While thousands of service men and women have been killed in action, many more have been wounded in war, requiring treatment for months or years after the end of the conflict. A stretcher on a sledge, on wheels, Alexander Worsfold's versatile invention, the Transporter, is reported to have been the only invention developed on the Australian home front that was adopted on the battlefront of World War I.
William Scurry, a Melbourne-born architectural modeller, invented the drip rifle to aid the Gallipoli evacuation. The invention created the illusion of manned trenches by popping shots out from the trenches during the critical final stage of the Anzac's evacuation of the Gallipoli Peninsular. The drip rifle is an impressive example of Anzac ingenuity and resourcefulness.
The fires of war become the forges of Australian invention. William Scurry invented a decoy drip rifle to help Anzacs safely evacuate from Gallipoli. Alexander Worsfold built his all-terrain transporter to hurry injured soldiers to field hospitals on the Western Front. Adelaide-born Howard Florey and his team developed the wonder drug penicillin that was first deployed amongst infected allied soldiers during World War II. And from Wollongong, Evelyn Owen's submachine gun out-performed its competitors and become known as 'the diggers' darling'.
The Ellis' '80s home is a homage to chintz and magnolia with the exciting addition of some new technology: their first telephone, a chest freezer, and that '80s kitchen. By the '90s, the music scene captures the nation.
Australian inventors have boldly re-imagined communication across the spectrum of technologies: Graeme Clark's extraordinary bionic ear delivered deaf patients the sound of speech; John O'Sullivan and his CSIRO team created the world's first high-speed wi-fi that dramatically changed the communication landscape worldwide; Henry Sutton's visionary Telephane was designed in Ballarat decades before the television; and post-master James Raymond established the world's first pre-paid postage system in Sydney in 1838 with his delightfully simple pre-paid envelope.
This program gathers design, building and property leaders to judge the top 10 architectural statements for the year in each state and territory in Australia.
In 1836, Samuel Colt changes the way that wars are fought with his patent for the revolver, and profits enormously from the invention. But when Colt fires his assistant Rollin White for suggesting an improvement on his design, White brings his innovative idea to Smith and Wesson - giving birth to the first true 'arms' race. As the Civil War breaks out, both the Union and the Confederacy are in dire need of arms, putting Colt and Smith and Wesson in a competition that only one manufacturer can survive. Alternative title: American Genius.
For many northern families, the '70s saw a rise in living standards and the smallest gap in income ever recorded between rich and poor. Despite power cuts and strikes, this is a golden era for working-class families.
The toilet really came into its own in the 20th century, making it the most important fixture in our homes. Now, the dual flush toilet saves up to 67 percent water per flush. It's the handy work of Bruce Thompson and colleague Steve Cummings, who invented the system, with the help of a government grant, while working for bathroom product company Caroma.
A true icon of Australian suburbia, but one that should rightly be called the Toyne's Hoist! Committed to his invention throughout war and personal tragedy, Gilbert Toyne patented the enduing design, manufactured and marketed it decades before Lawrence Hill's hoist arrived. Toyne's legacy was to invent one of the most practical, labour-saving devices to grace Australian backyards in 20th century - his galvanised-metal, rotary clothes hoist.
Although the lawn mower was not a new invention, its technology was revolutionised in 1952 by Mervyn Victor Richardson. He invented and eventually patented the rotary action blades designed to cut long thick grass in his lightweight, petrol-powered version. Victa Mowers Pty Ltd opened for business in 1953. By 2011, more than eight million mowers had been sold. This backyard inventor transformed the concept of the Aussie backyard, by making a tidy lawn achievable for a mass market.
The surprising stories behind four helpful household inventions to improve home life: Gilbert Toyne created an Aussie backyard icon - the rotary clothes hoist - only to have it made famous by someone else. Myra Taylor improved women's lives with her boneless corset leaving a legacy of freedom we still enjoy today. Mervyn Richardson forever changed the suburban landscape with his Victa lawnmower, while Dr Steve Cummings and Bruce Thompson achieved huge water savings around the world with the dual-flush toilet.
For the Ellis family, 1960 marks the start of a new era of prosperity and confidence in the north. As the decade draws to a close, the family can boast a TV, washing machine and even a fridge.
Ben is at his restaurant CharlotteJack, where he will be cooking a barbacoa lamb. At the University of Queensland St Lucia Campus, Ben is joined by Robert Henry as he learns how wild rice is grown. In the FoodLab Kitchen at Providore Place, Ben will show you how to cook a delicious roast beef dish.
The post-war years see the Ellis family on rations without a fridge, hot water or an electric cooker. The girls sample 1950s-style dancing and mum Lesley gets her girlfriends over to indulge in catalogue shopping.
Ben is in his restaurant CharlotteJack, where he will be cooking a poached kingfish with avocado and pickled fennel salad. At the Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation research station, Ben is joined by Professor Nena Mitter as she explains what they do at QAAFI and how they do it.
Ben is at his restaurant CharlotteJack, where he will be cooking a grilled corn dish over the coals of his hibachi grill. At the University of Queensland Bioscience Precinct, Ben meets with Robert Henry, the director of the Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation.
Ben is at his restaurant CharlotteJack, where he will be making a kingfish crudo with a radish salad. Ben visits Herron Island, 80km north-east of Gladstone, Queensland, where he is joined by Danielle Esterhusen and Abbie Taylor as they cook a freshly caught fish from the island.
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