Black lives changed dramatically in the aftermath of the American Revolution. For the free, these years were a time of opportunity, but for most African Americans, this era represented a new nadir.
When the Nazis entered the Ukraine and Lithuania they were often greeted as liberators. Both countries had suffered under Soviet occupation and saw the Germans as the best way of ensuring that their historic enemy would never return, and so began some of the most savage collaborations of the war.
This episode explores Finnish collaborators, and dispels with the myth that they were the 'good collaborators', who were not involved in many war crimes.
Samuel L Jackson, with journalists Afua Hirsch and Simcha Jacobovici, examines how the transatlantic slave trade became the greatest wealth-generating machine the world had known and the engine that drove the global economy.
Both sets of Helena Bonham Carter's grandparents, one in France, one in England, weren't conventional war heroes. They didn't fight in any battles but did save countless lives. Helena explores the story of her maternal grandfather Eduardo Propper de Callejon. A Spanish diplomat, Eduardo defied his government's orders and helped Jewish people escape the Holocaust as the Nazi's invaded France. Helena learns her paternal grandmother Lady Violet Bonham Carter took her own stand against anti-Semitism. A mother of four and a liberal politician, Violet was also ahead of her times, volunteering as an air raid warden and campaigning for women's rights.
Greece lost 300,000 citizens thanks to Nazi occupiers, and its resistance movement is the stuff of legend. Less well known is that many Greeks collaborated with the Nazis.
Failed politician Anton Mussert's lust for power leads him to make a pact with the Nazis, going even so far as swearing his allegiance personally to Adolf Hitler. But Hilter turns the tables on Mussert, costing the Dutch people dearly.
Examine the 1935 Nuremburg Laws, the final solution, and soldiers who were Jewish that were allowed to fight for Germany.
Beginning a full century before the first documented slaves who arrived at Jamestown, Virginia, this episode portrays the earliest Africans, both slave and free, who arrived on American shores.
At what point does the desire to support your people become unacceptable? That is the huge issue that confronts those who wish to judge Mohammad Amin Al-Husayni, the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem. Because there is now doubt that Mohammad Amin al-Husayni, the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem collaborated with the Nazis. He recruited Bosnian Muslims to serve in the Waffen SS when their own imams opposed such collaboration.
The phrase, "my enemy's enemy is my friend" applies perfectly to the IRA's collaboration with the Nazis. The IRA never shared fascist ideology, but it hated the British and the apparently peaceful methods of the de Valera government in the Irish Republic.
Samuel L Jackson and a team of journalists and underwater divers explore 400 years of slavery. Each episode features a dive that brings to life the forgotten stories of some of the two million Africans who perished on ships.
Vidkun Quisling was leader of the Norwegian Fascist party Nasjional Samling - National Union - which he had founded in 1933 to counter Norwegian Communism. When the war broke out in September 1939 Quisling realised that Hitler's war plans needed Norway. He travelled to Berlin in December 1939 and met the Fuhrer. He did a deal - to take over as leader in Norway and stage a coup d'etat that would allow the Nazis to keep a military presence in Norway - he even gave the Germans military secrets on Norway's defence plans.In return, he believed Hitler would make him the 'Norwegian Fuhrer'. Quisling had betrayed his country and paved the way for the Nazi invasion of Norway in April 1940. Throughout the war, Quisling cruelly oppressed the people of Norway and urged them to fight for Nazi Germany. He even oversaw the execution of dissenters and collaborated in the deportation to Auschwitz of Norwegian Jews. As the war came to a close, this puppet leader became delusional. In the end, he was arrested and stood trial for his crimes. Today, 'quisling' has become a synonym for traitor.
Adolf Hitler has been chancellor of Germany for just under a year. It is a challenging balancing act. On the one hand, the Nazis must be mindful of President Paul von Hindenburg and Vice Chancellor Franz von Papen, who are members of Germany's traditional aristocratic ruling elite. On the other, there is the Nazis' own power base - the stormtroopers - millions of angry, disenfranchised men who wreak havoc on German streets.
Croatia, of all the countries in the New Europe, has had to come to terms with a truly awkward past. Was its fascist regime during the war simply an expression of nationalist feelings that just went wrong, or did the country have blood on its hands? And all those problems crystallised in the case of just one man - Dinko Sakic.
The amazing story of the Nazi and war profiteer who ultimately saved 1300 Jews from death.
A powerful account of one of the most hideous crimes in history told from the perspectives of 16 Holocaust survivors whose stories are made all the more real by the power of restored and colourised black and white archive.
The Belgian Collaborator Leon Degrelle was a Walloon Belgian politician, who founded Rexism and later joined the Waffen SS which were front-line troops in the fight against the Soviet Union. After World War II, he was a prominent figure in neo-nazi movements. In any other age, Leon Degrelle would have been a hero. He was rich, young, charismatic. He ended up however a resolute Nazi Collaborator and soon became embroiled in murder. At the end of the war, he fled to Spain. His legacy still divides Belgium and leaves those who knew him to reflect on the choices they made and the 'Belgian Collaborator' they followed.
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