This momentous special reveals the untold story of the little-known yet pivotal events that occurred after President Roosevelt received the call that Pearl Harbor had been attacked on December 7, 1941. Author Steve Gillon has unearthed new evidence from the FDR Library that shows the true panic that gripped the White House and shook the nation. Fearing an aerial attack in Washington, DC, the underfunded US Army assembled wooden sticks on the White House roof to resemble weapons from above. Concerned that a Japanese assassin might try to take Roosevelt's life as they drove him to Congress to deliver his speech, the Treasury Department used a bullet-proof car confiscated from Al Capone. For for the first time, intimate details of how the President had to be placed in braces and straps to hold him up while he gave his speech are uncovered.
The story of Robert Hichens and the brass steering wheel stand recovered in a 1987 dive on the wreck site of Titanic, as passionately told by his great-granddaughter who challenges us to look at Hichens in a new light. And we meet Elizabeth Navaratil whose father was one of the 'The Orphans of Titanic'; two brothers, two and four years of age placed in a lifeboat as Titanic sank by their father and whose mother had no idea they were on Titanic. And finally, the tragic story of Frederick Fleet, one of two lookouts on Titanic whose quick actions may have averted an even great disaster and who never forgave himself for not seeing the iceberg sooner.
For 350 years, Schonbrunn Palace was the main Summer residence of Austria's imperial family, the Habsburgs. Designed in a rococo style, the 1,441 rooms have played host to some of Europe's most influential figures including Marie Antoinette, Mozart and Napoleon Bonaparte. Schonbrunn was home to two of the great Habsburgs matriarchs, Empresses Maria Theresa and Elisabeth. Maria Theresa ruled for 40 years in the 18th century and married her daughters into some of the most powerful royal houses across Europe. Empress Elisabeth, known affectionately across the Austrian Empire as Sisi, has often been compared to Princess Diana because of her beauty and iconic status. She was assassinated in Geneva in 1898. The palace is located in a 500 acre park which includes an orangery, palm house and one of Europe's oldest zoos.
From iconic cultural contributions, to life-saving game-changers in science and medicine, France has been a major contributor in shaping our modern world. France gave us tools that allowed us to explore unimaginable places and helped perfect the finer things in life. We all owe France a toast to the wonderful world we live in. To celebrate these great contributions, we're going to run a thought experiment and strip them all away, leaving the world in crisis.
Albert Lin travels to the famous Machu Picchu, where LiDAR technology reveals evidence of an even older civilisation's involvement.
In this episode, we explore the changing role of the Windsors' relationship to the Commonwealth and the political upheaval in the world during the 60s and 70s. Former colonies move to independence, often bringing violence. Tours to these parts of the world are under threat and the British and other former colonial powers struggle to come to terms with a new world order and diminished power.
In November 1919, a hardy fleet of aviators took off from England in a pioneering attempt to fly across the planet, to Australia. Many didn't make it. Twenty-eight days later, Ross Smith and his crew landed in Darwin, winning the great air race. This documentary celebrates the centenary of that landmark race. The flight was as awe-inspiring in its day as man landing on the moon 50 years later.
Forensic experts investigate the deaths of a group of victims of the ancient world's most famous disaster, the eruption of Mount Vesuvius.
The Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon are known to history as the Knights Templar. They were among the most wealthy and powerful of all of the western military orders and for the 200 hundred years of their existence, were at the forefront of Christian finance. Officially endorsed by the Catholic Church around 1129, the Order grew rapidly in membership and the Templar knights, in their distinctive white mantles with a red cross are the most potent image of the famous Crusades.
In the shadow of Stirling Castle, presenter and wild swimming loving Rick Edwards and real life river hunter Beau Ouimette, tackle the mighty river Forth. In the first archaeological river search of this spot ever, they will be hunting for relics of Scotland's greatest medieval warriors William Wallace and Robert The Bruce. And revealing secrets from the battle sites of their most famous victories against their hated English overlords.
Queen Victoria and Prince Albert were an unusually devoted couple but when Albert died, Queen Victoria was left as a single mother. Explore Victoria's struggle to mourn her husband's death, carry out her Royal duties, and keep both her family and the public in check.
Following the devastating attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941, public shock quickly turned to outrage. The attack had left 2403 Americans dead. How had the Navy been caught off-guard? Someone must be to blame - and a culprit was soon found. This program investigates how the Washington military and President Roosevelt's administration found a scapegoat in Admiral Husband Kimmel, the commander of the Pacific fleet. Kimmel's career was brutally destroyed in a desperate attempt to cover up intelligence blunders and a catalogue of errors. Kimmel's family continue to protest his innocence. Interviews with intelligence experts, ex-US admirals and leading historians - and uncovered documents - shine fresh light on the Pearl Harbor tragedy. As Kimmel's family fight to have his rank restored, this is the story of a man willing to sacrifice himself for his country, only to be sacrificed himself.
Bigger is better. As the scale of war grew over the centuries, so too did the size of machinery used to create war. From the first moments the British heavy tanks of WWI broke through the stalemates of trench warfare, the shape of war was changed forever. Bigger artillery pieces to increase battlefield supremacy, bigger planes to move bigger machines, bigger ships to deliver bigger payloads. The influence of the increasing size of warmachines even spread beyond the battlefield too, demanding bigger machines to transport these behemoths and bigger factories to create them. This episode looks at the behemoths of war; the grumbling armoured monsters like the Panzer III and the gravity-defying bulk of the Lockheed C-5 Galaxy, that dominate their arenas of war with their incredible size and power.
Albert Lin travels to the famous city of Petra and learns it may have been part of a much bigger network built by a mysterious civilisation.
This is war at its weirdest. Here are the strange stories you will not find in any other history show. This episode; Did British Intelligence murder the Mad Monk Rasputin? The heart-rending story of the Nazi Baby Factories. The American President who escaped being eaten alive. And the Polish War Bear who helped break the fort at Monte Cassino.
At the start of the Renaissance, Charles of Habsburg was on the brink of becoming the most powerful man in Europe. Heir to the Kingdom of Spain, he also planned to take to the throne of the Germanic Holy Roman Empire. But Francois I, hero of the Battle of Marignano and new King of France, also had his eye on the imperial throne, and was determined to defend his Italian possessions: wars, treachery and imprisonment. The bitter clash between Charles V and Francois I was watched by all Europe with bated breath. And it was a no-holds-barred struggle. From the Chateau de Blois to the battlefield, the epic historical reconstructions and gripping narratives of this series reveal how the lust for power and personal obsessions of princes redrew the frontiers of France and other European nations.
Bill Oddie is the bearded one that a generation of us grew up watching on the anarchic comedy, The Goodies. Julia travels in a classic MG with Bill, tracing his childhood in Birmingham in the UK.
Revisit this pivotal 1950 Korean war battle through eyewitness accounts of Veterans who were present for this first major military clash of the Cold War. An amazingly harrowing story of the 17 day engagement of bloody combat and heroic survival in sub arctic temperatures. UN forces largely outnumbered and surrounded, due to a surprise attack led by 120,000 Chinese troops.
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