156 videos available

A stunning examination of the real history behind the famous and age-old myth of Jason and the Argonauts and the quest to find the Golden Fleece.

A stunning examination of the real history behind the famous and age-old myth of Jason and the Argonauts and the quest to find the Golden Fleece.

Featuring true stories of great treasures, long-held conspiracies, and lost civilisations, this series looks at the most controversial and mysterious parts of our history and ...

Featuring true stories of great treasures, long-held conspiracies, and lost civilisations, this series looks at the most controversial and mysterious parts of our history and re-examines them. Hosted by Jamie Theakston, This series attempts to get to the very heart of what we think we know, scrutinising, considering, investigating and analysing along the way. Visiting locations from Petra in Jordan to Oak Island in Canada, each episode includes archive and interviews with leading historians, archaeologists, and scientists. Covering great conspiracies such as The Third Secret of Fatima, the mysteries of Templar treasure and a race of giants that seems to have been eradicated from history - all are contentious issues among religious and historical establishments.

The civilisation of Ancient Egypt was the greatest the world has ever seen, continuing for 3000 years with one religion, one language and one evolving history. Egypt created ...

The civilisation of Ancient Egypt was the greatest the world has ever seen, continuing for 3000 years with one religion, one language and one evolving history. Egypt created the world's first empire yet much of what we know about ancient Egyptian culture is pieced together from astonishingly little hard information, and many intriguing mysteries remain. New scientific techniques are now enabling historians to uncover many of these hidden secrets. Behind them lie tales of power and intrigue, love and madness, passion and murder.

The civilisation of Ancient Egypt was the greatest the world has ever seen, continuing for 3000 years with one religion, one language and one evolving history. Egypt created ...

The civilisation of Ancient Egypt was the greatest the world has ever seen, continuing for 3000 years with one religion, one language and one evolving history. Egypt created the world's first empire yet much of what we know about ancient Egyptian culture is pieced together from astonishingly little hard information, and many intriguing mysteries remain. New scientific techniques are now enabling historians to uncover many of these hidden secrets. Behind them lie tales of power and intrigue, love and madness, passion and murder.

After finding strands of human hair buried in Greenland's permafrost, scientists are attempting the impossible: to be the first to reconstruct the identity of a Stone Age ...

After finding strands of human hair buried in Greenland's permafrost, scientists are attempting the impossible: to be the first to reconstruct the identity of a Stone Age human through nothing but his ancient locks.

The civilisation of Ancient Egypt was the greatest the world has ever seen, continuing for 3000 years with one religion, one language and one evolving history. Egypt created ...

The civilisation of Ancient Egypt was the greatest the world has ever seen, continuing for 3000 years with one religion, one language and one evolving history. Egypt created the world's first empire yet much of what we know about ancient Egyptian culture is pieced together from astonishingly little hard information, and many intriguing mysteries remain. New scientific techniques are now enabling historians to uncover many of these hidden secrets. Behind them lie tales of power and intrigue, love and madness, passion and murder.

This fascinating series documents the unprecedented three-year 25 million euro archeological renovation of the 2000-year-old monument.

This fascinating series documents the unprecedented three-year 25 million euro archeological renovation of the 2000-year-old monument.

Examines the life, times, and miraculous feats of Spartacus, an outstanding commander of the ancient world, a man who came from the lowest dregs of the gutter to rise up and ...

Examines the life, times, and miraculous feats of Spartacus, an outstanding commander of the ancient world, a man who came from the lowest dregs of the gutter to rise up and build an army from scratch.

With a unique and personal voice, classicist and historian Mary Beard tells the story of the rise and fall of the Roman Empire.

With a unique and personal voice, classicist and historian Mary Beard tells the story of the rise and fall of the Roman Empire.

With a unique and personal voice, classicist and historian Mary Beard tells the story of the rise and fall of the Roman Empire.

With a unique and personal voice, classicist and historian Mary Beard tells the story of the rise and fall of the Roman Empire.

In the second and final program of the series Cambridge University historian, Richard Miles, reveals the truth about the Carthaginians, the remarkable and forgotten people.

In the second and final program of the series Cambridge University historian, Richard Miles, reveals the truth about the Carthaginians, the remarkable and forgotten people.

Explore the engineering and architectural feats that were characteristic of some of the greatest societies the planet has ever seen.

Explore the engineering and architectural feats that were characteristic of some of the greatest societies the planet has ever seen.

The Hittite Empire was a major force in the ancient Near East between 1650 and 1200 BC. With photography from historical sites and museums of Turkey, Syria and Egypt, plus on ...

The Hittite Empire was a major force in the ancient Near East between 1650 and 1200 BC. With photography from historical sites and museums of Turkey, Syria and Egypt, plus on location interviews with world renowned scholars, The Hittites traces the history of these people. Through the use of digital technology and dramatic re-enactments, key moments in Hittite history comes alive as audience journey back in time to experience what it meant to be a Hittite 3500 years ago. This documentary revolves around the personal stories of the six most influential kings and queen of the empire. Highlights include: The battle of Kadesh between the Hittites and Rameses II of Egypt, a turning point for the Near East and resulting in the first written peace agreement in history, The marriage between the Hittite King Hattusili III and Puduhepa, regarded as one of the greatest love stories of the ancient world, The plague which swept through the Near East and crippled Anatolia, The Hittite pantheon of Gods, which was the precursor of the Greek pantheon. This feature length programme is a discovery of a long forgotten civilisation which had the most advanced legal system of its time and had the oldest known Indo-European language in history.

This four-part series deals with the mass migration of Germanic tribes at the very beginning of European history, while Ancient Rome raced towards inevitable collapse and a ...

This four-part series deals with the mass migration of Germanic tribes at the very beginning of European history, while Ancient Rome raced towards inevitable collapse and a new political centre developed in Northwest Europe. This period, from the invasion of the Huns in 375 to the conquest of Italy by the Lombards in 568, is one of the most fascinating, significant and complex epochs in history.

Ancient Greece - the cradle of modern Europe. Around 3000 years ago, the cultural foundations of western civilisation were laid, on the shores of the Mediterranean. It's the ...

Ancient Greece - the cradle of modern Europe. Around 3000 years ago, the cultural foundations of western civilisation were laid, on the shores of the Mediterranean. It's the birthplace of democracy, where great thinkers forged the beginnings of scientific reasoning, where theatre was turned into mass entertainment, and where the Olympic Games began. Imaginative animation, stunning visuals and an entertaining narrative combine in an extraordinary exploration of Greece and the rise of an ancient super power that would leave a permanent mark on western society.

Beyond the gold and the lapis lazuli, behind the Pharaohs and their tombs, stands the beating heart of Ancient Egypt: the people. Archaeologist Dr Jo Fletcher, would like you ...

Beyond the gold and the lapis lazuli, behind the Pharaohs and their tombs, stands the beating heart of Ancient Egypt: the people. Archaeologist Dr Jo Fletcher, would like you to meet Kha and Meryt. The two of them, husband and wife, have been dead for over three thousand years. Through this mummified couple, Dr Fletcher tells the story of the every-day Egyptians and how they built their extraordinary civilisation of ritual and culture that continues to enrapture us today.

Examines the history of the Etruscans and the mysteries surrounding their origin. In the seventh and sixth centuries BC, they controlled much of the Italian peninsula, living ...

Examines the history of the Etruscans and the mysteries surrounding their origin. In the seventh and sixth centuries BC, they controlled much of the Italian peninsula, living in walled city-states set on hilltops. Their language is still only partly understood. Their art shows influences of Eastern Mediterranean and Greek culture, but the style is uniquely their own.

Beyond the gold and the lapis lazuli, behind the Pharaohs and their tombs, stands the beating heart of Ancient Egypt: the people. Archaeologist Dr Jo Fletcher, would like you ...

Beyond the gold and the lapis lazuli, behind the Pharaohs and their tombs, stands the beating heart of Ancient Egypt: the people. Archaeologist Dr Jo Fletcher, would like you to meet Kha and Meryt. The two of them, husband and wife, have been dead for over three thousand years. Through this mummified couple, Dr Fletcher tells the story of the every-day Egyptians and how they built their extraordinary civilisation of ritual and culture that continues to enrapture us today.

The second episode explores one of the most vivid and crucial events in the 400-year-long history of Roman Britain, the widespread rebellion spearheaded by the famous warrior ...

The second episode explores one of the most vivid and crucial events in the 400-year-long history of Roman Britain, the widespread rebellion spearheaded by the famous warrior queen known as Boudicca.

Bettany Hughes goes to Alexandria, Egypt, to look at one of the great cities of history. Founded by Alexander the Great, Alexandria was once one of the intellectual and ...

Bettany Hughes goes to Alexandria, Egypt, to look at one of the great cities of history. Founded by Alexander the Great, Alexandria was once one of the intellectual and cultural hubs of the world.

The first rumours about a forgotten Pharaoh reached Europe in the middle of the 19th century. Was it Akhanaten? The first evidence was found by the scholar Richard Lepsius. He ...

The first rumours about a forgotten Pharaoh reached Europe in the middle of the 19th century. Was it Akhanaten? The first evidence was found by the scholar Richard Lepsius. He began documenting the treasures of Egypt's ancient art in 1842. In tomb complexes and temples, his staff copied wall paintings and took casts of bas-reliefs. From Cairo, his journeys took him south. He kept an exhaustive diary about the work of the 'Royal Prussian Expedition' at the stops on their journey-following the Nile further and further upstream. In Middle Egypt, near the town of Asyut, Lepsius made an astonishing discovery. On both banks of the Nile he found traces of a Pharaoh whose name was missing from the traditional lists of kings. His curiosity was aroused - feverishly, he followed what hints the locals could give him.

Cleopatra's story is a great romantic tale we think we all know. A beautiful Egyptian Queen who bewitches the two most powerful Romans of her day, Julius Caesar and Marc ...

Cleopatra's story is a great romantic tale we think we all know. A beautiful Egyptian Queen who bewitches the two most powerful Romans of her day, Julius Caesar and Marc Antony. It has tragedy, glamour and passion, all played out on a world stage. But the myth conceals a much more intriguing tale that is as much about power, politics and spin as it is about romance. Cleopatra harboured ambitions to rule a great empire. In partnership with her lover Antony, she fought a cataclysmic battle against Octavian - later Augustus - for the future of the Roman world. Ultimately Cleopatra and Antony lost, and thus her story has always been told through the prism of vicious Roman propaganda. But behind Rome's spin lies a more complex person, rather than being the dangerous femme fatale of legend, she was a highly educated and cultured woman of great charm and fairly plain looking. And rather than being an exotic oriental, she was in fact Greek, a descendent of one of Alexander the Great's generals. Through expert interviews, dramatic reconstruction and location shooting, this film tells her remarkable story.

Egypt is so old that for centuries its origins have remained shrouded in mystery. However, in recent years a new generation of archaeologists have been scouring the desert, ...

Egypt is so old that for centuries its origins have remained shrouded in mystery. However, in recent years a new generation of archaeologists have been scouring the desert, re-examining the temples and tombs, excavating lost cities and probing deeper than ever before. In this program, we travel back thousands of years to discover how this powerful civilisation emerged. We also look at the role of the pharaoh, a living god who was at the centre of the conflict between divine order and the evil forces of chaos.

Hatshepsut - The daughter and also the wife of a king, Hatshepsut wanted to be king, not queen, and she succeeded. She pushed her nephew and rightful heir to the throne, ...

Hatshepsut - The daughter and also the wife of a king, Hatshepsut wanted to be king, not queen, and she succeeded. She pushed her nephew and rightful heir to the throne, Tuthmoses III, aside and for 22 years ruled as King of Upper and Lower Egypt. She wore the pharoah's false beard of authority and is shown in her statues wearing male garb.

The Revelation Of The Pyramids takes an in depth look into one of the seven wonders of the world, the Great Pyramids of Egypt. Mystery has surrounded these epic structures for ...

The Revelation Of The Pyramids takes an in depth look into one of the seven wonders of the world, the Great Pyramids of Egypt. Mystery has surrounded these epic structures for centuries with theories varying from the scientific to the bizarre. However with over 37 years of in depth research taking in sites from China, Peru, Mexico and Egypt, one scientist has as at last managed first to understand and then to reveal what lies behind this greatest of archaeological mysteries.

Egypt's boy-king Tutankhamun died aged 18. Hastily mummified and placed in an unfinished tomb, his existence remained unknown until the tomb's sensational rediscovery in 1922. ...

Egypt's boy-king Tutankhamun died aged 18. Hastily mummified and placed in an unfinished tomb, his existence remained unknown until the tomb's sensational rediscovery in 1922. Two American detectives investigate how and why he died and conclude the evidence points to murder, conspiracy and cover-up. It's an irresistible whodunit where real life detectives hunt down real-life ancient killers.

Egypt's boy-king Tutankhamun died aged 18. Hastily mummified and placed in an unfinished tomb, his existence remained unknown until the tomb's sensational re-discovery in ...

Egypt's boy-king Tutankhamun died aged 18. Hastily mummified and placed in an unfinished tomb, his existence remained unknown until the tomb's sensational re-discovery in 1922. Two American detectives investigate how and why he died and conclude the evidence points to murder, conspiracy and cover-up. It's an irresistible whodunit where real life detectives hunt down real life ancient killers.

The Valley of the Kings is the most famous royal burial ground in the world. Now modern specialists are finding new evidence to solve enigmas locked beneath the sands for 3500 ...

The Valley of the Kings is the most famous royal burial ground in the world. Now modern specialists are finding new evidence to solve enigmas locked beneath the sands for 3500 years. What drove Egypt's greatest pharaohs to seek out this secluded valley to hide their mummified remains? How did the ancient craftsmen achieve such feats of engineering and keep pace with the ever-shifting designs? And why was this sacred site finally abandoned?

There is one Egyptian pharaoh who towers above the rest: Ramesses II. A formidable warrior, builder and statesman, he declared himself a living god. For two centuries, ...

There is one Egyptian pharaoh who towers above the rest: Ramesses II. A formidable warrior, builder and statesman, he declared himself a living god. For two centuries, Egyptologists have debated the secrets of his success. Now, startling discoveries mean that a new generation of archaeologists is looking again at Ramesses, in the hope of finding out more about the man behind the myth and whether he truly deserves to be remembered as Ramesses the Great.

Akhenaten - At the end of the 18th dynasty a great heresy plagued Egypt. The pharaoh Amenhotep IV changed his name to Akhenaten and declared that there is but one god, Aten ...

Akhenaten - At the end of the 18th dynasty a great heresy plagued Egypt. The pharaoh Amenhotep IV changed his name to Akhenaten and declared that there is but one god, Aten the solar disk. He moved the capital of Egypt form Thebes to a desert wilderness which he called the Horizon of the Aten. Along with the change in religion, Akhenaten changed the 2000 year cannon of Egyptian art from highly stylized formal presentations to natural poses and subjects.

Once the biggest and most influential city on the planet, founded by Alexander the Great and home to Cleopatra, Archimedes and the largest library in the world. How did this ...

Once the biggest and most influential city on the planet, founded by Alexander the Great and home to Cleopatra, Archimedes and the largest library in the world. How did this shining beacon for civilisation and knowledge meet its classical demise? Featuring stunning visualisations from the major movie Agora, acclaimed historian Bettany Hughes looks at Alexandria past and present, unearthing archaeological gems and following in the footsteps of Hypatia, the city's last great female philosopher and guardian of great Library of Alexandria, whose murder would bring down the curtain not just on an era but on the ancient world as a whole.

Explore the engineering and architectural feats that were characteristic of some of the greatest societies the planet has ever seen.

Explore the engineering and architectural feats that were characteristic of some of the greatest societies the planet has ever seen.

The first, and perhaps the greatest, commander of all was Alexander the Great. At the Battle of Issus, he led an audacious charge across a river, crushing a massive Persian ...

The first, and perhaps the greatest, commander of all was Alexander the Great. At the Battle of Issus, he led an audacious charge across a river, crushing a massive Persian force. Still in his early 20s Alexander went on to conquer more of the known world than anyone before or since. By the time of his death, aged 32, he had established himself not only as a great commander but a great conqueror.

This programme, the first in the series, tells the exciting story of how and why the Romans invaded Britannia in the year AD 43. It shows that the invasion was rooted in two ...

This programme, the first in the series, tells the exciting story of how and why the Romans invaded Britannia in the year AD 43. It shows that the invasion was rooted in two things, the emperor Claudius's desire to strengthen his grip on power by chalking up a major military conquest and the Roman state's intention to exploit the rich reserves of gold, silver, corn, timber and other natural resources the island was known to possess.

Nearly 3000 years ago, a tiny group of tribes in the land of Canaan gave birth to a nation and a religion, a religion that would dare to redefine humanity's relationship with ...

Nearly 3000 years ago, a tiny group of tribes in the land of Canaan gave birth to a nation and a religion, a religion that would dare to redefine humanity's relationship with God. Kingdom of David: The Saga Of The Israelites tells the epic story of the Israelites and the creation of the world's first and most profoundly influential, monotheistic religion.

A century and a half before Christ, Rome, the young ambitious superpower, rocked the ancient Mediterranean world by annihilating Carthage, a superb metropolis on the coast of ...

A century and a half before Christ, Rome, the young ambitious superpower, rocked the ancient Mediterranean world by annihilating Carthage, a superb metropolis on the coast of North Africa and the capital of a great empire, in an unrelenting holocaust. Cambridge historian Dr Richard Miles traces one of history's darkest and most compelling stories; the superpower rivalry that radically transformed the ancient world.

Two thousand years ago, the Roman Empire was the strongest and most powerful assembly of people on Earth. In the year 73 BC, they boasted the greatest army in the ancient ...

Two thousand years ago, the Roman Empire was the strongest and most powerful assembly of people on Earth. In the year 73 BC, they boasted the greatest army in the ancient world, but their army was to be taken down many times over by Spartacus - an unlikely hero who achieved an extraordinary feat that would be remembered in history for decades to come.

One of history's greatest military leaders, at age nine Hannibal accompanied his father Hamilcar Barca on the Carthaginian expedition to conquer Spain. Before embarking, the ...

One of history's greatest military leaders, at age nine Hannibal accompanied his father Hamilcar Barca on the Carthaginian expedition to conquer Spain. Before embarking, the boy vowed eternal hatred for Rome, his people's bitter rival. Twenty years later, in 218 BC, he left New Carthage, now Cartagena, Spain, to wage war on The Eternal City with an army of about 40,000, including cavalry and elephants. After crossing the Pyrenees and Rhone River, he traversed the Alps while beset by snowstorms, landslides, and hostile mountain tribes.

Alexander the Great united the Greek city-states and built the largest empire in history. Richard discovers that it was his successors who had to make sense of the legacy he left.

Alexander the Great united the Greek city-states and built the largest empire in history. Richard discovers that it was his successors who had to make sense of the legacy he left.

As much of the world descended into the Dark Ages after the fall of Rome, one civilisation shone brilliantly: the Byzantine Empire. With ruthless might and supreme ingenuity, ...

As much of the world descended into the Dark Ages after the fall of Rome, one civilisation shone brilliantly: the Byzantine Empire. With ruthless might and supreme ingenuity, the Byzantines ruled over vast swaths of Europe and Asia for more than a thousand years. A bridge to antiquity, it was Byzantium that preserved the classical learning and science that would one day give rise to the Renaissance. Led by rulers who exercised absolute power and architects who pushed beyond Rome's engineering marvels, the Byzantines constructed the ancient world's longest aqueduct, virtually invincible city walls, a massive stadium, and a colossal domed cathedral that defied the laws of nature.

This program sweeps aside the sanitised accounts and reveals the real world of the Roman amphitheatre, where cruelty became an art form and violence the essence of entertainment.

This program sweeps aside the sanitised accounts and reveals the real world of the Roman amphitheatre, where cruelty became an art form and violence the essence of entertainment.

This program, the third in the series, examines the way in which the Romans behaved during their 400-year-long occupation of the country and concludes that the benign image of ...

This program, the third in the series, examines the way in which the Romans behaved during their 400-year-long occupation of the country and concludes that the benign image of Roman Britain that arose during the Victorian era needs to be radically revised.

Rome is the most famous city in the world. Millions of tourists each year come to visit the Vatican, heart of the Catholic faith, and admire Rome's ancient ruins. But it is ...

Rome is the most famous city in the world. Millions of tourists each year come to visit the Vatican, heart of the Catholic faith, and admire Rome's ancient ruins. But it is the Colosseum that is perhaps their favourite stop: the iconic heart of the Roman Empire, where heroes were made and broken.

Bob Brier hosts this series that documents the lives of three of Egypt's famous leaders. There are tales of great battles, personal obsessions and intimate relationships. The ...

Bob Brier hosts this series that documents the lives of three of Egypt's famous leaders. There are tales of great battles, personal obsessions and intimate relationships. The three powerful rulers, Ramses the Great, Akhenaten, and Queen Hatshepsut have their entire life histories documented on the walls of their elaborate stone tombs. Bob Brier will decipher the paintings and hieroglyphics to uncover the true stories of these Egyptian Pharaohs.

Five hundred years before Christ a young prince left his palace and set out on a journey through Northern India. His experiences became a philosophy that is now followed by ...

Five hundred years before Christ a young prince left his palace and set out on a journey through Northern India. His experiences became a philosophy that is now followed by over 400 million people. In the 1800s Western archaeologists and explorers stumbled upon the small village of Lumbini in Nepal where they discovered the birthplace of the Buddha, enabling them to unlock the secrets of his life.

In AD 79 the legendary volcano Vesuvius staged one of the deadliest volcanic eruptions of all time, destroying the town of Pompeii. Such was the power of this terrible ...

In AD 79 the legendary volcano Vesuvius staged one of the deadliest volcanic eruptions of all time, destroying the town of Pompeii. Such was the power of this terrible explosion that it shot lava 30km above the earth and spewed 10,000 tons of ash a second down on the surrounding towns and countryside. For 400 years archaeologists have studied the ancient bodies found buried beneath layers of ash and rock. The explanation for the victims deaths has always been that they were killed by flying rocks and boiling lava. This is the interpretation still given to tourists who visit the site at Pompeii today. Yet an intriguing mystery lies at the centre of this explanation.

While Marc Antony falls for Cleopatra's charms, Caesar's nephew Octavian declares war on Egypt. The two leaders' final confrontation comes off the coast of Actium in a ...

While Marc Antony falls for Cleopatra's charms, Caesar's nephew Octavian declares war on Egypt. The two leaders' final confrontation comes off the coast of Actium in a spectacular naval battle.

Following Caesar's death, his nephew Octavian and Marc Antony join forces to see off rival challengers for the Roman Empire. Their showdown with Caesar's murderers comes at ...

Following Caesar's death, his nephew Octavian and Marc Antony join forces to see off rival challengers for the Roman Empire. Their showdown with Caesar's murderers comes at the battle of Philippi.

Rediscovering the buried treasures of the ancient world. What did these legendary places really look like, who lived in them, and why did they vanish?

Rediscovering the buried treasures of the ancient world. What did these legendary places really look like, who lived in them, and why did they vanish?

Rediscovering the buried treasures of the ancient world. What did these legendary places really look like, who lived in them, and why did they vanish?

Rediscovering the buried treasures of the ancient world. What did these legendary places really look like, who lived in them, and why did they vanish?

How did Angkor become the largest 13th century city ever built? Using the most sophisticated technologies in conjunction with research focusing on statues, casts, and ...

How did Angkor become the largest 13th century city ever built? Using the most sophisticated technologies in conjunction with research focusing on statues, casts, and documents handed down by Louis Delaporte - one of the first explorers of Angkor in the 19th century - researchers have been able to uncover how Khmer temples operated, the meaning of their architecture, and how the capital of the Empire grew to become the largest city in the world at the end of the 13th century.

Egypt Unwrapped
50:07

Egypt Unwrapped: Sphinx

Season 1  |  Episode 3  |  The History Channel  |  September 16, 2016
It is the largest freestanding sculpture ever carved from a single block of stone, an icon recognised around the globe. The Sphinx, a lion with the face of a mighty pharaoh, ...

It is the largest freestanding sculpture ever carved from a single block of stone, an icon recognised around the globe. The Sphinx, a lion with the face of a mighty pharaoh, towers over the Giza Plateau. Yet it remains one of history's most enigmatic mysteries. Who built it, when and why? Using the latest research, the most advanced technology and the newest discoveries to reveal the Sphinx as never seen before, this program unravels the riddle behind the icon. Could it be time to rewrite the history books? Not a single hieroglyph or "signature" from the people that built it has ever been found on the Sphinx. All circumstantial evidence leads directly to the pyramid-building Egyptians. But this is where the debate begins. Conventional wisdom holds that the Pharaoh Khafre built the Sphinx nearly 5000 years ago, as it is his pyramid that stands behind it and a large stone tablet found between its paws bears his name; however, this tablet was written over a thousand years after the Sphinx's carving, so could it be wrong? A leading archaeologist Rainer Stadelmann explains that Khafre is always represented with a beard, but the Sphinx has none. Even the layout of Khafre's temple and causeway prove problematic. Could the Sphinx actually represent Khafre's father Khufu - the builder of the Great Pyramid of Giza? Architect Jonathan Foyle sketches the Sphinx and compares it with his drawing of Khafre and Khufu taken from known statues. For him it is unmistakably Khufu - could the untouchable theory of Khafre be flawed?

Orkney - seven miles off the coast of Scotland, and cut off by the tumultuous Pentland Firth, the fastest-flowing tidal race in Europe - is often viewed as being remote. ...

Orkney - seven miles off the coast of Scotland, and cut off by the tumultuous Pentland Firth, the fastest-flowing tidal race in Europe - is often viewed as being remote. However it is one of the treasure troves of archaeology in Britain, and recent discoveries there are turning the Stone Age map of Britain upside down. Rather than an outpost at the edge of the world, recent finds suggest an extraordinary theory - that Orkney was the cultural capital of our ancient world and the origin of the stone circle cult which culminated in Stonehenge. In this episode, Andy dives below the waves in search of the inspiration for the first stone circle, Chris and Neil spend the night on an abandoned island as they hunt for clues as to why cultures change, Shini tests the technology behind a Bronze Age sauna, and the archaeologists uncover a remarkable find.

Mary Beard reaches back to the myths and legends of the origins of Rome to gain an insight into the deep-rooted psyche of the people of Rome - a city born through fratricide ...

Mary Beard reaches back to the myths and legends of the origins of Rome to gain an insight into the deep-rooted psyche of the people of Rome - a city born through fratricide and rape. But Rome was also from the very beginning an asylum for outcasts and exiles, and because of this it adopted a uniquely inclusive approach towards its neighbours and defeated enemies. The expansion of the city brought territory in first in Italy and Sicily, where Rome first came head to head and eventually defeated her great rival: Carthage. Mary then travels to Greece, where Rome adopted a complex mix of brute force and cultural cringe, and France, where she finds evidence of war methods akin to outright genocide. In typical myth-busting style, Mary argues that the period of greatest Roman expansion occurred when Rome itself was little more than a provincial backwater, a shanty town of mud and brick. The marble, monumental Rome we know came about because of imperial conquest - not the other way round. And likewise, the creation and possession of an empire transformed the politics of Rome forever, creating the conditions for one-man rule, and ending the centuries-old Roman Republic.

Orkney - seven miles off the coast of Scotland, and cut off by the tumultuous Pentland Firth, the fastest-flowing tidal race in Europe - is often viewed as being remote. ...

Orkney - seven miles off the coast of Scotland, and cut off by the tumultuous Pentland Firth, the fastest-flowing tidal race in Europe - is often viewed as being remote. However it is one of the treasure troves of archaeology in Britain, and recent discoveries there are turning the Stone Age map of Britain upside down. Rather than an outpost at the edge of the world, recent finds suggest an extraordinary theory - that Orkney was the cultural capital of our ancient world and the origin of the stone circle cult which culminated in Stonehenge. In this episode, Andy dives below the waves in search of the inspiration for the first stone circle, Chris and Neil spend the night on an abandoned island as they hunt for clues as to why cultures change, Shini tests the technology behind a Bronze Age sauna, and the archaeologists uncover a remarkable find.

Orkney - seven miles off the coast of Scotland, and cut off by the tumultuous Pentland Firth, the fastest-flowing tidal race in Europe - is often viewed as being remote. ...

Orkney - seven miles off the coast of Scotland, and cut off by the tumultuous Pentland Firth, the fastest-flowing tidal race in Europe - is often viewed as being remote. However it is one of the treasure troves of archaeology in Britain, and recent discoveries there are turning the Stone Age map of Britain upside down. Rather than an outpost at the edge of the world, recent finds suggest an extraordinary theory - that Orkney was the cultural capital of our ancient world and the origin of the stone circle cult which culminated in Stonehenge. In this episode, Andy and some local seafaring volunteers build a boat made of just willow and cow hide and set out to cross the dangerous Pentland Firth as the ancient Orcadians would have done. Neil investigates the extraordinary discovery of some human bones, Chris goes in search of whales, and Shini uncovers the powers of the tides.

Pompeii is a magical site that's captivated the world for two and a half centuries, but just 10 miles down the road is a place that adds even more close-up detail to what life ...

Pompeii is a magical site that's captivated the world for two and a half centuries, but just 10 miles down the road is a place that adds even more close-up detail to what life was really like before Mount Vesuvius finally exploded in 79AD this is the city of Hercules: Herculaneum. Buried by the same eruption but in ash five times as deep, wooden furniture, window shutters and even wooden roofs have been perfectly preserved, with brightly coloured paint intact. As if this wasn't enough the town boasts the largest sample of skeletons cut off in the midst of life from anywhere in the ancient world. Amongst them are the first new skeletal remains to be found in the area for 30 years, revealing an incredible story about life before the eruption and the values these people held dear.

The story of the Aztec empire is one wrapped in myth and legend. In less than 200 years they transformed themselves from a band of wandering nomads to the greatest ...

The story of the Aztec empire is one wrapped in myth and legend. In less than 200 years they transformed themselves from a band of wandering nomads to the greatest civilization the New World had ever known. What records remain of this amazing feat indicate they did it through brilliant military campaigns and by ingeniously applying technology to master the harsh environment they faced. They built their capital city where no city should have been possible: in the middle of a lake. They quickly transformed marshes into rich agricultural land surrounding an urban center that rivaled any city in the world at the time. They called it Tenochtitlan. When the Spanish conquistadors arrived there in 1519, and saw its gleaming pyramids, temples and places, grand canals filled with boats, enormous causeways crossing miles of lake from the mainland with aqueducts bringing fresh running water to the massive city, they actually thought they were dreaming.

Two thousand years ago one of history's most notorious individuals was born. Historian Mary Beard embarks on an investigative journey to explore the life and times of Gaius ...

Two thousand years ago one of history's most notorious individuals was born. Historian Mary Beard embarks on an investigative journey to explore the life and times of Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus - better known to us as Caligula. Known as Rome's most capricious tyrant, he was said to have made his horse a consul, proclaimed himself a living God, and indulged in scandalous orgies' and that's before building vast bridges across land and sea, prostituting senators' wives and killing half the Roman elite on a whim. All that in just four short years in power, before a violent and speedy assassination at just 29-years-old Mary explores the 'real' Caligula in an array of unexpected places. From Germania to Capri, from Rome to Lake Nemi, she exposes and analyses historical accounts and assembles tantalising fragments of evidence. Mary reveals an astonishing story of murder, intrigue and dynastic family power. Above all, she'll explain why Caligula has ended up with such a reputation and, in the process, reveal a more intriguing portrait of not just the monster, but the man.

Orkney - seven miles off the coast of Scotland, and cut off by the tumultuous Pentland Firth, the fastest-flowing tidal race in Europe - is often viewed as being remote. ...

Orkney - seven miles off the coast of Scotland, and cut off by the tumultuous Pentland Firth, the fastest-flowing tidal race in Europe - is often viewed as being remote. However it is one of the treasure troves of archaeology in Britain, and recent discoveries there are turning the Stone Age map of Britain upside down. Rather than an outpost at the edge of the world, recent finds suggest an extraordinary theory - that Orkney was the cultural capital of our ancient world and the origin of the stone circle cult which culminated in Stonehenge. In this episode, Andy and some local seafaring volunteers build a boat made of just willow and cow hide and set out to cross the dangerous Pentland Firth as the ancient Orcadians would have done. Neil investigates the extraordinary discovery of some human bones, Chris goes in search of whales, and Shini uncovers the powers of the tides.

From the Silk Road to the Great Wall, Ancient China is a rich and diverse tapestry of dynasties and empires. Learn more about the rich history of one of the world's largest superpowers.
The Egyptian Empire was once the pinnacle of civilisation. An explosion of wealth, power and creativity made it the envy of the ancient world. But what led to its downfall?
When Mount Vesuvius erupted in 79AD, it left a trail of destruction in its wake. Among them, the ancient Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum.
Dive into the Great Barrier Reef with Attenborough, explore Kakadu's Mountford rock art, peek inside the micro-worlds of the Galapagos, and be awed by the Great Wall of China when exploring the world's heritage sites.
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