Scrap, Jemima and Kiya visit Little Ted and share their favourite memories of his goldfish Swish, helping Ted to mourn the death of his pet.
Inspired to make a movie about bushranger Ned Kelly, Charles Tait, his brothers and collaborators set out to produce a fictional narrative film comprising five reels - unheard of in 1906. They released 'The Story of the Kelly Gang', which at about 60 minutes in duration was the first example of what we now understand to be a feature film.
Some fingerprints are visible to the eye and easy to detect. But latent fingerprints are invisible to the naked eye. In the 1980s, the Australian Federal Police and Australian National University engaged Milutin Stoilovic, a physicist specialising in fluorescence, to solve the problem. Dr Stoilovic invented the Polilight: a ground-breaking technology that brought a whole new dimension to forensic crime scene investigation through the collection of fingerprints.
William Henry Bragg and his son, William Lawrence Bragg, were the pioneering scientists who invented X-ray crystallography. It was William Lawrence who developed Bragg's Law, which - when combined with his father's newly-invented spectrometer - enabled scientists for the first time to observe the atomic structure of our physical world. The Nobel Prize-winning father and son team radically changed the world, with their invention paving the way for new discoveries in chemistry, space exploration a
Lawrence Hargrave became the first-ever person to be lifted off the ground by a heavier than air device in a vertical take-off. Using a strong gust of air to propel him into the sky, Hargrave made aeronautical history by lifting himself four metres above the ground - providing aviation with an essential element for powered flight: a stable wing surface that provided lift. Consequently, all early aeroplanes adopted Hargrave’s design, making him one of the most influential pioneers in aviation his
Immediately after an air disaster, the first thing investigators search for is the black box. With his father, a reverend, dying in an air crash over the Bass Strait in 1934, it is easy to see why Dr David Warren invented the first black box to combine a cockpit voice recorder and a flight data recorder in 1957. Now widely accepted and used worldwide, it helps solve the mystery of what happened during a plane crash. However, more importantly, it helps to prevent similar
The boomerang is one of Australia's unique emblems and humanity's first heavier-than-air flying machine. Its aerofoil design wings prove that Indigenous Australians understood the physics of aerodynamics at least 20,000 - possibly even 60,000 - years before the field of aeronautical engineering was established. Its returning spin is achieved by one wing moving faster than the other, known now as gyroscopic precession.
This simple invention takes its name from the Western Australian gold-mining town where it was invented in the 1890s by clever miner Arthur McCormick. He designed a simple cool box that worked on the principle of evaporative cooling. With a light breeze, hessian covering and a little water, food could be kept a few degrees cooler than the outside temperature. These safes were often found on verandahs before the widespread introduction of domestic refrigerators in the mid-20th century.
Following the success of James Harrison’s commercial ice-maker in Victoria during the 1850s, engineer Eugene Nicolle and wealthy businessman Thomas Stucliffe Mort teamed up in Sydney to make further progress in refrigeration. Their feat: building the world’s first freezer works. In doing so, the duo invented the first process for preserving food by artificially freezing it. However, despite their achievement, they would still need to allay public fears by proving the food remained delicious once
After coming to Australia as a newspaper printer, journalist and later founding editor of the Geelong Advertiser, Scottish-born James Harrison invented one of the most significant inventions of the 19th century: mechanical refrigeration by way of the commercial ice-maker. The impact of his invention on extending the life of food eventually opened up global food industries, while changing global diets and food cultures. This is not even factoring in the impact keeping things chilled has had on ot
Psychiatrist John Cade's use of lithium to treat patients with bipolar disorder has had an enormous impact on the lives of millions of people worldwide. A former prisoner of war, Dr Cade was uniquely equipped to empathise with the lives of those he was treating. His discovery ranks as one of the great turning points in the history of medicine.
Fiona Wood changed the lives of burn victims across the world by developing a spray-on skin using the patient's own skin cells. The invention reduced scarring and recovery time, as well as the amount of healthy skin needed for a donor site. This means those with burns across a large part of their body can be treated much faster and safer. The invention came to prominence following its use by Western Australian medical teams following the 2002 Bali Bombings.
Early in the 19th Century, before equipment and practices to prevent the spread of bacteria in hospitals, approximately 50 percent of patients died from surgery and many women died during childbirth from infection. In 1946, Eric Ansell invented the first automated glove-dipping machine. His son, Harvey, later developed the process further to make perfectly sterile and disposable gloves for the medical industry.
In 2014, Adam Goodes is named Australian of the Year, as the announcement is made on Australia Day, Goodes is questioned by the media on his opinion regarding the Australia Day debate. Goodes explains how Aboriginal and Torres Strait Island people feel differently about Australia Day. Classroom activity: Turn and talk; discuss with a partner; Do you think the date of Australia Day should be changed? Why or why not? Do you think an alternative celebration could take its place?
When clearing mallee stump for agricultural crop land was proving to be a challenge, Richard Smith came up with the solution to the formidable problem of how to plough such impenetrable land. The stump-jump plough is one of the inventions that enabled the development of Australia's wheat belt, from WA, across to Victoria and into NSW.
From the harsh outback to warzone frontlines and Olympic champion podiums, the Akubra hat has adorned Australian heads for over a century both here at home and around the world. The Akubra success lies in the efforts of hat maker Benjamin Dunkerley and his ingenious fur dressing invention. Dunkerley's partnership with Stephen Keir built the Akubra empire that continues today.
Have you ever wondered how fireworks have different colours or what chemicals are flammable? find out the answers in this clip
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