The Royal Palace of Caserta near Naples, Italy, was created by Luigi Vanvitelli and houses a silk factory that dates back to the 18th-century, and still functions to this day.
'Help, defend, Heal' was the motto of the 'Order of Brothers of the German House of Saint Mary in Jerusalem' - the Teutonic Order. It was formed to aid Christians on their pilgrimages to the Holy Land and to establish hospitals. This was the order of the famous Teutonic Knights; their white surplass and black cross later provided the inspiration for the Prussian Iron Cross. The order survives as a purely religious order to this very day - this episode separates the myths from the reality.
In the winter of 1871, the Prince of Wales lay delirious and dying. His miraculous recovery a few days later proved to be the saving grace of the monarchy, and brought Queen Victoria back into the public eye. But in the home, Victoria continued to dominate her children. She deemed Leopold too frail for a 'normal' life, and tried to stop him from pursuing a university education at Oxford. Alternative title: Queen Victoria and Her Tragic Family.
This time on River Hunters, presenter and wild swimming loving Rick Edwards and real life river hunter Beau Ouimette, head to the vast River Trent and site of one of the greatest strongholds of the English Civil War - Newark Castle. Here on the banks of the waterway in 1645, the forces of King Charles I were trapped in a bloody siege by Scottish forces from the North and Parliamentarian armies from the South. In the first official search of the waterway, the River Hunters will be searching for lost Civil War relics that reveal the secrets of this brutal battleground.
The mysterious story of Howard Irwin whose suitcase, which was somehow aboard the Titanic, when he was not. And Bertha Mulvihill, a Third Class passenger who, with broken ribs, faced a thirty foot jump down to the small lifeboat in the ice-cold Atlantic Ocean. Then there is the story behind the schoolbooks of Edgar Samuel Andrew and the chilling statement he wrote in a letter to his friend.
From February to December 1916, the French and Germans waged one of the First World War's most devastating battles in order to take control of the hills around Verdun. A head on confrontation, fought with no help from their allies, army versus army, nation versus nation. Eleven months of fighting, over 2 million soldiers mobilised and 300,000 dead. Today, this massacre seems senseless. But in 1916, soldiers on both sides accepted to go into battle. Why? This documentary looks back at this insane battle that was to become the bloodiest chapter of the First World War. Looking back through the personal archives of veterans, delving into their daily lives, their dreams and their nightmares, but also using historical re-enactments and numerous computer-generated images, Verdun, the Battle of the Great War revisits France's last great victory over Germany. A battle that would become the symbol of nationalist folly and age-old hostility between two nations.
A theoretical look at what the world would be like without China's four great inventions: gunpowder, the compass, paper-making, and printing.
The Piccadilly Line is famed for its glamorous stops, but Rob Bell discovers how it also changed public transport as we know it.
With increasing media attention and the start of paparazzi, a new generation of royals comes to the forefront of popular culture. In the 80s, Prince Charles marries Lady Diana and they begin taking on the ambassadorship the Royal titles afford them, taking on tours of their own. The Queen continues her travels, albeit through a increasingly smaller commonwealth. Meanwhile in the early nineties, the Royal family faces personal breakdowns and tragedies.
The Knights of Lazarus were originally founded at a leper hospital around 1098 by the Crusaders of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem. It was established to treat the disease, because the Knights were lepers themselves. The symbol of the order is a green eight-pointed Maltese Cross - the same green cross now used as the universal symbol for retail pharmacies all around the world. the extraordinary history of some the most chivalrous Knights of all - and one of the most righteous of all Orders - is told in the episode of Soldiers of God. Once called the Hospitallers, the Knights of St John were founded to provide care for poor, sick or injured pilgrims to the Holy Land but evolved into a military order with its own Papal charter. Operating originally from the Island of Rhodes and later from Malta, the Order has one of the most fascinating of all histories - dominated by the famous Siege of Malta in 1798, when the island was captured by Napoleon and the Knights were dispersed throughout Europe. This is the whole dramatic story.
Beneath the majestic medieval Warwick Castle, presenter and wild swimming loving Rick Edwards and real life river hunter Beau Ouimette, explore the River Avon. In the first ever archaeological river search in the castle's thousand year history, they'll seek 15th century treasures from the brutal medieval battles of the Wars of the Roses.
Queen Victoria and Prince Albert were an unusually devoted couple but when Albert died, Queen Victoria was left as a single mother. Explore Victoria's struggle to mourn her husband's death, carry out her Royal duties, and keep both her family and the public in check.
This momentous special reveals the untold story of the little-known yet pivotal events that occurred after President Roosevelt received the call that Pearl Harbor had been attacked on December 7, 1941. Author Steve Gillon has unearthed new evidence from the FDR Library that shows the true panic that gripped the White House and shook the nation. Fearing an aerial attack in Washington, DC, the underfunded US Army assembled wooden sticks on the White House roof to resemble weapons from above. Concerned that a Japanese assassin might try to take Roosevelt's life as they drove him to Congress to deliver his speech, the Treasury Department used a bullet-proof car confiscated from Al Capone. For for the first time, intimate details of how the President had to be placed in braces and straps to hold him up while he gave his speech are uncovered.
The story of Robert Hichens and the brass steering wheel stand recovered in a 1987 dive on the wreck site of Titanic, as passionately told by his great-granddaughter who challenges us to look at Hichens in a new light. And we meet Elizabeth Navaratil whose father was one of the 'The Orphans of Titanic'; two brothers, two and four years of age placed in a lifeboat as Titanic sank by their father and whose mother had no idea they were on Titanic. And finally, the tragic story of Frederick Fleet, one of two lookouts on Titanic whose quick actions may have averted an even great disaster and who never forgave himself for not seeing the iceberg sooner.
For 350 years, Schonbrunn Palace was the main Summer residence of Austria's imperial family, the Habsburgs. Designed in a rococo style, the 1,441 rooms have played host to some of Europe's most influential figures including Marie Antoinette, Mozart and Napoleon Bonaparte. Schonbrunn was home to two of the great Habsburgs matriarchs, Empresses Maria Theresa and Elisabeth. Maria Theresa ruled for 40 years in the 18th century and married her daughters into some of the most powerful royal houses across Europe. Empress Elisabeth, known affectionately across the Austrian Empire as Sisi, has often been compared to Princess Diana because of her beauty and iconic status. She was assassinated in Geneva in 1898. The palace is located in a 500 acre park which includes an orangery, palm house and one of Europe's oldest zoos.
From iconic cultural contributions, to life-saving game-changers in science and medicine, France has been a major contributor in shaping our modern world. France gave us tools that allowed us to explore unimaginable places and helped perfect the finer things in life. We all owe France a toast to the wonderful world we live in. To celebrate these great contributions, we're going to run a thought experiment and strip them all away, leaving the world in crisis.
Albert Lin travels to the famous Machu Picchu, where LiDAR technology reveals evidence of an even older civilisation's involvement.
In this episode, we explore the changing role of the Windsors' relationship to the Commonwealth and the political upheaval in the world during the 60s and 70s. Former colonies move to independence, often bringing violence. Tours to these parts of the world are under threat and the British and other former colonial powers struggle to come to terms with a new world order and diminished power.
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