From February 1917, Imperial Russia was plunged into nine months of popular and spontaneous revolt. The end of this revolution was a coup that changed the course of history and profoundly altered the future of civilisation and it was all chronicled by a journalist stationed in Petrograd.
We celebrate the remarkable life of legendary leader Nelson Mandela. A moving, intimate portrait told through the words of an astonishing cast of close friends and associates.
The final act of World War II is its most costly episode. More than 1 million German soldiers die in 1945 alone. Before peace comes in May, liberators and the liberated alike must suffer the unimaginable. The last three months of dictatorship and war bring fanaticism and flight, murder and civil courage, delusion, struggle and collapse. The last rebellion of the murderous regime.
Michael travels to the Empire's Caribbean capital, Jamaica, to uncover how Britain amassed the wealth to conquer the world. In the mid-17th century, the undisputed global superpower was Spain, which controlled the Americas and Caribbean. But when Oliver Cromwell deposed King Charles I, he sent the first state-sponsored expeditions of conquest to take the parts of the Spanish Empire that were undefended. The first territory to be taken was Jamaica.
April 16, 1945. The Red Army begins its Berlin offensive. The generals are willing to incur heavy losses. On the Western Front, the first concentration camps have been liberated by British and US forces. They discovered emaciated prisoners and mounds of corpses. Hundreds of thousands of Wehrmacht soldiers surrender. Churchill doesn't want to leave Berlin to Stalin, but Eisenhower has other concerns. He is afraid of German units forming a national redoubt in the Alps. Hitler finally realizes that the war is a lost cause. Only Goebbels and his family remain in the Fuhrer's bunker. Hitler and his wife Eva Braun commit suicide on April 30. Nor do the Goebbels family survive the downfall. It is left to administrators under Grand Admiral Doenitz to declare unconditional surrender. On May 8, World War II comes to an end in Europe.
This documentary catapults viewers back to the late 1950s to tell the story of the nation's first astronauts, known as the Mercury 7.
March 6, 1945. Cologne is the first major city to fall to the Allies. Shortly after, US troops occupy the only surviving bridge over the Rhine in Remagen. Stalin orders planning for his offensive on Berlin to start immediately. He wants to avoid Berlin falling into the hands of his allies. Goebbels does everything to encourage the Germans - the final 'Wochenschau' newsreels in German cinemas stoke up fear of the Red Army. Hitler no longer leaves his Reich Chancellery. He has hundreds of opponents of the regime murdered, and orders the destruction of industrial sites and infrastructure in embattled areas. Only a few fanatical Nazis comply. The British and Americans successfully cross the Rhine. It's the turning point on the Western Front. The Red Army conquers the 'fortresses' of Poznan and Konigsberg. Their next objective is Berlin.
This special event features the most critical military operation of World War II. This program presents this iconic battle using newly discovered colour footage, much of which has never been seen. For the first time, viewers can see the largest amphibious assault in history - 5000 Allied ships landing over 160,000 soldiers across a 80km stretch of Normandy beaches. This film is presented through the personal accounts of soldiers on both sides, focusing on three specific units: the American 1st Division at Omaha Beach, the American 507th Paratroopers, and the German 352nd Division. This program will tell the story in the first person, in the words of those who lived it, with actor voices reading from soldier diaries, oral histories, and immediate post-combat interviews - from famous leaders like Eisenhower, Rommel, Omar Bradley, and Adolph Hitler, to the unknown boots-on-the-ground soldiers, both American and German, who fought and died in one of history's bloodiest battles.
This classic documentary explores the 25th and final bombing mission of a B17, the Memphis Belle. The Memphis Belle took part in a great bombing raid on sub-pens in Wilhelmshafen, Germany, during which they encountered heavy AA fire and interceptors. This documentary was originally released in 1944, and then restored and re-released in 2018.
January 28, 1945: The total war, propagated by Goebbels, strikes back at the Fatherland in all its drama and reaches its climax on German soil. It is the beginning of a hundred days of horror and death, claiming more lives than in all the years of war. Stalin's soldiers push forward in the east, the Wehrmacht has no chance against such a superior force. In a radio broadcast, Adolf Hitler addresses his people, calling for a "fight of destiny". Fleets of Allied bombers strike the capital of Berlin and destroy Dresden, which is overcrowded with refugees. The Allies march from the west towards the Rhine, but the Wehrmacht has blown up all bridges - except one.
This two-part special event features the most critical military operation of World War II. D-Day Lost Films presents this iconic battle using newly discovered colour footage, much of which has never been seen. For the first time, viewers can see the largest amphibious assault in history - 5000 Allied ships landing over 160,000 soldiers across a 50 mile stretch of Normandy beaches. D-Day Lost Films is presented through the personal accounts of soldiers on both sides, focusing on three specific units: the American 1st Division at Omaha Beach, the American 507th Paratroopers, and the German 352nd Division. D-Day Lost Films will tell the story in the first-person, in the words of those who lived it, with actor voices reading from soldier diaries, oral histories, and immediate post-combat interviews - from famous leaders like Eisenhower, Rommel, Omar Bradley, and Hitler, to the unknown boots-on-the-ground soldiers, both American and German, who fought and died in one of history's bloodiest battles.
August 29, 1949: four years after the US drops the first atomic bomb, the Soviets drop one. No-one expected it so soon. Behind the scenes of this major event of the cold war, the Soviets developed one of the biggest networks of moles of the century. In this episode of 'Spies of War', you will discover how and why brilliant scientists divulged the secrets of the atomic bomb to the sworn enemy of the US, and how US counter-intelligence services cracked their codes to expose the leaks.
August 29, 1949: four years after the US drops the first atomic bomb, the Soviets drop one. No one expected it so soon. Behind the scenes of this major event of the cold war, the Soviets developed one of the biggest networks of moles of the century. In this episode of 'Spies of War', you will discover how and why brilliant scientists divulged the secrets of the atomic bomb to the sworn enemy of the US, and how US counter-intelligence services cracked their codes to expose the leaks.
World War II historian James Holland tests out just how effective German weaponry was in battle conditions. From Lugers to MG42 machine guns and the Pak40 anti-tank gun, he uncovers the secrets flaws the Nazis hid; how interference from the top meant crucial weapons failed to reach the frontline; and how the incredible craftsmanship of German weapons engineering was totally unsuited to fighting a long attritional war.
October 1962: The world holds its breath under the threat of a nuclear war during the Cuban missile crisis. Behind the scenes, one of the greatest spies of the century plays a crucial role to help Kennedy stand up to Khrushchev. This episode of 'Spies of War' reveals the remarkable achievements of Oleg Penkovsky, a Soviet officer working for the CIA. Discover how he betrayed USSR to be a mole to the West and relive his incredible life until its tragic end to see how he prevented World War III.
World War II historian James Holland goes to the depths with the Wolf Packs - the force that threatened Britain's survival like no other. He explores the U-Boat fleet from suicidal one-man torpedoes to the potentially game-changing Type XXI and uncovers how Hitler's failure to understand maritime warfare held the key to the outcome of World War II.
Coup d'etats, assassinations, sex scandals... it's the stuff of a Bond movie, but it's all very real. Under Vladimir Putin, the KGB or FSB as it's now called, rules Russia with an iron rod directly from the Kremlin. To challenge its authority, even from apparent safety abroad, means risking your life. Today, Russia is no longer a State with a Security Service: instead, the Security Service has a State.
July 10, 1943: The Allied troops land in Sicily and open a new breach in the Nazi empire. Two months earlier, the corpse of a British officer was discovered on a Spanish beach, carrying confidential documents that revealed a military landing in the Balkans. The Germans immediately seized this valuable information... It was, in fact, a British ruse to deceive them about the real landing. In this episode of 'Spies of War,' you will relive all the details of this extraordinary darkly humorous ploy.
World War II historian James Holland uncovers the truth behind Hitler's feared Panzer divisions, from the inoffensive Panzer II to the enormous Tiger tank. He gets to ride in Hitler's very own luxury four-wheel Mercedes G4, and explores how the German obsession with over-engineering their armoured vehicles brought about their downfall.
By August 1949, five years earlier than expected, the USSR has become the world's second superpower. But by March 1953, Stalin is dead and KGB chief, Beria, is executed later the same year. Nikita Kruschev tries to reduce the power of the security service, splitting it into several sections. But it doesn't last. Soon, the KGB is back. Abroad, it has struck gold - a mole at the very top of the CIA.
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