Vincente Minnelli is known for directing many of MGM's classic musicals such as Meet Me in St. Louis (1944) s, Gigi (1958), The Band Wagon (1953), and An American in Paris (1951) the Academy Award winning masterpiece starring Gene Kelly. He also directed comedy classics Father of the Bride (1950)) with Spencer Tracy, and one of the great Hollywood melodramas, The Bad and the Beautiful (1952) starring Kirk Douglas (who he also directed in Lust for Life (1956).
Fred Zinnemann, Austrian-born American film director won 4 Academy Awards, as well as 19 for the actors who starred in his films. He was among the first directors to insist on using authentic locations to create more realism. Among his most noted films were the western classic, High Noon (1952), starring Gary Cooper and Grace Kelly, From Here to Eternity (1953), Oklahoma! (1955), The Nun's Story (1959) starring Audrey Hepburn, The Day of the Jackal (1973), and Julia (1977) with Jane Fonda and Vanessa Redgrave.
Elia Kazan was considered one of the most influential directors in Broadway and Hollywood history. Founder of the Actors Studio, his work bringing out powerful performances from actors is legendary, with films such as A Streetcar Named Desire (1951) and, On the Waterfront (1954) both starring Marlon Brando, and East of Eden (1955) with James Dean. During his career, he won two Oscars as Best Director, three Tony Awards, and four Golden Globes. He also received an Honorary Oscar.
Federico Fellini was an Italian film director and screenwriter. Known for his distinct style he is recognized as one of the greatest and most influential filmmakers of all time. In a career spanning almost fifty years, Fellini won the Palme d'Or for his masterpiece La Dolce Vita (1961). Fellini went on to win four Academy Awards for Best Foreign film for La Strada (1956) , Nights of Cabiria (1957), 8 and a half (1963) and Amarcord (1974). In 1993, he was awarded an honorary Oscar for Lifetime Achievement.
Sergei Eisenstein was the extraordinary Soviet film director and a pioneer in the theory and practice of montage. His most powerful films came in the silent era reflecting the struggles of Russian people in the early 1920s, including Strike (1925) and his masterpiece, Battleship Potemkin (1925), considered by many as one of the greatest films ever made. He was to work in the sound era with his historical epics Alexander Nevsky (1938) and his two-part epic Ivan the Terrible (1944, 1958).
John Huston wrote most of the films he directed, many of which are today considered classics. He is remembered for his collaboration with Humphrey Bogart, which brought to screen The Maltese Falcon (1941), Key Largo (1948), The Treasure of the Sierra Madre (1948) and The African Queen (1951). Huston received 15 Oscar nominations, won twice, and directed both his father, Walter Huston, and daughter, Anjelica Huston, to Oscar wins in different films.
John Ford, is known for his visually powerful westerns, with his characters framed against America's stunning natural landmarks. Stagecoach (1939) and the highly regarded and hugely influential The Searchers (1956) both starring John Wayne. His four Academy Awards for Best Director remain a record and include such classics as How Green Was My Valley (1941), The Quiet Man (1952) and his adaptation of the John Steinbeck classic The Grapes of Wrath (1940.
Michael Curtiz helped popularise the classic swashbuckler with Captain Blood (1935) and The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938). He directed many dramas classics such as Angels with Dirty Faces (1938), and Mildred Pierce (1945), and musicals Yankee Doodle Dandy (1942) and White Christmas (1954). But he is best known for creating one the most loved films of all time Casablanca (1942) with Humphrey Bogart and Ingrid Bergman.
Sir David Lean, the British the two-time Academy Award-winning director is best known for his extraordinary cinematic epics, The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957), Lawrence of Arabia (1962), Doctor Zhivago (1965) and Passage to India (1984). Lean co-directed with Noel Cowrad, In Which We Serve (1942), also directing adaptations of Charles Dickens novels: Great Expectations (1946) and Oliver Twist (1948), as well as his classic melodrama Brief Encounter (1945).
Stanley Kubrick is considered one of the greatest and most influential directors in cinematic history. Bringing his early audiences, The Killing (1956), Paths of Glory (1957) and Dr Strangelove (1964). His cinematic masterpiece was to arrive in 1968 with the creation of the space epic, a year before the moon landing, 2001: A Space Odyssey. This was followed by A Clockwork Orange (1972) and The Shining (1980) starring Jack Nicholson.
The director of the Clark Gable classic It Happened One Night, epic The Lost Horizon with Ronald Colman and the US Christmas favourite It's a Wonderful Life.
The hard-hitting director who had seen atrocities at the end of the war as a marine in China became known for his violent scenes. He is remembered for Ride the High Country, The Wild Bunch, Cross of Iron and The Getaway but ultimately as the man who reinvented the western.
The silent era king who went on to direct cinema epics Cleopatra, The Ten Commandments and The Greatest Show on Earth.
The film director that brought us Mrs Miniver, The Best Years of Our Lives, Ben-Hur, and Roman Holiday with Audrey Hepburn. His actors won more Oscars than for any other director.
A legendary filmmaker from Japan, creator of Seven Samurai, Yojimbo, Throne of Blood and Ran.
He directed the great Spencer Tracey and Katherine Hepburn in many classics - Adam's Rib, Pat and Mike, followed by two classic musicals: A Star is Born, and My Fair Lady.
Hawkes' early years with Cary Grant in Bringing up Baby and His Girl Friday, then later for Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall starring in To Have and Have Not and The Big Sleep, and Rio Bravo with John Wayne.
Fritz Lang's career began in Germany with Metropolis and M; he then built a new career following the Nazi uprising, moved to Hollywood to become the king of film noir.
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