In 2008, two archaeologists in search of ancient, lost civilisations proved that such cities were right in front of our eyes. Ten years later, we once more travel deep into the Amazon as more discoveries are made.
Solomon is lauded in the Old Testament as one of the wisest and richest rulers ever. Now, a new archaeological investigation may have finally found the source of his legendary wealth and established the location of the real King Solomon's mines.
What are the provable historical facts behind the story of the world's most famous religious figure? Jamie travels to Jerusalem to research and attempt to uncover the real story of Jesus Christ. It's Jamie's job to take a long, hard, dispassionate and even-handed view of a fascinating subject and he'll have a team of world-renowned experts to help him sift through the latest evidence and theories. They'll be drawn from both sides of the argument - we'll hear from those that passionately believe there is firm proof that the man we know as Jesus existed and from those that contest that he simply did not.
For years gladiators have been legendary figures of the Ancient World; the stuff of Hollywood blockbusters like Spartacus, or Gladiator. But our knowledge has been based largely on speculation - until now. Timewatch have secured exclusive access to the biggest archaeological gladiator research project of all time. As it approaches its conclusion, Gladiator CSI reveals the secrets of how gladiators lived, fought and died, not from speculation but from forensic science. In the 1990s a survey for the ancient course of the Holy Procession Path between the temple of Artemis (one of the seven Wonders of the World) and the city of Ephesus in Turkey came upon an unexpected find: a mass burial site. But most of the cadavers did not bear the signs of death from natural causes. Instead, they seem to have met a violent end. In 2002 two forensic anthropologists went to investigate: this was a gladiator graveyard. Although the corpses of gladiators had been found before, they tended to be isolated examples. In this graveyard, no less than 67 were buried. The amount of data was unprecedented. Employing two of the world's leading forensics anthropologists as our two crime scene investigators, this is the story of their investigation. Their research makes ground-breaking conclusions probing popular myths about gladiators: Is the currently fashionable thesis that although gladiators fought vicious contests, they rarely battled to the death, really true? Were the losers of gladiatorial contests really dispatched in the arena by the turning of the emperor's thumb? Were gladiators treated as no more than animals, with no provision for their health or well-being? Spanning two centuries, our 67 corpses reveal great technological changes in fighting equipment and wounds from weapons that were hitherto thought only to be the stuff of myth (like the cubic fore dent).
Trade has a civilising effect - promoting wealth, cooperation and trust. Nowhere was this truer in the ancient world than in the Indus Valley - between modern-day India and Pakistan - home to the first civilisation in Asia. Archaeologist Uzma Rizvi reveals this was a civilisation built upon the production and exchange of precious stones and copper-based ornaments. As demand for these goods grew, the trade network expanded and civilisation flourished.
Having lived as mobile foragers for 99 percent of our time on Earth, why did our ancestors stop moving and start settling in villages, towns and cities? The process started in the hills of southern Turkey at a site known as Gobekli Tepe. The impulse to be social brought large numbers of people together for seasonal feasts. The site was so important to them, that they marked it out with huge carved pillars - the world's first monument. But to stay on a permanent basis, they needed a permanent supply of food. Archaeologist Jens Notroff explains that the solution came around 10,000 years ago, when people in this region worked out how to plant, cultivate and harvest wheat. In doing so, they changed the trajectory of human history. Tied to the land, farmers needed to live in one place on a year-round basis, thus the village was born.
Religion has always been the soulmate of civilisation; they are meant for each other. This connection was first made in Ancient Egypt, which is still the longest lasting civilisation in world history. All civilisations since have borrowed something of the blueprint established by the Egyptians. Remarkably, it is possible to trace the birth of organised religion to a specific site known as Nabta Playa in the Egyptian desert. Here, 8000 years ago, herders built stone circles and erected megaliths as a place of worship. Archaeologist and series consultant Jeff Rose believes the site was a prototype church where people tried to understand their place within the ever-changing rhythms of the natural world.
Could a remote island chain in Polynesia have been the centre of a thriving civilisation? New archaeological and geological evidence reveal an ancient world of human sacrifice and epic voyages.
This series explores the greatest empires in a way that has never been fully investigated. Each episode highlights and exposes the political intrigue, personal vendettas, family mayhem, acts of vengeance and the ever-evolving tension, turmoil and chaos that shaped these civilisations and led to their destruction from within. In the 15th century, the Aztec ruler Moctezuma I consolidated power in Central America through skilful political alliance, marriage and murder. Within a few generations, a king that shared his name, Moctezuma II, would see the utter ruination of the Aztec Empire. Ancient enmity with their vassal states led to devastating betrayal. The Spanish - those strange bearded men in steel clothes astride huge four-legged beasts - cleverly played tribe against tribe and destroyed an empire.
How can something as devastating as war help bring about civilisation? Ancient Mesoamerica is the perfect petri dish to examine the process of 'destructive creation'. Evolutionary theorist Peter Turchin regards war as a necessary evil. It brought people together in a common cause while stimulating an arms race of technological progress.
This series explores the greatest empires in a way that has never been fully investigated. Each episode highlights and exposes the political intrigue, personal vendettas, family mayhem, acts of vengeance and the ever-evolving tension, turmoil and chaos that shaped these civilisations and led to their destruction from within. Rome's Gaelic Wars are remembered as the stepping stone Julius Caesar used to assume absolute power in Rome. But what of the point of view of the many Celtic tribes that rose in opposition to the invader? We'll explore this incredible conflict from a totally new perspective. These were not faceless barbarians but skilled warriors and brilliant politicians. Chief among them was Vercingetorix, the great leader who united them all and met his end in Rome, a human spoil of war paraded through the forum for the glory of Caesar.
This series explores the greatest empires in a way that has never been fully investigated. Each episode highlights and exposes the political intrigue, personal vendettas, family mayhem, acts of vengeance and the ever-evolving tension, turmoil and chaos that shaped these civilisations and led to their destruction from within. Born in 624 CE, Wu Zhao became the concubine of Emperor Taizong. Her entry into the palace would begin one of the most dramatic periods in Chinese history. She would ultimately rule as the Empress Wu and expand Chinese military and political control in Central Asia and the Korean peninsula. Court intrigue raged during her reign and she successfully undermined constant attempts to usurp her power. In the end, however, ill health and conspiracy would combine to force her abdication. The former rulers seized control and the second Zhao dynasty began and ended with her.
This series explores the greatest empires in a way that has never been fully investigated. Each episode highlights and exposes the political intrigue, personal vendettas, family mayhem, acts of vengeance and the ever-evolving tension, turmoil and chaos that shaped these civilisations and led to their destruction from within. Egypt reached the pinnacle of its power in the 14th century BCE, when the pyramids of Giza were already 1000 years old. The pharaoh Akhenaten ushered in a brutal period of religious violence by rejecting the old gods and imposing the worship of Aten. The conflict raged for decades as his wives and children fought for control of the Empire, the most famous casualty being the boy king Tutankhamun.
With only six days to go, the tribe still doesn't have enough food to see them to the end. After Paul's shock departure and with Mike seriously ill, just four remain in camp. Mike is so malnourished, the medic is concerned he could have liver damage. Mel is working harder than ever and is worried she'll be the next one to crack.
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