years some 50,000 Australian servicemen and women served in this controversial war. Forty-three were Army nurses. This is the untold stories of six Australian Army nurses who served at Vung Tau, the only Australian field hospital in a war zone.
For 25 years, Frontline producer Ken Dornstein has been haunted by the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland: a terrorist attack that killed 270 people, including his older brother David. Now, Ken sets out to find the men responsible for one of the worst attacks on Americans before 9/11 across the Middle East and Europe.
May 25 1982, The Falklands War. HMS Coventry, a Type 42 guided-missile destroyer is on operations with HMS Broadsword. They face a low level attack from four fighters which leads to the loss of Coventry.
On the night of Dr Martin Luther King's murder in 1968, Robert F Kennedy was scheduled to make an appearance in an African-American neighbourhood as part of his run for the Democratic presidential nomination. Upon hearing the tragic news, Kennedy was forced to make a crucial decision: Should he venture into the heart of the Indianapolis inner city and talk to the potentially volatile crowd gathered in a park? What could he say that would assuage their grief? Should he defy the city officials who ordered him to stay away? Would his life be in danger?
An exploration of Russia's fraught relationship with the West during the past decade. The final episode tells the inside story of two relationships: Barack Obama's campaign to win over Russia's new President Dmitry Medvedev, and Medvedev's own complex dealings with Vladimir Putin.
As Hitler's empire expanded, the need for a secure, mobile military headquarters led him to use a special train, the Fuehrer-Sonderzug. Code named 'Amerika', this became an armoured monster with anti-aircraft armament and state-of-the-art communications.
Many of his early followers and bodyguards remained loyal to him and were rewarded by Hitler. They included later Nazi leaders Rudolf Hess, SA leader Ernst Roehm, former war pilot Hermann Goering, and Heinrich Himmler, and bodyguards Emil Maurice and Bruno Gesche. The SA was formed in 1921, and the SS as an elite personal guard unit in 1925. During this period, Hitler had several narrow escapes.
The documentary explores Prince Philip's troubled upbringing and reveals the tense disputes in royal circles over his suitability to marry the future Queen. Drawing on private family archives we'll shed new light on his German roots and Nazi family connections, and we'll expose the secret plotting and poisonous atmosphere in the Palace as his pushy uncle pressed him towards the throne - and how courtiers, senior royal figures and shadowy schemers lined up against him to deny him any influence.
Alan Turing was the genius British mathematician who was instrumental in breaking the German naval Enigma Code during World War II, arguably saving millions of lives. Turing was one of the great original thinkers of the 20th century, but his achievements went unrecognised during his lifetime. Instead he ended up being treated as a common criminal, for being homosexual at a time when homosexual acts were a crime. This program brings Turing's ideas to life and includes the testimony of people who knew and remember him.
This episode covers the period from 1938 to the invasion of Poland in 1939. Hitler's annexation of Austria and then Czechoslovakia and his plans to invade Poland led to serious attempts on his life which were foiled by chance as much as by his elaborate security system.
Girls' Own War Stories are the personal recollections of a small group of Australian women and how World War II changed their lives forever. Each of these women experienced new opportunities and new challenges as a result of the war, and in doing so, learned to stand on their own two feet.
In August 1945 the US dropped two nuclear bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, devastating the Japanese cities. See the aftermath of the attacks while exploring the history of nuclear disasters. (ACDSEH107, ACDSEH127)
From the dramatisation of the American Revolution in Sons of Liberty through to how Gene Sharp's nonviolent revolutionary theories helped inspire the Arab Spring, see how revolution has reshaped the world.
Australia as a Nation moves from colonial Australia to the development of Australia as a nation. Explore the factors leading to Federation and experiences of democracy and citizenship. (VCHHK072,VCHHK076,VCHHK073)
Space inspires our greatest scientific and creative minds. Take to the stars with NASA, or hop aboard Millennium Falcon in the best of space fact and fiction. (ACSSU188,ACSSU189,VCSSU127,VCSSU128,VCSSU129)
On April 27, 1994, millions of first-time voters cast their ballots in South Africa's first free elections, ushering in the presidency of Mandela. Learn about the enormous change from those who lived it.
Commemorate the 1915 struggle that saw enormous courage in the face of enormous loss at Gallipoli, which many consider the psychological birth of Australia. Start with the Peter Weir classic, Gallipoli. (ACHASSK064, VCHHK076, VCHHK144)