At the centre of Rome, within the walls of the Vatican, stand some of the greatest museums in the world, displaying thousands of treasures and artworks from the immense collection of the Catholic Church, to yearly visitors that number over 4 million.
The development of modern medicine made it possible to export Western Civilisation to the 'Dark Continent'. But Europe's empires failed in their mission to 'civilise' Africa, exposing the most violent side of Western dominance. Harvard historian Niall Ferguson takes on a big subject: why has the West dominated the rest of the world - and are the days of Western ascendancy coming to an end?
This blockbuster miniseries vividly depicts the lives of five young German friends forced to navigate the unconscionable moral compromises of life under Hitler. In Berlin, 1941, the five young friends are eager to become heroes in an adventure that will forever change the face of Europe - and themselves
When we reflect on WWI what are we remembering? The facts, or just one small part of the Anzac story, a story that has become steeped in Anzac legend? Ask yourself this question when Anzac Day comes about - Lest we forget what?
Martin Bryant was convicted of murdering 35 people and injuring 21 others in the Port Arthur massacre. His rampage ranks among the deadliest of the 20th century. He is currently serving 35 life sentences plus 1,035 years without parole in the psychiatric wing of Risdon prison in Hobart, Tasmania.
This final episode looks at how the terrorism we know today was essentially born in the 1970s. From the abduction and murder of eleven Israeli athletes at the 1972 Munich Olympics to the murder of Lord Louis Mountbatten, a member of the British royal family, in 1979, the 1970s witnessed a horrific parade of kidnappings, hijackings and bombings. The second half of the episode explores American popular music and how it exploded into new formats while established artists found new creative voices.
Filmed on location in Dallas and Washington D.C., The Day Kennedy Died is an exclusive one-hour special commemorating the 50th anniversary of JFK's assassination. Those who were there share their first-hand account of the final hours immediately leading up to his untimely death. From the journalist who was with the Kennedy family all day, to the nurse who checked his vital signs at the hospital.
Did Charles I go to the scaffold a Royal martyr for God and country, or was he simply too stubborn to save himself? The trial of Charles I in January 1649 was a new kind of event in history - an attempt to try the institution of monarchy as well as the tyrant himself. As Oliver Cromwell put it, "I tell you we will cut off his head with the crown on it." The event is notorious and has divided people ever since. Is this a coup d'etat? Or the year the English people grew up, with the trial and execution of the king a milestone in English liberty. Was Charles a noble royal martyr, prepared to lose his life for God and country, or a vain and deluded man who could not save himself, as the world changed round him. Mark Gatiss, Hannah Dawson and human rights barrister Geoffrey Robertson, amongst others, give their verdict on this most controversial battle between the monarchy and the people.
In Spring 1945 Red Cross liberated thousands of concentration camp survivors and ferried them to the Malmoe Harbour, Sweden. Among the thousands of survivors brought to Malmoe were Irene Krausz-Fainman, Ewa Kabacinska Jansson and Joe Rozenberg. Together with Red Cross volunteer Stig Kinnhagen and Malmoe citizen Bo Froeberg they tell the amazing story of how Malmoe mobilized to take care of the survivors and helped save thousands of lives.
July 19th, 64 AD: Rome is on the brink of disaster. Fire rages through the heart of the empire. Blame will eventually fall on the Emperor, Nero. But, in the fire's wake, it's actually Nero who puts the city back on its feet.
Based on the successful series from the UK, Crimes That Shook Australia will look at Australian crimes that shocked our nation. On 19th April 1999, several times convicted criminal Peter Dupas posed as a new client of psychotherapist Nicky Patterson. Having made arrangements for his first appointment, the 28 year old welcomed Dupas into her home under the pretence that she would be giving him counselling for gambling. Dupas attacked Nicky with a knife and after killing her he mutilated her body. Fortunately, police found incriminating evidence at the scene that led them to Dupas.
The Rise of the Nazi Party reveals how the National Socialists exploited the economic turmoil of their time, rose to power in Germany in 1933 and then led their nation into a nightmare of brutality, genocide and military defeat.
In the thrilling conclusion to Bastard Boys, the pressure builds as both sides try to win the hearts and support of the Australian public. As the drama plays out in the full glare of the public spotlight, there is no room for failure or second chances. Every second counts.
Narrated by Barry Humphries, the dramatised documentary tells the true story of a brazen band of Aussie thieves who moved to London in the 60s and ran riot, pulling off the most daring heists that Scotland Yard had ever seen.
Well known as the headquarters for generations of crime bosses, Carlton was also the epicentre to a creative outpouring in the 1960s and 70s that lead to the emergence of a uniquely Australian film and theatre culture. This inner-city gem has always been a suburb of incredible diversity.
Despite opposition from mental health organisations, there are licensed therapists across the United States offering a controversial type of therapy which claims to turn gay people straight. Presenter Stacey Dooley travels to the American West to meet young men taking part in 'Gay Conversion Therapy' to find out if it is possible to change your sexual orientation and become straight.
The specialist hit squads that wreaked havoc against the Roman invaders in Jerusalem. This deadly band of stealthy assassins would eventually be cornered in the mighty hilltop fortress of Masada. What happened next has horrified and fascinated the world ever since.
1814. The notorious British penal colony Van Diemen's Land has dissolved into chaos. Outlaws roaming the wilderness have pushed the colonial government to breaking point. Driven by loyalty and hatred for those he once served, English convict Michael Howe and an Aboriginal girl called Mary, turn a small band of desperate escapees, deserters and natives into a fearsome guerrilla army.
Political philosopher, visionary, husband and father, dynamic orator and militant minister. This is Malcolm X's remarkable journey from his birth in Omaha, Nebraska, to his assassination in NYC in 1965.
Franz Stangl was the Nazi commandant of the Treblinka and Sobibor death camps in Poland. He was responsible for the extermination of around 900,000 men, women and children. At the end of the war, Stangl escaped to Italy where he joined a rat-line organised by Vatican officials. From there, he disappeared.
In December 2007, a letter turned up at a post office in New York City that a certain Penny Baxter had written to Jim Kowalski, back in 1949. She claimed that her husband, Mafia godfather Tony Carlucci, wanted her dead. For the elderly Jim Kowalski, this letter brings back a lot of memories. He's one of the few people left who experienced, first hand, the doomed love affair between an ambitious girl and her Mafia boss-boyfriend, and its impact on everyone around them. So begins William Karel's ode to American film noir that combines myth with reality and blurs fiction and non-fiction. The Empire State Building Murders is a feature film dressed up like a documentary.
Tony Robinson continues his quest to discover the origins of English laws, who made them and why. In this episode, he looks at the period up to and after the Norman invasion, which was perhaps the most turbulent in the history of law. But in the 150 years from 1066, the legal system was transformed. This period saw the signing of the Magna Carta and the establishment of the three major principles of a modern legal system: independent judges, trial by jury, and English common law.
In 1519 the Spanish adventurer Hernan Cortes is supposed to have taken on the mighty Aztec empire with a handful of soldiers and sixteen horses. The myth claims that the Aztec emperor, Montezuma, surrendered his empire because he believed Cortes to be a God. But a more accurate account suggests that the Conquistadors started a civil war in Central America, uniting an army of tribesmen who hated Aztec rule.
The story of Kibworth reaches the catastrophic 14th century. The village goes through the worst famine in European history, and then, as revealed in the astonishing village archive in Merton College Oxford, two thirds of the people die in the Black Death. Helped by today's villagers - field walking and reading the historical texts - and by the local schoolchildren digging archaeological test pits, Michael Wood follows stories of individual lives through these times, out of which the English idea of community and the English character begin to emerge.
Lavish, all action dramatic spectacles based on the lives of six men who shaped the world around them, either by sheer force of will, genius, courage or even greed. Powerful, magnetic personalities who have earned their place in the world's imagination, all prepared to die for what they believed in - whether it was God or gold, the pursuit of power and glory or a magnificent ideal. From Spartacus, the gladiator who brought Rome to its knees, to the audacious military genius Napoleon, this series combines absorbing drama with CGI to ask what were the motives, the strengths and even the weaknesses that drove these men to achieve what no one else had dared. The amazing stories of Hernan Cortez, Attila the Hun, Tokugawa Ieyasu, and Richard the Lionheart are also included.
The story of Kibworth moves on to 1066 when the Normans build a castle there. Michael Wood reveals how the Norman occupation affected the villagers from the gallows to the alehouse, and shows the medieval open fields in action in the only place where they still survive today.
One of the darkest figures within the Nazi elite, Reinhard Heydrich pursued the construction of the Final Solution with great vigour. He was also subsequently responsible for making critics of the Reich disappear without trace, and later became 'Protector' of the occupied Czech territories of Moravia and Bohemia which he ruled with an iron fist.
This new 13-part series tells the tale of that extraordinary group of people, the Nazi Hunters. They chased some of the most hated and reviled people on earth. Sometimes they did it for the highest of motives. Sometimes in ways that, when revealed, would horrify their own supporters.
As a teenager in Nazi Germany, Jutta was shocked to discover she was Jewish. She joined the German resistance and met Helmuth, an injured German soldier. The two became sweethearts and, ultimately, co-conspirators in the now famous Valkyrie plot to assassinate Hitler. With the failure of the plot, the couple and their associates were ruthlessly pursued by the Nazis. Using never-before-seen 8mm footage shot by one of the central characters, this film provides a remarkable look at life during the war from the perspective of Germans who opposed Hitler. (
This film-length dramatised documentary looks at the life of Louis XV, King of France from 1715 to 1774. At the beginning of the 18th century, the child-king Louis embodied all of France's hopes for renewal. After seeing the endless old age of Louis XIV, who reigned for 72 years, the French idolised the young king.
Jandamarra's War is the story of an Australian Aboriginal man who should be as famous as Ned Kelly. In 1894, Jandamarra led a rebellion against invading pastoralists in defence of his people's ancient land and culture. Until his death in brutal retribution, this formidable Bunuba warrior waged a 3 year guerrilla war, earning him both the admiration of his people and international notoriety.
In the West he is remembered as Ivan the Terrible - the bloodiest of Russia's tsars whose name invokes the legend of a mad 16th century tyrant who murdered, raped and tortured on a massive scale. But in Russia there is a very different memory. There he is Ivan Grozni - the awe inspiring - the tsar who laid the foundations of Russia's greatness. This documentary asks whether it was madness or method that lay at the heart of Ivan's reign of terror and unravels the truth about the man who left an imprint on his country that 400 has failed to erase.
Helped by today's villagers Michael Wood uncovers the secret history of a Victorian village more colourful than even Dickens could have imagined. Recreating their penny concerts of the 1880s, visiting World War I battlefields with the school and recalling the Home Guard, local land girls and the bombing of the village in 1940, the series finally moves into the brave new world of 'homes for heroes' and the villagers come together to leave a reminder of their world for future generations.
An intensely moving interview with choreographer and director Noel Tovey. Considering the horror of his childhood, it's amazing that Noel Tovey survived at all. In Pentridge Jail at age 17, he contemplated suicide, but the voices of his ancestors prevented him and helped turn his life around and Noel pursued his dream to become a dancer and actor.
The assassination of President John F. Kennedy in Dallas on November 22, 1963 left a psychic wound on America that is with us still today. Few Americans then or now accept that a lone, inconsequential gunman could bring down a president and alter history. In that breach, a culture of conspiracy has arisen that points to sinister forces at work in the shadows.
Tofi and Leofric set off to rescue the snatched women of Crowhurst, including Tofi's young wife Judith. En route they encounter the Normans, the ruthless Ozouf, the gentler Coutances and the mute Drogo. But Tofi and Leofric outwit their pursuers and reach safety.
The second part of this series examines the aftermath and the enduring controversies that emerged as succeeding generations of Americans struggled to comprehend the sudden murder of an unforgettable leader.
Featuring never before seen archival footage, photographs and interviews with famous contemporary Christopher Lee (Lord of the Rings), legendary Hollywood writer/director Vincent Sherman, and two of Errol Flynn's daughters - all of whom speak candidly about his revolutionary sympathies and journalistic ambitions as well as his decadent lifestyle - this is Errol Flynn as we've never seen him before.
When she was young, Davina McCall's parents separated which in turn created a sadness that Davina has always lived with. Davina hopes that researching her family tree will help her reconcile the worlds of her parents.
The most comprehensive portrait of Goering ever made, this documentary incorporates the most important recent single film find from the Nazi era, including never-before-seen film material shot by Goering himself. The documentary shows the many faces of Hitler's most brutal deputy and contains new facts about his drug addiction.
Neanderthals once dominated ice age Europe, but then they disappeared. What happened to them? For 150 years scientists have been puzzled by the state of our closest relatives. They've looked at the archaeological evidence from every angle. Now they've turned to DNA, and a new idea is taking root. It's possible that Neanderthals live on - or at least their genes do - inside of us all.
Andrew Marr explores the Age of Revolution. In the 17th- and 18th-centuries, people across the world rose up in the name of freedom and equality against the power of the church and monarchy. In America, people fought a war to be free from British rule. In France, bloody revolution saw the king and aristocracy deposed. And in Haiti, the slaves revolted against their masters. The world was also gripped by a scientific revolution, sweeping away old dogmas and superstition. Galileo revolutionised the way we saw humanity's place in the universe, while Edward Jenner used science to help save the lives of millions.
In the fourth episode of this landmark series charting the story of human civilisation, Andrew Marr reaches the Middle Ages. After the collapse of the Roman Empire, Europe was little more than a muddy backwater. Vikings explored and pillaged from Northern Europe to North America. But they also laid the foundations of powerful new trading states including Russia. This was also the Golden Age of Islam. And the knowledge of ancient civilisations from India, Persia and Greece were built upon by Islamic scholars in Baghdad's House of Wisdom. By exploring the conquests of Ghengis Khan, the adventures of Marco Polo and the extraordinary story of an African King - the wealthiest who ever lived - Marr finds out how Europe emerged from the so-called 'Dark Ages' and used influences from around the world to rise again with the Renaissance.
In the third episode of this landmark series charting the story of human civilisation, Andrew Marr plunges into the spiritual revolutions that shook the world between 300 BC and 700 AD. This was an age that saw the bloody prince Ashoka turn to Buddhism in India, the ill-fated union of Julius Caesar and Egypt's Cleopatra, the unstoppable rise of Christianity across the Roman Empire and the dramatic spread of Islam from Spain to Central Asia. Each dramatic story pits the might of kings and rulers against the power of faith. But Andrew Marr discovers that the most potent human force on the planet came from the combination of faith and military power. Both Christianity and Islam created new empires of 'the word and the sword'.
On January 17, 1920, Prohibition goes into effect. Enacted in part to promote a more orderly, law-abiding America, Prohibition has precisely the opposite effect. Doctors and pharmacists, federal agents and local lawmen, rabbis and funeral directors all figure out ways to make money by getting around the law, from 'Satan's Seat' in New York City to Seattle, Washington, where a former cop becomes the Good Bootlegger.
1646-1649. As the King is under lock and key, the army debates the future. English Socialism is born, the King loses his head and England. Scotland and Ireland are united under a military dictator. After four days in a pub in the fens, the king gives himself up to the Scots. But new Catholic victories in Ireland unite the Scots and English and the king is sold back to the English parliamentarians. Now, as a prisoner on House arrest, he becomes a pawn in a bigger game.
Presented by Lisa Rogers, this nine-part series takes an irreverent look at the lifestyle of infidelity. Tonight, we meet Sally Farmiloe, ex-mistress of Jeffrey Archer, and 'serial mistress'. Margot explains what it takes to become a mistress. We also meet dominatrix Chloe, and a woman who has a child with her married lover. In the history part of the program, Lisa looks back at the seductress Cleopatra.
By the fall of 1944, America is ready to liberate the Philippine islands and the POW's who have been stranded there since 1942. Sgt Jack Werner is among the men storming the beaches of Leyte, one of the main Philippine Islands. Seaman Jack Yusen fights in the naval battle of Samar and reporter Robert Sherrod accompanies the Marines on their assault of Iwo Jima.
In Episode 4 of this series we look at how the old colonial masters of the Middle East were gradually forced out of occupation and how a newly found sense of nationhood was to lead to one of the most violent periods of the region's history. To the Arab world the very existence of Israel stood as a mark of their defeat. They were determined to destroy this Jewish nation and it seemed like just a matter of time. In those first years of the 1960s ordinary Arab people felt that they were nearing the end of their search for destiny.
Presented by Lisa Rogers, this episode investigates how common affairs at work are, and the complications they create. It also tells the story of a couple who met because their respective partners had an affair with each other - a happy ending caused by unhappy circumstances. The questions are asked why people have affairs, and how do you find someone to have an affair with. The historic mistress presented in this episode is Nell Gwynne.
On April 27, 1994, millions of first-time voters cast their ballots in South Africa's first free elections, ushering in the presidency of Mandela. Learn about the enormous change from those who lived it.
Dive into the Great Barrier Reef with Attenborough, explore Kakadu's Mountford rock art, peek inside the micro-worlds of the Galapagos, and be awed by the Great Wall of China when exploring the world's heritage sites.
Commemorate the 1915 struggle that saw enormous courage in the face of enormous loss at Gallipoli, which many consider the psychological birth of Australia. Start with the Peter Weir classic, Gallipoli.