Francis Bacon was the loudest, rudest, drunkest, most sought-after British artist of the 20th century. Twenty-five years after his death, his canvases regularly exceed 40 million pounds at auction. Bacon's appeal is rooted in his notoriety - a candid image he presented of himself as Roaring Boy, Lord of Misrule and Conveyor of Artistic Violence. This was true enough, but only part of the truth. He carefully cultivated the facade, protecting the complex and haunted man behind the myth. In this unique, compelling film, those who knew him speak freely, some for the first time, to reveal the many mysteries of Francis Bacon.
Jamali meets the Nordic Youth, who patrol Sweden's streets hunting 'rapefugees' to detemine if this is a valid reaction to an immigration epidemic, or if they are just a bunch of ignorant kids.
The Renaissance marks the end of a fractured church and the emergence of the papacy as a chief patron of art, architecture, music and literature. But cultural advancement is accompanied by increasing corruption and ambition, as popes acquire temporal power and political influence. With Rodrigo Borgia on the throne of Peter, the papacy reaches a nadir, scandalising people inside and outside the church and planting the seeds of reform.
Following the excess and scandal of the Renaissance era, the papacy looks to reclaim its sense of morality and leadership. Men like Martin Luther and Henry VIII begin to question the previously absolute power of the papacy and initiate a splintering of what was once a universal church. Rome responds by making deep reforms and launching spiritual movements. Ignatius Loyola founds the Jesuits, a new sect of Catholicism focused on universal education for all. Pope Francis comes to power as the first Jesuit pope in history.
Simon Schama begins Civilisations with this premise: that it is in art - the play of the creative imagination - that humanity expresses its most essential self: the power to break the tyranny of the humdrum, the grind of everyday.
Tells the stories of the entrepreneurs, the business people, and the industrialists who jumped at the new chances and opportunities that arose thanks to the different policies of the reform era.
Hawkes' early years with Cary Grant in Bringing up Baby and His Girl Friday, then later for Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall starring in To Have and Have Not and The Big Sleep, and Rio Bravo with John Wayne.
From its origins as a nomadic Turkoman tribe from central Asia, the Ottoman Empire became one of the world's most impressive super powers, dominating swathes of the Middle East, Northern Africa and South Eastern Europe for some 500 years. As a leader of the Islamic world, it's incursions into Europe were often seen as a religious offensive, sparking a titanic power struggle between the forces of Christianity and Islam. The reality, we discover, was much more complex. In this timely series, Presenter Julian Davison, takes us on a swashbuckling journey across Turkey, the Balkans and Russia, charting the Ottoman Empire's extraordinary military campaigns into Europe and witnessing, first hand, many of its legacies. Our third and final episode looks at the Ottoman Empire's slow decline in the face of Russian expansion and explores the complex alliances it would forge with European powers in an effort to survive. The map of Europe would be radically redrawn and the Ottoman Empire would come to a humiliating end, giving birth to the modern Turkish Republic.
If David Olusoga's first film in Civilisations is about the art that followed and reflected early encounters between different cultures, his second explores the artistic reaction to imperialism in the 19th century. David shows the growing ambivalence with which artists reacted to the idea of progress - both intellectual and scientific - that underpinned the imperial mission and followed the Enlightenment and the Industrial Revolution.
Beginning with Peter's perilous grassroots movement in the wake of Christ's crucifixion, follow Christianity's dramatic journey through the time of the Crusades, undertaken to recover the Holy Land from Islamic rule. Through blood, battle, and faithful perseverance, we watch as the pope evolves from the spiritual leader of an outlawed cult to one of the most powerful men on Earth.
In 2013, Pope Benedict XVI's resignation shocks the world. In the 2000-year history of the papacy, only four men have ever stepped down. And in times when more than one living man has laid claim to the thrown of St Peter, chaos ensues. The resignation of a modern pope and peaceful transfer of power has shown the world what the position means today and how it has evolved in an ever-changing world.
This is a four-part series that uses history and forensic science to investigate real-life mysteries. At the heart of each episode is a genuine, undisputed artefact to be decoded. Whether it's a recently discovered artefact or one that's been famously studied by scholars, the decoding may be controversial, but the artefact is not. The series includes exclusive access to ancient artefacts like a recently identified Michelangelo, the first ever translation of an ancient manuscript found at the British Museum, and scientific results from the examination of Roman nails that may have been used in the crucifixion of Jesus. Featuring on location photography, recreations, graphics, and archival footage, we unravel the real life mysteries.
This special is a nostalgic and insightful story of a 12-year span during which a generation named for the letter X marked its spot, coming of age in an era that straddled the end of a century and the start of a whole new world, one that nobody saw coming. This groundbreaking special event series will show how the last decade before the dawn of the internet - the period between the fall of the Berlin Wall and the destruction of the twin towers on 9/11 - still has a lasting impact on the world. How did the Berlin Wall's tumbling lead to the Arab Spring? How did the first gulf war usher in the era of tabloid news? What does the OJ Simpson Bronco chase tell us about our celebrity-obsessed culture today?
Simon Schama starts his meditation on colour and civilisation with the great Gothic cathedrals of Amiens and Chartres. He then moves to 16th-century Venice, where masterpieces such as Giovanni Bellini's San Zaccaria altarpiece and Titian's Bacchus and Ariadne contested the assumption that drawing would always be superior to colouring.
Fritz Lang's career began in Germany with Metropolis and M; he then built a new career following the Nazi uprising, moved to Hollywood to become the king of film noir.
Jamali comes home to Britain to confront the country's most deep-rooted fears about their future, and Britain's acceptance of multiculturalism and racism in the shadow of Brexit. In June 2016, 52 percent of the UK population voted to leave the EU, a historic vote which split the country in two and fuelled the ongoing debate about race, religion and immigration. He meets members of the infamous English Defence League (EDL) , an anti-Islamic, anti-immigrant hate group who are known in the media for their alcohol fuelled get-togethers. Dispirited and eager to see where all of this xenophobia and hatred is directed, Jamali also visits the Calais 'jungle', where he chats to refugees as the camp is demolished around them.
From its origins as a nomadic Turkoman tribe from central Asia, the Ottoman Empire became one of the world's most impressive super powers, dominating swathes of the Middle East, Northern Africa and South Eastern Europe for some 500 years. As a leader of the Islamic world, it's incursions into Europe were often seen as a religious offensive, sparking a titanic power struggle between the forces of Christianity and Islam. The reality, we discover, was much more complex. In this timely series, Presenter Julian Davison, takes us on a swashbuckling journey across Turkey, the Balkans and Russia, charting the Ottoman Empire's extraordinary military campaigns into Europe and witnessing, first hand, many of its legacies. In this first episode we follow the Ottomans rise from obscure beginnings as a nomadic tribe in Anatolia to their game changing conquest of the famed Byzantine capitol of Orthodox Christianity, Constantinople. Julian's journey begins in Bursa, the Ottomans first capitol city and one of Turkey's historical gems, where he explores the wealth of early Ottoman architecture and examines the legends, cultural traditions and unique circumstances that helped give birth to an empire.
In the 15th and 16th centuries, distant and disparate cultures met, often for the first time. These encounters provoked wonder, awe, bafflement, and fear. And, as historian of empire David Olusoga shows, art was always on the frontline. Each cultural contact at this time left a mark on both sides - the magnificent Benin bronzes record the meeting of an ancient West African kingdom and Portuguese voyagers in a spirit of mutual respect and exchange.