Australia as a nation for primary students
Geography History Indigenous Australians Intercultural Understanding Modern history
Australia as a nation moves from colonial Australia to the development of Australia as a nation. Explore the factors leading to Federation and experiences of democracy and citizenship.
Additional resources
Stage 3 history unit (external) Australian curriculum lessons unit of work (external) Teach Starter unit plan (external) NSW curriculum support (external) VCCA: VCHHK072 (external) VCCA: VCHHK076 (external) VCCA: VCHHK073 (external)
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3:15 | Published 3 years ago
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How Voting Works in Australia

ABC ME

BTN’S 2016 CIVICS SERIES, PART 4: WHAT IS AN ELECTORATE?: Australia is now in election mode – so BtN is celebrating with a series of stories looking at different aspects of our civic life. Our final story in this series focuses on electorates. They make up our national political map and we hear them mentioned by name on the news each night. But why do they exist and how do they help make sure everyone is represented in parliament? ** What is an Electorate will be next week’s BtN #AskaReporter topic! ** TEACHER RESOURCES INCLUDED Learning areas – Civics and Citizenship / Knowledge and Understanding: The key features of the Australian electoral process Year 5 The roles and responsibilities of electors and representatives in Australia’s democracy Year 5 Civics and Citizenship / Analysis, synthesis and interpretation: Use and evaluate a range of information to develop a point of view Year 5 Civics and Citizenship Skills / Questioning and research: Develop questions and gather a range of information to investigate the society in which they live Year 6 Civics and Citizenship Skills / Communication and reflection: Present civics and citizenship ideas and viewpoints for a particular purpose using civics and citizenship terms and concepts Year 6 Reflect on personal roles and actions as a citizen in the school and in the community Year 6 VIOLENT TOYS: A new study has found popular toy brand Lego has become more violent over its 67 year history. Researchers say more Lego sets include weapons or characters in war-like situations these days. And some believe that’s a problem for kids’ development. We look at both sides of the debate before finding out how you feel. INDIGENOUS VETERANS: People around Australia will soon gather for Indigenous veterans commemoration ceremonies. The events pay tribute to the service and sacrifice of Indigenous people who have fought in wars throughout Australia's history and they’re part of National Reconciliation Week. One school in Adelaide is hosting a ceremony after creating a book that tells the stories of Indigenous veterans from the area. We find out more about their passion for this important subject. TEACHER RESOURCES INCLUDED Learning areas – History / Knowledge and Understanding: The contribution of individuals and groups to the development of Australian society since Federation Year 6 Experiences of Australian democracy and citizenship, including the status and rights of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples, migrants, women and children Year 6 HASS / Inquiry and skills / Researching: Sequence information about people’s lives, events, developments and phenomena using a variety of methods including timelines Year 5 & 6 HASS / Inquiry and skills / Questioning: Develop appropriate questions to guide an inquiry about people, events, developments, places, systems and challenges Year 5 & 6 BTN’S ELECTION 2016 ROOKIE REPORTER - During federal elections, major news networks always send a senior political correspondent out on the campaign trail to bring viewers all of the latest developments. So we thought it was about time BtN did the same! This week, meet the girl selected as BtN’s first Rookie Reporter election correspondent. She will be following the election for BtN and BtN Newsbreak in the lead up to the big day. But first, she wants to know issues you would like her to follow up with some of the country’s most powerful people. BIONIC BOY: 13-year old Riley was born with cerebral palsy. The disease makes it difficult for him to do many of the things that other kids can do, like walking or talking. But a young Aussie scientist is hoping to invent a special device to help. Join them as they work together to give Riley powers he never thought possible. WOMEN’S RUGBY: Last week, the Australian Women’s Rugby Sevens team made history as the first national team to win the World Series. Now, the team has shifted its focus to the upcoming Olympics where the sport will feature for the first time. We meet some of the stars of the team and find out what rugby sevens is and how they rate their chances of gold.

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4:01 | Published 2 years ago
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Solo flight around Australia

ABC ME

School Funding Since being announced in the lead up to the budget, the federal Government's new model for funding public and private schools has been a hot topic of conversation. This week, those changes will be debated in the senate. So to put those talks in context, we're going to explain how our country currently pays to educate millions of kids each year and why some think that should change. Social Negativity Recently a study in the UK asked more than a thousand young people about their social media activity. It found four of the five most popular social media sites were actually having a negative overall effect on kid's wellbeing. We reveal which social media sites had the biggest impact and ask kids why they think that might be the case. Kid Scientists Citizen science is what it's called when ordinary people help scientists to make amazing breakthroughs in research. But did you know some of Australia's top citizen scientists are actually kids? Next week, we'll meet Griffin and Austin to find out what it takes to be a leading citizen scientist and why they enjoy getting involved. TEACHING RESOURCES INCLUDED Learning Areas - Science / Science Understanding / Biological sciences: Living things, including plants and animals, depend on each other and the environment to survive Year 4 Living things have structural features and adaptations that help them to survive in their environment. Year 5 The growth and survival of living things are affected by the physical conditions of their environment Year 6 Interactions between organisms, including the effects of human activities can be represented by food chains and food webs Year 7 Science Inquiry Skills / Processing and analysing data and information: Compare data with predictions and use as evidence in developing explanations Year 5 Science / Science Inquiry Skills / Planning and conducting: Collaboratively and individually plan and conduct a range of investigation types, including fieldwork and experiments, ensuring safety and ethical guidelines are followed Year 7 Icebreaker Comp Twelve children will soon get the chance to visit Antarctica for free. But there's a catch. To win this competition, you have to come up with a unique name for Australia's new icebreaker ship. Next week, we'll find out more about this comp and find out why Australia needs a new ship to reach Antarctica. TEACHING RESOURCES INCLUDED Learning Areas - Science / Science as a Human Endeavour / Use and influence of science: Scientific knowledge is used to solve problems and inform personal and community decisions Years 5 and 6 Science / Science as a Human Endeavour / Nature and development of science: Science knowledge can develop through collaboration across the disciplines of science and the contributions of people from a range of cultures Year 7 HASS / Inquiry and skills / Researching: Record, sort and represent data and the location of places and their characteristics in different formats, including simple graphs, tables and maps, using discipline-appropriate conventions Year 4 Young Solo Pilot A teenager from Hobart is aiming to become the youngest person to fly solo around Australia. We caught up with him on one of his stops to find out more about his record-breaking trip and why he decided to do it. Aussie Classroom Connection - Bringing city and country classrooms together Registrations are now open for BTN's Aussie Classroom Connection! Head to our website to find out how you can get involved.

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4:58 | Published 3 years ago
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The Vietnam War and Australia

ABC ME

OLYMPIC SUCCESS: This Sunday is the closing ceremony of the Rio Olympic Games. But while some Australian athletes will be celebrating success, many others will be thinking about missed opportunities. Australia spent 11% more on its Olympic effort this year compared to 2012 but the results have been well below expectations. So is success important? Or should we be spending that money elsewhere? PET SALES: Cats and dogs are easily the most popular pets in Australia. But there are worries that some businesses are breeding too many of them or even mistreating them. To try to stop this from happening, the Victorian government is bringing in new laws that'll affect breeders and pet shops. But some say the stricter rules go too far. VIETNAM 50TH: Thursday the 18th of August Australia marks the 50th anniversary of the battle of Long Tan. It was the most costly battle for Australian during the Vietnam War, with 18 killed and 24 wounded. We travel back to find out what the Vietnam war was all about and how it changed Australia. TEACHING RESOURCES INCLUDED Learning Areas: History / Knowledge and Understanding: Days and weeks celebrated or commemorated in Australia (including Australia Day, Anzac Day, and National Sorry Day) and the importance of symbols and emblems Year 3 Humanities and Social Sciences / Inquiry and skills / Questioning: Develop appropriate questions to guide an inquiry about people, events, developments, places, systems and challenges Years 5 & 6 Humanities and Social Sciences / Inquiry and skills / Researching: Locate and collect relevant information and data from primary and secondary sources Years 5 & 6 Sequence information about people's lives, events, developments and phenomena using a variety of methods including timelines Years 5 & 6 Humanities and Social Sciences / Inquiry and skills Analysing: Examine primary and secondary sources to determine their origin and purpose Years 5 & 6 Writer's Club: Next week is Book Week. So to celebrate, we asked the members of a school writer's club to share what they love about reading and writing. The girls from Mt St Michael's in Brisbane wrote this story and they're hoping to inspire other school kids to start their own writer's clubs too. TEACHING RESOURCES INCLUDED Learning Areas: English / Literature / Examining literature: Discuss how authors and illustrators make stories exciting, moving and absorbing and hold readers' interest by using various techniques, for example character development and plot tension Year 4 Identify, describe, and discuss similarities and differences between texts, including those by the same author or illustrator, and evaluate characteristics that define an author's individual style Year 6 English / Literature / Creating literature: Create literary texts that experiment with structures, ideas and features of selected authors Year 5 Create literary texts that adapt features encountered in other texts, for example, narrative viewpoint, structure of stanzas, contrast and juxtaposition Year 7 Experiment with text structures and language features and their effects in creating literary texts, for example, using rhythm, sound effects, monologue, layout, navigation and colour Year 7 Literacy / Interpreting, analysing, evaluating: Analyse strategies authors use to influence readers Year 6 CYCLOCROSS KID: A 14-year old with some serious health problems is competing at the National Cyclocross Championships in Adelaide this weekend. We joined Louis as he prepared for the big competition to find out how he competes with Type 1 Diabetes, Juvenile Arthritis and Coeliac disease.

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3:21 | Published 3 years ago
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The history of aboriginal and Muslim people in Australia

ABC ME

ROOKIE REPORTER - THE LEADERS: After weeks of campaigning, the 2016 federal election is nearly upon us. So now is the perfect time to learn more about some of the political leaders who've been campaigning hard for their parties ahead of the big day. Rookie Reporter Maya joins us for the final time to summarise who these leaders are and what they stand for. TEACHING RESOURCES INCLUDED Learning Areas - English / Literacy / Interpreting, analysing, evaluating: Use comprehension strategies to interpret and analyse information and ideas, comparing content from a variety of textual sources including media and digital texts Year 6 English / Literacy / Texts in context: Compare texts including media texts that represent ideas and events in different ways, explaining the effects of the different approaches Year 6 Civics and Citizenship Knowledge and Understanding / Government and democracy: The key features of the Australian electoral process Year 5 The roles and responsibilities of electors and representatives in Australia's democracy Year 5 Civics and Citizenship Skills / Analysis, synthesis and interpretation: Use and evaluate a range of information to develop a point of view Year 5 Civics and Citizenship Skills / Questioning and research: Develop questions and gather a range of information to investigate the society in which they live Year 6 Civics and Citizenship Skills / Communication and reflection: Present civics and citizenship ideas and viewpoints for a particular purpose using civics and citizenship terms and concepts Year 6 CONCUSSION CAMPAIGN: Scientists and sporting groups have joined forces to launch a new program aimed at better understanding and fighting the effects of concussion. It's called #nobrainnogame and comes hot on the heels of new guidelines from the Australian Medical Association designed to help protect kids from the damaging effects of head knocks. We find out more about this common sporting injury and find out why it's now being taken a lot more seriously. NAIDOC ART: Students at an Islamic school in Melbourne are working on a special art project for NAIDOC week. They're creating a mosaic that tells the story of the shared history between Aboriginal and Muslim people in Australia. We look back in time to learn more about this relationship and how it helped the country develop. TEACHING RESOURCES INCLUDED Learning Areas - History / Knowledge and Understanding: Days and weeks celebrated or commemorated in Australia (including Australia Day, Anzac Day, and National Sorry Day) and the importance of symbols and emblems Year 3 The diversity of Australia's first peoples and the long and continuous connection of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples to Country/Place (land, sea, waterways and skies) Year 4 The reasons people migrated to Australia and the experiences and contributions of a particular migrant group within a colony Year 5 Citizenship Knowledge and Understanding / Citizenship, diversity and identity: How groups, such as religious and cultural groups, express their particular identities; and how this influences their perceptions of others and vice versa Year 7 The Arts / Visual Arts: Explore ideas and artworks from different cultures and times, including artwork by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander artists, to use as inspiration for their own representations Years 3 & 4 PET THERAPY: For a lot of kids around Australia, exams are just around the corner. It can be a incredibly stressful time, so a school in Canberra has come up with the perr-fect way to help students to relax. Kittens! We take a look at the program and discover some of the other ways animals are used to their two-legged companions through tough times. INDIGENOUS OPERA STARS: Late last year, we visited Broken Hill to meet some Aboriginal kids learning to sing opera. The sessions were run by a group travelling throughout Australia on a mission to find singers to join their Indigenous kids choir. Now, that choir has assembled in Melbourne to perform alongside legendary singer Archie Roach.

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4:28 | Published 3 years ago
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The History of Voting

ABC ME

BTN'S 2016 CIVICS SERIES, PART 2: THE HISTORY OF VOTING Australia is in election mode - so BtN is celebrating with a series of stories looking at different aspects of our civic life. This week our focus is on the history of voting. On June the 2nd, all Australians over the age of 18 will have the right to vote. But it didn't always used to be that way. We find out why next week. ** The History of Voting will be next week's BtN #AskaReporter topic! ** TEACHER RESOURCES INCLUDED Learning areas - Civics and Citizenship Knowledge and Understanding / Government and democracy: The roles and responsibilities of electors and representatives in Australia's democracy Year 5 The key features of the Australian electoral process Year 5 History / Knowledge and Understanding: Experiences of Australian democracy and citizenship, including the status and rights of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples, migrants, women, and children Year 6 MILK PRICES We drink it, put it on our cereal and use it in our cooking, but milk has been poured all over the headlines this week too. Diary farmers have warned they are now not getting paid enough money to cover their costs and that many will soon have to leave the industry. We find out why. MANGROVE WARNING Australia is home to tens of thousands of kilometres of mangrove wetlands. But scientists say many of these important ecological regions are now dying off because of drought and climate change. We discover why these areas need to be saved. TEACHER RESOURCES INCLUDED Learning areas - Science / Science Understanding / Biological sciences: Living things have life cycles Year 4 Living things depend on each other and the environment to survive Year 4 Living things have structural features and adaptations that help them to survive in their environment Year 5 The growth and survival of living things are affected by physical conditions of their environment Year 6 Interactions between organisms, including the effects of human activities can be represented by food chains and food webs Year 7 Science / Science as a Human Endeavour / Use and influence of science: Science knowledge helps people to understand the effect of their actions - Year 4 HASS / Inquiry and skills / Researching: Record, sort and represent data and the location of places and their characteristics in different formats, including simple graphs, tables and maps, using discipline-appropriate conventions Year 4 Geography / Knowledge and Understanding: The importance of environments, including natural vegetation, to animals and people Year 4 FOOTY HUDDLE Nine years ago, the North Melbourne AFL team set up a project called 'the Huddle', to help refugee and migrant kids settle into the area. The program gives them a place to study and volunteers help them through their homework. It's also encouraging a new generation of kids to get into footy. PARK DESIGN Some school kids in Sydney are about to get a serious playground upgrade. They won a competition called My Park Rules which asked kids around the country to design their ultimate outdoor play area. We got in touch with them to hear about their entry.

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3:04 | Published 3 years ago
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The AFL Helps Refugees

ABC ME

BTN'S 2016 CIVICS SERIES, PART 2: THE HISTORY OF VOTING Australia is in election mode - so BtN is celebrating with a series of stories looking at different aspects of our civic life. This week our focus is on the history of voting. On June the 2nd, all Australians over the age of 18 will have the right to vote. But it didn't always used to be that way. We find out why next week. ** The History of Voting will be next week's BtN #AskaReporter topic! ** TEACHER RESOURCES INCLUDED Learning areas - Civics and Citizenship Knowledge and Understanding / Government and democracy: The roles and responsibilities of electors and representatives in Australia's democracy Year 5 The key features of the Australian electoral process Year 5 History / Knowledge and Understanding: Experiences of Australian democracy and citizenship, including the status and rights of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples, migrants, women, and children Year 6 MILK PRICES We drink it, put it on our cereal and use it in our cooking, but milk has been poured all over the headlines this week too. Diary farmers have warned they are now not getting paid enough money to cover their costs and that many will soon have to leave the industry. We find out why. MANGROVE WARNING Australia is home to tens of thousands of kilometres of mangrove wetlands. But scientists say many of these important ecological regions are now dying off because of drought and climate change. We discover why these areas need to be saved. TEACHER RESOURCES INCLUDED Learning areas - Science / Science Understanding / Biological sciences: Living things have life cycles Year 4 Living things depend on each other and the environment to survive Year 4 Living things have structural features and adaptations that help them to survive in their environment Year 5 The growth and survival of living things are affected by physical conditions of their environment Year 6 Interactions between organisms, including the effects of human activities can be represented by food chains and food webs Year 7 Science / Science as a Human Endeavour / Use and influence of science: Science knowledge helps people to understand the effect of their actions - Year 4 HASS / Inquiry and skills / Researching: Record, sort and represent data and the location of places and their characteristics in different formats, including simple graphs, tables and maps, using discipline-appropriate conventions Year 4 Geography / Knowledge and Understanding: The importance of environments, including natural vegetation, to animals and people Year 4 FOOTY HUDDLE Nine years ago, the North Melbourne AFL team set up a project called 'the Huddle', to help refugee and migrant kids settle into the area. The program gives them a place to study and volunteers help them through their homework. It's also encouraging a new generation of kids to get into footy. PARK DESIGN Some school kids in Sydney are about to get a serious playground upgrade. They won a competition called My Park Rules which asked kids around the country to design their ultimate outdoor play area. We got in touch with them to hear about their entry.

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3:25 | Published 3 years ago
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Students Learn Endangered Indigenous Language

ABC ME

BTN'S 2016 CIVICS SERIES: WHAT IS DEMOCRACY? Australia is now in election mode - so BtN is celebrating with a series of stories looking at different aspects of our civic life, starting this week with democracy. It's something most Australians take for granted, but what is democracy and how did it come to be? BtN take a trip back in history to find out. ** What is Democracy will be next week's BtN #AskaReporter topic! ** TEACHER RESOURCES INCLUDED Learning areas - Civics and Citizenship Knowledge and Understanding / Government and democracy: The key values that underpin Australia's democratic system of government Year 5 The roles and responsibilities of electors and representatives in Australia's democracy Year 5 The key features of the Australian electoral process Year 5 The key institutions of Australia's democratic system of government based on the Westminster system, including the monarchy, parliaments, and courts Year 6 NSW RECYCLING SCHEME Australia's most populated state, New South Wales, has just announced that it will implement a container deposit scheme. It brings the state in line with South Australia and Northern Territory, where 10 cent recycling deposits have been available for some time. We take a closer look at the scheme and find out what effect it might have on recycling rates there. TEACHER RESOURCES INCLUDED Learning areas - Science Understanding / Chemical sciences: Natural and processed materials have a range of physical properties; These properties can influence their use Year 4 Science as a Human Endeavour / Use and influence of science: Science knowledge helps people to understand the effect of their actions Year 4 Science as a Human Endeavour / Use and influence of science: Scientific knowledge is used to solve problems and inform personal and community decisions Years 5 & 6 Humanities and Social Sciences / Inquiry and skills / Evaluating and reflecting: Reflect on learning to propose actions in response to an issue or challenge and consider possible effects of proposed actions Year 4 Humanities and Social Sciences / Knowledge and Understanding / Geography: The use and management of natural resources and waste, and the different views on how to do this sustainably Year 4 FOOD ALLERGY WEEK Imagine if eating one of your favourite foods could kill you. That's exactly what can happen if you have a food allergy. Next week is National Food Allergy Awareness Week, so we thought we'd take a closer look at what it means to have a food allergy and what it's like to live with one. We'll also try to discover why food allergy rates are on the rise in Australian schools. PHOTOSHOPPED MUSIC Popstar Meghan Trainor has pulled her own music video after realising her body had been photoshopped in it without her permission. She says the digital manipulation goes against the positive body image messages she writes into many of her songs. We take a closer look at the controversy and find out how you feel about it. INDIGENOUS LANGUAGE LESSONS The town of Broome in Western Australia is pushing to become the first bilingual town in Australia by teaching all kids Yawuru, the local indigenous language. Some classes are taken almost entirely in Yawuru and even the town's street signs are in Yawuru and English. We check in with Cable Beach Primary School to find out how the kids there feel about Broome's new bilingual push. YOUNG GAME DESIGNERS How would you like to design your own video game, then pitch your idea to executives from Google? Well that's exactly what a group of teenagers from all over Australia got to do recently, with some help from the tech wizards at Good Game. We joined them as judging got underway.

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2:46 | Published 3 years ago
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South Australia's Recycling Program

ABC ME

BTN'S 2016 CIVICS SERIES: WHAT IS DEMOCRACY? Australia is now in election mode - so BtN is celebrating with a series of stories looking at different aspects of our civic life, starting this week with democracy. It's something most Australians take for granted, but what is democracy and how did it come to be? BtN take a trip back in history to find out. ** What is Democracy will be next week's BtN #AskaReporter topic! ** TEACHER RESOURCES INCLUDED Learning areas - Civics and Citizenship Knowledge and Understanding / Government and democracy: The key values that underpin Australia's democratic system of government Year 5 The roles and responsibilities of electors and representatives in Australia's democracy Year 5 The key features of the Australian electoral process Year 5 The key institutions of Australia's democratic system of government based on the Westminster system, including the monarchy, parliaments, and courts Year 6 NSW RECYCLING SCHEME Australia's most populated state, New South Wales, has just announced that it will implement a container deposit scheme. It brings the state in line with South Australia and Northern Territory, where 10 cent recycling deposits have been available for some time. We take a closer look at the scheme and find out what effect it might have on recycling rates there. TEACHER RESOURCES INCLUDED Learning areas - Science Understanding / Chemical sciences: Natural and processed materials have a range of physical properties; These properties can influence their use Year 4 Science as a Human Endeavour / Use and influence of science: Science knowledge helps people to understand the effect of their actions Year 4 Science as a Human Endeavour / Use and influence of science: Scientific knowledge is used to solve problems and inform personal and community decisions Years 5 & 6 Humanities and Social Sciences / Inquiry and skills / Evaluating and reflecting: Reflect on learning to propose actions in response to an issue or challenge and consider possible effects of proposed actions Year 4 Humanities and Social Sciences / Knowledge and Understanding / Geography: The use and management of natural resources and waste, and the different views on how to do this sustainably Year 4 FOOD ALLERGY WEEK Imagine if eating one of your favourite foods could kill you. That's exactly what can happen if you have a food allergy. Next week is National Food Allergy Awareness Week, so we thought we'd take a closer look at what it means to have a food allergy and what it's like to live with one. We'll also try to discover why food allergy rates are on the rise in Australian schools. PHOTOSHOPPED MUSIC Popstar Meghan Trainor has pulled her own music video after realising her body had been photoshopped in it without her permission. She says the digital manipulation goes against the positive body image messages she writes into many of her songs. We take a closer look at the controversy and find out how you feel about it. INDIGENOUS LANGUAGE LESSONS The town of Broome in Western Australia is pushing to become the first bilingual town in Australia by teaching all kids Yawuru, the local indigenous language. Some classes are taken almost entirely in Yawuru and even the town's street signs are in Yawuru and English. We check in with Cable Beach Primary School to find out how the kids there feel about Broome's new bilingual push. YOUNG GAME DESIGNERS How would you like to design your own video game, then pitch your idea to executives from Google? Well that's exactly what a group of teenagers from all over Australia got to do recently, with some help from the tech wizards at Good Game. We joined them as judging got underway.

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