In the immediate aftermath of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Marine Sgt. John Basilone prepares to ship out and confront the enemy somewhere in the Pacific, while budding journalist Robert Leckie enlists in the Marine Corps. Eugene Sledge, unable to enlist because of a heart murmur, says farewell to his best friend, Sidney Phillips, who is about to leave for boot camp. Exactly eight months after Pearl Harbor, the 1st Marine Division, including Leckie and Phillips, lands on Guadalcanal in order to secure its strategically vital airfield and prepare for the inevitable counterattack.
Orkney - seven miles off the coast of Scotland, and cut off by the tumultuous Pentland Firth, the fastest-flowing tidal race in Europe - is often viewed as being remote. However it is one of the treasure troves of archaeology in Britain, and recent discoveries there are turning the Stone Age map of Britain upside down. Rather than an outpost at the edge of the world, recent finds suggest an extraordinary theory - that Orkney was the cultural capital of our ancient world and the origin of the stone circle cult which culminated in Stonehenge. In this episode, Andy dives below the waves in search of the inspiration for the first stone circle, Chris and Neil spend the night on an abandoned island as they hunt for clues as to why cultures change, Shini tests the technology behind a Bronze Age sauna, and the archaeologists uncover a remarkable find.
After the tragedy of Marie-Therese's death, Louis changes tactics. He plans to marry Philippe's daughter to King Charles and plots with the Ottomans to attack Austria. But he finds a new adversary in the papal envoy Leto, who has come to attend Marie-Therese's funeral.
Maintenon returns to the palace with renewed vigour and encourages Louis to step up his plans - and to impose restrictions on the Protestants. Chevalier stands up for Delphine, but Maintenon sacks him. Guillaume is compromised and recants his faith to secure a lucrative contract and save the family business, but his sister Jeanne is horrified - has he just sold his soul to the dream of Versailles? Louis wants to undermine Leopold in Vienna and makes a secret deal with Barek, the Ottoman envoy.
Examine the current situation in the Middle East and how it affects the cultural heritage of certain areas. The turmoil in Iraq, Egypt, Libya and Syria has led to mayhem in the cultural heritage domain: looted museums and looted archaeological sites. This has not stopped. Financing terror organizations like the Islamic State happens by selling looting licenses to entrepreneurs and professional art thieves. Looting and forgeries now take place on industrial scale polluting our common history.
Travel across Turkey, a land of ancient architecture, incredible landscapes, and a rich history of food.
From coronations to threats of assassinations, to coups and abdications, imperial dynasties have survived it all. Each generation leaves their mark as either a pawn or political powerhouse. This episode explores royal dynasties who have inspired or divided their constituents as absolute monarchies, or have echoed or defied the will of the government as constitutional monarchies. House of Saud tread the line between tradition and modernisation. House of Windsor embraced modernisation to remain connected with their constituents. The Imperial House of Japan survived defeat in World War II, but stands on the brink of oblivion without government intervention.
The Royal Palace of Stockholm, constructed on the site of a former castle called Tre Kronor, has been the official residence of the monarchy for over 250 years.
Explore the history of a unique generation, children aged 10 in 1940, who grew up in exceptional times: 650,000 orphans, 120,000 juvenile delinquents, 90,000 children lost during population movements, 11,500 Jewish children deported. Caught between collaboration and resistance, wartime childhood experiences and stories have, for a long time, been hushed up. Far from being spared by the brutal conflict, they were thrown into the chaos of dark and sinister times. For four years, this age group became the epicentre of national upheaval. Placed at the heart of Marechal Petain's 'regeneration' project, put to work out of necessity, exposed to hunger, death and deportation, and widely condemned by a fragile and incompetent judicial system, war children were both the instruments and scapegoats of a totalitarian regime. Listen to the testimony of those, on the fringes of history in the making, who came of age in the shadows of the 'national revival' imposed by Vichy during the worst world war in history.
Fabien arrests townsfolk in reprisal for the attack on Colbert. Jeanne pleads with Louis for their release, but to no avail. Bastien wants his son back and kidnaps Fabien in response. Maintenon confronts Louis about his promiscuity and he's forced to admit that he's hurt her.
Ignoring his brother's doubts, Philippe pursues his investigation into the Man in the Iron Mask, not knowing that the Vatican has sent a spy, Di Marco, to Versailles to keep an eye on Philippe. Meanwhile, in Maintenon's absence, Louis becomes increasingly impetuous. He begins to suspect that there may have been something between Marie-Therese and Leopold, and has her confined to quarters.
Kennedy. Kim. Bhutto. Gandhi-Nehru. Just a few of the political dynasties that have been at the forefront of generations of war and revolution. But, having a revered name does not guarantee the survival of an individual. This episode explores the ascension and assassinations of the Kennedys, and the partition and ensuing instability that fuelled the rise and untimely demise of members of the Bhutto and Nehru-Gandhi families.
Examine the Parthenon marbles from Athens which is the best-known example of cultural heritage where there is a heavy ongoing debate. Should the marbles be unified? Should the country of origin have a say in how cultural heritage is introduced far away from home? Problems created by people long ago which now need to be solved.
A visit to Peles Castle in Romania, which was built in a medieval style in 1914 but is filled with modern technological innovations, including its own hydro-electric power plant.
From Tootsie to Die Hard - well-known actors and directors share behind-the-scenes stories and moments of the defining movies of the '80s.
Take a unique glimpse into the life of early 20th century colonial India. From vast processions of elephants carrying India's Maharajas, to King George V's symbolic visit, to scenes from Gandhi's early fight for independence, witness pivotal moments in India's history come to life. Featuring previously unseen footage from the BFI national archive, including the oldest clips of India caught on camera, this collection of beautifully preserved films provides an astonishing window into a vanished world.
The story of a young woman growing up during World War II, and of Elizabeth's "Uncle Dickie", the wildly ambitious and egotistical Louis Mountbatten, who in lust for revenge for injustice to his father, schemed and plotted to take over the royal family by marrying the young Princess to his nephew. The film reveals the undercurrent of sadness as the King rapidly declined to an early death, advancing Elizabeth's growth into majesty. This is a story of the young princess who never would have been Queen, were it not for several twists of history. The story of the killing of her beloved grandfather George V by his doctors, of her Grandmother Queen Mary who taught her strict tradition and protocol, and of the favourite uncle - King Edward VIII, who abdicated and flirted with fascism. And above all, the story of her mother and father - King George VI's bravery in the face of disability, and the future Queen Mother, who sacrificed a close, private, near normal family life to save the monarchy.
Starting at its eastern terminus in Xi'an, David visits the market to get himself kitted out for the long journey ahead buying tea, a lucky charm and pants that fit.
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