Among the ranks of the Wehrmacht there was limited opposition to Hitler. Most officers initially felt enthusiastic about the prospect of war and were grateful to Hitler whose war-mongering had furthered their personal careers. Furthermore all soldiers had to make an oath of allegiance to the Fuehrer and, up until the very end, there were many who felt unable to break this pledge. There were, however, some officers who opposed Hitler. For some it was on moral grounds and for others because they thought that his military tactics would lose them the war. There were plots against Hitler and attempted coups, the best known being the July bomb plot led by Claus von Stauffenberg.
Britain never had the kind of revolution experienced by France in 1789, but it did come close. In the mid-1770s, the country was intoxicated by a surge of political energy. Simon Schama delves into the romantic generation.
Historian Bettany Hughes explores the 'Golden Age' of ancient Athens at the dawn of democracy. In the sixth century BC, Athens was run by tyrants, rulers who governed with absolute power, but when one young aristocrat decided to use 'the power of the people' on his side to defeat a rival, the genie was out of the bottle. Democracy was born.
With revealing new and extraordinary evidence, this ground-breaking special explores a radically different vision of Stonehenge. One of the most controversial and mysterious prehistoric sites known to man. Through CGI, dramatic recreations and narration by Donald Sutherland, we transport you to the prehistoric world of Stonehenge and provide startling revelations about this archaeological mystery.
Striptease Unveiled is an eye-opening investigation into the art of striptease. Is it a thing of the past? Where can you see it for real? How have cultural attitudes towards the nude female form have shifted over the years? And how has this effected the striptease?
Now an unremarkable looking 75 year old, for decades Lucio Urtubia undertook large scale criminal activities for anarchist causes in Spain. He created high level counterfeits of passports, cheques and other documents for terrorist and revolutionary groups to challenge the Franco regime and multinational banks amongst other targets. Eventually he was brought down in a sting operation, but spent no more than a few months in jail.
This two-part series recounts the story of the rise and fall of the Mongolian Empire. The Mongols were skilful administrators, the first 'global players' who guaranteed the uninterrupted exchange of goods and ideas between the Orient and the West for nearly 200 years. They were also far-sighted, bringing merchants, traders and settlers with extensive agricultural know-how to their lands. Only after the collapse of Mongol influence in the mid-14th century did routes to the Far East become unsafe.
After 9/11, Katrina and Baghdad, the robustness of American optimism is struggling to reassert itself against the sobering reality of military frustration and domestic anxieties. This is an America grappling with an un-American sense of its own limits. Eminent historian Simon Schama turns to fascinating moments in American history to understand the present. In the first episode of the series he explores how American optimism about the infinite possibilities of its land and resources is in danger of coming to a grinding halt.
Tony Robinson, Professor Mick Aston and Co. descend upon the Scottish island of Mull at the invitation of two local amateur archaeologists. They are desperate for the team to investigate a mysterious set of earthworks they've stumbled upon in a forest near the fabled town of Tobermory. They believe - or at least hope - that they may have discovered one of the earliest chapels in Scotland.
Soldiers and officers continually came into conflict with their consciences. How much freedom did individuals have? Were they executing Hitler's criminal plans, or was it the Wehrmacht's war? There were crimes against humanity, against civilians, prisoners of war, and there was the Holocaust itself. The Trent Park records discovered and analysed by historian Soenke Neitzel, author of Tapping Hitler's Generals, show that the 84 German generals who were interned at Trent Park were aware of the severity of the war crimes they had been involved in and that some discussed them almost compulsively.
In this episode, see how the British Empire came into being through its early settlements. A story of exploration and daring, but also one of exploitation, conflict and loss.
The eruption of Iceland's Eyjafjallajokull volcano last month sent an ash-cloud across Europe and ground air traffic to a halt. But it could have been much worse. Lost Worlds: Iceland's Killer Volcano is the story of the huge eruption of an Icelandic volcano in 1783 that sent a cloud of poisonous gases across Europe and killed thousands.
Historian Bettany Hughes explores the 'Golden Age' of ancient Athens at the dawn of democracy. Can Athenian democracy live up to its reputation as the place that we in the West cherish as the birthplace of freedom, equality and free speech? By looking behind the myth Bettany Hughes discovers what was really going on in Golden Age Athens.
Pamela Stephenson is on her journey to find out if in 1821 her great, great grandfather Captain Samuel Stephenson (Salty Sam) was murdered by his mutinous crew or killed by pirates. Against advice from some of her crew, the Takapuna goes on to Ambon. As they pass the bullet-pitted buildings, Pamela discovers that most of the archives were burned by the Japanese in the war.
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