It is the largest free-standing sculpture ever carved from a single block; an icon recognised around the globe. The Sphinx, a lion with the face of a mighty pharaoh, towers 20m high and stretches 70m long. It is a silent witness to thousands of years of history. For over 4500 years it has stood guard in front of the Giza Pyramids, yet it remains one of history's most enigmatic mysteries.
Looks at the peak of Goering's career, around 1938 and the annexation of Austria. Goering was not sure Germany would be able to sustain a war, and did secret deals with France and Britain. But while Goering was Hitler's deputy was more interested in hunting and building up his collection of "bought" Jewish art works from Paris.
Six more prominent Australians trace their family trees in a new series of the hit TV genealogy program Who Do You Think You Are? Footy legend and latter day 'Knight in Shining Armour' Ron Barassi has always believed that actions speak louder than words. In WDYTYA? he embarks on a journey into his ancestry tracing the Barassi family line back to the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the Victorian Gold Rush. Along the way he learns of his father's dying moments on the battlefields of WW2 and investigates the origins of a rift which tore the family apart.
By 1690, Japan is a nation completely isolated from the outside world, except for a small community of Dutch traders. Among them is German Doctor Englebert Kaempfer, whose writings provide valuable insights on daily life in Japan. Culture and commerce flourish. But ruling daimyo warlords and their samurai armies continue to grow restless.
With Ieyasu in control, peace descends on Japan, and a new society based on the samurai ethics of obedience and loyalty is established. In 1600, William Adams becomes the first Englishman to set foot in Japan. Impressed by European trading vessels, Ieyasu asks Adams to help him build his own fleet. Aware that the English have no interest in converting the Japanese to Christianity, Ieyasu decides to expel the Portuguese and Spanish, who too often combine missionary work with trade.
lords and vassals
In the early sixteenth century, Japan is a warlike society ruled by samurai and their daimyo warlords. When Portuguese merchants arrive in 1543, they are the first Europeans to set foot in Japan. Missionaries quickly set out to convert the nation to Christianity.
ieyasu and hideyoshi
hideyoshi gets sick
battle of sekigahara
In 2008, a unique, never-to-be repeated archaeological excavation of the infamous site of Ned Kelly's last stand in Glenrowan took place. Cameras captured this event and the new revelations it provides into what actually happened in the siege and what it shows about the psychology of Kelly and the international impact of his outbreak. Joining the team of archaeologists and historians is Tony Robinson, who will investigate the true nature of one of the most iconic historical events.
Professor Niall Ferguson re-examines the history of the 20th century. At its core were the two world wars, yet these were only the two most explosive conflicts of the century.
In 1642, England was so peaceful that it was said only four people in the country knew how to fire cannon. But seven years later, the English would turn on one another in a civil war of astonishing cruelty and brutality. Why? The English Civil War is one of the darkest moments of English history.
In two replica 12m-long Viking Longships, the Oxford and Cambridge rowing teams re-enact the Viking sea journey from Denmark to England.
In two replica 12m-long Viking longships, the Oxford and Cambridge rowing teams re-enact the Viking sea journey from Denmark to England.
Two thousand years ago, the Roman Empire was the strongest and most powerful assembly of people on Earth. In the year 73 BC, they boasted the greatest army in the ancient world, but their army was to be taken down many times over by Spartacus - an unlikely hero who achieved an extraordinary feat that would be remembered in history for decades to come.
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