March 1942 - December 1942: With U-Boats menacing the East Coast, and little good news from overseas, many worry that the US is utterly unprepared to fight in a "total war." But after six months of gruelling combat on Guadalcanal, the Americans finally stop Japan's expansion in the Pacific. The War, a series directed and produced by Ken Burns and Lynn Novick, tells the story of the Second World War through the personal accounts of a handful of men and women from four quintessentially American towns. The series explores the most intimate human dimensions of the greatest cataclysm in history, a worldwide catastrophe that touched the lives of every family on every street in every town in America and demonstrates that in extraordinary times, there are no ordinary lives. Throughout the series, the indelible experience of combat is brought vividly to life as veterans describe what it was like to fight and kill and see men die at places like Monte Cassino and Anzio and Omaha Beach; the Hurtgen Forest and the Vosges Mountains and the Ardennes; and on the other side of the world at Guadalcanal and Tarawa and Saipan; Peleliu and the Philippine Sea and Okinawa. In all of the battle scenes, dramatic historical footage and photographs are combined with extraordinarily realistic sound effects to give the film a terrifying, visceral immediacy. The film honours the bravery, endurance, and sacrifice of the generation of Americans who lived through what will always be known simply as the War.
The convicted Lockerbie bomber, Abdel Basset Ali al-Megrahi (who continues to maintain his innocence) is making headlines after being released from prison on compassionate grounds on August 20 this year. He's terminally ill with prostate cancer and recently abandoned his appeal so he could be released. While many relatives of the victims are extremely angry that he has been allowed to return to Libya, others worry that the decision to abandon the appeal means they may never know the truth about the bombing.
24 Hours of Sunshine. Barry Humphries with the help of alter egos Dame Edna Everidge, Sir Les Patterson and Sandy Stone, traipses through four decades of Australian history here he examines the fifties.
This engrossing series presents seminal events in a radical new way: not looking back with hindsight, but as they were covered by national and local news broadcasts at the time. This footage, much of which has not been seen for decades, gives an intimacy and immediacy to stories we thought we knew. Six new episodes cover events from the 1960s and 1970s, including the assassination of Malcom X, the Tet Offensive, the Apollo 13 mission and the Tornado Super Outbreak of 1974. We also rediscover the Impeachment of Bill Clinton from 1994 and the DC Sniper attacks from October 2002.
An ardent Stalinist for many years, it was nevertheless Khrushchev who put an end to his predecessor's terror. He desires a peaceful accommodation of the contending systems (of global order) and he brings the world to the edge of nuclear war during the Cuban Missile Crisis. He builds the Berlin Wall. He is a reformer who is defeated both by the system and by himself. What remains is the memory of a shoe he pounded on a table during a UN General Assembly session. Stalin's terror, World War II, de-Stalinisation and the gravest crises of the Cold War - all this is closely entwined with Nikita Khrushchev.
According to this documentary, Robert Francis Kennedy would almost certainly have been president if his violent death hadn't intervened. The film is a probing and perceptive biography that reassesses the remarkable and tragic life of the third Kennedy son.
After D-Day in Europe, and with Australia safe at last from Japanese invasion, the worst of World War II appears to be over by late 1944. But the conflict in the Pacific is about to hot up and it will be a long, costly road to Tokyo for the Allies.
Major Albert Moore was a Salvation Army officer who tirelessly brought coffee and comfort to men on the frontline, tended to the wounded and, in desperate times, did everything he could to make life more bearable for the diggers. It was a role he fulfilled from the searing deserts of the Middle East to the unrelenting jungles of Kokoda.
Adolf Hitler is perhaps the most feared and despised man of the 20th century. Not surprisingly, there were over 40 documented attempts on Hitler's life. Aided by cutting-edge CGI, security experts explain why the plots failed; and using modern weapon and explosive experiments, determine what slight change could have made the missions successful. Historians theorise how history would have been altered had just one of the killers eliminated Hitler.
Join Kristy on her first major overseas trip as she brings the missing pieces of her family's history back to life and tries to understand what it meant to serve amid the mud and mayhem of the Western Front; as she follows in her Great Grandfather, Private George Hannaford's footsteps.
Winston Churchill described it as "undoubtedly the most complicated and difficult military operation ever undertaken". This documentary reveals what it took to mount D-Day, the greatest invasion in history.
The Holy Grail, the most prized relic of Christianity has been shrouded in mystery for centuries. It is said to be the cup used by Christ at the last supper and it is believed by many to hold miraculous powers. For centuries Kings, knights and treasure hunters have pursued it but it has always remained elusive and out of reach from human hands.
Total war extends the battlefields - in World War II, for the first time, civilian casualties far outnumbered those of military personnel. And a significant proportion of those casualties were victims of the bombing campaigns waged by both sides. What was the effect of living through 'the Blitz', what precautions were taken, what forms of shelter were constructed? We hear and see stories of the evacuation of children and the organisation of home defence.
The Benedictine abbey of Monte Cassino in Italy was one of the most important monuments in the whole of Christianity. During World War II, the Allied forces controversially decided to bomb the abbey as they thought the Germans were using it for military purposes.
The Allies struggle to push the Japanese back on land, and break the Tokyo Express supply line. In New Guinea and the Solomons, what began as rearguard actions gradually becomes Allied advances. Progress is painfully slow and diseases like dysentery and malaria take a heavy toll on both sides. In summer of 1942, at the battles of the Coral Sea and Midway, American and Japanese navies face off in decisive battles that will prove pivotal for the rest of the war. Additional non-combat stories of the war's effect in faraway places - Tibet, Thailand, Australia, New Zealand, even Miami - show the global reach of the Pacific War.
This documentary explores how the women who wed into the house of Windsor over the last century have transformed the most famous dynasty in the world. Each royal wife is a reflection of how the monarchy has reinvented itself.
In an age before information moved instantaneously, Walter Cronkite knew he had to get the call right when he made the announcement, "President Kennedy died at 1pm, central standard time." This documentary presents the chaos in Cronkite's newsroom leading up to this moment.
This documentary tells the story of Operation Downfall, the plans to invade and occupy Japan that would dwarf the successful D-Day landings in Europe. This was to be X-Day - November 1st, 1945 - when General MacArthur would lead an invasion force of hundreds of thousands of American soldiers onto the beaches of Kyushu, the southern most of the Japanese islands.
After 20 years of reunification, is Germany still divided? After reunification, life went on in the West virtually unchanged. But for those in the East, life as they knew it ceased to exist. People read their Stasi files and learned that best friends and spouses had betrayed them. Friendships were destroyed. Many lost their jobs and with their jobs, their identity. Despite all of the negatives associated with the cruel regime of the former East Germany, many are experiencing a strange nostalgia for the old times.
An exploration of Russia's fraught relationship with the West during the past decade. This episode examines how the tensions between Russia and Georgia escalated into an armed conflict. It also shows how Putin reacted to US plans to station an anti-ballistic missile system in Russia's neighbours.
Rudolf Hess was Hitler's deputy in the Nazi Party. He was a key party figure in the 1920s and early 30s but became a more marginal figure in the mid 30s. On the eve of Germany's attack on the USSR, Hess flew to Scotland to negotiate peace with the UK. He was captured by the British and was detained in an institution until he became a defendant at the Nuremberg trials.
It was one of the most audacious and daring raids of World War Two, with a Biblical name and a supposedly miraculous outcome. On the morning of February 19, 1944, a squadron of RAF Mosquito bombers, flying as low as 3m over occupied France, demolished the walls of Amiens Jail.
Operation Crossbow is a heroic but little known story from World War II. While Hitler was developing his new V rockets, the scientists from RAF Medmenham had a secret weapon of their own: a simple stereoscope which brought to life every contour of the enemy landscape in perfect 3D.
The most fundamental need of any society is a reliable food supply. During World War II, every combatant nation introduced some form of rationing - but that was only the start of the business of keeping the population fed. From substitute ingredients and ersatz recipes to digging-up golf courses and football pitches to increase agricultural output - we see the memories of those who queued, scrounged and dug for victory.
The Apollo programme is set to achieve the ultimate prize of the Space Race, landing men on the moon. But a fire breaks out in the pressurised capsule of Apollo 1, resulting in the deaths of three beloved astronauts.
July 1943-December 1943: On daylight bombing missions American airmen gamble their lives against preposterous odds to bring the war to the heart of Hitler's enormous domain. Allied forces invade Sicily and then Italy but as they grind their way towards Rome, the weather turns bad and the terrain grows more and more forbidding - twisting mountain roads, blown bridges - all under constant German fire. This series, directed and produced by Ken Burns and Lynn Novick, tells the story of the Second World War through the personal accounts of a handful of men and women from four quintessentially American towns. The series explores the most intimate human dimensions of the greatest cataclysm in history, a worldwide catastrophe that touched the lives of every family on every street in every town in America and demonstrates that in extraordinary times, there are no ordinary lives. Throughout the series, the indelible experience of combat is brought vividly to life as veterans describe what it was like to fight and kill and see men die at places like Monte Cassino and Anzio and Omaha Beach; the Hurtgen Forest and the Vosges Mountains and the Ardennes; and on the other side of the world at Guadalcanal and Tarawa and Saipan; Peleliu and the Philippine Sea and Okinawa. In all of the battle scenes, dramatic historical footage and photographs are combined with extraordinarily realistic sound effects to give the film a terrifying, visceral immediacy. The film honours the bravery, endurance, and sacrifice of the generation of Americans who lived through what will always be known simply as the War.
In 1943, a squadron of Lancaster bombers staged one of the most audacious raids in history - they destroyed two gigantic dams in Germany's industrial heartland with a revolutionary weapon, the bouncing bomb. The brainchild of British engineer Barnes Wallis, the five-ton bomb 'bounced' across the surface of the water like a skipping stone before coming to a gentle rest next to the dam wall - the point at which the bomb's blast would do the most damage.
During World War II, a hand-picked group of American GIs undertook a bizarre mission: create a travelling road show of deception on the battlefields of Europe, with the Nazi German Army as their audience.
Join Mark as he walks in his father's footsteps; from the battlefields of a rubber plantation to the busy streets if Vung Tau. It is an extraordinary journey - from the heat of battle to a deeper understanding of the cost of war and, ultimately, of his father, Private Terrence 'Hippo' Hippisley.
Prying into the territory of the other side was fraught with danger. During the Cold War the super powers mobilised thousands of spies and spotters to lift the enemy's secrets. Even the allied military missions in Germany doubled as covert observers in the spying game.
This remarkable documentary of the assassination of President John F Kennedy brings to light original news footage that has been hidden away for over 45 years. The world was rocked by the shooting of the iconic US president as his cavalcade drove through Dallas on November 22, 1963, and the incident has been covered extensively in the decades since. However, The Lost JFK Tapes offers a fresh approach to this historical event, thanks to nearly 100 hours of amazing material that has previously been languishing in a vault.
This program examines events leading up to the fatal trip on board the ferry Scandinavian Star, for the night crossing from Norway to Denmark, during Easter 1990. Very few will reach their destinations as one in three of them will be dead within six hours. Investigators trawl the burnt out ferry to discover how 158 people lost their lives. Piecing together the events of that fatal trip.
Having bathed in adulation and success for a decade, this episode discovers how Hitler reacts when the tide of war turns against him. As he struggles to stay in control, expert analysis reveals the darkest arts of his personality. Driven by his belief in a worldwide Jewish conspiracy, he accelerates the Holocaust and, gripped by obsession and denial, sacrifices millions of lives on the eastern front. Then, while others suffer, he retreats to the comforts of his palatial country home and drug addiction. There is no flicker of empathy in Hitler's mind, even as the country he says he loves starts to burn.
the Allied victory in WWII was helped by a group of soldiers who were committed to the defeat of the nazis more than any others. This is the story of Churchill's German Army - the Germans who fought for Britain.
The Romanovs were the most powerful monarchs since the Middle Ages, wielding absolute power into the 20th century. Their demise was shocking and brutal, yet for most they are distant, barely understood figures. Lucy Worsley applies her characteristic insight and wit to the Romanov dynasty to create a fresh and compelling account of this most extraordinary royal family.
One of the most complex instruments ever built, the Hubble Space Telescope is expected to transform our understanding of the Universe. But once it is in orbit, NASA discovers a serious problem, a defective main mirror that leaves Hubble short-sighted.
Hitler's fascination with propaganda was born in the trenches of the First World War. There he saw it emerge as a potent tool of psychological warfare - one that he would harness to build the Nazi movement over the course of the 1920's and early 1930's. He used simple, repetitive rhetoric, striking images and symbolism and his talent as a public speaker to tap into the discontent of the German people. This episode explores Hitler's early propaganda tactics as he rose through the ranks of the Nazi Party, from PR man to ultimate leader.
Operation Valkyrie: The Stauffenberg Plot To Kill Hitler is the definitive film on Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg and the 'Valkyrie' conspiracy to assassinate Hitler on 20th July, 1944. Produced in collaboration with the official German Foundation dedicated to the memory of the conspirators, it features testimonials and eyewitness accounts from all of the aristocratic families involved in the plot, including the last living conspirator to escape Hitler's wrath, and Maria Countess von Stauffenberg who knew Claus all her life.
The atomic bombing of Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, was a moment that changed the world. The power that fuelled the stars had been unleashed and turned into a lethal technology. Interwoven throughout this program, we listen to stories of the survivors' experiences and also hear from atomic bomb experts, who break down the bomb's devastating effects: radiation, heat, blast and fire.
After Hitler's suicide, an American tank commander leads a motley mix of German and American soldiers determined to protect French prisoners, held in a castle in the Austrian Alps, from loyal Nazi troops.
January 1944. A German U-Boat defies the odds and escapes both Allied depth charges and aircraft to sink ships and return to port despite severe damage. Ten weeks later, U-515 is put to the ultimate test.
Desperately needing men and supplies after D-Day, the Allies embark on a month-long siege of a fort in France. When flame-throwing tanks fail to bring down the walls, they turn to a more explosive solution.
June 1945. With Japanese merchant shipping slowed to a trickle, US Medal of Honor Recipient, Commander Eugene Fluckey plots to destroy shore based targets along Japan's coast - a campaign that develops unprecedented tactics.
The British fought the Second World War to defeat Hitler. Historian David Reynolds asks why then, did they spend so much of the conflict battling through North Africa and Italy? Reynolds reassesses Winston Churchill's conviction that the Mediterranean was the 'soft underbelly' of Hitler's Europe.
This episode investigates Hitler's rise from election defeat in 1928 to Germany's Messiah in 1933. Experts analyse his speeches, dissect his PR gift and interrogate the mind of a man who ruthlessly executes his closest comrade. They explore how Hitler survives the scandalous death of his niece, shot with his own pistol, zero in on Hitler's first meeting with Eva Braun, and attempt to square the private Hitler who is paranoid about his own security with the celluloid god of the ultimate propaganda movie, Triumph of the Will. History's greatest performer has conquered Germany. Now he's ready to take on the world.
This program documents the revealing, surprising, and at times truly bizarre truth behind the active connections and heartfelt support Hitler and his regime enjoyed amongst the British elite - and it reaches up to even the most illustrious of high society. It's an ugly blemish on the lily-white image of the British upper class, one they've worked hard to hide and forget.
Winter 1944-1945: In Europe, the allies are totally unprepared for Hitler's massive counterattack in the Ardennes Forest of Belgium and Luxemburg. It is the biggest battle of the War on the Western Front, fought during the coldest winter in memory. But by the time the Battle of the Bulge is over, Hitler's enormous gamble has ended in disaster - and the Russians are getting closer to Berlin every day. Meanwhile, in the Santo Tomas Camp in the Philippines, thousands of internees are now starving, desperately trying to hold on to life long enough to be liberated. This series, directed and produced by Ken Burns and Lynn Novick, tells the story of the Second World War through the personal accounts of a handful of men and women from four quintessentially American towns. The series explores the most intimate human dimensions of the greatest cataclysm in history, a worldwide catastrophe that touched the lives of every family on every street in every town in America and demonstrates that, in extraordinary times, there are no ordinary lives. Throughout the series, the indelible experience of combat is brought vividly to life as veterans describe what it was like to fight and kill and see men die at places like Monte Cassino and Anzio and Omaha Beach; the Hurtgen Forest and the Vosges Mountains and the Ardennes; and on the other side of the world at Guadalcanal and Tarawa and Saipan; Peleliu and the Philippine Sea and Okinawa. In all of the battle scenes, dramatic historical footage and photographs are combined with extraordinarily realistic sound effects to give the film a terrifying, visceral immediacy. The film honours the bravery, endurance, and sacrifice of the generation of Americans who lived through what will always be known simply as The War.
It was an oasis in the heart of hell. In the mid-1930s, as the wheels of Hitler's Final Solution began rolling towards mass genocide, a Jewish school blossomed in the heart of Nazi Berlin. Functioning in plain sight of Nazi officials, the Goldschmidt Schule became a refuge and a place of safety for hundreds of Jewish children.
The 1996-2007 Howard government made the most determined attempt to change Australian society since the brief and revolutionary Whitlam era of the early 1970s. Was it successful? For three consecutive weeks SBS presents a provocative consideration of how this country changed as a result of one man's determination to make his particular mark.
This is the story of the Great War as never before told, through the personal photographs of the men and women from both sides, on the front line and on the home front combined with the best testimony from a unique collection of the producer's, of over a hundred Great War interviews done between 1995 and 2010.
Between 1939 and 1945, a remarkable band of 166 female pilots helped keep Britain in the war. They were pioneers in aviation and equality. Without them the war may never have been won and Britain's dominance in the air, that paved the way for ultimate victory, would never have been achieved.
This episode focuses on the railways on the front line - moving troops to the front, rescuing them when they retreated, evacuating civilians, suffering nightly bombardment during the Blitz and playing a vital role in the build-up to D-Day. Dan explores the work and heroism of the railway men and women and the vital technology and engineering that kept the railways running during this turbulent historical period.
As the world commemorates the 100th anniversary of the race for Antarctic glory, a cast of well-known actors use readings from the diaries and letters of Captain Scott and those of his Norwegian rival Roald Amundsen - to tell the story of their epic South Pole expeditions in their own words.
This is the story of Hitler's final hours, as told by people who were there. It features exclusive forgotten interviews with members of Hitler's inner circle. These unique interviews from figures such as the leader of the Hitler Youth Artur Axmann and Hitler's secretary Traudi Junge, have never before been seen outside Germany.
Plotting and power struggles between Hitler's "bodyguards" led to the blood purge of the Night of the Long Knives, which strengthened Hitler's grip on power by gaining him the support of the German army and of political leaders.
In August 1945 the US dropped two nuclear bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, devastating the Japanese cities. See the aftermath of the attacks while exploring the history of nuclear disasters. (ACDSEH107, ACDSEH127)
From the dramatisation of the American Revolution in Sons of Liberty through to how Gene Sharp's nonviolent revolutionary theories helped inspire the Arab Spring, see how revolution has reshaped the world.
Australia as a nation moves from colonial Australia to the development of Australia as a nation. Explore the factors leading to Federation and experiences of democracy and citizenship. (VCHHK072, VCHHK076, VCHHK073)
Space inspires our greatest scientific and creative minds. Take to the stars with NASA, or hop aboard Millennium Falcon in the best of space fact and fiction. (ACSSU188,ACSSU189,VCSSU127,VCSSU128,VCSSU129)
On April 27, 1994, millions of first-time voters cast their ballots in South Africa's first free elections, ushering in the presidency of Mandela. Learn about the enormous change from those who lived it.
Commemorate the 1915 struggle that saw enormous courage in the face of enormous loss at Gallipoli, which many consider the psychological birth of Australia. Start with the Peter Weir classic, Gallipoli. (ACHASSK064, VCHHK076, VCHHK144)