World-renowned mariner Sir Robin Knox-Johnston and a Norwegian crew attempt a journey across the North Sea in a replica Viking ship. Not only do they navigate without modern charts or compasses - as did their Viking ancestors - but they also put to the test the Viking practice of portaging, by attempting to haul a 9 tonne cargo ship across a narrow strip of land in Shetland from the North Sea to the Atlantic.
In the wake of the Civil War, a revolution is taking place on the backs of visionary entrepreneurs of industry. Before they become brand names, budding innovators like Henry Heinz, John and Will Kellogg, and CW Post push the limits of ingenuity to launch businesses that will revolutionize industry, and change the landscape of the nation forever.
The whole world has its eyes riveted on the Pyramid of Khufu in Egypt. Yet, nearby, on the Giza plateau, other architectural masterpieces stand up to the test of time: the Sphinx, the lion with a human head, and the pyramids of Pharaohs Khafra and Menkaure.
Michael Buerk discovers how the Victorians built the biggest, fastest, most technologically advanced ships in the world and dominated the high seas. He'll climb aboard HMS Warrior in Portsmouth - Queen Victoria's flagship warship - to uncover her surprising construction secrets and the powerful ways she kept the peace in international waters.
Liverpool Cathedral is the Church of England's newest cathedral, and the largest in Britain. It was designed in the Gothic style by Giles Gilbert Scott, who also designed the red telephone box. It took 74 years to build and was paid for by money donated from the people of Liverpool. National tragedies such as the sinking of the Titanic - many of whose crew came from Liverpool - and the Hillsborough football disaster are remembered within its walls. It is also where Paul McCartney composed and performed his first classical piece of music, the Liverpool Oratorio.
Sometimes, secrecy has its benefits. The National Reconnaissance Office declassified a top-secret 1960s program to put a manned spy platform into orbit. It was called MOL, a fitting acronym for the secretive Manned Orbiting Laboratory. While Apollo got all the attention and the glory in its race to the Moon, the men and women behind MOL worked in the shadows to give America the eyes and ears it needed to navigate an increasingly dangerous world. After 50 years of secrecy, examine rarely seen footage from America's secret spy satellite systems with interviews from experts and MOL crew members themselves to tell the story of the space race's unsung heroes.
Professor Bettany Hughes takes us on a beautiful, bespoke journey across this dramatic country, bringing you the definitive countdown of her top 10 treasures of Ancient Egypt. From blockbuster temples to the lost treasures of the pharaohs, this is a thrilling exploration of one of the world's oldest and most mysterious civilisations. Bettany travels from the Nile Delta in the north of Egypt, to the shores of Lake Nasser in the far south, taking in stunning sites including the Great Sphinx, the Rosetta Stone, the Valley of the Kings, and the Great Pyramid at Giza.
For the first time ever, archaeologists dive inside underwater pyramid tombs to shed new light on the Nubian kingdom that ruled Egypt for 75 years.
On the site of Dahshur, 40km to the south of Cairo, are two breathtakingly beautiful pyramids: two revolutionary monuments which would seem to be the first real pyramids, a link in the chain which is essential to understanding the evolution in the building of pyramids. To the south is the unusual rhomboidal Bent Pyramid. To the north is the Red Pyramid, which may well be the very first triangular pyramid to have been built.
May 8, 2020 marked 75 years since the world celebrated as Victory in Europe was announced. In commemoration of the war efforts and the lives lost in the battle for freedom, we relive the last key days and events of the final moments leading to Victory, including memories of those who were there, in colour. VE Day was celebrated across the world, and this film aims to show the final steps and emotions that came with this.
It was constructed in the middle of the Jordanian desert more than 2000 years ago, but how was the architectural prowess of Petra achieved?
In 1837, the British railway was in its infancy - experimental engines had proven steam trains were a viable option to transport goods and people, but Victorian vision, ingenuity, and determination took a good idea and transformed a nation with it.
The actor and presenter visits Durham cathedral, one of Britain's first Unesco World Heritage sites and a leading tourist attraction. The cathedral is over 900 years old and built like a fortress. It is 218ft tall and was the country's tallest building when first constructed. The bishops at Durham were so powerful that they were given the title Prince-Bishop to reflect their huge wealth and influence. As well as exploring the Norman edifice, Tony meets a modern-day treasure hunter who has discovered hidden lost treasures from the cathedral in the River Wear.
The flash of the first atomic blasts exposes a multibillion-dollar clandestine operation: The Manhattan Project. A modern state secrecy apparatus emerges directly out of Los Alamos - only to find itself immediately compromised as Russia announces its own atomic arsenal. Was Ethel Rosenberg framed by her own brother? Who conspired to bring down Robert Oppenheimer, father of the bomb? Suspicion comes to define the Atomic Age - and justify some of its darkest moments, including... Radiation testing on unsuspecting civilians. An 800 page American World War III battle plan that targeted 600 million civilians. Broken Arrows. And the real stories of the Cuban Missile Crisis, when what both sides didn't know almost killed everyone.
The Celts, who were they? Where did they come from? Were they mystical druidic people of the British Isles - or gruesome, barbarian warriors who got under Caesar's skin? The answers lie deep inside mountains and in ancient tombs. In the heart of the European Alps remarkable evidence of a culture that thrived 3000 years ago has been found trapped and perfectly preserved inside sealed salt mines. In a massive nearby cemetery, the remains of over 1500 people interred with countless precious artefacts have been excavated. These were the Celts and they were neither British nor barbarians. They were an advanced civilisation that ruled over a Kingdom of Salt. Rare, precious salt gave them wealth and power. Now, another Celtic puzzle - inside a 2400 year old tomb the remains of a woman and two men have been recovered. She was an aristocrat; they were giants of men. A shaman and her entourage? Relatives or sacrifices? An interdisciplinary team of scientists is working to unlock the secret of this ancient menage a trois; it may be the first real evidence of mystical rites from the dawn of the Celts.
Piecing together information from secret sources and a two-hundred-year evolution of the White House, investigative journalists and government insiders weigh in on the mystery of an unusual white box and a top-secret construction project dubbed the 'Big Dig' that took place outside of the West Wing from 2007-2012. Using little known images, previously classified material and detailed graphics, the search for truth reveals not only what secrets might lay below the White House, but how their existence could affect democracy as we know it.
Meidum is the least-known of the pyramids of Egypt, but the most mysterious. It stretches skywards and resembles a castle keep. The compound in which it is located is one of the largest monuments in the world. Thanks to the exceptional use of archaeology 2.0 and its drones, scientists can delve into the heart of this building which opens up to the skies. They can unravel the stages of its monumental construction and uncover the revolutionary techniques brought into play which have allowed this monument to withstand the test of time. Meidum is the enigmatic history of a larger-than-life building project which lasted four decades.
In one of the biggest engineering projects of the Middle Ages, Salisbury Cathedral was moved from a wind-blasted Iron Age hill fort to its current location, a feat accomplished in just 38 years, helping establish the Wiltshire city in the process.
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