Autumn, 1944: In September of 1944, with their troops in Europe stalled on the German border, having outrun their supply lines, Allied commanders gamble on a risky plan to drop thousands of airborne troops behind enemy lines in Holland. But when the mission ends in disaster, it becomes painfully clear that the war in Europe will not end before winter. In the Pacific, on the island of Peleliu, the Marines fight one of the most brutal, and unnecessary, campaigns of the War. The War, a series directed and produced by Ken Burns and Lynn Novick, tells the story of the Second World War through the personal accounts of a handful of men and women from four quintessentially American towns. The series explores the most intimate human dimensions of the greatest cataclysm in history, a worldwide catastrophe that touched the lives of every family on every street in every town in America and demonstrates that in extraordinary times, there are no ordinary lives. Throughout the series, the indelible experience of combat is brought vividly to life as veterans describe what it was like to fight and kill and see men die at places like Monte Cassino and Anzio and Omaha Beach; the Hurtgen Forest and the Vosges Mountains and the Ardennes; and on the other side of the world at Guadalcanal and Tarawa and Saipan; Peleliu and the Philippine Sea and Okinawa. In all of the battle scenes, dramatic historical footage and photographs are combined with extraordinarily realistic sound effects to give the film a terrifying, visceral immediacy. The film honours the bravery, endurance, and sacrifice of the generation of Americans who lived through what will always be known simply as The War.
A look at Peter the Great, whose thirst for knowledge often got the better of him. Plus the sexual antics of Catherine the Great and her relationship with Gregory Potemkin.
Inchkeith is an extraordinary place. Barely a mile long, the island is covered with fascinating reminders of its long and dramatic history. The island was first occupied in the 7th century by Christian monks. The Danes, the Dutch, the English, the Russians, the French and the Germans have all tried their luck on the island. But not all residents went to the island of their own volition. The island has been used as a giant isolation ward for syphilis sufferers, and one time as a prison.
For thousands of years Egypt has concealed a secret world. The mysterious remains of over four million mummies have been hidden within Egypt's magnificent tombs. They are remnants not of the ancient pharaohs but the perfectly preserved remains of animals. Using modern science an international team of experts discover how and why the Ancient Egyptians preserved their animals just like their kings.
Focusing on the years 1000-1087, this episode reveals how the Battle of Hastings changed Britain for ever and how the new King of England came to be. After 1066, William Duke of Normandy was crowned King and waged a brutal campaign of aggression and murder against any opposition. William ordered a complete census of every farm in the land, raised taxes and created the Doomsday Book.
Our new allies. The Yanks are here! Australians breathe a sigh of relief and welcome them into their homes and their lives. Australian women are charmed, but the Australian men resent them and their success. General McArthur takes over the Pacific war and inspires the country. Normal life is put on hold as the men are away fighting and the women work longer hours. Life is very hard with little leisure. Surely it was meant to be better than this?
In this episode we examine the emergence of Arab nationalism and how those ideas were to boil over into action throughout the Arab world. We look at a new breed of Arab leaders, born out of years of frustration and dissatisfaction with colonial masters, and how they brought about change in their own countries, often by violent means. If the 1940s were the time of the Jews fulfilling their destiny, then the 1950s was to be the decade of the Arabs.
After the war, the symbols of Nazi power were destroyed, leading Nazis were tried and imprisoned or executed. The arduous and time-consuming process of de-nazification (filling out detailed questionnaires to establish one's innocence or guilt) affected the whole adult population.
With his three horses and dog, Tigon, Tim Cope has now travelled more than 7,000 kilometres across Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Russia and Crimea into mainland Ukraine. Facing his third winter and with just 2,000 kilometres to Hungary, it seemed that he was finally on the home run until he received tragic news from Australia. His world shattered, Tim leaves his horses with a local man and flies back to Australia. Tim is faced with a dilemma: to stay with his family or return to complete the journey. After four months he makes the painful decision to return.
The city of Timgad in North Africa is a perfect illustration of the Empire's impressive system of expansion. It is testimony to the Roman method of cultural domination and assimilation. The program takes a look at this showpiece city, whose purpose was to instil in the natives of Mauritania the desire to become, and remain, Roman citizens.
The story of the Second World War through the personal accounts of a handful of men and women from four American towns.
In 1323 BC, Egypt was thrown into turmoil by the sudden death of its young King, Tutankhamun. It was a risky time both spiritually and politically. The Pharaoh had not prepared anything for his journey to the afterlife, nor had he named a successor. Tradition dictated that he must be buried within 70 days, and there were several pretenders to his throne. Now an international team of Egyptologists investigates his burial.
A look at the scandals and intrigues of ancient Roman emperors such as Tiberius and Claudius.
Award-winning journalist Peter Taylor traces the modern history and development of terrorism through four major acts of terror over the last 30 years.
Adolf Hitler is perhaps the most feared and despised man of the 20th century. Not surprisingly, there were over 40 documented attempts on Hitler's life. Aided by cutting-edge CGI, security experts explain why the plots failed; and using modern weapon and explosive experiments, determine what slight change could have made the missions successful. Historians theorise how history would have been altered had just one of the killers eliminated Hitler.
Operation Valkyrie: The Stauffenberg Plot To Kill Hitler is the definitive film on Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg and the 'Valkyrie' conspiracy to assassinate Hitler on 20th July, 1944. Produced in collaboration with the official German Foundation dedicated to the memory of the conspirators, it features testimonials and eyewitness accounts from all of the aristocratic families involved in the plot, including the last living conspirator to escape Hitler's wrath, and Maria Countess von Stauffenberg who knew Claus all her life.
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