Food preservation has been a major challenge throughout Australia's history. In Victoria James Harrison invented a process of refrigeration that could make artificial ice on a commercial scale. In New South Wales, Thomas Mort and Eugene Nicolle, adapted and improved on Harrison's technology to build the world's first freezer works to produce artificially frozen food. In Western Australian Arthur McCormick came up with the Coolgardie food safe that ran on evaporative cooling, and in South Australia Tom Angove invented the wine cask.
Get deep inside the workings of a behemoth coal power station in North Carolina before it's taken apart and consigned to history forever.
Eighteen modern women go back to the factory floor of 1973 to learn how an unsung army of factory girls took on the fight for equality at work and at home. Presented by Alex Jones.
Early in the 19th Century, before equipment and practices to prevent the spread of bacteria in hospitals, approximately 50 percent of patients died from surgery and many women died during childbirth from infection. In 1946, Eric Ansell invented the first automated glove-dipping machine. His son, Harvey, later developed the process further to make perfectly sterile and disposable gloves for the medical industry.
Fiona Wood changed the lives of burn victims across the world by developing a spray-on skin using the patient's own skin cells. The invention reduced scarring and recovery time, as well as the amount of healthy skin needed for a donor site. This means those with burns across a large part of their body can be treated much faster and safer. The invention came to prominence following its use by Western Australian medical teams following the 2002 Bali Bombings.
Psychiatrist John Cade's use of lithium to treat patients with bipolar disorder has had an enormous impact on the lives of millions of people worldwide. A former prisoner of war, Dr Cade was uniquely equipped to empathise with the lives of those he was treating. His discovery ranks as one of the great turning points in the history of medicine.
Four great medicos and mavericks risked their careers testing these ground-breaking medical inventions. Psychiatrist Dr Joh Cade discovered the psychological effects of Lithium on his bipolar patients after first testing its toxicity on himself. Dr Mark Lidwill worked in secrecy on the world's first pacemaker following his experiments on the hearts of recently deceased patients. Professor Fiona Wood developed a process to help severe burns victims recover quickly with spray-on skin, and the Ansells helped fight infection with their disposable medical gloves.
Get hands-on with a disassembly team as they take on the task of stripping down the six million parts that make up the iconic 747 aircraft.
Twenty modern workers go back to the factory floor of 1968 to learn how an unsung army of factory girls took on the fight for equality at work and at home. Presented by Alex Jones.
From the harsh outback to warzone frontlines and Olympic champion podiums, the Akubra hat has adorned Australian heads for over a century both here at home and around the world. The Akubra success lies in the efforts of hat maker Benjamin Dunkerley and his ingenious fur dressing invention. Dunkerley's partnership with Stephen Keir built the Akubra empire that continues today.
When clearing mallee stump for agricultural crop land was proving to be a challenge, Richard Smith came up with the solution to the formidable problem of how to plough such impenetrable land. The stump-jump plough is one of the inventions that enabled the development of Australia's wheat belt, from WA, across to Victoria and into NSW.
After Lewis Brandt at Ford Australia in Melbourne received a letter from a farmer's wife that she wanted a vehicle to, "take her to church on Sundays and pigs to market on Monday", Lew took on the challenge. He designed a vehicle that could serve these two purposes. After the Great Depression when funds for the average Australian were scarce, a two-in-one vehicle was incredibly useful.
The push for smarter farming is at the core of Australia's tough agricultural history. Richard and Clarence Smith quarrelled over who was the true inventor, but their stump-jump plough improved the economic prospects of farmers working difficult terrain. Frederic Wolseley's mechanical shears eventually won over the shearers and transformed the wool industry. Lew Bandt designed the ute for farmers needing a comfortable working vehicle, and Benjamin Dunkerley invented a fur-cutting machine that led to the iconic Akubra.
Joseph Pulitzer built himself up from a penniless immigrant, to the pre-eminent newspaper giant of New York City. His insistence on accuracy and ground-breaking headlines made his New York World the top selling newspaper in the country. But Pulitzer's journalistic integrity is tested when young millionaire, William Randolph Hearst, sets out to steal the throne with his own newspaper. Hearst's gossip rag spawns a publishing empire, and the competition between the newspaper titans revolutionises journalism for the modern era. Alternative title: American Genius.
In the final episode of the series, the family reflect on their time travel adventure, and explore how the legacy of a hundred years of tumultuous history lives on in the northern diet today.
While thousands of service men and women have been killed in action, many more have been wounded in war, requiring treatment for months or years after the end of the conflict. A stretcher on a sledge, on wheels, Alexander Worsfold's versatile invention, the Transporter, is reported to have been the only invention developed on the Australian home front that was adopted on the battlefront of World War I.
William Scurry, a Melbourne-born architectural modeller, invented the drip rifle to aid the Gallipoli evacuation. The invention created the illusion of manned trenches by popping shots out from the trenches during the critical final stage of the Anzac's evacuation of the Gallipoli Peninsular. The drip rifle is an impressive example of Anzac ingenuity and resourcefulness.
The fires of war become the forges of Australian invention. William Scurry invented a decoy drip rifle to help Anzacs safely evacuate from Gallipoli. Alexander Worsfold built his all-terrain transporter to hurry injured soldiers to field hospitals on the Western Front. Adelaide-born Howard Florey and his team developed the wonder drug penicillin that was first deployed amongst infected allied soldiers during World War II. And from Wollongong, Evelyn Owen's submachine gun out-performed its competitors and become known as 'the diggers' darling'.
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