This final episode charts how Egypt's enemies exploit a country weakened by internal strife, ultimately leading to its destruction.
With cutting-edge VR, fascinating interviews, and access to the very latest discoveries, join Professor Bettany Hughes in her ultimate countdown of history's most famous city's treasures.
New investigations at Pompeii reveal a dark underbelly of lawlessness, murder and political intrigue. Could this explain the mystery of dozens of bodies found sheltering in a warehouse - some laden with treasure, others stripped of all worldly goods?
The stunning discovery of an executed man in northern Italy reveals the brutal truth behind the Roman practice of crucifixion and sheds new light on the most famous crucifixion of all: the killing of Jesus Christ.
Life and Times of Rome
In this unique docu-drama, uncover the true story of Verus, a gladiator who fought at the Colosseum in Rome.
Uncover the events that shaped the great Jewish revolt against Rome as told by Jewish General, historian and perceived traitor Flavius Josephus. Explore Josephus' early history as a Jewish leader and researcher, his travels to Rome, the folklore of his making as a prophet, and ultimately his involvement in the fall of Judea.
He's the most notorious of all Roman emperors. He burned Rome, he engaged in incest, and killed his mother, his wife and thousands of Christians. He was a psycho. But suppose it was all lies. What if the crimes he committed never happened, or were normal behaviour for a Roman emperor? Suppose his enemies decided to trash his reputation, and succeeded for two thousand years? Was Nero actually a hero, who took from the rich and gave to the poor? Historians, psychologists, criminologists and toxicologists are brought in as this documentary reopens a cold case. Together they reveal a complex web of lies, deflections and intrigues. Flashbacks and re-enactments encourage the viewer to explore theories that are suddenly undermined by unexpected twists. The result: a reassessment of Roman history. It's time to re-examine the Nero Files.
A docu-drama covering the rise and the fall of the Roman world, including the founding by Julius Caesar and the building of Rome by Nero.
Experience the epic ancient Battle of Thermopylae; the titanic clash in which King Leonidas and 300 Spartan warriors fought to the death against Xerxes and his massive Persian army.
The ancient Egyptian elite were more than just rich with history. In this series narrated by Alexander Siddig, experts recount tales of excess wealth and discuss the scandalous vices of the era. The pharaohs would do anything to attain power: murder, incest, seduction, and political backstabbing.
The Ancient Egyptian elite were more than just rich with history. In this series, with exploits that could've been ripped from the pages of modern magazines, experts will recount tales of excess wealth and discuss the scandalous sins of the era.
For years gladiators have been legendary figures of the Ancient World; the stuff of Hollywood blockbusters like Spartacus, or Gladiator. But our knowledge has been based largely on speculation - until now. Timewatch have secured exclusive access to the biggest archaeological gladiator research project of all time. As it approaches its conclusion, Gladiator CSI reveals the secrets of how gladiators lived, fought and died, not from speculation but from forensic science. In the 1990s a survey for the ancient course of the Holy Procession Path between the temple of Artemis (one of the seven Wonders of the World) and the city of Ephesus in Turkey came upon an unexpected find: a mass burial site. But most of the cadavers did not bear the signs of death from natural causes. Instead, they seem to have met a violent end. In 2002 two forensic anthropologists went to investigate: this was a gladiator graveyard. Although the corpses of gladiators had been found before, they tended to be isolated examples. In this graveyard, no less than 67 were buried. The amount of data was unprecedented. Employing two of the world's leading forensics anthropologists as our two crime scene investigators, this is the story of their investigation. Their research makes ground-breaking conclusions probing popular myths about gladiators: Is the currently fashionable thesis that although gladiators fought vicious contests, they rarely battled to the death, really true? Were the losers of gladiatorial contests really dispatched in the arena by the turning of the emperor's thumb? Were gladiators treated as no more than animals, with no provision for their health or well-being? Spanning two centuries, our 67 corpses reveal great technological changes in fighting equipment and wounds from weapons that were hitherto thought only to be the stuff of myth (like the cubic fore dent).
Trade has a civilising effect - promoting wealth, cooperation and trust. Nowhere was this truer in the ancient world than in the Indus Valley - between modern-day India and Pakistan - home to the first civilisation in Asia. Archaeologist Uzma Rizvi reveals this was a civilisation built upon the production and exchange of precious stones and copper-based ornaments. As demand for these goods grew, the trade network expanded and civilisation flourished.
Having lived as mobile foragers for 99 percent of our time on Earth, why did our ancestors stop moving and start settling in villages, towns and cities? The process started in the hills of southern Turkey at a site known as Gobekli Tepe. The impulse to be social brought large numbers of people together for seasonal feasts. The site was so important to them, that they marked it out with huge carved pillars - the world's first monument. But to stay on a permanent basis, they needed a permanent supply of food. Archaeologist Jens Notroff explains that the solution came around 10,000 years ago, when people in this region worked out how to plant, cultivate and harvest wheat. In doing so, they changed the trajectory of human history. Tied to the land, farmers needed to live in one place on a year-round basis, thus the village was born.
Religion has always been the soulmate of civilisation; they are meant for each other. This connection was first made in Ancient Egypt, which is still the longest lasting civilisation in world history. All civilisations since have borrowed something of the blueprint established by the Egyptians. Remarkably, it is possible to trace the birth of organised religion to a specific site known as Nabta Playa in the Egyptian desert. Here, 8000 years ago, herders built stone circles and erected megaliths as a place of worship. Archaeologist and series consultant Jeff Rose believes the site was a prototype church where people tried to understand their place within the ever-changing rhythms of the natural world.
How can something as devastating as war help bring about civilisation? Ancient Mesoamerica is the perfect petri dish to examine the process of 'destructive creation'. Evolutionary theorist Peter Turchin regards war as a necessary evil. It brought people together in a common cause while stimulating an arms race of technological progress.
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