This major five-part series tells the story of the British Empire in a new way, tracing not only the rise and fall of the Empire but also the complex effects of the empire on the modern world - political, technological and social - and on Britain. We travel to India, the Middle East, Canada, Africa, the Caribbean and the Far East in search of the extraordinary characters, burning ambitions and surprising principles which created an empire four times the size of Ancient Rome's.
China's Three Gorges Dam is the largest and heaviest concrete structure on earth, and it produces more power than any hydroelectric dam ever built. Discover how engineers reshaped a river to accomplish this incredible engineering feat.
Explore some of the most widely held doomsday forecasts and their impending timeline to destruction. From the natural, to the religious, to the astrophysical, this series brings viewers the science, history, and people behind each theory, while probing for evidence for and against each scenario.
Bettany Hughes travels to Vienna on the trail of Sigmund Freud, the father of psychoanalysis. Freud's influence surrounds us. In our vocabulary - repression, penis envy, the Freudian slip - and in the freedom we take for granted, to talk openly about our deepest feelings and insecurities.
The history of mankind is a never-ending story of change, revolution, evolution - but surely no span of a hundred years can claim to have changed the world so dramatically, so rapidly and so irreversibly as the 20th century. A century where the empires of the past crumbled to make way for new superpowers and a new age. Built on science, exploration, and a desire to express new creative possibilities. A century where the world was drawn into one war after another. But where radio, film, television, cars, planes and finally computers drew us closer together than at any other point in history. It was a century of unprecedented change. Change that was born out of the actions of individuals - what they created, what they discovered, what they destroyed. Who were the 101 people who drove the changes in every aspect of life that made the 20th century and set-up the 21st? A decade and a half since the close of the century we can take a considered look at the people most responsible for the events that changed their world and made ours. In this series we count down - from 101 to No.1 - the names of those who, in the judgement of experts, including those who contribute to the series, most influentially shaped the century and our world. The sixth episode features some major players from war and peace, from east and west. From inventors who have changed the way we live and fight to artists who have given us reasons to do both, we count through 35 to 24 and cover some of the most influential and infamous people who made the twentieth century - a long reigning monarch, a murderous dictator and the "father of the Atom Bomb". Quite a mixture!
The future is wonderful; the future is terrifying. We should know - we live there. Whether it's on the ground or on the web, this program is travelling the world to uncover the stories that will define what's coming next. In this episode, prosthetics are more advanced and useful than ever, leading to a new frontier of human augmentation.
The Ku Klux Klan (KKK) - or just the 'Klan'- first played a violent role against African Americans in the South during the Reconstruction Era of the 1860s. Members made their own white costumes: robes, masks, and conical hats, designed to be outlandish and terrifying, and to hide their identities. They became infamous for their parades with large burning crosses, and the lynching and hanging of their victims. Today, many sources classify the Klan as a subversive or terrorist organisation. In April 1997, FBI agents arrested four members of the True Knights of the Ku Klux Klan in Dallas for conspiracy to commit robbery and to blow up a natural gas processing plant. In 1999, the city council of Charleston, South Carolina passed a resolution declaring the Klan to be a terrorist organisation. It is estimated to have around 150 Klan "chapters" with between 5000 and 8000 members.
This series tells the shocking true stories of some of the most infamous hijackings, sieges and hostage stand-offs that have gripped the world. This episode, in 1970, the Middle East was in turmoil. Hundreds of thousands of Palestinians were living in refugee camps. They were angry, and many were prepared to do anything to get their land back. One group of Palestinian militants had a shocking plan to make the world aware of their plight - by carrying out the largest string of hijackings the world had ever seen.
St Paul's Cathedral is London's most iconic landmark. For three centuries, this beautiful building has been the church for the people. It's here that people gather for the most important events: from Prince Charles' wedding to Lady Diana Spencer, to Winston Churchill's state funeral.
Director Ondi Timoner embeds herself within a group of idealistic students and a charismatic entrepreneur who are committing themselves to create what they call "the world's greatest sustainable modern town" deep in the Panamanian jungle. In this episode, Noah and Cahill decide they want to have the full experience of meeting their meat, and the interns are forced to see if they can stomach the truth. Jimmy lays down the law.
We explore how artificial intelligence will change your job as new research shows how much of what you do could be done by robots. From truckies to lawyers and doctors, we bring affected workers face-to-face with AI experts.
Join host Annabel Crabb on an all-access visit to Australia's Parliament House. As the 45th Parliament opens with a new cast of apprehensive MPs and an unpredictable new senate, Annabel takes us on a tour of the engine room.
In August 1977, NASA's Voyager mission set off a journey to visit Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. With its iconic golden record on board, humanity's greatest achievement runs using less computing power than a mobile phone.
Nine modern-day adventurers attempt to replicate William Bligh's epic 1789 journey across 6500km of remote and unforgiving ocean. The final leg of the journey isn't plain sailing; the men are once again at the mercy of the weather, and when the winds slow so too does their progress. They face their most desperate challenge yet: life-threatening dehydration, as the finish line appears to be exasperatingly out of reach. Will they all make it to Captain Bligh's final destination?
Michael Mosley and a team of experts place human behaviour under the microscope. In this episode, Michael and scientists Dr Jack Lewis and Dr Jennifer Wild explore the biology of fear and anxiety in the modern world. Fear is one of our most basic human emotions. In the past, it kept us from being eaten by a wild animal. But today, that isn't so much of a threat and yet we live in a state of anxiety - it's becoming unhealthy.
On a Sunday afternoon in 2012, Donna Thistlethwaite told her partner she was going out to buy groceries. Instead she drove to Brisbane's Story Bridge and tried to end her life in the wintery waters of the Brisbane River. Donna was a popular, positive-thinking, successful career woman with a loving partner and a young son. She had no history of the mental illnesses that are commonly associated with risk of suicide. Her world unravelled in about 10 days. Donna was lucky enough to get a second chance at life, thanks to a confluence of "miracles" that helped her survive. Australian Story tells a cautionary tale which shows that, with the right set of circumstances and the wrong kind of thinking, suicidal thoughts can happen to just about anyone and how seeking help can save a life. By sharing her story, Donna hopes that anyone feeling suicidal will see that life can be "great" again and reach out for help.
Rising unemployment, economic turmoil, attacks on immigrants, mainstream politicians who don't listen to popular fears, voters turning to extremist parties; it's the 21st-century but it could be the 1930s. The election successes of the neo-Nazi parties in Europe reveal that voters are hungry again for populist politicians who express their anger towards failing governments; but do people really want an authoritarian, nationalist government in power? This program reveals how the National Socialists exploited the economic turmoil of their time, rose to power in Germany in 1933 and then led their nation into a nightmare of brutality, genocide and military defeat. This documentary series tells the true story of the rise of the Nazis through archive film footage, interviews and dramatic reconstructions, and carries on the chilling story after the war to chart the current rise of the neo-Nazis. This program is a warning from the past that is only too relevant today.
Nearly 80 years on and the evidence from the Dunkirk evacuation is still there, just below the surface of the fields, beaches and sea - waiting to tell a new story. Operation Dynamo and the evacuation of more than 338,000 men from the beaches of Dunkirk in May and June 1940 is one of the most celebrated events in military history. Against all the odds, the Allies orchestrated a near-impossible escape and saved hundreds of thousands of lives. How did they achieve this miraculous feat? This program sheds fresh light on this burning question.
Follows the Indigenous people of the Western Australian Pilbara's battle to preserve Australia's 40,000-year-old cultural heritage from the ravages of a booming mining industry. Filmmaker Tyson Mowarin shows the waves of industrialisation and development that threaten sites all over the region, and how he and the people of the Pilbara are fighting back by documenting the rock art, recording sacred sites and battling to get their unique cultural heritage recognised, digitised and celebrated.
The Tower of Babel is one of the Bible's most iconic stories. But could it have been a real building? This extraordinary film uncovers the true Tower of Babel. And with testing from modern day engineers and top architectural CGI, it reveals how the epic Tower of Babel was built and what it really looked like.
Bettany Hughes goes in search of the beliefs of a man whose work is among the most devastatingly manipulated and misinterpreted in philosophical history. Nietzsche's dislike of systems and of seeking truths left his ideas ambiguous and sometimes incoherent.
Every 20 minutes someone in the world is kidnapped. This film goes inside the shadowy world of hostages with journalist Terry Anderson who was held for seven years - longer than any Western hostage in history. On the 20th anniversary of his release, Anderson shares his gripping story in an exclusive interview that reveals the full story of his ordeal. Combined with new perspective from Anderson's fellow hostages and hostage negotiators, we go inside the world's most iconic hostage crisis to reveal the intimate story of one of the most harrowing experiences imaginable.
From award winning producer David Grubin this biography presents a complex and revealing portrait of one of the most important American scientists of the twentieth century. Interweaving interviews with family members, scholars and colleagues with dramatic recreations featuring Academy Award nominated actor David Strathairn, Good Night, and Good Luck, and The Bourne Ultimatum, this program follows J. Robert Oppenheimer on a fascinating arc through the century, from the heady world of international physics to the top secret Manhattan Project, and finally to the dark days of the Red Scare and McCarthyism.
Britain took and held power in many different ways in the Empire, from a calculated display of imperial pageantry to the cult of monarchy. This series uncovers a world of incredible contradictions, including piracy, war, slavery, sex, railways, medicine, rebellion and religion. This major five-part series tells the story of the British Empire in a new way, tracing not only the rise and fall of the Empire but also the complex effects of the empire on the modern world, political, technological and social and on Britain. We travel to India, the Middle East, Canada, Africa, the Caribbean and the Far East in search of the extraordinary characters, burning ambitions and surprising principles which created an empire four times the size of Ancient Rome's.
The first in the trilogy covers the period Chaplin spent with the Mutual Film Company, for whom he made 12 two-reel comedies. Chaplin's early working methods are unknown, thanks to his habit of ordering his outtakes burned. Happily, he was not always obeyed and hundreds of cans of uncut rushes from the Mutual period have been made available by Raymond Rohauer. By assembling them in slate order, Brownlow and Gill were able to discover the progression of Chaplin's ideas. Working with no script, he developed his story in front of the camera. We follow Chaplin through the hard work of improvising a film, only to watch him throw it all away and start again. This is perhaps the first example of cinema archaeology and the acquisition of these outtakes - unseen for nearly seventy years - represents "the coup of the century".
We meet the charismatic, music and drama-loving Ben who is certainly no ordinary 10-year-old. Living with two languages - one of speech and sound, the other a silent world of signs - is only part of Ben's story.
In Europe, food manufacturers have signed up to 'responsibility pledges', promising no added sugar, preservatives, artificial colours or flavours and not to target children. So why are they using tactics banned in the West in the developing world? There, they have created ultra-low cost products with higher levels of salt, sugar and saturated fats. Filmed in Brazil, India and France, this program investigates the new tactics of global food brands and their role in the worldwide obesity crisis.
The future is wonderful; the future is terrifying. We should know - we live there. Whether it's on the ground or on the web, this program is travelling the world to uncover the stories that will define what's coming next. The Zika virus is a reminder that fighting pandemics is an endless battle. But it's a fight with a new front: deep under the sea.
The history of mankind is a never-ending story of change, revolution, evolution - but surely no span of a hundred years can claim to have changed the world so dramatically, so rapidly and so irreversibly as the 20th century. A century where the empires of the past crumbled to make way for new superpowers and a new age. Built on science, exploration, and a desire to express new creative possibilities. A century where the world was drawn into one war after another. But where radio, film, television, cars, planes and finally computers drew us closer together than at any other point in history. It was a century of unprecedented change. Change that was born out of the actions of individuals - what they created, what they discovered, what they destroyed. Who were the 101 people who drove the changes in every aspect of life that made the 20th century and set-up the 21st? A decade and a half since the close of the century we can take a considered look at the people most responsible for the events that changed their world and made ours. In this series we count down - from 101 to No.1 - the names of those who, in the judgement of experts, including those who contribute to the series, most influentially shaped the century and our world. If this episode teaches us anything it's that revolutionaries come in many different forms. All 13 of our subjects have been pioneers and leaders in their fields and have changed everything, from the way we watch films to how we connect and work. For some the word revolutionary might only be a title but for others, such as Castro and Ghandi, it is far more real. This episode of heroes and villains features some of the most famous and infamous faces of the twentieth century.
This revealing documentary examines the rich history of the home of British democracy and known around the world as a symbol of the British nation. Within its walls laws are made, and crucial decisions that shape the country are debated. For hundreds of years, Parliament has witnessed shocking scandals, weathered conspiracy and betrayal, and even been a target for terrorists.
Director Ondi Timoner embeds herself within a group of idealistic students and a charismatic entrepreneur who are committing themselves to create what they call 'the world's greatest sustainable modern town' deep in the Panamanian jungle. In this episode, the interns challenge the purpose of their new community - are they doing more harm than good? They also ask: where is their money going?
After almost a month of gruelling toil, the modern slum dwellers have made it to the final week, and they've also made it to the beginning of the 20th century. But they are still in the slum and still have to deliver a final rent payment, so the hard work continues. The doss house family is forced to close its doors after a change in the law. Things are marginally easier as the campaigning of recent years has seen the idea of a welfare system begin to take root. A slew of reforms make very real changes to the slum experience.
Arnold Schwarzenegger travels to the oil rich Middle East to find out why the US military, the biggest consumer of fossil fuel in the world, is so slow to commit to renewable energy while Gisele Bundchen investigates why deforestation is again a problem in the Amazon rainforest.
Michael Mosley and a team of experts place human behaviour under the microscope. Michael uncovers what makes us so competitive and explores the strategies we use to win. He analyses our competitive group with the help of sports scientists Dr Greg White and Dr Faye Didymus. How far will the six participants go to come out on top?
Labor Senator Sam Dastyari was a rising star in the halls of Parliament House, until a political donations scandal brought him undone last year. The colourful 34-year-old senator came to Australia as a four-year-old, having fled the religious regime in Iran with his sister and parents. He was a gifted student and joined the Labor Party at just 16, enjoying a meteoric rise through the party all the way to the shadow ministry. But when news broke that he had asked a business with links to the Chinese government to pay an office travel bill, the senator became embroiled in a deepening scandal which cost him his spot on the opposition frontbench. Sam Dastyari talks exclusively to Australian Story, answering lingering questions about his conduct.
Nine modern-day adventurers attempt to replicate William Bligh's epic 1789 journey across 6500km of remote and unforgiving ocean. After two weeks with no sight of land, the remaining men must find a way through the Great Barrier Reef. If they get it wrong, the coral could rip the bottom off their tiny wooden boat.
For the first time since Princess Diana's death, Princes William and Harry are speaking openly about their mother. This intimate and emotional royal event is a must-see. Broadcast as a Sunday Night special.
"Enjoy the war, for the peace will be savage", was apparently a macabre joke circulating in the German military towards the end of World War II. This documentary shows us just how prescient it would prove, charting the cruelties that would follow the end of conflict. Man's inhumanity to man would continue long after the war itself had formally ended.
At 1.19am on March 8, 2014, Malaysia Airlines 370 and all passengers, including six Australians, disappeared from radar. We examine one of the greatest aviation mysteries of all time and are confronted with a shocking theory.
Traditionally, Eden has been seen as a mythological place, an abstract paradise. Genesis is intriguingly specific about its location and archaeologists now believe they may have zeroed in on the place which inspired Eden - the Fertile Crescent, particularly the area which is now in the south of modern day Turkey. For Dr Elaine Padilla, this area matches perfectly the description of where the Garden of Eden was. Using modern satellite imagery a clear contender emerges. Is this the real location which inspired the Eden narrative?
Alfred's grandson Aethelstan fulfils the family plan and creates a kingdom of all England. Travelling from Devon to Cumbria, Scotland and Rome, Michael Wood tells the tale of Aethelstan's wars, his learning and his lawmaking. The film shows how he created a national coinage and traces the origin of the English Parliament to the king's new assembly politics. But there's also a dark side, with later legends that the king had his brother drowned at sea. In his last desperate struggle, Aethelstan defeated a huge invasion of Vikings and Scots in what became known as the Anglo-Saxon 'Great War'. Michael Wood argues, Aethelstan was one of the greatest English monarchs, and with his grandfather Alfred, his father Edward and his aunt Aethelflaed, a member of our most remarkable royal family, and 'even more than the Tudors, the most gifted and influential rulers in British history'.
Norma Jeane Mortenson battles a lonely and loveless existence with an absent mother. Despite the odds, Norma Jeane blossoms into a funny, smart and ambitious woman and soon reinvents herself to become the symbol of an era. She revels in stardom, yet remains a fragile artist, desperate for the approval and protection of men. The outside world never truly sees or understands the real Marilyn, a woman so different from her public persona. As her fame grows, all three of her marriages crumble beneath her quite publicly, including her relationships with Joe DiMaggio and Arthur Miller. Ultimately, Marilyn could never control her inner demons and the onslaught of mental illness inherited from her mother, Gladys - a woman she loves, hates and wants desperately to save. Although her movie studio told the world that Marilyn's mother was dead, it is the great secret of Marilyn's life that Gladys remained a vital and troubling part of her world. As Marilyn cares for her mother, her obsession with President John F. Kennedy drives her over the edge and, ultimately, into an insane asylum. Still, as Marilyn Monroe soldiers on, she gives the performance of her life, successfully hiding her darkest secrets from the world.