This episode follows Rae Ostman, the Royal Ontario Mueums' Managing Director of the Centre for Ancient Cultures, and Kiron Murkherjee, ROMKids Studio Assistant, as they plan, prep and execute a weekend at the ROM completely centered around Ancient Egypt. Various Curators, Preps, Interns and Conservators are all involved in bringing together dynamic exhibits for this once a year affair. MD also follows Gayle Gibson, Ancient Cultures Educator at the ROM, as she uncovers more details of a CAT Scan that was performed on the beautiful coffin of Djedmaatasankh - a 3000 year old mummy.
Two of Britain's leading archaeologists and world-renowned experts on Stonehenge, Professor Tim Darvill and Professor Geoff Wainwright, believe they have finally unlocked the mystery of the monument. They are convinced that Stonehenge was a place of healing. An ancient Lourdes. A place where people came on a pilgrimage to get cured. And in world without modern medicine the stones had magical powers.
It is the largest free-standing sculpture ever carved from a single block; an icon recognised around the globe. The Sphinx, a lion with the face of a mighty pharaoh, towers 20m high and stretches 70m long. It is a silent witness to thousands of years of history. For over 4500 years it has stood guard in front of the Giza Pyramids, yet it remains one of history's most enigmatic mysteries.
The Great Fire of Rome was the single most destructive force ever encountered by the Roman Empire, lasting nine days and leaving 10 of Rome's 14 districts burnt beyond recognition. The emperor Nero was widely believed to have started the fire as a means of destroying his aristocratic adversaries and clearing space for his Golden Palace. Unfortunately, he did not live long enough to see his divine vision realised. He bowed under the pressure of public condemnation and probable punishment, and committed suicide. Two thousand years later, vital questions surrounding the fire remain unanswered. Was the fire an act of arson or an accident, and who really started it?
The Mounds of Cahokia dwarf the pyramids of Giza, but who built them and how? A discovery of a mass grave of female virgins could hold the answer. In 1922, Howard Carter made a great discovery in the history of archaeology: the tomb of Tutankhamun. Now, in the most fascinating tomb from Ancient Egypt, an ever greater discovery is about to be made: possible secret doorways in his tomb. Queen Nefertiti could lie in a hidden chamber behind these walls.
Mary Beard explores the physical world of the Roman Empire, and finds surprising parallels with our own world. Setting out in the footsteps of the emperor Hadrian, she discovers a vast empire bound together by a common material culture, and a globalised economy of such scale that evidence of its side-effects can still be seen today, thousands of miles away from Rome. Mary un-picks the threads of a huge commercial and cultural network, taking in the vital supply of olive oil to Rome and her armies, the slave trade, and the all-important silver mines of Spain. Following the famous Roman road network, and the shipping routes connecting the empire's thriving ports, Mary reveals another side to the Roman Empire, one where builders and traders eclipse soldiers, and starring slaves, not senators, make the most of a hugely connected new world.
Magnificent, awe-inspiring and mysterious, the Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt has fascinated humankind for thousands of years. Naked Science looks at how and why it was built and examines the myths and legends surrounding one of the world's oldest man-made structures.
Pompeii, the lost Roman city buried by the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD, has long been a source of fascination to archaeologists. Its sister city Herculaneum, buried in the same eruption but to a much greater depth, reveals an even more complete picture of Roman life. The high temperature of surges that engulfed Herculaneum had the effect of carbonising organic matter such as wood and food, preserving them intact.
A Moroccan skull, more than one hundred thousand years old, is revealed to be that of a six-year-old child. Dental examinations confirm that the child lived and died well before the founding of modern religion, the construction of Egypt's pyramids and even the advent of agriculture.
Professor Joann Fletcher explores what it was like to be a woman of power in ancient Egypt - from the realities and artefacts of everyday life to the remarkable leadership and influence wielded by women whose levels of freedom were unique in the ancient world.
For over 3000 years, Ancient Egypt was the world's most vibrant and puzzling civilisation. It flourished through war and peace. The Egyptians built great cities, enduring monuments, and advanced mathematics and technology. Their astonishing legacy survives to this day. This four-part series looks at what transformed a simple community of riverside farmers into a great empire, outlasting all others. Archaeologists have uncovered new clues from Egypt's very beginning, a 5000-year-old tablet that tells a fascinating tale of warfare just before the founding of the empire.
Alexander the Great is one of history's greatest warrior kings, and was the leader of the most powerful nation in the ancient world. The location of his tomb has eluded archaeologists for nearly 2,000 years.
Cleopatra is one of the most famous women in history, yet remains an enigma. Using newly discovered evidence and ancient sources we attempt to reveal the real woman behind the myth and world she ruled.
Dr Michael Scott takes us on an extraordinary journey through the often invisible treasures of one of the greatest ancient cities in the world, Istanbul. But with many of the secrets of its cathedrals, aqueducts, and the Roman chariot-racing track out of sight or underground, he turns to the latest 3D-imaging technology. The scanning team helps us to see the city as no human eye ever could, peeling back the layers of history, showing how the city has had to reinvent itself over and over through its turbulent past.
Monks in Spain claim to have the original cup that Jesus drank from and the vessel that held his blood, but is it real? The Holy Grail is the legendary cup that Jesus drank from at the Last Supper and it has long been held as an object of mystery and intrigue. The search for the Holy Grail dates back millennia, but a brand new discovery could reveal where it is today. Experts trace the extraordinary story behind Christianity's ultimate relic and explore how it has become one the world's most enduring religious symbols.
For many people, the pyramids are the embodiment of ancient Egypt. How they were constructed continues to arouse endless speculation, but the question of where they came from and why they were built goes deeper still.
This second episode asks how Egypt maintained its relative independence for 3000 years. The program looks at the rule of Thutmosis III, who conquered more land than any other pharaoh, yet ultimately he had no interest in establishing an expanding empire abroad.
Religion played a major role in Egypt's success story. In the eyes of the people, daily religious observance guaranteed the annual harvest and the survival of mankind, as well as ensuring access to the afterlife.
The Valley of the Kings is the most famous royal burial ground in the world. Now modern specialists are finding new evidence to solve enigmas locked beneath the sands for three and a half thousand years.
Two centuries ago a 3000-year-old mummy was found, his face locked in an eternal scream. Using cutting edge medical science and unprecedented access we attempt to solve the mysteries of the Screaming Man.
Dr Michael Scott uses the latest 3D-scanning technology to reveal the historical secrets of ancient Athens. He tells the story of how it created the world's first democracy. He begins his journey on the Acropolis where, in the late 6th century BC, the people of Athens overthrew a tyrant and set up the world's first democracy. There, he investigates a mysterious, asymmetrical temple called the Erechtheion that sits in the shadow of the world-famous Parthenon, and reveals it to be one of the most important buildings of Ancient Athens.
The final episode examines how Egypt's belief in the afterlife could be part of its long term success. It questions how a society apparently obsessed with death could survive for so long. We discover that Egypt's specific belief in the afterlife was essential to the longevity of her civilisation. The Egyptians liked their life so much, they wanted it to continue after their demise. Egypt's belief in the afterlife provided focus for the population for more than 3000 years.
The Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt is the oldest and most intact of the seven wonders of the ancient world. For more than 4000 years, this iconic structure has puzzled and astounded in equal measures. Through a unique combination of pioneering archaeology and engineering experiments, this program shines new light on the age-old mystery of who built the pyramids, and how exactly they did it.
In the final episode, Andrew takes us up ancient tower blocks, down early sewers, and above 2000-year-old harbour basins still filled with water, to find out. He'll reveal how Rome surpassed all those cities from the ancient world that had gone before.
In 1666 a great fire engulfed the city of London destroying the magnificent cathedral of Old St Paul's. Architect, Christopher Wren, set out to raise a new cathedral from the ashes which soon became an iconic landmark of London.
The incredible story of how Scotland became the Roman Empire's toughest military challenge. At the height of its power, Rome boasted the domination of millions of people and vast tracts of lands as far east as Syria, Egypt in the south, Spain in the west and the Germanic wildernesses in the north. In 43 AD Emperor Claudius' forces invaded and conquered Britain, but there was one small part of these barbarian lands that wasn't so easy to crush.
This series recreates the building of the Great Pyramid of Khufu through the story of a conscripted labourer, Nakht. Life in ancient Egypt is reconstructed based on archaeological artefacts and writings, with computer generated images and impressive 3D graphics illustrating the scale and internal structure of the pyramid.
There is one Egyptian pharaoh who towers above the rest: Ramesses II. A formidable warrior, builder and statesman, he declared himself a living god. Archeologists look again at Ramesses, in the hope of finding out more.
This program brings to life the ingenious engineering solutions and treacherous political betrayals that gave birth to what is arguably the most perfect example of Moorish architecture in existence - The Alhambra.
Tutankhamun: Secrets Of The Boy King shows how new research is revealing previously unknown details about the real pharaoh behind the iconic gold mask. This film follows the Earl of Carnarvon - whose great-grandfather helped discover Tutankhamun's tomb in 1922 - as he travels across Egypt, examining recent finds that will change our image of the boy king forever.
Just off the southern coast of mainland Greece lies Pavlopetri, the oldest submerged city in the world. It thrived for 2000 years during the time that saw the birth of western civilisation. An international team of experts is using cutting-edge technology to prise age-old secrets from the complex of streets and stone buildings that lie less than five metres below the surface of the ocean. State-of-the-art CGI helps to raise the city from the seabed, revealing for the first time in 3,500 years how Pavlopetri would once have looked and operated.
A world wonder so elusive, most people have decided it must be mythical. Centuries of digging have turned up nothing. The problem is, everyone has been looking in the wrong place. This documentary will prove the Hanging Gardens of Babylon did exist.
The first town of over 1 million people was built more than 2000 years ago. Without any of our modern conveniences, and what we would consider necessities today, how did they function? Professor Andrew Wallace-Hadrill explores the remains of these ancient megalopolises, explaining how to make a city work without the benefits of modern technology.
A mysterious void has recently been discovered in the Great Pyramid of Giza, a scientific discovery so remarkable it sent shockwaves around the world. The new discovery comes out of the ScanPyramids project, an international mission under the authority of Egypt's Ministry of Antiquities. Launched in October 2015, this project aims to non-invasively peer into Egypt's largest pyramids using a battery of modern non-invasive technologies. The findings mark the latest in a millennia-long quest to understand the Great Pyramid of Giza, long an object of mystery and intrigue. This documentary tells the amazing story of this discovery.
The Great Pyramid of Egypt is the only survivor of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, but the secret of how it was built has been lost to time. Now a series of incredible discoveries is allowing archaeologists to finally unlock the answers; revealing how and why the pharaoh Khufu built the biggest pyramid of all time. Using stunning CGI the complicated security features of the Great Pyramid are exposed, and the extent to which the ancient Egyptians utterly transformed the landscape is uncovered in unprecedented detail.
In the fading days of the Pharaohs, the city of Heracleion was the gateway to Egypt and a port beyond compare. Despite its importance, Heracleion mysteriously disappeared from history as if wiped from the face of the Earth. In 2000 archaeologists discovered the city's remains 6 kilometres off the Egyptian coast and only 10 metres under water. This documentary follows a team of maritime archaeologists as they uncover glorious temples, statues, houses, and boats lying perfectly preserved beneath the sea.
The first town of over 1 million people was built more than 2000 years ago. Without any of our modern conveniences, and what we would consider necessities today, how did they function? Professor Andrew Wallace-Hadrill explores the remains of these ancient megalopolises, explaining how to make a city work without the benefits of modern technology. He first journeys across stunning locations in Greece to find out how Athens gave birth to the idea of a city run by free citizens. Andrew then reveals how Rome surpassed all those cities from the ancient world that had gone before.
A team of archaeologists are excavating an ancient village in Cambridgeshire, England known as 'The British Pompeii', that has transformed history's picture of life in Bronze Age Britain. Inside perfectly preserved roundhouses, the team has discovered everything from Britain's oldest wheel to swords used in battle. The biggest revelation was proof of technology needed to produce cloth which was never before seen in Britain and proved these villagers' lives were anything but primitive. But behind all the incredible revelations is a mystery. The village is perfectly preserved because it burned to the ground. Was it a terrible accident or a deliberate act of violence? To try and solve this mystery, the team plots the progress of the fire, looks for signs of battle on the swords found around the site and questions if this wealthy village was simply abandoned.
Dive into the Great Barrier Reef with Attenborough, explore Kakadu's Mountford rock art, peek inside the micro-worlds of the Galapagos, and be awed by the Great Wall of China when exploring the world's heritage sites.