Europe's history has many dark sides, but its culture is more than a small gleam of hope, it radiates in many areas far out into the world. The old continent sets standards in art, literature and science. Starting with the ancient Greeks, Europe produces a number of smart and creative minds - from Aristotle to Michelangelo and Einstein, from Beethoven to the Beatles. We owe countless masterpieces, discoveries and inventions to them - from the steam engine to the World Wide Web.
From the 15th century, well into the 20th century, Europeans conquered and dominated the world. On behalf of the Spaniards, Christopher Columbus seeks a new sea route to India and finds a 'new world' - America. His discovery is the starting signal for the Europeanisation of the Earth. The Europeans are given a golden age and, in their colonies, millions of indigenous people and slaves fall victim to it. Europe's mission for a place in the sun finally leads into the tragedy of World War I.
The most famous murder case of the 20th century is reopened, as Timewatch travels to St Petersburg, Moscow, New York and Canada, to reassess history and reveal stunning new suspects implicated in the downfall of one of Russia's most notorious figures. This film poses a compelling new theory about the circumstances of Rasputin's death.
For many Europeans, Europe is synonymous with the 'Christian Occident'. But like so much of what has shaped our civilisation, Christianity also comes from the East. It is not the only 'one-faith belief' that shapes the continent: even before Christianity, Judaism spread throughout the Roman Empire. On the Iberian Peninsula, Muslim Moors rule from the 8th to the 15th century. But that is not enough: the faith community of Christians is breaking up as well.
Where and when does the history of Europe begin? The traces lead to ancient Greece, more precisely to Crete. Here we not only find the first high culture of the continent, but also the founding myth, to which it owes its name: The story of the kidnapping of the Phoenician princess Europa by the Greek god father Zeus. Then all roads lead to Rome: the Roman Empire spreads European civilisation - and becomes a great role model for many peoples in Europe.
It is the final push in Europe, but before the Nazis finally surrender infantryman Rockie Blunt witnesses one of the greatest tragedies of the war - concentration camps. Nurse June Wandrey is also there, caring for the survivors. In the Pacific, the brutal battle on Okinawa continues. Sergeant Jack Werner is wounded in action and earns a ticket home, while Corporal Nolen Marbrey participates in some of the most horrific fighting. After the dropping of the atomic bombs, Japan finally surrenders, and the world explodes into celebration on VJ Day.
After surviving the Battle of the Bulge, infantryman Rockie Blunt pushes on and crosses the Rhine. He can almost smell the end of the war. Nurse June Wandrey visits with American POWs who are liberated along the way. Japanese-American army medic Jimmie Kanaya is liberated from his POW camp in Nuremburg. In the Pacific, reporter Robert Sherrod witnesses the first days of battle for Okinawa. When he is told he can rotate home, he gladly accepts, realising that to stay any longer may be his death.
With the death of Kim Jong-il, a new leader rose and the legacy of Kim Jong-un could be the most terrifying and confusing of the modern age.
Total War demands resources - economic, agricultural and industrial. It draws upon the labour and the morale of entire populations to meet its needs. When it became clear that strategies of appeasement would not prevent another world war, nations across the globe mobilised for total war. This episode examines and compares the extent of that mobilisation in countries in Europe, Asia and the Pacific.
A civil lawsuit against the president is the catalyst for a four-year $40 million fact gathering crusade. Eventually leading to the uncovering of a 16 month long inappropriate relationship between the president and a 22-year-old White House intern and ending with the impeachment of the 42nd US president.
As the Cold War ended and North Korea lost its Soviet protection, Kim Jong-il made extraordinary moves - both legal and not - to insure his lifestyle.
In the 2000s, television entered the 'Platinum Age', as storytellers had license to take the medium to new heights. On cable, it was the decade of the antihero, with The Sopranos centred on a sympathetic mob boss, The Shield casting a dirty cop as the lead, and Breaking Bad turning Mr Chips into Scarface. Networks responded by taking creative risks, and audiences rewarded them by flocking to new shows like 24, Lost, Desperate Housewives, Glee, and Grey's Anatomy.
In the 2000s, television enjoyed a creative renaissance as audiences binged groundbreaking dramas like The Sopranos, Mad Men, Breaking Bad and Lost. It embraced reality shows like Survivor and American Idol, and laughed along with beloved comedies like Curb Your Enthusiasm, The Office, and The Big Bang Theory.
After the bloody battles of Verdun and the Somme, the British and French are locked in a deadly stalemate as they face the armies of Germany in the horrors of trench warfare. In the air above The Western Front, the aircraft of friend and foe range over the lines of beleaguered forces, seeking intelligence and information for the commanders on the ground and targets for that deadliest of weapons, the heavy artillery. Neither can afford to lose control of the sky and the heavens have become a battlefield as each side develops newer fighting machines to specifically hunt and destroy enemy aircraft. A new chapter of aerial warfare is underway.
Reporter Robert Sherrod accompanies the Marines on their assault of Iwo Jima and witnesses the horror of the fight as well as the iconic flag-raising. B-17 pilot Bert Stiles has had enough nerve-racking flying experiences and is on a mental rest leave at an English estate - but then his request to switch over to P-51s comes through, and he returns to base ready to become a fighter. On his sixth mission he chases a German fighter too closely, crashes into the ground and is killed. Rookie infantryman Rockie Blunt arrives in Normandy as a replacement.
Charles Scheffel's unit breaks out of the hedgerows and begins speeding across France. Nurse June Wandrey is doing the same, only pushing up from the south. In the Pacific, marine Nolen Marbrey is wounded in the bloody battle of Peleliu, and when Scheffel is ordered to seize a town on the border of Germany, he is injured so badly he earns a ticket home.
Track the decline of Kim Il-Sung and the rise of an unlikely successor; his James Bond-loving, propaganda-spouting son, Kim Jong-Il.
This is the story of how Kim Il-Sung rose to power, took complete control of his country and made himself a god in the eyes of his people.
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