In this film the leading scientist, medical doctor and broadcaster Professor Robert Winston explores six incredible Treasures of the British Library. He is helped and guided by the Library's expert curators, discovering amazing facts and quirky details about each book, manuscript or object. Above all he and we enjoy the privilege of spending time with a truly unique and historic document or object. Each item taps into a different aspect of Robert's life, career and interests. They cover subjects as diverse as skiing and theatre directing, ranging from a much-loved colleague's pioneering lab notes to a rough notebook handwritten by Beethoven.
Dr Tracy Borman travels to St Petersburg to reveal how Peter's unconventional childhood produced a very unconventional man. From the debauched drinking society that governed Russia, to his collection of oddities in the Kunstkamera, discovering how the enlightened yet brutal Peter dragged Russia into the modern age.
Mary, the mother of Jesus, is torn between wanting to protect her son and letting him go to fulfil his sacrificial destiny when the time is right; until Jesus is thirty, only she and Joseph know his mysterious mission. Jesus performs his first public miracle at her request at the Wedding Feast of Cana. But as Jesus' work becomes public, he puts his life - and that of his family - in increasing danger. When Jesus heals a man on the Sabbath in Capernaum, he enrages the authorities and reaches an important crossroad.
Evidence is continually unearthed proving ancient humans had an incredible knowledge of astronomy, but what is our species' obsession with the sun?
Hermann Goering's story is that of Germany's military-aristocratic elite, who turned to the Nazis for salvation. The status and fortunes of Germany's aristocracy were based on land, but by the early decades of the 20th century, a new Germany emerged - an industrial and commercial Germany, in which the old nobility struggled to find a role and saw their incomes decline. Goering's family is part of Germany's old imperial elite.
The capture of Adolf Eichmann by Mossad in Argentina is one of the most dramatic of all Nazi hunting stories. His trial in Israel revealed to the world the workings behind the holocaust. Eichmann himself described how and why so many German public officials were so complicit with the crimes of the Nazis. The most terrible crimes in history were committed not by a few crazed serial killers, but by legions of government officials.
Powerhouse singer-songwriter Casey Donovan takes Julia on a poignant journey around some of the most important places from a turbulent life, that helped transform a shy teenager into one of our favourite performers.
Francisco Franco is regarded by many as one of the most brutal dictators in European history. Spain is marked by traces of his tyranny even today and the Spanish Civil War and nearly forty years of Francoist dictatorship are overshadowed by many open questions. What really happened back then? Who was the man who still divides Spain today? On the basis of the latest research findings, examine Spain's Forgotten Dictatorship.
On a quest to to find his ancestral homeland, country music icon Troy Cassar Daley will finally bridge the gap between his two cultural worlds.
Speer is the Nazi leader who escaped the noose and spent the rest of his life trading off his Nazi celebrity status. He was the architect who 'designed' and 'branded' the Nazis. He also murdered millions of worker slaves as head of the Nazi arms industry. At Nuremberg, he denied all knowledge of the Holocaust.
Himmler, one of the most evil men in human history, began as a mild-mannered bookish intellectual who loved tradition, country pursuits, and nature. He became one of the most terrifying champions of the Third Reich, a monster even by Nazi standards. Himmler helped define Nazi ideology. His transformation into a Nazi monster is the story of the total collapse of morality and civilisation in Germany.
The Korean War was possibly the most important event since World War II - a war that never really ended, influencing international relations to this day. Despite millions of deaths and refugees, this war has been nearly forgotten. With the recent opening of archives in Russia, the US, China and South Korea, new historical material is now available, including colour films and hundreds of photographs, to rediscover a little-known conflict that shaped our world. Korea: The Never Ending War brings to light a new history of the event, plunging us into a critical turning point in world history. To understand the present situation, we need to revisit the past.
World War II was the sum of battles waged: strategies that succeeded or failed, changing the course of the war. Some were the result of careful planning leading to decisive victory, like the Allied assault on Rommel's forces at El Alamein. Others would defy carefully laid plans. From Pearl Harbor, where Japan's attack on US naval capacity instead galvanised America to join the war, to Okinawa, where the Allied victory came at such a cost they would turn to a new strategy in Japan, the atomic bomb. Each battle another domino tipping, leading the world inexorably towards victory or surrender.
Little more than 20 years after the guns fell silent, they roar back into life. Hitler annexes all of Czechoslovakia, Britain and France respond with promises to Poland and Stalin, and Hitler, with unexpected and pragmatic hypocrisy, signs a pact. Then, Hitler moves on Poland and the fighting starts in Europe. China and Japan are already fighting. The curtain goes up on what will become the world's first truly global and total war.
In what could turn out to be the largest murder case on British soil. Forensic archaeologist, Caroline Sturdy Colls, goes in search of a Nazi SS camp constructed in secrecy on the British Channel island of Alderney during World War II. Years of research and forensic investigation have led Sturdy Colls to examine remnants of concentration and labour camps on the quiet island, and to official SS archives in Germany, where clues emerge that lead Caroline to suspect that Alderney was the scene of Nazi mass murders. However, when local officials attempt to stop the investigation, the search for the final resting place of the victims is imperilled. Sturdy Colls led the forensic team that discovered the gas chambers at Treblinka in 2013, but now they face their toughest challenge to date this time much closer to home. Shrouded in a decades-long conspiracy of silence amid attempts by local authorities to prevent examination and the search for the missing victims of Nazi atrocities, the team must turn to state-of-the-art technology to get the answers they seek. After much discussion, compromise and stonewalling, their final discoveries, made in spite of vigourous protests by the Alderney government, are chilling.
Tech billionaire Scott Farquhar meets Julia at his childhood home in Castle Hill. Together they explore the places that helped transform an ordinary suburban kid into an innovative entrepreneur.
The power in Europe has finally and fatally shifted - the resurgent Germany of the Third Reich is the dominant force. War rips Spain apart as a three-year civil war of terrible brutality starts. But Britain seems too preoccupied with an abdication crisis which sees its lovesick king surrender his crown. Japan steps up its aggression with a full-scale invasion of China. The British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, with his French counterpart, tries to satisfy Hitler at Munich by throwing him the Czech Sudetenland. The best that can be said is that they have bought time.
Weather and terrain could be a soldier's greatest enemies, or their greatest assets. Such was the case for these battles. For the Finnish resisting Soviet invasion, a smaller force using the home advantage to beat a larger, better equipped invading army. In Moscow, where Germany's attempt to take the city floundered in the face of the harsh Soviet winter. The Kokoda track, where Allied and Japanese forces struggled through the steep, muddy terrain to engage each other for control of Port Moresby. These were battles fought over some of the most difficult landscapes, and in the most treacherous conditions possible.
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