In 2013, Pope Benedict XVI's resignation shocks the world. In the 2000-year history of the papacy, only four men have ever stepped down. And in times when more than one living man has laid claim to the thrown of St Peter, chaos ensues. The resignation of a modern pope and peaceful transfer of power has shown the world what the position means today and how it has evolved in an ever-changing world.
This is a four-part series that uses history and forensic science to investigate real-life mysteries. At the heart of each episode is a genuine, undisputed artefact to be decoded. Whether it's a recently discovered artefact or one that's been famously studied by scholars, the decoding may be controversial, but the artefact is not. The series includes exclusive access to ancient artefacts like a recently identified Michelangelo, the first ever translation of an ancient manuscript found at the British Museum, and scientific results from the examination of Roman nails that may have been used in the crucifixion of Jesus. Featuring on location photography, recreations, graphics, and archival footage, we unravel the real life mysteries.
This special is a nostalgic and insightful story of a 12-year span during which a generation named for the letter X marked its spot, coming of age in an era that straddled the end of a century and the start of a whole new world, one that nobody saw coming. This groundbreaking special event series will show how the last decade before the dawn of the internet - the period between the fall of the Berlin Wall and the destruction of the twin towers on 9/11 - still has a lasting impact on the world. How did the Berlin Wall's tumbling lead to the Arab Spring? How did the first gulf war usher in the era of tabloid news? What does the OJ Simpson Bronco chase tell us about our celebrity-obsessed culture today?
Simon Schama starts his meditation on colour and civilisation with the great Gothic cathedrals of Amiens and Chartres. He then moves to 16th-century Venice, where masterpieces such as Giovanni Bellini's San Zaccaria altarpiece and Titian's Bacchus and Ariadne contested the assumption that drawing would always be superior to colouring.
Fritz Lang's career began in Germany with Metropolis and M; he then built a new career following the Nazi uprising, moved to Hollywood to become the king of film noir.
Jamali comes home to Britain to confront the country's most deep-rooted fears about their future, and Britain's acceptance of multiculturalism and racism in the shadow of Brexit. In June 2016, 52 percent of the UK population voted to leave the EU, a historic vote which split the country in two and fuelled the ongoing debate about race, religion and immigration. He meets members of the infamous English Defence League (EDL) , an anti-Islamic, anti-immigrant hate group who are known in the media for their alcohol fuelled get-togethers. Dispirited and eager to see where all of this xenophobia and hatred is directed, Jamali also visits the Calais 'jungle', where he chats to refugees as the camp is demolished around them.
From its origins as a nomadic Turkoman tribe from central Asia, the Ottoman Empire became one of the world's most impressive super powers, dominating swathes of the Middle East, Northern Africa and South Eastern Europe for some 500 years. As a leader of the Islamic world, it's incursions into Europe were often seen as a religious offensive, sparking a titanic power struggle between the forces of Christianity and Islam. The reality, we discover, was much more complex. In this timely series, Presenter Julian Davison, takes us on a swashbuckling journey across Turkey, the Balkans and Russia, charting the Ottoman Empire's extraordinary military campaigns into Europe and witnessing, first hand, many of its legacies. In this first episode we follow the Ottomans rise from obscure beginnings as a nomadic tribe in Anatolia to their game changing conquest of the famed Byzantine capitol of Orthodox Christianity, Constantinople. Julian's journey begins in Bursa, the Ottomans first capitol city and one of Turkey's historical gems, where he explores the wealth of early Ottoman architecture and examines the legends, cultural traditions and unique circumstances that helped give birth to an empire.
In the 15th and 16th centuries, distant and disparate cultures met, often for the first time. These encounters provoked wonder, awe, bafflement, and fear. And, as historian of empire David Olusoga shows, art was always on the frontline. Each cultural contact at this time left a mark on both sides - the magnificent Benin bronzes record the meeting of an ancient West African kingdom and Portuguese voyagers in a spirit of mutual respect and exchange.
Coral reefs are home to a quarter of all marine species. Survival in these undersea megacities is a challenge with many different solutions. Narrated by Sir David Attenborough.
Think Renaissance and you think Italy. But in the 15th and 16th centuries, the great Islamic empires experienced their own extraordinary cultural flowering. The two phenomena did not unfold in separate artistic universes; they were acutely conscious of, and in competition with, each other and mutually open to influences flowing both ways.
From Greta Garbo's Ninotchka, film noir classic Double Indemnity, to his Academy Award-winning classics Lost Weekend, Sunset Boulevard and The Apartment.
Jamali travels to meet members of the National Socialist Movement (NSM), the largest Neo-Nazi group in America who openly idolise Adolf Hitler and are avid enthusiasts of all things White Power. Jamali spends time with party chairman, Commander Jeff Schoep as he attempts a historical merge of 25 white supremacist groups, together aiming to culturally balkanise the US. He Joins Jeff in Detroit where he gets a tour of NSM headquarters and the neighbourhoods that Jeff believes are "ruining the pure white race".
Discover alien worlds and bizarre creatures. Coral gardens flourish in absolute darkness. Narrated by Sir David Attenborough.
Hitchcock defined his own unique style of filmmaking from the early days of The 39 Steps and The Lodger to the Hollywood glamour of North by Northwest and Rear Window, to the terrifying Psycho and The Birds.
Professor Mary Beard broaches the controversial, sometimes dangerous, topic of religion and art. For millennia, art has inspired religion as much as religion has inspired art. Yet there are fundamental problems, which all religions share, in making god or gods visible in the human world. How, and at what cost, do you make the unseen, seen?
Simon Schama explores one of our deepest artistic urges: the depiction of nature. Simon discovers that landscape painting is seldom a straightforward description of observed nature, rather it is a projection of dreams and idylls, as well as of escapes and refuges from human turmoil, the elusive paradise on earth.