Cook set off to the great unknown southern land on the ship the 'Endeavour' with 94 people and a goat! As Captain, he took responsibility to care for all of those in his charge. How did Cook prevent scurvy among his crew?
Aboriginal Australians looked at the constellations in the night sky to help guide their knowledge of things such as emu egg collection and trade with the Macassans. Tony outlines the different theories around the first non aboriginal people to land on Australian land, including Janszoon, Dampier and Zheng He. Ultimately, it was a rare astronomical occurrence; the transit of Venus, which led to Cook's arrival.
In 1770, Cook arrived on the east coast of the island continent we now know as Australia. How did his route differ from previous voyages? What 'secret mission' had Cook been tasked with by the King?
Cook and his crew encounter kangaroos, emus, echidnas and platypuses. All things 'New Holland' become the craze back in England as stuffed Australian animals are sent back to the homeland.
Joseph Banks suggests that Botany Bay become a penal colony. The British decide they can claim it as their own despite the existence of Aboriginal people.
Benjamin Law and his mother, Jenny, compare their memories of Pauline Hanson and the impact of One Nation on their experience of racism in Australia
Ray Poon visits the place where his great-grandfather worked as an indentured labourer in Queensland, and discusses the living and contractual conditions experienced by the Chinese migrants.
Bawaka traditional owner Djawa Burarrwanga reveals China has a long history of trade with Australia, where Chinese fishermen visited Arnhem Land in search of sea cucumber, or trepang, and introduced chopsticks to the region.
Benjamin Law investigates the claim Chinese students arrive in Australia 'brainwashed' by communist ideologies, linking those concerns to policies that allowed Chinese students to stay in Australia after the Tiananmen Square massacre, and Cold War Colombo Plan efforts to resist communism in the region.
This clip shows the symbiotic relationship between the bucket orchid and orchid bees which pollinate it. Why is the orchid called a 'bucket orchid'? How does the orchid rely on the bee? Why is the bee attracted to the orchid? What is unusual about the way pollen is transferred from the bucket orchid as opposed to a honey bee landing on a flower? What type of climate do these orchids live in? What might happen if the orchid bees disappeared?
AB test clip 20200727b
Learn about what foods produce the most greenhouse gases and what substitutes you can make with Craig.
Jim AlKhalili visits Nur alDin Bimaristan, a medieval hospital in Damascus, examines artefacts used in Islamic medicine, and discusses religious tolerance in the hospital.
Computer animations reveal how earthquakes cause megatsunamis, as University College London's Bill McGuire explains why the giant tidal waves are so destructive.
Rachel Perkins and Robyn Kershaw discuss the origins of the Bran Nue Dae film and the significance of Jimmy Chi's original stage musical.
Dr Mark Cross consults with 20yearold woman who is hearing voices.
Astrophysicist Mario Livio demonstrates how the probability of a needle falling on a line, or between two lines, has an uncanny relationship to pi.
Tony Robinson goes underground in Wales to see how hurriers, the children who worked in coal mines, fared during the Industrial Revolution.
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