3243 videos available

Hitler Youth
43:59

Hitler Youth

Episode 1  |  Nat Geo  |  June 4, 2018
Unconsciously prepared for the incoming war, a generation of German boys dedicated their life to their supreme leader and were willing to follow him to the very end.

Unconsciously prepared for the incoming war, a generation of German boys dedicated their life to their supreme leader and were willing to follow him to the very end.

Empire Games
54:03

Empire Games: The Aztecs: Clash of Empires

Season 1  |  Episode 6  |  The History Channel  |  July 10, 2018
This series explores the greatest empires in a way that has never been fully investigated. Each episode highlights and exposes the political intrigue, personal vendettas, ...

This series explores the greatest empires in a way that has never been fully investigated. Each episode highlights and exposes the political intrigue, personal vendettas, family mayhem, acts of vengeance and the ever-evolving tension, turmoil and chaos that shaped these civilisations and led to their destruction from within. In the 15th century, the Aztec ruler Moctezuma I consolidated power in Central America through skilful political alliance, marriage and murder. Within a few generations, a king that shared his name, Moctezuma II, would see the utter ruination of the Aztec Empire. Ancient enmity with their vassal states led to devastating betrayal. The Spanish - those strange bearded men in steel clothes astride huge four-legged beasts - cleverly played tribe against tribe and destroyed an empire.

The Ascent of Civilization
52:04

The Ascent of Civilization: The Carthaginians

Season 1  |  Episode 1  |  SBS  |  September 17, 2017
This is a journey to the roots of the modern world: from the eclectic Germanic tribes that defied the mighty Romans, to the seafaring Carthaginians that established the first ...

This is a journey to the roots of the modern world: from the eclectic Germanic tribes that defied the mighty Romans, to the seafaring Carthaginians that established the first global trade network, and the pioneering Arabs and their advances into modern science. Meet the ancestors that have shaped the world. The Carthaginians were sly merchants and cruel child killers - at least according to the Ancient Romans and Greeks. But research shows that they weren't as bad as their reputation. Their story began around 3000 years ago, when settlers left their homes in what is now Lebanon to set up colonies around the Mediterranean. The most powerful was Carthage, a bustling metropolis in what is now Tunisia, with a port that was the envy of the entire world.

The Carthaginians were sly merchants and cruel child killers - at least according to the Ancient Romans and Greeks. But research shows that they weren't as bad as their ...

The Carthaginians were sly merchants and cruel child killers - at least according to the Ancient Romans and Greeks. But research shows that they weren't as bad as their reputation. The Carthaginians' story began around 3000 years ago, when settlers left their homes in what is now Lebanon to set up new colonies around the Mediterranean. The most splendid and powerful of these settlements was Carthage, a bustling Metropolis in what is now Tunisia with a port that was the envy of the entire world.

Kim Jong-il was also one of the most elusive and secretive world leaders. Now the lid is lifted on the man who lead North Korea with his finger on the nuclear trigger and ...

Kim Jong-il was also one of the most elusive and secretive world leaders. Now the lid is lifted on the man who lead North Korea with his finger on the nuclear trigger and ensured this legacy lived on through his son, Kim Jong-un.

A look at the events of 1688 and the aftermath, when the unpopular Roman Catholic King James II was overthrown and replaced with the protestant Stuart Mary and her husband ...

A look at the events of 1688 and the aftermath, when the unpopular Roman Catholic King James II was overthrown and replaced with the protestant Stuart Mary and her husband William of Orange. Presented by David Starkey.

We look at the reign of Henry VIII, including his many marriages and the upheaval caused by the split with the Roman Catholic Church. Presented by David Starkey.

We look at the reign of Henry VIII, including his many marriages and the upheaval caused by the split with the Roman Catholic Church. Presented by David Starkey.

Monarchy
47:44

Monarchy: Survival

Season 3  |  Episode 5  |  The History Channel  |  December 2, 2016
David Starkey explores the impact of the French Revolution on the monarchy in Britain, the madness of George III, and the subsequent long war with France.

David Starkey explores the impact of the French Revolution on the monarchy in Britain, the madness of George III, and the subsequent long war with France.

Dr David Starkey presents the remarkable story of Charles II who secured the restoration of the English monarchy by a series of political twists and turns.

Dr David Starkey presents the remarkable story of Charles II who secured the restoration of the English monarchy by a series of political twists and turns.

He was a US Army general who was also the only ever Field Marshal of the Philippine Army and this symbolises MacArthur's visionary belief that Asia would dominate the future ...

He was a US Army general who was also the only ever Field Marshal of the Philippine Army and this symbolises MacArthur's visionary belief that Asia would dominate the future of the world. How did he turn initial disasters in the Pacific War against Japan to a famous comeback that would make him a national hero?

The civilisation of Ancient Egypt was the greatest the world has ever seen, continuing for 3000 years with one religion, one language and one evolving history. Egypt created ...

The civilisation of Ancient Egypt was the greatest the world has ever seen, continuing for 3000 years with one religion, one language and one evolving history. Egypt created the world's first empire yet much of what we know about ancient Egyptian culture is pieced together from astonishingly little hard information, and many intriguing mysteries remain. New scientific techniques are now enabling historians to uncover many of these hidden secrets. Behind them lie tales of power and intrigue, love and madness, passion and murder.

The civilisation of Ancient Egypt was the greatest the world has ever seen, continuing for 3000 years with one religion, one language and one evolving history. Egypt created ...

The civilisation of Ancient Egypt was the greatest the world has ever seen, continuing for 3000 years with one religion, one language and one evolving history. Egypt created the world's first empire yet much of what we know about ancient Egyptian culture is pieced together from astonishingly little hard information, and many intriguing mysteries remain. New scientific techniques are now enabling historians to uncover many of these hidden secrets. Behind them lie tales of power and intrigue, love and madness, passion and murder.

Stuck in trenches, and buried in a rain of shells, the US soldiers who have come to be known as 'Sammies' are virtually unknown, yet between 1917 and 1918, nearly 2 million of ...

Stuck in trenches, and buried in a rain of shells, the US soldiers who have come to be known as 'Sammies' are virtually unknown, yet between 1917 and 1918, nearly 2 million of them arrived in France to assist in an Allied victory.

Born in one of the most rural parts of South Africa, Nelson Mandela is adopted by the Thembu royalty after his father's death. But the lure of the city is more powerful and ...

Born in one of the most rural parts of South Africa, Nelson Mandela is adopted by the Thembu royalty after his father's death. But the lure of the city is more powerful and Mandela flees to Johannesburg.

This is the remarkable story of an attack by British and Australian commandos on Japanese ships anchored in Singapore Harbour in what has been called one of the most daring ...

This is the remarkable story of an attack by British and Australian commandos on Japanese ships anchored in Singapore Harbour in what has been called one of the most daring operations of World War II.

Ancient Greece - the cradle of modern Europe. Around 3000 years ago, the cultural foundations of western civilisation were laid, on the shores of the Mediterranean. It's the ...

Ancient Greece - the cradle of modern Europe. Around 3000 years ago, the cultural foundations of western civilisation were laid, on the shores of the Mediterranean. It's the birthplace of democracy, where great thinkers forged the beginnings of scientific reasoning, where theatre was turned into mass entertainment, and where the Olympic Games began. Imaginative animation, stunning visuals and an entertaining narrative combine in an extraordinary exploration of Greece and the rise of an ancient super power that would leave a permanent mark on western society.

He remains the most famous Allied general of the Second World War thanks to George C Scott's unforgettable performance in the Oscar winning movie. But our remarkable ...

He remains the most famous Allied general of the Second World War thanks to George C Scott's unforgettable performance in the Oscar winning movie. But our remarkable documentary reveals there was vastly more to Patton than his so-called lust for glory.

From February 1917, Imperial Russia was plunged into nine months of popular and spontaneous revolt. The end of this revolution was a coup that changed the course of history ...

From February 1917, Imperial Russia was plunged into nine months of popular and spontaneous revolt. The end of this revolution was a coup that changed the course of history and profoundly altered the future of civilisation and it was all chronicled by a journalist stationed in Petrograd.

Examine the personal experiences of six of the men and women whose stories are featured at the National Anzac Centre. We follow their remarkable journeys; from recruitment, ...

Examine the personal experiences of six of the men and women whose stories are featured at the National Anzac Centre. We follow their remarkable journeys; from recruitment, departure by convoy from Albany, on to the battlefields and life post-war. Family members appear in newly filmed interviews, providing a lasting testament and deeply personal connection to the tumultuous events of a century ago.

During the first week of September, Hitler decided to move the bombing strategy from the airfields to civilian London. We examine the spirit of the Londoners who defied ...

During the first week of September, Hitler decided to move the bombing strategy from the airfields to civilian London. We examine the spirit of the Londoners who defied Hitler, and ended the war.

A penetrating documentary about the war in Korea, this two-hour special examines five years after World War II, and the US is once again plunged into bloody battle. While the ...

A penetrating documentary about the war in Korea, this two-hour special examines five years after World War II, and the US is once again plunged into bloody battle. While the government plays politics, heroic American soldiers continue to die in battle.

David Starkey looks at James I and Charles I, and how the power and reputation of the monarchy which was at a high when Elizabeth died decreased and was challenged under the ...

David Starkey looks at James I and Charles I, and how the power and reputation of the monarchy which was at a high when Elizabeth died decreased and was challenged under the Stuarts.

We examine the reign of William and Mary, and the changing relationship between Crown and Parliament. Also the reign of Anne and the union with Scotland in 1707, which saw the ...

We examine the reign of William and Mary, and the changing relationship between Crown and Parliament. Also the reign of Anne and the union with Scotland in 1707, which saw the emergence of Great Britain. Presented by David Starkey.

Monarchy
47:37

Monarchy: Empire

Season 3  |  Episode 4  |  The History Channel  |  November 30, 2016
We look at the reign of King George I, George II and George III, and how the clash between Prime Minister William Pitt and George III led to the American War of Independence. ...

We look at the reign of King George I, George II and George III, and how the clash between Prime Minister William Pitt and George III led to the American War of Independence. Presented by David Starkey.

Ike's public image is frequently overshadowed by more attention-grabbing colleagues. Cases in point: General Patton, his World War II subordinate; and JFK, his successor as ...

Ike's public image is frequently overshadowed by more attention-grabbing colleagues. Cases in point: General Patton, his World War II subordinate; and JFK, his successor as President of the United States of America. But we reveal that there is far more to Ike than the myth of his being an uncharismatic conservative in everything he did.

United in war, the Allies would reveal themselves as divided rivals in peace. How can such a failure of a real effort at entente be explained? With the Yalta Conference in ...

United in war, the Allies would reveal themselves as divided rivals in peace. How can such a failure of a real effort at entente be explained? With the Yalta Conference in 1945 to 1953, discover a new world order drawn up by three men.

Examine behind the scenes of the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II, arguably the most elaborate ceremony of the 20th century, to celebrate not only the royal family and those ...

Examine behind the scenes of the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II, arguably the most elaborate ceremony of the 20th century, to celebrate not only the royal family and those who masterminded the Coronation but the people from all walks of life who contributed to making it a unique occasion. Hear eyewitness testimony from those at the heart of the action and those who remember watching the magical day unfold, either alongside the procession route in London, or on televisions across the country.

We look at the consequences of the Civil War and how the monarchy itself was under threat, and examine how Oliver Cromwell was able to bring about the execution of the monarch ...

We look at the consequences of the Civil War and how the monarchy itself was under threat, and examine how Oliver Cromwell was able to bring about the execution of the monarch Charles I. Presented by David Starkey.

Historian David Starkey takes us on a journey of the English Monarchy from the rule of Edward IV, to the Wars of the Roses and the claim of Henry Tudor to the throne ...

Historian David Starkey takes us on a journey of the English Monarchy from the rule of Edward IV, to the Wars of the Roses and the claim of Henry Tudor to the throne culminating in invasion and battle.

Erwin Rommel has achieved almost legendary status as the German Field Marshall of World War II. He is now known as the desert fox mainly because of his cunning ability to ...

Erwin Rommel has achieved almost legendary status as the German Field Marshall of World War II. He is now known as the desert fox mainly because of his cunning ability to outwit and outmanoeuvre his allied enemies. This is a truly remarkable achievement, given the hatred for Nazism and all things Nazi in the wake of World War II. But History's Verdict asks if this is a deserving accolade?

The civilisation of Ancient Egypt was the greatest the world has ever seen, continuing for 3000 years with one religion, one language and one evolving history. Egypt created ...

The civilisation of Ancient Egypt was the greatest the world has ever seen, continuing for 3000 years with one religion, one language and one evolving history. Egypt created the world's first empire yet much of what we know about ancient Egyptian culture is pieced together from astonishingly little hard information, and many intriguing mysteries remain. New scientific techniques are now enabling historians to uncover many of these hidden secrets. Behind them lie tales of power and intrigue, love and madness, passion and murder.

From July to early September 1940, both sides were finding their feet. The Germans tried to bomb British naval shipping with limited success but then made a mistake that ...

From July to early September 1940, both sides were finding their feet. The Germans tried to bomb British naval shipping with limited success but then made a mistake that ultimately lost them the war.

We examine the build up to the Battle of Britain, studying the technological advances that the RAF pioneered. At the heart of the production were two world-class fighters, the ...

We examine the build up to the Battle of Britain, studying the technological advances that the RAF pioneered. At the heart of the production were two world-class fighters, the Hurricane and the Spitfire.

Britain would have lost her empire and the war in 1942, had Axis forces beaten the British army in the Middle East. Tim Collins re-investigates Britain's critical desert ...

Britain would have lost her empire and the war in 1942, had Axis forces beaten the British army in the Middle East. Tim Collins re-investigates Britain's critical desert campaign, and the controversial battle tactics needed to take on the unbeaten Panzer army in total war that prevented Hitler from gaining Egypt, Iraq and the oilfields. Foreshadowing current world events, this oil-rich region was crucial to the war effort. These are the World War II battles that shaped the Middle East, and created the world in which we live today.

In the summer of 1943, the Italians voted Mussolini out of office, declaring the war over. Why couldn't the Germans do the same? Why did it take the near total destruction of ...

In the summer of 1943, the Italians voted Mussolini out of office, declaring the war over. Why couldn't the Germans do the same? Why did it take the near total destruction of their country for them to give in?

The Americans fight their way across the Pacific towards Japan and the Philippines. Perhaps the bloodiest campaign of all, each island has to be taken by storm, the Japanese ...

The Americans fight their way across the Pacific towards Japan and the Philippines. Perhaps the bloodiest campaign of all, each island has to be taken by storm, the Japanese fight to the last man.

In 1940 he fought against, but could not prevent, the greatest humiliation in the history of the France he loved so dearly. How did Charles De Gaulle recover from this? How ...

In 1940 he fought against, but could not prevent, the greatest humiliation in the history of the France he loved so dearly. How did Charles De Gaulle recover from this? How did he preserve the spirit of France and then help liberate his nation? How did he then go on to lead it as its most important political figure since his fellow general, Napoleon?

United in war, the Allies would reveal themselves as divided rivals in peace. How can such a failure of a real effort at entente be explained? With the Yalta Conference in ...

United in war, the Allies would reveal themselves as divided rivals in peace. How can such a failure of a real effort at entente be explained? With the Yalta Conference in 1945 to 1953, discover a new world order drawn up by three men.

A compelling account of Nelson Mandela's secret life in the underground as he spearheads the anti-apartheid movement in an increasingly volatile political climate.

A compelling account of Nelson Mandela's secret life in the underground as he spearheads the anti-apartheid movement in an increasingly volatile political climate.

Dr David Starkey presents the second of three series of his complete 20-part history of the British monarchy, beginning in the savage maelstrom of the Wars of the Roses. The ...

Dr David Starkey presents the second of three series of his complete 20-part history of the British monarchy, beginning in the savage maelstrom of the Wars of the Roses. The Tudors eventually triumph, and carry the crown of England to its peak. Then the House of Stuart takes the throne, uniting England and Scotland but eventually mishandling both countries. The second series culminates in the English Civil War and a revolution that killed a king, but failed to extirpate royal rule in Britain. And in 1660, the king is returned to the throne.

The first rumours about a forgotten Pharaoh reached Europe in the middle of the 19th century. Was it Akhanaten? The first evidence was found by the scholar Richard Lepsius. He ...

The first rumours about a forgotten Pharaoh reached Europe in the middle of the 19th century. Was it Akhanaten? The first evidence was found by the scholar Richard Lepsius. He began documenting the treasures of Egypt's ancient art in 1842. In tomb complexes and temples, his staff copied wall paintings and took casts of bas-reliefs. From Cairo, his journeys took him south. He kept an exhaustive diary about the work of the 'Royal Prussian Expedition' at the stops on their journey-following the Nile further and further upstream. In Middle Egypt, near the town of Asyut, Lepsius made an astonishing discovery. On both banks of the Nile he found traces of a Pharaoh whose name was missing from the traditional lists of kings. His curiosity was aroused - feverishly, he followed what hints the locals could give him.

The story of the cold war proves that an individual can leave his or her mark on history. It is certain that the personalities of the leaders of America and the Soviet Union ...

The story of the cold war proves that an individual can leave his or her mark on history. It is certain that the personalities of the leaders of America and the Soviet Union in those first post war years shaped history and plotted the path of world events. The second episode of this series examines how America solidified its position as a new superpower and how the Soviet Union, under the iron fist of Stalin, continued to spread the word of communism. Britain, exhausted by world war and lacking in resources, began to break up her Empire. Britain gradually reduced its position on the world stage and America stepped in to fill the void. At the same time the relationship that had developed between Russia and the US during the final stages of World War II slowly began to disintegrate as both sides grew to see the other as a threat to their respective ideals.

Cleopatra's story is a great romantic tale we think we all know. A beautiful Egyptian Queen who bewitches the two most powerful Romans of her day, Julius Caesar and Marc ...

Cleopatra's story is a great romantic tale we think we all know. A beautiful Egyptian Queen who bewitches the two most powerful Romans of her day, Julius Caesar and Marc Antony. It has tragedy, glamour and passion, all played out on a world stage. But the myth conceals a much more intriguing tale that is as much about power, politics and spin as it is about romance. Cleopatra harboured ambitions to rule a great empire. In partnership with her lover Antony, she fought a cataclysmic battle against Octavian - later Augustus - for the future of the Roman world. Ultimately Cleopatra and Antony lost, and thus her story has always been told through the prism of vicious Roman propaganda. But behind Rome's spin lies a more complex person, rather than being the dangerous femme fatale of legend, she was a highly educated and cultured woman of great charm and fairly plain looking. And rather than being an exotic oriental, she was in fact Greek, a descendent of one of Alexander the Great's generals. Through expert interviews, dramatic reconstruction and location shooting, this film tells her remarkable story.

On 15 December 1961 in Jerusalem, Adolf Eichmann was sentenced to death for crimes against the Jewish people and against humanity. While this judgment was met with consensus ...

On 15 December 1961 in Jerusalem, Adolf Eichmann was sentenced to death for crimes against the Jewish people and against humanity. While this judgment was met with consensus on a national level, some spoke out against it. On 29 May 1962, a group of Holocaust survivors and intellectuals, including philosophers Hannah Arendt, Hugo Bergmann, Martin Buber and Gershom Scholem, rejected an epilogue to the trial they believed was inappropriate and sent a petition to President Yitzhak Ben-Zvi to demand Eichmann's death sentence be commuted. By opposing Eichmann's execution, they raised questions about the Holocaust, and also defended the values of Judaism, raising questions about Jewish morality for Israel and the nature of a Jewish State. Historians, philosophers, and Israeli eyewitnesses set out the facts, go over the philosophical arguments, and return to a debate that, while central to that era, remains valid today and deserves to be revisited.

In the early hours of June 6, 1944, Allied forces began the greatest military assault ever attempted. They came to Normandy by both air and sea, with one objective: to get a ...

In the early hours of June 6, 1944, Allied forces began the greatest military assault ever attempted. They came to Normandy by both air and sea, with one objective: to get a toe-hold on the continent, and from there, begin the long campaign that would result in the liberation of Europe and the end of the World War II. The assault was conducted in two phases: an airborne attack by 24,000 paratroopers and glider pilots, followed by an amphibious landing across Normandy's sandy beaches. Using personal testimonies, we tell the dramatic stories of the men who took part: the British and American paratroopers and glider infantry, men who crewed tanks, infantry soldiers who were deposited on the Normandy beaches by landing craft and RAF crews who took part in the deception plan, that deceived Hitler and his generals into believing that Calais was the main target for the assault. The veterans words are illustrated by dramatic archive, and colour footage of key locations. By telling their stories in their own words, we get a snapshot of what it was like to be part of the enormous undertaking.

It is nearly 75 years since the Battle of Britain, arguably the most important victory in Britain's long history. And of the men who flew and fought to defend Britain in that ...

It is nearly 75 years since the Battle of Britain, arguably the most important victory in Britain's long history. And of the men who flew and fought to defend Britain in that fateful summer of 1940, just a few survive today. This landmark production features exclusive interviews with many on the last of 'the few' along with new material and classic film archive. Many of these men were barely twenty years old when they flew their Spitfires and Hurricanes against German bomber formations and their fighter escorts. 75 years later those sights and experiences remain bright and vivid in their memories. Many of their stories have not been told before. These brave men tell of their inspiration to fly and join the RAF even as war loomed; their first contact with the enemy; their skill, or luck, as many call it, in dog-fighting with the German fighters; the terror of being shot at and, in many cases, shot down; the stress of daily life, on readiness at dawn, day after day, and coping with the loss of friends and colleagues. This programme gets right to the heart of the conflict, telling the famous story of the Battle in the words of the pilots for the first time.

From the ruins of world war the battle lines of the cold war had emerged. Old wartime alliances had dissolved and friends and enemies had changed place. The weapons of war had ...

From the ruins of world war the battle lines of the cold war had emerged. Old wartime alliances had dissolved and friends and enemies had changed place. The weapons of war had also changed; the building of nuclear weapons had changed the rules and each side now raced to develop their own nuclear capabilities. The US had been first but when Russia detonated its own nuclear bomb in 1949 the impetus to build ever more destructive weapons accelerated. In Episode Three of the series we examine how the rise of Communism in countries all over the globe made the cold war not just a fight for land but a fight for the minds of the people of the world. As China becomes a communist regime the US begins to fear the spread of these new politics with an almost maniacal ferocity. As always throughout history, the tide of change brings fear and suspicion and US Senator Joseph McCarthy begins his witch-hunts and suspected spies are caught and executed. The cold war was a game where each side knew the limits but as a new decade dawned there appeared to be no chance of the cold war thawing out any time soon.

On August 2, 1914, Belgium did not expect to be at war, but by the following day, that was exactly its situation. That this small country could stop a German army ten times ...

On August 2, 1914, Belgium did not expect to be at war, but by the following day, that was exactly its situation. That this small country could stop a German army ten times larger than its own was unthinkable. What followed in the first few days of the First World War was remarkable, bringing the first deaths, the first air raid, the first mass gas attack and the first battles and the first gallantry awards, all of which has been largely ignored by the enormity of the five million deaths that followed. The film traces that first month, the battles of Liege, Antwerp and Mons. In reconstruction it uses the words of those who took part and looks at the remains of the battlefields and the fortifications that amazingly still exist. The small Belgian army held up the German advance, the British Expeditionary Force fought its first battle and the invincible German army was brought to a standstill in Belgium. The British army started at the small Belgian city of Mons which the Germans occupied for four years until the very last day of the war, when it was retaken and where it was to see the last death. The film is the story, through the words of a few soldiers who were there, of the first month and the last day of the "war to end all wars".

As the 1960s began, a generation was growing to adulthood which had known only the cold war. In those early years of the 1960s there was an idealistic hope. John F Kennedy had ...

As the 1960s began, a generation was growing to adulthood which had known only the cold war. In those early years of the 1960s there was an idealistic hope. John F Kennedy had been elected as president and he talked of the torch being passed to a new generation. There were hopes that he would break the cold war deadlock and bring an end to the conflict. These hopes were dashed when he engaged in a stand-off with Nikita Khrushchev over Russian nuclear bases being built in Cuba. Kennedy was not the kind of man to back down and a tense few days ensued with the world waiting to see who would give in first. In the end, both sides gave a little; Russian returned its missiles to the Soviet Union and the US removed their missiles from Turkey. But the damage had been done and by the end of the decade both leaders would be gone; one deposed by his own parliament and the other killed by a sniper's bullet. The end of the decade was a dark time for peace. The nuclear club grew with the explosion of Chinese and French nuclear weapons, and conflicts in far away places like Egypt, Israel and Vietnam led the American people to question their country's involvement in wars that were happening in places that they had never seen and didn't care about.

In this final episode in the series we examine the end game of the Cold War and look at how the gradual thawing of the conflict began. This was the era that began with detente ...

In this final episode in the series we examine the end game of the Cold War and look at how the gradual thawing of the conflict began. This was the era that began with detente and ended with Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher. Neither Reagan nor Thatcher believed in the high ideals of detente. They spoke the language of new weapons and renewed aggression towards communism. Thatcher's foreign policy was confrontational and confident. She, just as Reagan, saw no reason to compromise with or accept communism. In Thatcher, Reagan saw a great ally and the chance to expand its nuclear sphere of influence. At the same time, the Soviet Union was suffering the effects of life under a succession of failed rulers. The economy was collapsing and there was growing dissent among the nations in the Soviet Empire. One by one countries like Poland and Czechoslovakia rejected Soviet rule and established their own independence. Russia had lost its superpower status and with it had gone the need for cold war. But did the end of this period in history bring about the positive social changes that everyone predicted or did it leave behind it a world empty of order, just as dangerous but in a different way? Time has yet to tell but it is certain that history has not quite finished with America and Russia.

The escalation of the Cold War meant that the whole world began to take sides. Rather like children attaching themselves to gangs in the schoolyard, the two superpowers ...

The escalation of the Cold War meant that the whole world began to take sides. Rather like children attaching themselves to gangs in the schoolyard, the two superpowers gathered teams of allies, supporters, henchmen and followers. The world became a giant chessboard, with nations as squares of the board to be captured. As the cold war became a way of life, technology moved fast to keep up the pace. The launch of the American U2 spy plane and the Russian satellite Sputnik brought about a new chapter in the cold war story; now both sides could see what the other was up to. While the US was concentrating on the threat in Europe, it nearly missed the threat appearing in its own backyard. A revolution, supported by Russia, had overthrown the ruling dictator and replaced him with the legendary Fidel Castro. This period in the Cold War's history is one of significant events and great change. The Berlin Wall appeared overnight and made East Berlin a prison, and two new players joined the game, determined not to concede any points to the other side. Nikita Khrushchev and John F Kennedy would come to symbolise a period of the Cold War where the whole world would truly have to hold its breath.

Narrated by Jack Living Treasure Thompson, this landmark film commemorates the 100th anniversary of Australia's worst battle Fromelles with the last ten surviving Worl War I ...

Narrated by Jack Living Treasure Thompson, this landmark film commemorates the 100th anniversary of Australia's worst battle Fromelles with the last ten surviving Worl War I veterans revealing how 2000 young Australians were killed in one day, in their first Western Front battle, when British Generals ordered them to charge in broad daylight across flat fields towards German machine gunners. These brutally honest old warriors who enlisted at 16 tell horror stories about bungling and bloodshed in battles claiming 46,000 Australians lives that will make viewers weep. Condemning failed British-led Gallipoli as a terrible mistake these centenarians beg Australians to focus on Australian led victories on the Western Front which was five times greater because our soldiers won five times more battles, five times more Victoria Crosses, served there five times longer and sadly lost five times more lives. After hearing these brave soldier's stories, you'll never think about World War I in the same light again.

The Wheelchair President
46:24

The Wheelchair President

Episode 1  |  The History Channel  |  July 24, 2018
At the height of war, Roosevelt inspired millions with stirring visions of a new and better post-war world but it was a world he probably knew he would never see. He was ...

At the height of war, Roosevelt inspired millions with stirring visions of a new and better post-war world but it was a world he probably knew he would never see. He was commander in chief of the greatest military power the world had known, yet paralysis from polio mad him powerless to accomplish the most minor physical tasks. Set against the epic scale of World War II in 1944 and 1945. Professor David Reynolds presents an intimate biography of US President Franklin Roosevelt, revealing a man who was burdened by secrets about his failing health and strained marriage, that if exposed, could have destroyed his presidency. Enigmatic, secretive and with a complicated love life, America's wheelchair president was racing to shape the future before his past caught up with him.

Trade has a civilising effect - promoting wealth, cooperation and trust. Nowhere was this truer in the ancient world than in the Indus Valley - between modern-day India and ...

Trade has a civilising effect - promoting wealth, cooperation and trust. Nowhere was this truer in the ancient world than in the Indus Valley - between modern-day India and Pakistan - home to the first civilisation in Asia. Archaeologist Uzma Rizvi reveals this was a civilisation built upon the production and exchange of precious stones and copper-based ornaments. As demand for these goods grew, the trade network expanded and civilisation flourished.

The Arabs have been bringing knowledge of the ancient world to Europe since the 8th century. In the fields of medicine, mathematics or philosophy, their scholars were far ...

The Arabs have been bringing knowledge of the ancient world to Europe since the 8th century. In the fields of medicine, mathematics or philosophy, their scholars were far beyond their time and still affect our world. For a long time, the Arabs were estranged, not united by one nation or leader. They had little in common but a shared language. This didn't change until Mohammed ended polytheism, founded a new religion and united all of the Arabic tribes in their faith in one god: Allah.

We examine the history of the royal residence over the last 80 years - using archive material, interviews and dramatic recreations.

We examine the history of the royal residence over the last 80 years - using archive material, interviews and dramatic recreations.

Easter 1916
45:33

Easter 1916

Episode 3  |  The History Channel  |  July 11, 2018
This major award-winning historical documentary series, narrated by Brendan Gleeson and featuring dramatic reconstructions of key scenes both before and during the Rising, ...

This major award-winning historical documentary series, narrated by Brendan Gleeson and featuring dramatic reconstructions of key scenes both before and during the Rising, examines the lives of the men who were signatories of the 1916 Easter Proclamation and who, by doing so, made the ultimate sacrifice for their country. The signatories have become legendary figures in Republican and Nationalist mythology but their personal stories and the factual basis of their lives are often masked or lost in the hagiography. So who were these seven men who drafted and signed it and, in doing so, effectively signed their own death warrants? Thomas J Clarke, Sean Mac Diarmada, James Connolly, Patrick Pearse, Eamonn Ceannt, Thomas MacDonagh and Joseph Plunkett are their respective names but this series goes in search of the men, their backgrounds and their families. Each man had his own unique story and they were a much more diverse group than is generally realised, as this important series demonstrates.

Inside the SS
44:12

Inside the SS

Episode 1  |  Nat Geo  |  June 18, 2018
Created in 1925, the SS was a private army loyal to Hitler to the death. Starting as volunteers, over time these fanatical activists would become criminals who jailed all real ...

Created in 1925, the SS was a private army loyal to Hitler to the death. Starting as volunteers, over time these fanatical activists would become criminals who jailed all real and imagined enemies of National Socialism.

This landmark centennial tribute marks the 100th anniversary of the World War I Battle of Beersheba - one of history's last successful cavalry charges, mounted by the romantic ...

This landmark centennial tribute marks the 100th anniversary of the World War I Battle of Beersheba - one of history's last successful cavalry charges, mounted by the romantic Australian Light Horsemen against the Turkish enemy in Palestine. The film features unique interviews with Australian veterans, such as Gunner Len Hall, who not only helped capture Beersheba, but also landed at Gallipoli with the Anzacs and rode with the legendary Lawrence of Arabia to capture Damascus.

This program presents new insights into ancient Mesopotamia and the birth of civilisation. Archaeologists on the ground, backed by the world's leading research institutes, are ...

This program presents new insights into ancient Mesopotamia and the birth of civilisation. Archaeologists on the ground, backed by the world's leading research institutes, are at the forefront in this race against time to save and reveal our common heritage. Northern Iraq has become their new Eldorado, and these findings will broaden our understanding of Assyrian history when the great cities of the Empire thrived 3000 years ago.

An exploration of the stories behind the resistance groups that formed to fight the Third Reich during World War II. These took many practical forms. Guerrilla forces of all ...

An exploration of the stories behind the resistance groups that formed to fight the Third Reich during World War II. These took many practical forms. Guerrilla forces of all sizes fought military actions against Axis troops; clandestine civilian organisations performed acts of sabotage or espionage; religious groups led acts of civil disruption and protest and underground presses spread prohibited ideas and information. Who were the men and women who made up the resistance movements?

Inside the SS
44:12

Inside the SS

Episode 2  |  Nat Geo  |  June 25, 2018
During World War II, the SS were in charge of exterminating enemies of the regime. Over time, what started in good conscience led to the creation of death factories and one of ...

During World War II, the SS were in charge of exterminating enemies of the regime. Over time, what started in good conscience led to the creation of death factories and one of the biggest massacres in history.

Learn about one of the most populous nation in the world by taking a leap in history and updates on modern day China with this curated collection.
Learn the life stories of your favourite famous figures with our extensive collection of biographies, tv series and exclusive documentaries.
The Holocaust, also referred to as the Shoah, was a genocide during World War II in which Nazi Germany lead by Hitler murdered about 6 million European Jews. View and share this collection with your class.
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At 11am on November 11, 1918, World War I formally ended after more than four years of fighting in Europe. Share the significance of the centenary of the armistice with your students with the help of these videos.
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Life is full of opportunities to learn new things, no matter what your age. Explore these videos as part of Community Colleges Australia's lifelong learning programs and enrich your knowledge of the world.
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From the Silk Road to the Great Wall, Ancient China is a rich and diverse tapestry of dynasties and empires. Learn more about the rich history of one of the world's largest superpowers.
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The Egyptian Empire was once the pinnacle of civilisation. An explosion of wealth, power and creativity made it the envy of the ancient world. But what led to its downfall?
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Explore this collection of videos examining the impact of the gold rushes on the development of "Marvellous Melbourne" and Australia. (ACHASSK107, VCHHK090, VCHHK136)
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This National Reconciliation Week, learn more about Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples' struggle for civil rights as Australia reconciles with its past. (ACHMH075, ACHMH076, VCHHK076)
Italy lies in the heart of the Mediterranean Sea Find out all about Italy, it's culture, food and history in this curated playlist. (ACDSEH004,VCHHC101)
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