Michael discovers how the Victorians not only worked hard but played hard too. Michael is in Blackpool to discover how the seaside mini-break was transformed from perk of the wealthy to a British institution.
Tony Robinson is going all Indiana Jones, scrabbling around archaeological excavations by the Nile and getting very muddy. We see him wandering around the great ancient Egyptian monuments in Giza and Luxor, but it's far more interesting to follow him as he becomes one of the first laymen to catch sight of new discoveries being made in previously unexplored tombs. Like the dozens of pots containing the detritus of a mummification process - including an accidentally discarded major organ that Tony's pleased as punch to get to hold - or the exquisitely carved but unfinished entrance way to the home for eternity of an ancient local dignitary.
Comedian and social media sensation Celeste Barber takes Julia on a fascinating tour of the Gold Coast and shares surprising stories from her life and the fallout of raising $52 million for bushfire relief.
Every century in human history has been marked by conflicts. Yet we began this age with something different: a joyous celebration of freedom in Berlin in 1989 that led to the collapse of the Soviet Union.
Allied forces were evacuated off Crete's south coast in a dangerous operation that cost the lives of almost 1000 British seamen and Allied soldiers. Protected by a series of bloody and heroic rear-guard actions to slow down the German advance, thousands of soldiers embarked on a forced march over the mountains of central Crete to meet Royal Navy ships which would take them hundred of kilometres across the Mediterranean to Alexandria in Egypt. This was a mini Dunkirk but many didn't make it. Thousands were left on the beaches as the last ship left. Hundreds made their own way to Africa by whatever means including small boats or else headed for the hills where they hid out for months even years living in caves or protected by Cretan families. More than 10,000 Allied soldiers were taken prisoners of war.
Veteran entertainer Bert Newton discovers the father he never knew was a true patriot who devoted his life to his country. His maternal grandmother Alice leaves a lasting impression of a woman of great fortitude who fought for women's rights and was surrounded by the love of her children, despite the criminal neglect of her husband.
Scientists use new technology to unravel the secrets of a recently discovered ancient monument in Ireland. Who made this Irish Stonehenge and why?
At just before 7pm on May 26, 1940, UK Prime Minister Winston Churchill authorised Operation Dynamo to commence. By the time the operation came to an end on the night of June 4th, a total of 338,226 Belgian, French and British soldiers had been rescued by a hastily assembled fleet of over 800 boats. The rescue was necessary because the British Expeditionary Force - or BEF, that had gone to assist its ally France, had been forced to retreat by the speed and ferocity of the German advance though Holland, Belgium and France. The Allied forces had been duped into thinking the main attack was coming from the north through Holland and Belgium, when in fact it came through the Ardennes, and succeeded in cutting the Allied armies in two. Now the BEF found itself surrounded on three sides by German forces, and with its back to the sea at Dunkirk.
Britain. 3000 BC. Out of a violent, divided nation of early farmers a surprising new society is born. Unified and organised to such an extent that they can harness the expertise and drive to build the world's greatest and most mysterious monument. Stonehenge. When the society disappears, it transforms into a new culture founded on metal and personal wealth. However, the builders leave something more than the mammoth monument behind. They leave their bodies, buried in the earth. Leading Stonehenge expert, Professor Mike Parker Pearson, opens his groundbreaking discoveries to us so we can tell the story of Stonehenge in a unique way. It has always been shrouded in magic and secrets, but now, for the first time we will meet the people who worshipped, celebrated, lived and died in the shadow of Stonehenge. In the process, we trace the dramatic rise and fall of one of the greatest prehistoric societies in the world. This genuinely new narrative is based on the latest research conducted into the cremated and buried people at the site. The stones have mesmerised humans for hundreds of generations. Now we will meet the makers.
In 55 BC, Julius Caesar arrived at the mighty Rhine. He was determined to get his legions across, but considered it beneath the dignity of the Roman army to cross the river by boat. Consequently, he ordered his men to build a wooden bridge over a river which was at least 400m wide, up to 8m deep and flowing at 2m a second. In his account of The Gallic Wars, he claims that from the felling of the first tree to the completed bridge, this massive structure was built in only 10 days. This program attempts to discover if Caesar was boasting. Engineer Chris Wise takes on the challenge and attempts to build a timber bridge across the North Tyne, in Hadrian's Wall country, another outpost of the Roman Empire, using the same techniques as the Romans had at their disposal.
You have to climb and follow paths that don't always appear on maps in order to discover one of the best-kept secrets of the dynasties of pharaohs which was long hidden in the sand. Here, Egyptologists believe there was a perfect pyramid which served as a tomb for the pharaoh Djedefre - a pyramid which hides in its midst a room of almost 20 metres deep and an immense passage that leads deep into the pyramid's heart.
British historian Lucy Worsley reveals how some of the biggest moments in US history are actually fibs and stories concocted by pop culture, politics and nationalistic pride.
Michael Buerk discovers how the Victorians built the bridges that connected Britain. The story begins with the Ironbridge, creating the foundation for emerging engineering titans to redefine the concept of a bridge for Victorian era.
The actor recounts the history of Winchester Cathedral, the longest medieval cathedral in northern Europe, which has witnessed civil wars, religious battles, and struggled with collapsing foundations. It is the burial place of novelist Jane Austen, though only four people attended her funeral and originally her plaque made no mention of her writing. Tony learns that Winchester's bishops were among the richest, most influential, and most badly behaved in the country, and some were wealthier and more powerful than even England's kings.
Australia's favourite boffin Dr Karl takes Julia on a personal tour of Wollongong, visiting his childhood home and the Port Kembla steelworks, and explains how they fired-up his endless curiosity and search for answers.
Time is about to erase the last human voices that can tell us first-hand what happened during the Holocaust. This landmark documentary gathers the powerful testimony of the last UK based holocaust survivors before it is lost forever. The film examines what memories from the survivors' past inform and permeate their present as they come to terms with the time they have left. It follows survivors on personal, profound and momentous journeys including a man returning to Auschwitz with his daughter, a German Jew, addressing the Bundestag and another man returning to his home town for the first time since 1946 to lay a memorial stone to acknowledge the death of his little brother.
Explore the ways cameras became as important as the weapons themselves. In 2017, the US released films from a generation of nuclear tests - allowing scientists to study the last images of thermonuclear explosions we hope we'll ever see. But just getting them took years of trying - and dozens of nuclear explosions. In Los Angeles, a secret film studio, Lookout Mountain, staffed by Hollywood professionals, produced countless films aimed at diverse audiences from policymakers to soldiers, scientists to civilians. The goal: convince anyone who will listen - including themselves - that they knew how to wield this new power. Many of these films are being made public for the first time ever, shedding new light on one of the darkest and most dangerous times in history. New waves of declassified films, photographs and documents are telling us more than we ever knew about the Cold War.
Journalist and television personality Lisa Wilkinson is on a deeply personal quest to unearth the truth about her maternal ancestors. Lisa's mother, Beryl, was born illegitimately, and right up until her recent death, had many unanswered questions about her identity. Lisa encounters her Irish three-times great-grandmother, Eliza O'Brien, whose complex, troubled life has uncanny parallels with her own mother's story. On her father's side, Lisa travels to colourful India, where she discovers her two-times great-grandmother, Ann Beech, whose life shifts from poverty to privilege and back again.
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