Game changers and change makers
Biology Design and Technologies Science
Celebrate National Science week with EnhanceTV showcasing major breakthroughs like Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, 40th anniversary of the birth of the first IVF baby and celebrate International Year of the Reef.
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Science week 2018 (external)
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57:59 | Published 3 years ago
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David Attenborough's Great Barrier Reef

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Survival

When David Attenborough first visited the Great Barrier Reef in 1957, it seemed it would last forever, but since then the coral has been disappearing at an unprecedented rate. In this final episode the research vessel undertakes its most important mission yet as it travels along the Reef to help David understand what the next few decades may hold for this remarkable community of animals, and what is being done to try and save it. Its future now under threat, David learns how the Reef has always been one of natures great survivors, and how the coral reef, its inhabitants and its visitors have adapted to change in the most extraordinary ways. He discovers scans of the Reef that are revealing new secrets about its ancient history, and how it has lived through great change before. He visits the stunning reef top at Heron Island, meeting its peculiar inhabitants who face daily challenges from the elements, including a shark that can survive out of water; and we join a dive on the incredible shipwreck that hosts a unique community of animals that has endured countless cyclones. But David discovers the impact of humans over the last few decades has had a dramatic impact on the Reefs health. After consulting the Reefs top scientists and visiting its island research stations, he embarks on an ambitious mission of his own, the deepest dive ever attempted on the Reef, to examine the resilient coral that live down in the depths to see if they hold any answers which may help to overcome the challenges that lie ahead. But despite the discoveries being made by scientists and in the Reefs furthest reaches, David is still concerned about the future of this incredibly complex and beautiful ecosystem so vital for the worlds oceans.

Geography

42:59 | Published 2 years ago
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Four Corners

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The Baby Business

Are women being sold false hope by the IVF industry? "All our savings go to IVF...Then you get that negative pregnancy result. There's another $6,000 gone." Grace Grace is one of the tens of thousands of Australian women who have put their faith in fertility treatments to help conceive a much longed for baby. "Sometimes I feel like I'm a fraud of a woman. I look like one, but my body just isn't doing what I want it to do, which is to fall pregnant and have a child." Grace At 42, she's been through six unsuccessful rounds of IVF. The physical, emotional and financial toll is huge. "One of the hardest things is knowing when to get off the bus, like knowing when to stop, because I think there's that 'what if it's this next time', one more time?" Grace Julia too, had dreams of becoming a mother, undergoing 8 rounds of fertility treatment. "I had this longing to have a child ...I was hopeful that I would be one of the lucky ones." Julia And while she willingly put her body in the hands of fertility specialists, she struggled to get a clear answer on just what her chances of having a baby actually were. "It's regrettable that I got the more optimistic answer. I would've just preferred a more accurate answer." Julia This week's Four Corners looks at the booming business of fertility, where the industry pulls in more than half a billion dollars in revenue, and asks whether clinics are giving women clear, unambiguous advice about their chances of giving birth. "I think with the commercialisation of IVF that's occurring, there's a pressure in every single clinic to use IVF more and IVF brings in more money for a clinic." Fertility Doctor Many fertility specialists say it's up to individual women to decide how much treatment they can take. "Embryos are like mud. You keep putting embryos on the wall of the uterus, eventually one will stick." Fertility Doctor But as this program shows, there are concerns, even from industry insiders, that some women undergoing IVF don't actually need it. Others warn against the practice of upselling - where women are sold expensive and unproven treatments that one doctor says is akin to snake oil. And disturbingly, they also have concerns about the potential harm fertility treatments could be causing for women - including potential links to cancer.

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