Chihiro's father makes reference to the "abandoned theme parks" built in the 1990s after they stumble into the new world. Hayao Miyazaki's films make continued reference to the destruction of the environment through human interference and industry.
Boohoo Boone asks Omri what will happen when they return home, hoping they will have moved forward in time. Little Bear tells Omri and Patrick about the traditional rite of passage in Iroquois culture and of the concept of harmony with the world. Before leaving, Little Bear asks Omri of the plight of the Onondaga people, and Omri tells him the truth. The Onondaga are great, but it is not always great for their people.
Omri and Patrick discover the cupboard is missing. Omri returns the rat ball in exchange for the cupboard, but the key is gone. Boohoo Boone argues for their future, saying Little Bear needs a family and that it's the dawn of a new century in his town. That night, Omri, Patrick, Little Bear and Booho Boone watch television. Little Bear becomes distressed during a program showing the massacre of Native Americans. Little Bear cares for Boohoo Boone regardless.
After much trepidation, Omri and Little Bear begin to trust each other. Little bear tells Omri he is an Onondaga man of the Iroquois people from 1761, and he knows English because the British used his people to fight the French. Realising the power the key and cupboard hold, Omri transforms a plastic tepee for Little Bear. Little Bear accepts the shelter, although not common to his clan. Omri decides to transform a selection of toys but quickly sees the dangers of being careless.
A dry and desperate desert environment is shown in the opening sequence, while the conservation of water and allusions to slavery in America are reoccurring themes. In the city, Stanley Yelnats is busted by police for "stealing shoes", tried in court and sent the Camp Green Lake. The family curse is blamed for Stanley's misfortune. At camp, Stanley Yelnats meets Mr Sir.
Omri hears his brother's rat as he searches under the floorboards for a missing key. Little Bear volunteers to retrieve the key and brave the escaped rat. Upon retrieval, Omri sends for Tommy the World War I medic. While Tommy treats Boohoo's wound, Omri realises it's time to let Little Bear and Boohoo Boone return home. Before returning them, Omri tries to transform a figurine into a wife for Little Bear, but Little Bear refuses to let Omri displace her from her family and clan.
A steam train billowing smoke passes by as Sophie is seen working late sowing hats. While the other girls in the hat shop share their infatuation for the mysterious Howl, Sophie continues her work unfazed by his sudden appearance. The themes of conflict and industry and is presented by the reoccurrence of warplanes and patriotism. The film was made during the US invasion of Iraq in 2003, of which Hayao Miyazaki was quite outspoken.
1553 was a turbulent year for Queen Mary. She successfully thwarted an uprising against her 'Spanish marriage' and in 1554, reluctantly approved the execution of her would-be replacement, Lady Jane Grey.
As 1940 drew to a close the conflict was spreading. Disasters were continuing to unfold around the Italian war effort. The invasion of Greece had turned to catastrophe as the Italians were driven back into the hills of Albania. In North Africa the British Army drove the Italians deeper into retreat. These failures had begun to draw Germany further into the south to rescue its Axis comrade. At the same time another front had opened up in North Africa; Erwin Rommel and his North Afrika Korps stepped up to take their place in history.
In newly conquered England, the years which followed the Battle of Hastings were marked by violent turmoil. King William eventually responded to the constant uprisings of the Anglo-Saxon people by laying waste to the north of England. This is a the story of a brutal period in English history, a time which saw the introduction of feudalism, a proliferation of Norman churches and castles and the completion of the remarkable Domesday book.
In the summer of 1943, the Italians voted Mussolini out of office, declaring the war over. Why couldn't the Germans do the same? Why did it take the near total destruction of their country for them to give in?
To mark the 50th anniversary of the assassination of President Kennedy in Dallas, The Dallas Morning News brings a captivating documentary featuring 28 eyewitnesses. Never before has this collection of key individuals been gathered to tell their personal stories and roles they played in history.
Even after the triumph of VE Day, there still remained a war to be fought. The final act of this war was played out in the skies above Japan. A new US President, Harry Truman, took the devastating decision to deploy a new weapon against the forces of Japan. The atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the dreams of Imperial Japan were ended at a stroke.
In 1940 he fought against, but could not prevent, the greatest humiliation in the history of the France he loved so dearly. How did Charles De Gaulle recover from this? How did he preserve the spirit of France and then help liberate his nation? How did he then go on to lead it as its most important political figure since his fellow general, Napoleon?
The paranoid and murky world of atomic espionage behind one of the most astonishing untold chapters in Australian history; the quest by successive governments to fortify the nation with atomic weapons.
He was a US Army general who was also the only ever Field Marshal of the Philippine Army and this symbolises MacArthur's visionary belief that Asia would dominate the future of the world. How did he turn initial disasters in the Pacific War against Japan to a famous comeback that would make him a national hero?
Turning to fascinating moments in American history to understand the present, Simon Schama reveals how the American attitude to war is different from what outsiders assume it to be. "The world has got in the habit of thinking of America as the tough-guy empire; trigger-happy cowboys addicted to the rush of military power. But that's not the way America sees itself," he says.
This episode begins in Russia, with Stalin's army fighting to defend Moscow. Hitler believed his enemies beneath contempt as both communists and as Slavic people. He intended to obliterate them; for this conflict the end would only come at the expense of the total destruction of one side or the other.
In this episode, we look at the impact of the Battle of Britain. Hitler's aim was total air supremacy, to negate British Naval power and enable the German army to cross the Channel and invade Britain. But the battle proved to be more complex.
He remains the most famous Allied general of the Second World War thanks to George C Scott's unforgettable performance in the Oscar winning movie. But our remarkable documentary reveals there was vastly more to Patton than his so-called lust for glory.
Historian Simon Schama looks at the bitter conflict over immigration in American history. Who should be allowed to enter America and call themselves an American has always been one of the nation's most divisive issues. It continued to be so at the 2008 election. He traces the roots of this conflict to the founding of America.
In this episode, we see how across the world the forces of the Axis were in retreat. In the sands of the desert Rommel had been overwhelmed by the Allies and driven out of Africa. A new legend was born in the shape of Bernard Montgomery.
The time that followed the destruction of Poland came to be known as the Phoney War, a period were neither side wanted to engage the other. Both armies used the time to fortify their positions and many, on both sides, hoped that the war might simply go away if neither side upset the other.
Ike's public image is frequently overshadowed by more attention-grabbing colleagues. Cases in point: General Patton, his World War II subordinate; and JFK, his successor as President of the United States of America. But we reveal that there is far more to Ike than the myth of his being an uncharismatic conservative in everything he did.
Fatherland is an intimate documentary exploring an unresolved relationship between a father who served as a soldier in Hitler's army and a son who fled his country, his family and his history. Canadian filmmaker Manfred Becker returns to Germany 60 years after the end of the war to confront his father, the 'old Nazi' and to explore their two separate roles as pre-determined by history.
In August 1945 the US dropped two nuclear bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, devastating the Japanese cities. See the aftermath of the attacks while exploring the history of nuclear disasters. (ACDSEH107, ACDSEH127)
From the dramatisation of the American Revolution in Sons of Liberty through to how Gene Sharp's nonviolent revolutionary theories helped inspire the Arab Spring, see how revolution has reshaped the world.
Australia as a nation moves from colonial Australia to the development of Australia as a nation. Explore the factors leading to Federation and experiences of democracy and citizenship. (VCHHK072, VCHHK076, VCHHK073)
Space inspires our greatest scientific and creative minds. Take to the stars with NASA, or hop aboard Millennium Falcon in the best of space fact and fiction. (ACSSU188,ACSSU189,VCSSU127,VCSSU128,VCSSU129)
On April 27, 1994, millions of first-time voters cast their ballots in South Africa's first free elections, ushering in the presidency of Mandela. Learn about the enormous change from those who lived it.
Commemorate the 1915 struggle that saw enormous courage in the face of enormous loss at Gallipoli, which many consider the psychological birth of Australia. Start with the Peter Weir classic, Gallipoli. (ACHASSK064, VCHHK076, VCHHK144)