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Born in one of the most rural parts of South Africa, Nelson Mandela is adopted by the Thembu royalty after his father's death. But the lure of the city is more powerful and ...

Born in one of the most rural parts of South Africa, Nelson Mandela is adopted by the Thembu royalty after his father's death. But the lure of the city is more powerful and Mandela flees to Johannesburg.

Napoleon Bonaparte was a political and military genius who exploited the turmoil of revolution to become Emperor of France. He then used his command skills to conquer Europe. ...

Napoleon Bonaparte was a political and military genius who exploited the turmoil of revolution to become Emperor of France. He then used his command skills to conquer Europe. This program focuses on the Battle of Austerlitz, a spectacular victory against Austria and Russia, which fully justifies his reputation as the greatest modern commander.

At the beginning of the Civil War, Ulysses S Grant worked in a store. Within four years he was commanding the Union armies and within eight, he was president of the US. The ...

At the beginning of the Civil War, Ulysses S Grant worked in a store. Within four years he was commanding the Union armies and within eight, he was president of the US. The Battle of the Wilderness was an indecisive, bloody tangle in a dense forest. Though it ended in a tactical stalemate, it was a vital strategic victory - one which led to the defeat of the Confederacy.

Horatio Nelson is Britain's greatest naval hero. Though at times insubordinate and reckless, Nelson's professional skills and personal inspiration brought him uncommon ...

Horatio Nelson is Britain's greatest naval hero. Though at times insubordinate and reckless, Nelson's professional skills and personal inspiration brought him uncommon successes throughout the Mediterranean and Atlantic as he fought against rival European fleets. At the remarkable Battle of Trafalgar, Nelson secured a mastery of the seals that brought the expansion of the British Empire.

Stuck in trenches, and buried in a rain of shells, the US soldiers who have come to be known as 'Sammies' are virtually unknown, yet between 1917 and 1918, nearly 2 million of ...

Stuck in trenches, and buried in a rain of shells, the US soldiers who have come to be known as 'Sammies' are virtually unknown, yet between 1917 and 1918, nearly 2 million of them arrived in France to assist in an Allied victory.

Most Australians do not know what happened on this tragic ship - and most have never heard of the Montevideo Maru. This documentary will change that. In terms of loss of life ...

Most Australians do not know what happened on this tragic ship - and most have never heard of the Montevideo Maru. This documentary will change that. In terms of loss of life this tragic event is Australia's greatest ever maritime disaster. It resulted in the death of over 1000 fine young Australian men. They were Prisoners of War locked in the hold of the Montevideo Maru and drowned when this little known Japanese prison ship was torpedoed on July 1, 1942, by the American submarine USS Sturgeon off the coast of the Philippines. This special pays homage to this uncelebrated tragic event and its unsung victims.

To commemorate the Battle for Australia Day, this exclusive local production celebrates the Australian Kittyhawk heroes. In never-before-seen footage, watch the 75 and 76 ...

To commemorate the Battle for Australia Day, this exclusive local production celebrates the Australian Kittyhawk heroes. In never-before-seen footage, watch the 75 and 76 Squadrons break the 'invincibility of the Japanese army' on the shores of Papua New Guinea.

Two days after president John F Kennedy was assassinated, local strip club owner Jack Ruby walked into the Dallas Police parking garage and gunned down Lee Harvey Oswald, ...

Two days after president John F Kennedy was assassinated, local strip club owner Jack Ruby walked into the Dallas Police parking garage and gunned down Lee Harvey Oswald, ending plans for his trial. For conspiracy believers, the killing may hold the key to solving the Kennedy assassination mystery. This special will plot the time line of events that led to the killing, re-create the basement setting and bring eyewitnesses back for the first time to remember and restage the event.

World War I shaped the 20th century. It sparked the Russian Revolution and it launched America as a world power. The fault line from its failed peace settlement led to a ...

World War I shaped the 20th century. It sparked the Russian Revolution and it launched America as a world power. The fault line from its failed peace settlement led to a second terrible world war barely 20 years later.

The Ottoman Empire, Germany's ally, summoned all Muslims to Jihad, holy war, to overthrow Allied power in the Middle East. Turkey's search for scapegoats after defeat by the ...

The Ottoman Empire, Germany's ally, summoned all Muslims to Jihad, holy war, to overthrow Allied power in the Middle East. Turkey's search for scapegoats after defeat by the Russians at Sarakamish led to the mass deportation of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire. Perhaps 800,000 Armenians died in all. The Allies initially thought Turkey - the "sick man of Europe" - would be a push-over, but Turkey tied up Allied troops across the Middle East for four years, winning triumphantly at Gallipoli with terrible losses on both sides, and then at Kut, south of Baghdad, forcing the British into humiliating surrender.

Examine the lawsuit against Henry Kissinger, in which he was charged with having authorised the assassination of a Chilean general in 1970, with engineering the secret bombing ...

Examine the lawsuit against Henry Kissinger, in which he was charged with having authorised the assassination of a Chilean general in 1970, with engineering the secret bombing of Cambodia without the knowledge of the US Congress in 1969, and with supporting the sales of US weapons to Indonesian President Suharto for use in the massacre of one-third of the population of East Timor in 1975. These and several other recent charges cast a haunting shadow on the reputation of a man long seen as the most famous diplomat of his age.

What is the one principle, belief, or cause for which you would sacrifice everything - including your life? Ethical, spiritual, and ideological values that are central to the ...

What is the one principle, belief, or cause for which you would sacrifice everything - including your life? Ethical, spiritual, and ideological values that are central to the human experience find their voice in the documentary film, Last Best Hope, an intimate, riveting, little-known story about the ordinary men and women in the Belgian Resistance and their extraordinary acts to save and repatriate downed Allied airmen during World War II.

In 1943, the Imperial Japanese Secret Service made a film called Calling Australia! to show the 'exemplary conditions' under which prisoners of war were kept and to 'soften ...

In 1943, the Imperial Japanese Secret Service made a film called Calling Australia! to show the 'exemplary conditions' under which prisoners of war were kept and to 'soften up' the Australian public for the anticipated occupation of their country by Japanese forces. This program tells why the film was made and how it came to be forgotten.

The war on the Eastern Front was racial: Slav verses Teuton. It was highly mobile, fought across brutal terrain from the Urais to the Alps. It initiated many horrors of ...

The war on the Eastern Front was racial: Slav verses Teuton. It was highly mobile, fought across brutal terrain from the Urais to the Alps. It initiated many horrors of twentieth century warfare: chemical weapons, mass expulsions of civilians, the persecution of Jews. The Italian front with Austro-Hungary was perhaps the bitterest of all. Soldiers lived and fought for years in the hardest environments, enduring avalanches and frost-bite as well as relentless enemy action. Mistrust and contempt increasingly threatened alliances. Germany shored up her ally Austria-Hungary, feeling herself shackled to a corpse, while Austria-Hungary saw Germany as her secret enemy.

Attrition, lions led by donkeys, the slaughter only ceasing for a brief truce one Christmas, old, mistaken views of the war on the Western Front. In fact there were constant ...

Attrition, lions led by donkeys, the slaughter only ceasing for a brief truce one Christmas, old, mistaken views of the war on the Western Front. In fact there were constant tactical evolutions, hundreds of generals died in action, some men adopted a system of Live and Let Live, with countless informal local truces. The Germans tried new ideas at Verdun, 750,000 French and Germans died with little gain. After terrible failure on the Somme the British used tanks at Cambrai, but the Germans clawed back lost ground. Victory on the Western Front would go to the side that learned to consolidate success.

Our new allies. The Yanks are here! Australians breathe a sigh of relief and welcome them into their homes and their lives. Australian women are charmed, but the Australian ...

Our new allies. The Yanks are here! Australians breathe a sigh of relief and welcome them into their homes and their lives. Australian women are charmed, but the Australian men resent them and their success. General McArthur takes over the Pacific war and inspires the country. Normal life is put on hold as the men are away fighting and the women work longer hours. Life is very hard with little leisure. Surely it was meant to be better than this?

The British expected a second Trafalgar but within days German submarines turned the North Sea into a no go area for Britain's great battleships. The British responded with a ...

The British expected a second Trafalgar but within days German submarines turned the North Sea into a no go area for Britain's great battleships. The British responded with a blockade of Europe to starve the enemy out. Germany launched submarine attacks against civilian ships, including the Lusitania with 1200 lives lost. America acted as arsenal and banker to the warring nations but, though targeted by spies and saboteurs, was deeply reluctant to join in. Then top secret British code breakers deciphered the Zimmermann Telegram which revealed that Germany was encouraging Mexico to attack America. Now America joined the First World War.

When things are tough - on the sports field, in the face of natural disaster - we summon up The ANZAC Spirit. We know what we mean - the spirit shown by the original ANZACs on ...

When things are tough - on the sports field, in the face of natural disaster - we summon up The ANZAC Spirit. We know what we mean - the spirit shown by the original ANZACs on Gallipoli, in the Middle East and on the Western Front. But what were the qualities those ANZACs had that came together to be The ANZAC Spirit? They were: mateship, courage, humour, ingenuity, endurance and individualism. Through the resources of the Australian War Memorial - photographs, documents, objects - Neil Pigot tells six stories of the ANZACs, each illustrating one of these qualities and all in combination bringing to life the very best examples of The ANZAC Spirit.

The words 'special relationship' were first used by Winston Churchill in 1946. He had built a special alliance with US President Franklin Roosevelt to win World War II. This ...

The words 'special relationship' were first used by Winston Churchill in 1946. He had built a special alliance with US President Franklin Roosevelt to win World War II. This kind of mutual dependence has always defined the special relationship between Britain and the US. Take a look at how a string of 20th-century conflicts have shaped and reshaped this special alliance.

This episode provides an intriguing look at the part played by propaganda as governments struggled to gain the upper hand in the war away from the battlefield. Methods were ...

This episode provides an intriguing look at the part played by propaganda as governments struggled to gain the upper hand in the war away from the battlefield. Methods were sometimes less than subtle or, in some cases, nonexistent; however, Josef Goebbels honed the art of mass communication until, in the early days at least, it became one of Germany's most effective weapons. Goebbels was the master of advancing the cause of National Socialism to his own people, although the attempts to take the message to his enemies were less successful; the British people treated the rantings of Lord Haw-Haw, the traitor William Joyce, with derision. This episode features rare examples of propaganda posters and leaflets. There are also interviews with propaganda and military experts.

This special seeks to explain the enigmatic Oswald using a brand new approach. No other documentary has exclusively traced Oswald's actions in the minutes, hours and days ...

This special seeks to explain the enigmatic Oswald using a brand new approach. No other documentary has exclusively traced Oswald's actions in the minutes, hours and days following the events in Dallas. By shifting the focus on that November weekend, we're able to tell a familiar story in an unfamiliar way, providing a refreshing new perspective on Oswald himself, as well as on the Kennedy assassination.

This fascinating documentary examines the enigmatic career of one of the revered architects of the modern world - icon, screen star, and two-term president Ronald Reagan. This ...

This fascinating documentary examines the enigmatic career of one of the revered architects of the modern world - icon, screen star, and two-term president Ronald Reagan. This definitive look at America's 40th president traces his meteoric rise from B-movie actor to General Electric salesman to California Governor to the most powerful man in the world, examining how an impassioned anti-Communist fuelled an unexpected but seismic political career, one whose reverberations still shape American life. As America struggles to enter a new political era, a definitive and penetrating look at Reaganism - the last great political movement to captivate the nation - is long overdue.

Some 25,000 tanks were produced in Germany and more than 250,000 by the allies in the Second World War. Yet despite often overwhelming odds, the German Panzer Divisions became ...

Some 25,000 tanks were produced in Germany and more than 250,000 by the allies in the Second World War. Yet despite often overwhelming odds, the German Panzer Divisions became the feared opponents of those who faced them. The Panzer crews still vividly remember the effect they had on the enemy, but equally how easily the Panzer could become a steel coffin in one blazing moment.

Following the Russian Revolution, Georgi Zhukov rose to become Stalin's deputy in the war against Hitler. Thorough and innovative, he was a single-minded soldier whose ...

Following the Russian Revolution, Georgi Zhukov rose to become Stalin's deputy in the war against Hitler. Thorough and innovative, he was a single-minded soldier whose abilities helped turn the war around. The Battle of Berlin that finally destroyed the Nazi regime was Zhukov's ultimate triumph. There is no more difficult military objective than a major city. Zhukov's success in taking Berlin has led him to be called the greatest commander of the 20th century.

Charles Bean: war correspondent, obsessive historian and reluctant mythmaker. He was largely responsible for starting the Australian War Memorial, and he was instrumental in ...

Charles Bean: war correspondent, obsessive historian and reluctant mythmaker. He was largely responsible for starting the Australian War Memorial, and he was instrumental in the creation of the Anzac legend. See World War I through his eyes.

Fifty years since John F Kennedy was elected president of the US is a good time to re-examine his legacy. Virtual JFK investigates one of the most debated "what if" scenarios ...

Fifty years since John F Kennedy was elected president of the US is a good time to re-examine his legacy. Virtual JFK investigates one of the most debated "what if" scenarios in the history of US foreign policy: What would President John F Kennedy have done in Vietnam if he had not been assassinated in 1963, and had he been re-elected in 1964?

Gallipoli is a film by award-winning Turkish director, Tolga Ornek, narrated by Jeremy Irons and Sam Neill. Produced over six years and in seven different countries, Gallipoli ...

Gallipoli is a film by award-winning Turkish director, Tolga Ornek, narrated by Jeremy Irons and Sam Neill. Produced over six years and in seven different countries, Gallipoli uses newly uncovered diaries, letters, dramatic re-enactments and interviews to reveal one of the largest landing operations in history and one of the bloodiest and most controversial battles of the First World War.

For the Allies, 1918 proved to be the costliest year of the war. On the Western Front 2 million British and 3 million French were either captured, wounded or killed - over a ...

For the Allies, 1918 proved to be the costliest year of the war. On the Western Front 2 million British and 3 million French were either captured, wounded or killed - over a few miles of French and Belgian mud.

He was a farmer, a haberdasher gone bankrupt, an unknown politician from Missouri who suddenly found himself president. Of all the men who had held the office, he was the ...

He was a farmer, a haberdasher gone bankrupt, an unknown politician from Missouri who suddenly found himself president. Of all the men who had held the office, he was the least prepared. Yet Truman would have to end the war with Germany and Japan, decide whether to use the most terrible weapon ever devised, confront the Soviet Union, and wage war in Korea.

1916: Total War
50:00

1916: Total War

Season 1  |  Episode 2  |  The History Channel  |  October 24, 2011
A major battle on the Western Front that resulted in more than a million casualties. Verdun was the longest battle of World War I and the second bloodiest after the Battle of ...

A major battle on the Western Front that resulted in more than a million casualties. Verdun was the longest battle of World War I and the second bloodiest after the Battle of Somme.

For Churchill, D-Day was one of the crowning triumphs of World War II, but almost 30 years earlier in 1915 on the peninsula of Gallipoli, there was a lesser-known D-Day which ...

For Churchill, D-Day was one of the crowning triumphs of World War II, but almost 30 years earlier in 1915 on the peninsula of Gallipoli, there was a lesser-known D-Day which would all but end his career. Underwater archaeology reveals how the events of 1915 turned into stalemate and slaughter. Historians and relatives of the boy soldiers of Gallipoli tell the emotional story and its tragic consequences. But Churchill and the British would learn valuable lessons from these mistakes, which would enable them to engineer the successful invasion of Normandy of 60 years ago.

The story of Palestine is one of ever-shifting borders, land battles fought in the streets between warring races. Palestine has become a cause for which men will kill and die ...

The story of Palestine is one of ever-shifting borders, land battles fought in the streets between warring races. Palestine has become a cause for which men will kill and die as martyrs. Others are willing to die to prove there is no Palestine.

In 1970, a young British director Michael Grigsby made one of the first films about veterans returning home from the Vietnam War - the critically acclaimed and award-winning I ...

In 1970, a young British director Michael Grigsby made one of the first films about veterans returning home from the Vietnam War - the critically acclaimed and award-winning I Was A Soldier. We Went to War sees filmmakers Michael Grigsby and Rebekah Tolley return to the stories of those once young Americans, now aged and scarred by lives lived far too brutally, far too young and finds a shared sense of understanding with so many of those returning from the frontline today.

Host Chris Matthews - who wrote the 1997 book, Kennedy and Nixon: The Rivalry That Shaped Postwar America - takes viewers behind the Kennedy legacy, exposing the family's ...

Host Chris Matthews - who wrote the 1997 book, Kennedy and Nixon: The Rivalry That Shaped Postwar America - takes viewers behind the Kennedy legacy, exposing the family's scandals, personal recklessness, and dashed hopes.

The Egypt of the Great Pyramids, the Sphinx and the Valley of the Kings was an empire of indomitable might. Yet around 800 BC, the impossible happened. Kush, a subject kingdom ...

The Egypt of the Great Pyramids, the Sphinx and the Valley of the Kings was an empire of indomitable might. Yet around 800 BC, the impossible happened. Kush, a subject kingdom from the south, rose up, conquered Egypt and enthroned its own Pharaohs and ruled for nearly one hundred years. These were the mysterious Black Pharaohs of what is today Sudan, the Nubian kings, whose reign has become legendary among Africans and written off as heresy by early archaeologists who refused to believe that dark skinned Africans could have risen so high. Follow the experts to learn the real story of the Rise of the Black Pharaohs.

In the mid-1950s, much of the direct battle between the US and the Soviet Union was not through contact, but non-contact, namely not allowing anything that represented the ...

In the mid-1950s, much of the direct battle between the US and the Soviet Union was not through contact, but non-contact, namely not allowing anything that represented the other to enter the country. As such, the Soviet regime banned something they thought was uniquely American: jazz music.

Kennedy's name hung over his presidency; but did Johnson succeed where JFK failed? November 22, 1963: One day between shock - and the will to power for the man, who ...

Kennedy's name hung over his presidency; but did Johnson succeed where JFK failed? November 22, 1963: One day between shock - and the will to power for the man, who unexpectedly took office that day: Lyndon B Johnson.

During World War I hundreds of thousands of men from Britain and Ireland left their homes and travelled to the battlefields of northern France and Flanders, many of them never ...

During World War I hundreds of thousands of men from Britain and Ireland left their homes and travelled to the battlefields of northern France and Flanders, many of them never to return. But one man from Belfast, Northern Ireland did something exceptional when he set off for the Western Front. Lance Corporal George Hackney took his camera with him. Revealing for the first time what has been described as a photographic discovery of the century this documentary uncovers the remarkable story of the Belfast soldier who took his camera to war and how his wartime experiences fuelled an unlikely moral quest that was to change his life forever.

2014 marks the 75th anniversary of the beginning of World War II. This new series takes us back to a time when ordinary people became extraordinary heroes, freedom fighters, ...

2014 marks the 75th anniversary of the beginning of World War II. This new series takes us back to a time when ordinary people became extraordinary heroes, freedom fighters, spies and code-breakers, often in deadly battles with Nazi forces. Set in Poland, which was home to some of the war's worst atrocities, Heroes of War uncovers tales of heroism and sacrifice from a number of unsung heroes of World War II. Featuring interviews with the few remaining eyewitnesses, access to newly released documents, re-enactment and archive footage, it reveals the true and, until now, hidden stories of heroism during wartime.

At the dawn of the Cold War, the United States initiated a top secret program in New Mexico to build a weapon even more powerful than the atomic bomb recently dropped on ...

At the dawn of the Cold War, the United States initiated a top secret program in New Mexico to build a weapon even more powerful than the atomic bomb recently dropped on Japan. A world away, on the frozen steppes of Siberia, the Soviet Union began a similar effort. A web of spies and scientists, intrigue and deception marked the race to develop the hydrogen bomb, a weapon that would change the world.

A nation goes to war. In this first episode, Britain's war with Germany rallies the Empire to her side. In the spirit of Anzac, young Australians rush to volunteer. Mothers ...

A nation goes to war. In this first episode, Britain's war with Germany rallies the Empire to her side. In the spirit of Anzac, young Australians rush to volunteer. Mothers and wives take up traditional supporting roles and the Women's Services are formed. Soon the casualty lists begin to appear in daily newspapers as Aussie troops face their first defeats. The heartbreak and dread begin; how much worse can it get?

Without the extra operational range of four-engine aircraft, Germany was deprived of the necessary weapon to strike deep into the heart of a well-defended enemy. The short- ...

Without the extra operational range of four-engine aircraft, Germany was deprived of the necessary weapon to strike deep into the heart of a well-defended enemy. The short- and medium-range bombers necessary for the blitzkrieg tactics were unable to deliver effective, strategic bombing. The Luftwaffe was superbly structured and equipped to fulfil the tasks that Hitler had chosen for it. Unfortunately, it was to prove to be the wrong task. The bombers of the Luftwaffe were unable to prevent the ultimate defeat of the German war machine.

South African novelist Andre Brink has been a tireless chronicler and resistant to apartheid - his works were deeply shocking to white South Africans and banned by the regime. ...

South African novelist Andre Brink has been a tireless chronicler and resistant to apartheid - his works were deeply shocking to white South Africans and banned by the regime. Today, Brink continues to follow and criticise political life in South Africa. This portrait and career retrospective reads like a history of South African life and mores from the 1950s through to today.

This program chronicles the unspeakable atrocities and blind obedience that led to history's most important war tribunal. For the eight judges who embarked on this unproved ...

This program chronicles the unspeakable atrocities and blind obedience that led to history's most important war tribunal. For the eight judges who embarked on this unproved experiment in justice, a terrible question loomed - when do the actions of war become crimes against humanity?

During six years of war across the world, 55 million people had been killed. After the end of the war people were forced to move country, as borders were redrawn and new ...

During six years of war across the world, 55 million people had been killed. After the end of the war people were forced to move country, as borders were redrawn and new occupying governments installed.

Archival footage and interviews enliven this gripping documentary narrated by Richard Basehart that traces the evolution of Adolf Hitler's Germany. Beginning with Hitler's ...

Archival footage and interviews enliven this gripping documentary narrated by Richard Basehart that traces the evolution of Adolf Hitler's Germany. Beginning with Hitler's birth in a remote Bavarian inn and ending in the Berlin chancellery where the fuhrer perished in flames, the film examines the origins of the Nazi reign of terror, which plunged the world into its most devastating war. This is the international theatrical version of the US television documentary based on William. Shirer's monumental, best-selling book.

The special employs cutting-edge forensics and film archives to prove that the only bullets fired at President Kennedy's motorcade came from the Texas School Book Depository, ...

The special employs cutting-edge forensics and film archives to prove that the only bullets fired at President Kennedy's motorcade came from the Texas School Book Depository, disputing conspiracy theories. The special features an investigative team of experts, interviews with key players from that fateful day and the help of Australian engineering company Anatomical Surrogates. This is the latest example of using breakthrough technology to authenticate scientific theories. This encompasses an intensive forensic investigation that proves the lone gunman theory.

He has long ranked as a hero throughout the world: Erwin Rommel, also known as the Desert Fox. This three part documentary series shows us everything about the rise and fall ...

He has long ranked as a hero throughout the world: Erwin Rommel, also known as the Desert Fox. This three part documentary series shows us everything about the rise and fall of the famous General Field Marshal and the African battle during World War II - The warrior, the loser, the conspirator. This outstanding documentary also shows exceptional archival footage and exclusive interviews with family and eyewitnesses of the time.

He has long ranked as a hero throughout the world: Erwin Rommel, also known as the Desert Fox. This three-part documentary series shows us everything about the rise and fall ...

He has long ranked as a hero throughout the world: Erwin Rommel, also known as the Desert Fox. This three-part documentary series shows us everything about the rise and fall of the famous General Field Marshal and the African battle during World War II - The warrior, the loser, the conspirator. This outstanding documentary also shows exceptional archival footage and exclusive interviews with family and eyewitnesses of the time.

This fascinating documentary examines the enigmatic career of one of the revered architects of the modern world - icon, screen star, and two-term president Ronald Reagan. This ...

This fascinating documentary examines the enigmatic career of one of the revered architects of the modern world - icon, screen star, and two-term president Ronald Reagan. This definitive look at America's 40th president traces his meteoric rise from B-movie actor to General Electric salesman to California Governor to the most powerful man in the world, examining how an impassioned anti-Communist fuelled an unexpected but seismic political career, one whose reverberations still shape American life. As America struggles to enter a new political era, a definitive and penetrating look at Reaganism - the last great political movement to captivate the nation - is long overdue.

The war hits home. The true horror of war hits home. The same Japanese aircraft and pilots that bombed Pearl Harbour now attack the north of Australia and Darwin is ...

The war hits home. The true horror of war hits home. The same Japanese aircraft and pilots that bombed Pearl Harbour now attack the north of Australia and Darwin is devastated. Britain's failure to defend Singapore betrays Australia's long held belief that the Mother Country will always come to her defence. The country is rallied by Prime Minister Curtin. This is Australia's darkest hour.

The first months of the war on the Western Front were mobile, fast and dangerous, casualty rates were higher than with later trench warfare. The Germans were halted by the ...

The first months of the war on the Western Front were mobile, fast and dangerous, casualty rates were higher than with later trench warfare. The Germans were halted by the Allies at the Battle of the Mame, fell back to high ground and dug in. The Allies followed suit. The resulting line of trenches stretched from the Channel to Switzerland. Now 11 million French and Belgian civilians were under occupation. German brutality was no myth. Resistance was ruthlessly suppressed. Civilians, including women and children were massacred, used as human shields, and sent to concentration camps as hostages and forced labourers.

It took Hitler less than ten months to conquer Europe. The film gives a monthly record, from September 1939 to June 1940, of the inexorable plunge Europe took into chaos. The ...

It took Hitler less than ten months to conquer Europe. The film gives a monthly record, from September 1939 to June 1940, of the inexorable plunge Europe took into chaos. The story is principally inspired by French, English and German newsreels. The story is told from these three nations' point of view, based on the information they gave their nations at the time.

To mark the 60th Anniversary of the Dambusters raid the most daring and influential technological achievement of World War II this Event Special has British engineers and ...

To mark the 60th Anniversary of the Dambusters raid the most daring and influential technological achievement of World War II this Event Special has British engineers and pilots recreating the skills and ingenuity that enabled the original crews to strike at the heart of Germanys military operation.

Napoleon
59:04

Napoleon

Episode 1  |  The History Channel  |  October 8, 2017
From lowly Corsican army officer to first consul of France, this episode charts the rise of Napoleon to leader of the French nation in the late 1790s. It tells of Napoleon's ...

From lowly Corsican army officer to first consul of France, this episode charts the rise of Napoleon to leader of the French nation in the late 1790s. It tells of Napoleon's military triumphs in Italy, Egypt and on the streets of Paris, his marriage to Josephine Beauharnais and leadership of the military coup that swept him into power. It shares in his ambition as an army officer, his highly progressive modernisation of the country during the early years of his dictatorship, but also his acute sensitivity, a personality trait that in later years would prove to be an Achilles heel to his power.

The famous Desert Fox of legend, the commander of the German Afrika Korps, a soldier loved by his men and respected by his enemies. Rommel is best remembered for his ...

The famous Desert Fox of legend, the commander of the German Afrika Korps, a soldier loved by his men and respected by his enemies. Rommel is best remembered for his spectacular successes over the British 8th Army and in particular the capture of Tobruk in 1942, he subsequently drove the British back to El-Alamein. He was withdrawn after the defeat by Montgomery and, his health broken, put in charge of the Channel defences in 1943. Rommel was implicated in the plot to kill Hitler in 1944, and his subsequent suicide did nothing to diminish his reputation as a formidable soldier and leader.

Marking 100 years since the start of the First World War, actors Daniel Mays, Matthew McNulty and Myanna Buring bring to life the emotions and events preserved in memoirs, ...

Marking 100 years since the start of the First World War, actors Daniel Mays, Matthew McNulty and Myanna Buring bring to life the emotions and events preserved in memoirs, diaries and letters written between 1914 and 1918. From the horror of life in the trenches, to the expectation of those waiting for their loved ones to come home, each story is a personal time capsule conveying the hopes, fears, heroism and tragedies of countless ordinary people, made all the more powerful by the fact that every word is real.

A special one hour show commemorating the 100th anniversary of the Great War's most infamous battle. Actor and historian Sir Tony Robinson poignantly examines the first day of ...

A special one hour show commemorating the 100th anniversary of the Great War's most infamous battle. Actor and historian Sir Tony Robinson poignantly examines the first day of one of the bloodiest battles in human history. Central to the story is Private Frank Meakin, who recorded his unique personal testimony of the war, revealing the intimate details and dramatic stories of one battalion in the words of one man.

The year 1913 was a time of transformation when Ottoman rule in Palestine was still strong, the personal identities of people living there were fluid and overlapping, and few ...

The year 1913 was a time of transformation when Ottoman rule in Palestine was still strong, the personal identities of people living there were fluid and overlapping, and few could imagine the conflict that would dominate the region for most of the next century. Seeds of Conflict focuses on the period just before World War I, when Arab and Jewish nationalism first made contact and the conflict was just beginning to germinate.

When the passenger liner Lusitania was torpedoed by a German U-boat off the southern coast of Ireland in 1915, the ship sunk in just 18 minutes, taking 1200 people down with ...

When the passenger liner Lusitania was torpedoed by a German U-boat off the southern coast of Ireland in 1915, the ship sunk in just 18 minutes, taking 1200 people down with it. The needless tragedy arguably altered the course of World War I, as the number of Americans among the dead pulled the previously unaligned US and all its military might into the war. Focusing on eight individual passengers and the German U-boat captain, this enthralling film brings those desperate last 18 minutes onboard the Lusitania vividly to life. From the kitchens deep below deck to the first class cabins, it reveals stories of heroism, sacrifice, luck and misfortune and how these individuals' fight for survival impacted on the lives of millions world-wide.

Vladimir Lenin has been called treacherous, deluded, out-of-touch, insane and might have been a minor historical footnote but for the Russian Revolution which catapulted him ...

Vladimir Lenin has been called treacherous, deluded, out-of-touch, insane and might have been a minor historical footnote but for the Russian Revolution which catapulted him into the headlines of the century. Newly opened formerly secret Soviet files reveal a clearer picture of the fanatical philosopher.

In August 1945 the US dropped two nuclear bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, devastating the Japanese cities. See the aftermath of the attacks while exploring the history of nuclear disasters. (ACDSEH107, ACDSEH127)
Share the story of Nelson Mandela's struggle to end apartheid in South Africa and build a more peaceful world with this collection about Madiba's life and times.
The storming of the Bastille by a mob of Parisians on July 14, 1789, set loose a generation of warfare and sowed the seeds for the modern political system.
From the dramatisation of the American Revolution in Sons of Liberty through to how Gene Sharp's nonviolent revolutionary theories helped inspire the Arab Spring, see how revolution has reshaped the world.
Australia as a nation moves from colonial Australia to the development of Australia as a nation. Explore the factors leading to Federation and experiences of democracy and citizenship. (VCHHK072, VCHHK076, VCHHK073)
A royal wedding is a marriage ceremony involving members of royal family. This week we are celebrating the royal event the wedding of Prince Harry and Meghan Markle.
Space inspires our greatest scientific and creative minds. Take to the stars with NASA, or hop aboard Millennium Falcon in the best of space fact and fiction. (ACSSU188,ACSSU189,VCSSU127,VCSSU128,VCSSU129)
On April 27, 1994, millions of first-time voters cast their ballots in South Africa's first free elections, ushering in the presidency of Mandela. Learn about the enormous change from those who lived it.
Commemorate the 1915 struggle that saw enormous courage in the face of enormous loss at Gallipoli, which many consider the psychological birth of Australia. Start with the Peter Weir classic, Gallipoli. (ACHASSK064, VCHHK076, VCHHK144)
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